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(late Schenck & M'Farlane), 


























FIELD, COUNTY TYRONE, ^ . . . . .86 



















No. I. PAGE 

LAND, DATED 10TH SEPTEMBER 1621, .... 179 

No. II. 


12TH JULY 1625, 195 

NO. nr. 



NO. IV. 








ACCORDING to tradition, several members of the House 
of Alexander obtained a settlement in Caithness under 
Campbell of Glenorchy, who in 1672 fought a battle 
with Sinclair of Keiss, at Artimarlach, near Wick. 
These settlers were the immediate followers of 
Campbell of Glenorchy, and accompanied him from 

On the 20th June 1632, Alexander Alexander or 
Else-hinder, " portioner of Drum/' in the county of 


Aberdeen, granted at Cosnaghtoune, an obligation to 
Lord Colville of Culross for 61 (Reg. of Deeds, vol. 

On the 4th July 1633, a contract of marriage was 
entered into between Alexander Alshender in Doneis, 
and Christian Chalmer, daughter of Charles Chalmer 
in Kintore, Aberdeenshire, the " tocher " being 500 
merks (Reg. of Deeds, vol. 480). 

On the 9th November 1633, John Alexander in Big- 
head of Torreis, granted at Insh, Aberdeenshire, an 
obligation for 100 merks to JohnCruikshank of Cadden 
(Reg. of Deeds, vol. 479). 

On the 25th November 1633, John Alexander, 
burgess of Aberdeen, and his sons, James and Patrick 
Alexander, purchased from James Gordon the lands 
of Auchmull for 3500 merks (Reg. of Deeds, vol. 

On the 7th August 1644, " Mr William Alexander" 
was served heir to his father, Robert Alexander, bur- 
gess of Aberdeen, in the lands of Ward of Kinmundie, 
in the parish of St Machar and county of Aberdeen 
(Special Retours, Aberdeen, xviii. 144). 

Mr John Alexander, described as "advocate in 
Edinburgh," was one of the three husbands of Mary, 
daughter and heiress of George Jamesone, the emi- 
nent painter, a native of Aberdeen. On the 15th 
January 1645, he petitioned the town council of the 
burgh to grant him a feu of a portion of ground, 
called the Hayfield, which George Jamesone, his 


father-in-law, had held in liferent. His request was 
acceded to, and the feu-duty fixed at "four pundis 
Scotis money yearlie " (Council Kecords of Aberdeen). 
By his wife, Mary Jamesone, Mr John Alexander 
had two sons, who attained considerable distinction. 
John Alexander studied the art of painting, chiefly in 
Florence, and on his return to Scotland in 1720, 
resided at Gordon Castle, under the patronage of the 
Duchess of Gordon, daughter of the Earl of Peter- 
borough. He painted portraits, allegorical pieces, 
and historical landscapes. Many of the portraits of 
Queen Mary were executed by him. He began a 
picture of Queen Mary's escape from Lochleven 
Castle, in which the scenery round the lake is intro- 

^ duced, but he died before completing it. Cosmo 
Alexander, another son of Mr John Alexander and 
Mary Jamesone, became known as an engraver ; he 
\ engraved a portrait of his maternal grandfather. 

On the 7th March 1645, Mr John Alexander, advo- 
cate, and Bichard and Alexander Alexander, and other 


X citizens of Aberdeen, met to arrange measures for 
dissuading the Marquis of Montrose from marching 
his army into the city. John and Kichard Alex- 
ander were among the delegates appointed to wait 
upon the marquis (Burgh Kecords of Aberdeen ; 
Spalding's Memorials, vol. ii., p. 452). 

Alexander Alexander, bailie in Aberdeen, was, on 
the 8th August 1672, admitted an honorary burgess 
of Stirling (Stirling Burgh Kecords). 


Alexander Alexander, son of Alexander Alexander, 
bailie in Aberdeen, was a regent in Marischal College 
of that city. Obtaining licence from Alexander, 
Bishop of Edinburgh, he was admitted minister of 
Glass, Banffshire, before the 8th April 1679. Having 
two half-nets' fishing on the mid-chingle in the Dee, 
at Aberdeen, he purchased nets, hired servants, and 
had the fishing conducted by a relative. Finding at 
the expiry of two years that he had obtained a profit 
of only two shillings, he abandoned operations. The 
fishings proved more advantageous to his heir, who, 
in 1760, let them for a rent of 60. Mr Alexander 
was deprived by the Act of Parliament, 25th April 
1690, which restored the ejected Presbyterian mini- 
sters. He resumed possession of the cure on a 
vacancy in 1693, and though his right was disputed, 
he contrived to retain the living till his death, which 
took place in 1713. By his wife, Margaret Collisone, 
he had a son, Alexander, proprietor of Auchinoll, 
and five daughters (Fasti Eccl. Scot., iii. 199). 

On the 17th January 1657, Isobel and Margaret 
Alexander were served co-heiresses to John Alex- 
ander, merchant in Aberdeen, their father (Inq. 

Nisbet describes the arms of "Alexander Alex- 
ander of Auchmull, sometime bailie of Aberdeen," 
thus : " Parted per pale, argent and sable, a cheveron 
between two mullets in chief, and a crescent in base, 
all counter-changed ; crest, a hand sustaining a pair 


of balances of equal scales ; motto, Quod tibi ne alteri " 
(Nisbet's Heraldry, vol. i., p. 30). 

Walter Alexander was admitted minister of the 
parish of Echt, Aberdeenshire, 14th October 1666 ; 
he demitted in 1694. By his marriage with Janet 
Scot, he had a son, William, who became a teacher 
in Aberdeen. He was served heir to his mother 
on the 28th September 1712 (Fasti Eccl. Scot., 
iii. 531). 

Thomas Alexander, who had graduated at King's 
College, Aberdeen, on the 4th July 1682, was, prior 
to 1688, admitted minister of Logie-Coldstone, in the 
county of Aberdeen. He died on the 6th July 1715, 
aged fifty-three. His son, Alexander Alexander of 
Jackstoun, was served heir to him on the 14th 
January 1724. He had a son, Thomas, who resided 
at Inverernan, and a daughter, Margaret, who mar- 
ried John Forbes of Inverernan (Fasti Eccl. Scot., 
iii. 535). 

On the 16th March 1694, John Alexander in 
Boyne's Mill, parish of Forgue, Aberdeenshire, is 
described as "eldest son of the deceased James 
Alexander in Boyne's Mill." He declined service to 
the lands (Reg. Mag. Sig., xvii. 464). 

John Alexander in Chopiswallis, in the parish of 
Fordoun, Kincarclineshire, died in April 1577. In 
his will, dated 23d August 1576, he appoints his 
wife, Isobel Merchant, and his son, Charles Alex- 
ander, as his executors. Thomas Alexander, "mes- 


singer to the kingis maiestie," is a witness, and John 
Alexander in Middletoun is a debtor on the estate 
(Edin. Com. Reg., vol. x.). 

On the 23d August 1620, Janet Alexander, spouse 
of Alexander Alexander in Calsayend, parish of Con- 
veth (Laurencekirk), and county of Kincardine, exe- 
cuted his will (Com. Reg. of St Andrews). 

William Alexander in Collatown of Garlabank, 
Forfarshire, executed his will on the 10th February 
1580 (Edin. Com. Reg.). 

On the 1st April 1577, John Alexander, brother's 
son of the deceased David Alexander in Leis Myln, 
Forfarshire, and his executor-dative, presented the in- 
ventory of his deceased relative, valued 226, 16s. 8d. 
Scots (Edinburgh Com. Reg.). 

James Alexander, merchant - burgess in Dundee, 
died in November 1605. In his will, dated the 6th 
day of the same month, he names as his executors, 
his wife, Elspeth Galloway, and David Alexander, 
litster-burgess of Dundee. His " frie geir " is valued 
at 1019 lib. 14s. He mentions his "lawfull bairnes," 
William, Christian, and Euffame Alexander, and, as 
one of his debtors, " Archibald Alexander in Banff" 
(Edin. Com. Reg., vol. xli.). 

John Alexander in Montrose was, on the 18th May 
1665, served heir to his father, John Alexander, 
miller in Montrose (Inq. Spec.). 

On the 23d December 1648, David Alexander was 
served heir of James Alexander of Ravensby, his 


father, in the lands and village of Carnoustie and 
others, in the parish of Barry and county of Forfar 
(Inq. Spec., Forfarshire). David Alexander acquired 
the adjacent lands of Balskellie by a charter, dated 
25th January 1667 (Charters in Chancery). On the 
21st December 1676, James Alexander, son of David 
Alexander, obtained service in the lands of Balskellie, 
and in the village and lands of Carnoustie (Inq. 
Speciales, Forfarshire). The family is mentioned by 
Nisbet (Heraldry, vol. i., p. 25). 

Thomas Alexander in Wester Persie, Forfarshire, 
died intestate in June 1580. His testament-dative 
and inventory were given up by his brother, David 
Alexander in Wester Persie, on behalf of John, 
Marion, and Isobel Alexander, children of the 
deceased (Edin. Com. Keg., vol. x.). 



WILLIAM ALEXANDER, " indweller in Leyth," died " of 
the pest" in December 1587. The inventory of his 
effects was produced by " Cristane Braidie, his relict 
spous/' together with his will, dated 12th December 
1587. The latter presents the following clause : 

" I, the said Mr William, leivis to my said spous and my 
sone William, and to the langest leivar of thame tua, to nocht 
failzieing, Williame my sone, the rest to be gewin to my said 
spous, to wit, the hail wair quhilk trusting for goddis caus 

that my brether, to wit, Thomas and Henrie, James and 
Alexander, sail on na maner of way be allowit to defraude my 
said spous, . . . and vmquhile sone, to wit, William . . ." 

The goods of the deceased were valued at 279, 8s. 
Scots. Among the debtors on the estate were John 
Alexander, portioner of Pitsgobir (Pitgogar), and 
Gauin Alexander, "his sone and appeirant air," and 


Andro Braidie in Striveling (Stirling) (Edin. Com. 
Reg., vol. xix.). 

Robert Alexander, merchant, Leith, was, on the 
nomination of Sir William Alexander of Menstry, 
appointed searcher at that port. The office was 
claimed by a son of Bernard Lindsay, the former 
occupant of the post, whereupon the following royal 
letter, dated 7th January 1627-8, was addressed to 
Lord Napier, the Treasurer-Depute : 

" Eight, &c. Haveing been informed how, by the death of 
Bernard Lindsay, the place of Searcher at Leith doth vake at 
our disposition, whereupon we were pleased to grant a guift to 
one Eobert Alexander, Merchand there, according to the guift 

granted by us thairupon, But since informed that one 

Lindsay, a sone of the said late Bernard, doth pretend an 
interest therein, Wee have thought good that you trie the estate 
thereof and certifie us back again of the same or otherwise 
if you shall find just cause that the said Eobert should discharge 
that place. Wee likewayes require you to use your best means 
for causing settle him tharin according to our said guift " 
(Eegister of Letters). 

On the 27th February 1652, James Alexander, 
brewer in Leith, and Janet Reid, were married (South 
Leith Parish Register). They had a daughter, Mar- 
garet, baptized 10th October 1658, and a son, William, 
baptized 27th September 1660 (Baptismal Register of 
Edinburgh). On the 14th June 1688, William Alex- 
ander, indweller in Leith, executed his will (Edin. 
Com. Reg.). 

James Alexander, advocate, was, on the 2d May 


1685, served heir to David Alexander in Leith, his 
elder brother (General Retours, xxxviii. 64). 

Eobert Alexander is mentioned as a merchant- 
burgess of Edinburgh in 1597 (Edinburgh Baptismal 

John Alexander, merchant-burgess in Edinburgh, 
died on 13th June 1616. His testament was " made 
and gevin up by himself, with his awin tung, speik- 
and at Perth, the 12 day of June 1616." He names 
Susanna Alexander, his daughter, as his only execu- 
tor. His assets amounted to 153 lib. 6s. 8d. (Edin- 
burgh Commissariat Reg.). 

Robert Alexander, merchant in Leith, died in 
1629, and on the 17th July of that year his son, who 
bore the same Christian name, was served as his 
heir (General Services, x. 346). On the 26th March 
1635, a bond for 2000 Scots, in favour of the late 
Robert Alexander, indweller in Leith, by Sir William 
Alexander of Menstry, with "Walter Alexander, 
gentleman usher to the prince," as one of the caution- 
ers, was registered at Edinburgh at the instance of 
Elizabeth Alexander, daughter of the deceased Robert 
(Register of Bonds). 

The testament-dative and inventory of umquhil 
George Alexander, merchant-burgess of Edinburgh, 
who died in November 1589, was given up by Marion 
and Catherine Alexander, his daughters, on the 19th 
January 1610. His goods were valued at 770, 16s. 
8d., and as one of his debtors was named David 


Alexander, merchant-burgess of Edinburgh (Edin. 
Com. Reg., vol. xlvi.). David Alexander is, on the 
15th February 1590, described as "merchant-burgess 
of Edinburgh " (Register of Deeds, vol. xxxvi., 317). 
He had sasine of a mill at Stirling (Stirling Reg. of 
Sasines), and on the 6th June 1616 obtained a charter 
of a hundred merks out of the lands of Wester Spott, 
Haddingtonshire (Reg. Mag. Sig.). He died on the 
31st December 1616. In his will, dated 14th August 
1611, he mentions his wife, Isobel Allan, his son, 
"Mr Robert Alexander," and his daughters, Eliza- 
beth, Elspeth, Barbara, Katherine, and Janet; also 
his two sisters, Christian and Margaret. As one of 
the guardians of his children he names " Sir William 
Alexander of Menstrie." His movable estate is 
valued at 3102, 10s. Scots (Edin. Com. Reg., 
vol. L). 

Elizabeth, eldest daughter of David Alexander, 
married first, in 1618, James Cochrane, merchant- 
burgess and one of the magistrates of Edinburgh, 
receiving from him in liferent the five-merk lands of 
Luchscillis, in the barony of Monkland and county of 
Lanark (Gen. Reg. of Sasines, vol. ii., p. 176) ; she 
married, secondly, John Winram, merchant-burgess 
of Edinburgh, and is named as a widow 7th July 
1642 (General Retours, vol. xvi., 247). 

On the 29th January 1607, Robert Alexander, 
writer in Edinburgh, made complaint against a person 
who was indebted to him, and refused to pay (Reg. 


Mag. Concilii). He was, on the 20th March 1617, 
served heir to David Alexander, his father (Gen. 
Ketours, vol. vi., 184, 258). 

On the 4th December 1619, Elizabeth Alexander, 
wife of Bailie James Cochrane, and Katherine Alex- 
ander, wife of John Small, merchant-burgess of Edin- 
burgh, were served heirs-portioners of Mr Robert 
Alexander, their brother (Gen. Eetours, vii. 181, 182). 

On the 22d December 1631, Sir James Ker of 
Crailing granted an obligation to William Stirling, 
writer in Edinburgh, as tutor for Elizabeth Alex- 
ander, daughter of the late Robert Alexander, writer 
and keeper of his Majesty's signet, for 1000 merks 
(Gen. Reg. of Deeds). 

On the 21st December 1635, Mr Harie Shaw, 
minister at Logie, granted a bond for 60 to John 
Alexander, Writer to the Signet, Edinburgh. A wit- 
ness to the transaction was James Alexander, mer- 
chant-burgess in Stirling (Register of Deeds, 489). 

Alexander Alexander was long employed as " ser- 
vitor " or amanuensis to the Earl of Stirling. With 
a view to his obtaining the office of a macer in the 
Court of Session, Lord Stirling had recommended 
him to the Privy Council. As the recommendation, 
though proceeding on the royal authority, had been 
overlooked, the command as to his appointment was, 
on the 24th July 1630, thus emphatically renewed : 

" Eight, &c. Whereas wee wer long since pleased to signifie 


o r plesure that Robert Chreichtoun and Alexander Alexander 
should be preferred to the first vacking offices of Maesarie, 
whereof notwithstanding they have been disappointed (as we 
are crediballie informed), contrarie to our royal intentions. Now 
least others should unseasonably importune us to have these 
two offices, or least the said Robert and Alexander be furder 
disappointed of what wee intend for them, Our pleasour is that 
you tak notice of o r royall intentions herein. And if any such 
offices doe vaik at o r guift by death, demissioune, deprivatioune, 
or other wayes, that you hearken to none that have been or 
shalbe suittors unto us or you for the same (seeing according to 
o r first intention), wee have resolved to grant the first place 
soe vaiking unto the said Robert, & the next unto the said 
Alexander, and to this effect that you both cause mak ane act of 
counsell and sederunt. And for your soe doeing these presents 
shalbe a sufficient warrant." 

As the Council remained silent, the Lords of Session 
were, in a royal letter dated 18th May 1632, next 
reminded of Alexander's claims. They were requested 
not to allow his employment abroad in the royal 
service to interfere with his preferment (Register of 
Letters). He obtained a macership soon afterwards. 
He married Margaret, eldest daughter of John 
Forsyth, resident at Westminster; she was, on the 
18th January 1643, served heir to her grandfather, 
John Forsyth, burgess in Forres (General Retours, 
xvii. 146). Alexander Alexander's will is dated 7th 
April 1646 (Edinburgh Com. Reg.). 

On the 16th November 1636, William Alexander, 
merchant-burgess of Edinburgh, granted to Thomas 
Winram a tak or lease of " thrie baithis on the south 
side of the hie street of Edinburgh " for six years, at 


the yearly rent of "thrie hundreth merkis Scots 
money" (Reg. of Deeds, vol. 516). 

Thomas Alexander, writer in Edinburgh, died in 
November 1690, and his testament-dative was de- 
livered up by his widow, Janet Waterston. His 
goods were valued at 133, 6s. 8d. (Edin. Com. Reg., 
vol. Ixxix.). 

Early in the eighteenth century, William Alexander 
(probably of Edinburgh) described as " nearest heir- 
male to the title of Earl of Stirling," married Eliza- 
beth, eldest daughter of the Rev. Andrew Lumisden, 
minister of Duddingston, and latterly non-jurant 
Bishop of Edinburgh, by his wife, Katherine, only 
child of John Craig, son of the celebrated Sir Thomas 
Craig of Riccarton. By his wife, William Alexander 
had a son and daughter, who both died without issue 
(Analecta Scotica, vol. ii., pp. 32, 41). 

During the sixteenth century, a branch of the 
House of Alexander was settled in the county of 
Peebles. In the Edinburgh Commissariat Register 
are recorded the wills of Andrew Alexander in 
Kirkurd, dated 5th February 1574; and of Thomas 
Alexander in Linton, dated 16th April 1575. In the 
same register appear the will of Janet Alexander, 
spouse to Alexander Forester, cooper in Blyth, in 
the parish of Linton, who died in October 1586, "her 
free gear" amounting to 231 lib. 10s.; the will of 
William Alexander in Gravelpits, in the parish of 
Linton, dated 14th January 1588 ; and the will of 


James Alexander in Gravelpits, of the same parish, 
and his wife, Margaret Russell, in parish of Linton 
and sheriffdom of Peebles, of whom the former died 
on 8th November 1597, and the latter on the 8th 
December of the same year, leaving a son, Richard. 

A branch of the family settled in the town of 
Peebles. On the 14th February 1711, Patrick Alex- 
ander, described as " dweller in Kirkburne," had a 
son, William, baptized (Peebles Parish Register). On 
the 18th December 1729, William Alexander, mer- 
chant in Peebles, and Margaret Crichton, were married 
(Peebles Parish Register). Robert, a son of this 
marriage, became a merchant at Moffat, Dumfries- 
shire. By his wife, Susan Nicol, sister of the Rev. 
William Nicol, minister of the Scottish Church, Swal- 
low Street, London, he had an only child, William. 
Deprived of both his parents in childhood, William 
Alexander was educated in Edinburgh, where he 
afterwards settled. His son, the Rev. William Lind- 
say Alexander, D.D., born at Edinburgh on the 24th 
August 1808, studied at the Universities of Edin- 
burgh and St Andrews, and in 1828 was appointed 
classical tutor in the Lancashire College, Blackburn. 
He was in 1835 elected pastor of an Independent 
church in Edinburgh, an office to which was added, 
in 1854, the Professorship of Theology to the Congre- 
gationalists of Scotland. Among other works, he 
has published, " Anglo-Catholicism not Apostolical," 
" Christ and Christianity," 1854; " Life of Dr Ward- 


law," 1856 ; " Christian Thought and Work/' 1862 ; 
" St Paul at Athens/' 1865. He has contributed the 
articles " Moral Philosophy," " Scripture," and " Theo- 
logy," to the eighth edition of the " Encyclopedia 
Britannica ; " edited the third edition of " Kitto's Bib- 
lical Cyclopaedia ; " and is a member of the committee 
for revising the translation of the Old Testament. 

In his " History of Peeblesshire," Mr William Cham- 
bers of Glenormiston mentions Charles Alexander, 
farmer at Easter Happrew, in the parish of Stobo, 
who, at the close of the eighteenth century, was dis- 
tinguished for his skill as an agriculturist (Cham- 
bers's Peeblesshire, p. 236). 

John Alexander, a scion of the House of Menstry, 
graduated at the University of St Andrews in 1603 
(Act. Rect. Univ. St And.). In 1610 he was ap- 
pointed rector of the united parishes of Hoddam, 
Luce, and Ecclefechan, in the county of Dumfries. 
He erected a parish church on a central site at his 
private cost (Chalmers' Caledonia, 1824, 4to, vol. iii., 
p. 197). He was one of fifty-five ministers who, on 
the 27th June 1617, subscribed a protest on behalf 
of the liberties of the Church. On the 21st October 
1634, he was nominated a member of the commission 
for the maintenance of Church discipline (Fasti Eccl. 
Scot., i. 620). On the 6th January 1636, he granted 
to Sir Eichard Murray, Bart, of Cokpute, on behalf 
of his wife, Isobel Barclay, and their son, William, a 
renunciation of an annual rent of 400 merks " furth 


of the lands of Cokpute," to which he had right by 
a contract made at Manchester on the 5th November 
1632 (Register of Deeds, vol. 489). He and his wife 
obtained a charter, on the 28th November 1642, of 
the lands of Over Isgill, in the county of Dumfries 
(Keg. Mag. Sig., lib. Ivii., No. 162). 

On the 13th February 1643, a charter under the 
Great Seal was granted to James, Lord Johnstoun of 
Lochwood, and Mr John Alexander, rector of Hod- 
dam, equally between them and their heirs, of the 
lands of Glendonyng, comprehending half the lands 
of Corlaw, Wester Ker, Fellcolme, and Felbrae, 
within the lordship of Eskdale and shire of Dumfries, 
as principal, and the other half of Corlaw, lands of 
Curcleuche, etc., in warrandice, which lands formerly 
belonged to the said James Johnstoun of Westraw, 
and were resigned by him for this new infeftment 
(Reg. Mag. Sig., lib. Ivii., No. 232). 

Mr John Alexander, minister of Hoddam, died on 
the 14th July 1660, in his seventy-eighth year. In 
the Register of the Privy Seal for 1664, are narrated 
certain proceedings between Isabella Barclay, his 
widow, and their son James, and the Rev. James 
Craig, admitted minister of Hoddam in 1661, in 
regard to the possession of the manse. 

Mrs Isabella Barclay, relict of Mr John Alexander, 
minister of Hoddam, died 2d July 1682, aged eighty- 
two. The family consisted of three sons, James, 
John, and William, and a, daughter, Barbara (Fasti 


Eccl. Scot., vol. i., p. 620). James, the eldest son, 
acquired the estate of Knockhill, in the parish of 
Hoddam. In 1701 he settled 1195, 6s. 4d. Scots 
on the poor of the parish. 

John, second son of Mr John Alexander, was some 
time session- clerk at South Leith, an office which he 
demitted on the 13th July 1682 (S. Leith Sess. Keg.). 
In 1680 he published a quarto volume, entitled 
" Jesuitico-Quakerism Examined ; or, a Confutation of 
the Blasphemous and Unreasonable Principles of 
the Quakers, with a Vindication of the Church of 
God in Britain." This work was dedicated to Sir 
Kobert Clayton, Lord Mayor of London ; and it bears 
to have been examined and approved by John Hamil- 
ton at the appointment of the Lord Bishop of Edin- 
burgh. In 1683 John Alexander was ordained 
minister of Kirknewton. He was in the same year 
translated to Durrisdeer, in the county of Dumfries. 
Having adhered to Episcopacy, he was ejected by the 
people in 1689. He died at Edinburgh on the 16th 
July 1716, in his eighty-eighth year. He married, 
first, Isobel, third daughter of James, Bishop of Gal- 
loway ; and, secondly, Margaret Angus, who died at 
Edinburgh subsequent to the 13th September 1723. 

William Alexander, doctor of medicine (probably 
the youngest son of Mr John Alexander, minister of 
Hoddam), obtained sasine of the lands of Gillespie 
and Craignarget, in the parish of Old Luce, on the 
16th September 1709. 


The estate of Kirkland, in the parish of Dairy and 
stewartry of Kirkcudbright, belonged, in the latter 
part of the seventeenth century, to Thomas Alex- 
ander. He acquired, by marriage, the lands of 
Macketstown, Glenhowl, and others in the same 
parish. He is now represented by James Alexander 
of Corrieden, in the parish of Balmaclellan and 
stewartry of Kirkcudbright. His younger brother, 
William, is owner of the lands of Macketstown and 

On the 28th May 1684, Hugh Alexander of Barra- 
chan, in the parish of Mochrum, is mentioned as 
having for his wife, Janet, daughter of John M'Cul- 
loch of Myreton, in the same parish. They appear to 
have had an only child, Margaret, who seems to have 
married James M'Culloch, and to have had two sons, 
John and Eobert. 

Migrating from the Carrick district of Ayrshire, a 
branch of the family of M'Alexander effected a settle- 
ment in the district of Glenluce, Wigtownshire. En- 
gaging in the nautical profession, members of the 
family traded with the opposite shore of Ireland, 
where some of them effected a settlement. - John 
M 'Alexander, owner of a coasting vessel at Chapel- 
rossan, near Glenluce, where he resided about the 
middle of the eighteenth century, adopted the modern 
name of Alexander, which is borne by his descen- 
dants. By his wife, Elizabeth Murray, he had three 
sons, John, William, and Hugh ; also four daughters. 


William, the second son, born 21st February 1763, 
was pastor of the Congregational churches at Prescot 
and Leigh, Lancashire ; he died on the 23d January 
1855, in his ninety-third year. His memoirs have 
been published by his son, the Rev. John Alexander, 
minister of Princes Street Chapel, Norwich, and 
author of several religious publications. 



IN the year 1413, Richard Alexander is one of the 
several arbiters appointed to decide upon a question 
between John Stewart of Darnley and Sir John Ross 
of Hawkhead, relating to the lands of Hullerished 
(Memorials of the Maxwells of Pollok, vol. i.). As 
Paisley at this period consisted of not more than 
twelve houses, it is not improbable that from this 
Richard was descended John Alexander, who, in 
1488, when the village of Paisley was erected into a 
royal burgh, was created a burgess. He is described 
as owner of a house and land on the west side of the 
" Paisley Tak and Unhouss" (Charter by Abbot 
George Schaw to Andrew Payntor, 1490). In 1491 
David Alexander was placed on the roll of burgesses 
(Burgh Records of Paisley). He succeeded John 
Alexander, and possessed the same property in 1498 
(Charter by Robert, Abbot of Paisley, to Richard 
Brigton). In 1508 Gilbert Alexander became a 
burgess of Paisley (Burgh Records). In the MS. 


Rental Book of the Monastery of Paisley (Advocates 
Library, p. 153), the following entry occurs in the 
rental of John Hamilton, commendator, made in 
October and November 1525 : " Annui redditus ville 
de Paslay, The Pryor croft, Jhone Alex r - & Gilbert 
Alex r -> xiij s - iiij d -" Gilbert Alexander married Agnes 
Inglis, by whom he had a son, William, who is men- 
tioned as his heir in 1542 (Family MSS., vol. i.). 

In the Eental .Book, at pages 185 and 187, are 
these entries : " Anno M etc. xxvij (1527) Brablo 
syd, Jhon Alex r - elder, xiij acris . . . ane akyr 
j bl bere;" (circa same date), "Corsflat, xvij acris, 
Jhone Alex r - ane akyr l b - bere." 

John Alexander, son of John Alexander, pos- 
sessed, prior to 1541, the house and land known 
as the " Paisley Tak." He is, in a charter of 
that year, granted by John, Abbot of Paisley, to 
John Dowhill, described as "the late John Alex- 
ander." In 1579 John Alexander of the Paisley 
Tak is named in a deed preserved in the family. In 
the same year, Robert Alexander, with his wife, Janet 
Mathie, purchased, at the cross of Paisley, "the 
Pasley Tak," situated on the east side of the house 
and land possessed by John Alexander (Charter in 
possession of the family of Ballochmyle). Robert 
Alexander is described as " chamberlain " to my Lord 
of Paisley * in 1597, when he was created a burgess 

* Lord Claud Hamilton, third son of James, Earl of Arran and Duke of 
Chatelherault, created Lord Paisley in 1585. James, his eldest son, was first 
Earl of Abercorn. 


of the burgh (Burgh Records). He had a son, John, 
who married, in 1598, Elizabeth Carswell, by whom 
he had two sons, Eobert and James, and two daugh- 
ters, Catherine and Janet. Both the daughters were 

James, second son of John Alexander and Eliza- 
beth Carswell, was one of the two bailies of Paisley, 
and a Commissioner of War. He had two sons, 
James and Claud. The latter became a solicitor in 

Eobert, elder son of John Alexander and Eliza- 
beth Carswell, was born in 1604. He was a solicitor 
in Paisley ; in 1647 he was elected a magistrate. 
He purchased, in 1648, the estate of Blackhouse, 
near Ayr; in 1665 the estate of Boghall, Ayrshire ; 
and in 1670 the lands of Newtoun, Renfrewshire. 
He married first, in 1633, Marion, daughter of Claud 
Hamilton of Blackhole, by his wife, Janet Orr, who 
died in 1648 ; and secondly, Janet, daughter and 
co-heiress of David Henderson, burgess of Paisley, 
by his wife, Isobel Algeo. In an infeftment, dated 
3d June 1662, are named "Robert Alexander of 
Blackhouse, and Janet Henderson his spouse." In 
the chancel of Paisley Abbey a tombstone was 
placed by Robert Alexander, to denote his right of 
sepulture in that sacred edifice. It is inscribed with 
his initials and the initials of his two wives, with 
their respective shields. 

By his first wife, Robert Alexander of Blackhouse 


had several children. Of these, two sons, James 
and Claud, and two daughters, Janet and Marion, 
survived him. Janet, the elder daughter, married 
James Dunlop of Dovecot, and had issue. Marion, 
the younger daughter, married, in 1678, John Max- 
well of Brediland, and had issue. Of Robert Alex- 
ander's second marriage were born two sons, Robert 
and John. John settled in Carolina.* He died on 
the 8th October 1699, and his testament-dative and 
inventory were, in January 1707, " made and given 
up by Kobert Alexander, one of the Principal Clerks 
of Session." Among those indebted to him appears 
the name of William, Lord Eoss, who had originally 
granted a bond to his father, the late Robert Alex- 
ander of Blackhouse (Edin. Com. Reg., vol. Ixxxiii.). 

Robert, third son of Robert Alexander of Black- 
house (by his second wife, Janet Henderson), married 
Janet, daughter of Alexander Smith of Reids toun, by 
his wife, Margaret, daughter of Major Hugh Buntein 
of Kilbryde. By her he had two daughters, Janet, 
who married her relative, Robert Alexander of Black- 
house ; and Margaret, who married Robert Alexander 
of Newtoun. 

James Alexander, designed " of Boghall," eldest 
son of Robert Alexander of Blackhouse, was born in 
1634. He entered the University of Glasgow, where 
he graduated in 1653. Obtaining licence as a pro- 

* Robert Alexander, Member of Congress for Carolina during the war of inde- 
pendence, may have been grandson of John Alexander, the original settler. 


bationer in 1655, he was the same year ordained 
minister of Kilmalcolm, Renfrewshire. For his ad- 
herence to the Presbyterian polity, he was deprived 
by Act of Parliament, llth June, and of the Privy 
Council, 1st October 1662. Accused of preaching 
and baptizing irregularly, he was summoned to Ayr 
in March 1669 ; he died of fever in the same year 
about the age of thirty-four (Fasti Eccl. Scot., vol. ii., 
p. 250). He married Mary, daughter of John Max- 
well of Southbar, descended from Adam Maxwell, 
fifth son of the first Lord Maxwell of Caerlaverock, 
by Elizabeth, daughter of William Cuninghame of 
Craigends ; she died in 1670. By her he had a son, 
John, and four daughters, Elizabeth, Mary, Jean, and 
Anna. His daughter Jean was, in September 1689, 
married to William Greenlees, one of the magistrates 
of Paisley (Keg. Abbey Parish of Paisley). 

John Alexander, only son of Mr James Alexander, 
succeeded his father in the estate of Boghall in 1669, 
and his grandfather, Eobert Alexander, in the lands of 
Blackhouse in 1687. He married Janet, daughter of 
Alexander Cuninghame of Craigends, by his wife, 
Janet, daughter of William Cuninghame of Achin- 
yards, and had two sons, Robert and William, and a 
daughter, Anna. Anna Alexander married Peter 
Murdoch, who, in 1731, was Lord Provost of Glasgow. 

Robert Alexander, eldest son of John Alexander 
of Blackhouse and Boghall, married Janet, daughter 
of his grand-uncle, Robert Alexander, by whom he 


had a daughter, Jean, who married John Lockhart 
of Lee. 

William Alexander, second son of John Alexander 
of Blackhouse and Boghall, succeeded to the paternal 
estates on the death of Kobert, his elder brother. 
He became a banker in Edinburgh, and was elected 
Lord Provost of that city in 1752, and its parliament- 
ary representative in 1754. A continuation of his 
line will be found under the section, " Family of Alex- 
ander of Airdrie and Cowdenhill." 

Claud, second son of Kobert Alexander of Black- 
house, by his first wife, Marion Hamilton, was born 
in 1645. By a disposition, dated 24th September 
1669, he received from his father several subjects in 
the town of Paisley.* In 1671 his father granted 
him the lands of Newtoun (Reg. Mag. Sig., lib. Ixii., 
288). A zealous supporter of Presbyterianism, he 
became obnoxious to the Government, and was im- 
prisoned at Edinburgh. According to Wodrow (vol. 
iv., 215), he was, on the 3d August 1686, liberated 
" under a bond of a thousand pounds sterling, to live 
regularly, and answer when called to anything that is 
to be laid to his charge." 

In 1677 Claud Alexander of Newtoun married Jean, 
third daughter of William Ralston of that ilk, and 
his wife, Ursula Mure of Glanderstoun, by whom he 
had two sons and two daughters. In the Poll Tax 

* This disposition, in the handwriting of the granter, is now in the possession 
of Mr David Semple, writer, Paisley. 


Eolls of Eenfrewshire for 1695, he is entered thus : 
"Claud Alexander of Newtoune for himself, 4 lib. 
6sh. ; Jean Ralstoune, his spouse, 6sh. ; Kobert, Claud, 
Ursula, and Marion, Alexander's children, each 6sh,, 
with three servants." 

Marion, elder daughter of Claud Alexander of 
Newtoun, was born in March 1683. She married, in 
1709, Alexander, eldest son of Gavin Cochrane of 
Craigmuir, brother of William, first Earl of Dun- 
donald. Ursula, the younger daughter, born Febru- 
ary 1688, married, in 1706, John Russell of Braidshaw, 
ancestor of Sir William Russell, Bart, of Charlton, 
Gloucestershire. Claud, the younger son, born 26th 
February 1690, perished at sea. 

Robert Alexander, elder son of Claud Alexander 
of Newtoun, born in April 1681, succeeded his father 
in the estate of Newtoun in 1703. He married his 
cousin Margaret, daughter of his uncle, Robert Alex- 
ander, by whom he had a son and daughter. The 
daughter, Jean, married Robert Neilson of Paisley, 
by whom she had issue. 

Claud Alexander, only son of Robert Alexander of 
Newtoun, was born in 1724, and succeeded to New- 
toun in 1738. He married, in 1746, Joanna, daughter 
of Alexander Cuninghame of Craigends (descended 
from the noble House of Glencairn), by his wife, 
Anne, daughter of Sir John Houstoun, Bart, of that 
ilk, and grand-daughter of John Drummond, Earl of 
Melfort. Claud Alexander of Newtoun died in 1772, 


leaving five sons and six daughters. The daughters 
were Catherine ; Margaret, born 1753 ; Anna, born 
1754; Wilhelmina, Lockhart, and Lilias (Baptismal 
Register of Abbey Parish, Paisley). Wilhelmina 
Alexander is celebrated by Burns in his song, " The 
Bonnie Lass o' Ballochmyle." The poet had, by the 
banks of the Ayr, chanced to encounter Miss Wilhel- 
mina. There was no conversation or sign of recog- 
nition, but the poet afterwards despatched to her a 
copy of his song. She did not acknowledge it, but 
her nephew, the proprietor of Ballochmyle, has 
placed a bower on the spot where the poet saw her. 
Miss Wilhelmina Alexander died unmarried in 1843, 
at the age of eighty-eight. 

Lockhart, fifth daughter of Claud Alexander of 
Newtoun, married her cousin, Claud Neilson, and had 

Boyd, third son of Claud Alexander, born January 
1758, entered the service of the East India Company. 
He purchased the estates of Southbar and Boghall, 
Renfrewshire. In 1796 he was chosen M.P. for Ren- 
frew, and was returned as representative for Glasgow 
in 1806. He married his cousin, Camilla,* daughter 
of Boyd Porterfi eld of that ilk, by his wife Christian, 
daughter of Alexander Cuninghame of Craigends. 
He died without issue in 1825. Alexander, fourth 
son of Claud Alexander, born August 1766, died 

* Camilla Alexander was great-great-granddaugliter of William Boyd, first 
Earl of Kilmarnock, whose great-grandson, the fourth earl, was beheaded on 
Tower Hill for joining in the rebellion of 1745. 


unmarried. John, the youngest son, entered the 
army, and became major in the 56th Regiment. He 
married his cousin Jean, daughter of Kobert Neilson, 
and died without issue. 

Robert, eldest son of Claud Alexander, was born 
in 1747. He, in 1772, succeeded to Newtoun, which 
he afterwards sold; he died without issue. Claud, 
second son, born 1753, entered the Civil Service of 
the East India Company, and became paymaster- 
general of the Company's troops in Bengal. From 
the old family of Whitefoord he purchased the estate 
of Ballochmyle, Ayrshire, in 1783, and there estab- 
lished his seat. He married, in 1788, Helenora, 
daughter of Sir William Maxwell, Bart, of Spring- 
kell, by his wife, Margaret, daughter of Sir Michael 
Shaw Stewart, Bart, of Blackball and Ardgowan. 
He was father of three sons and five daughters. 
Margaret Stewart, the eldest daughter, died in 1861; 
Catherine Maxwell, second daughter, died in 1834 ; 
Anna Joanna, third daughter, died in 1859; Helenora, 
fourth daughter, died young. Mary, the youngest 
daughter, married, in 1834, Joshua Stansfield Cromp- 
ton of Azerley, Yorkshire ; she died in 1867, leaving 

Claud, eldest son of Claud Alexander of Balloch- 
myle, became an officer in the 1st regiment of Guards. 
He succeeded to Ballochmyle in 1809, and married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Colonel Keatinge, by his 
wife, Lady Martha Brabazon, daughter of Anthony, 


eighth Earl of Meath. He died without issue in 
1845, and was succeeded by his brother, William 
Maxwell Alexander of Southbar. This gentleman 
died unmarried in 1853, and was succeeded in his 
estates by his brother, Boyd Alexander. 

Boyd Alexander of Ballochmyle and Southbar, 
born in 1796, married, in 1828, Sophia Elizabeth, 
daughter of Sir Benjamin Hobhouse, Bart, of 
Westbury, Wiltshire, and sister of John, Lord 
Broughton, G.C.B., by whom he had five sons and 
one daughter, Helenora Margaret Angela. She mar- 
ried, in 1857, John Archibald Shaw Stewart, second 
son of Sir Michael Shaw Stewart, Bart, of Ardgowan, 
and died in 1865, leaving issue. 

John Hobhouse Inglis, second son of Boyd Alex- 
ander of Ballochmyle, was born in 1832, and suc- 
ceeded his father in the estate of Southbar. In 1844 
he joined the Royal Navy, in which he obtained the 
rank of captain. He served in the East and West 
Indies and the Crimea ; also in the Japanese war, in 
which he was severely wounded. Captain Alexander 
was a Companion of the Bath ; an aide-de-camp to 
the Queen, and an officer of the Legion of Honour. 
He married Isabella Barbara, daughter of T. C. 
Hume, Esq., and had issue, two sons, Boyd William 
John, born 1862, and Edwin St Clair, born 1865 ; also 
three daughters, Sophia Isabella, Evelyn Mary, and 
Cora Sybil. Captain Alexander died in November 


Boyd Francis Alexander, third son of Boyd Alex- 
ander of Ballochmyle, was born in 1834. He served 
with the Kifle Brigade in Turkey, India, and Canada. 
He was twice wounded in the Indian Mutiny, and 
was mentioned in despatches, and promoted to the 
rank of major in the army for his services. He is 
now lieutenant-colonel. He married, in 1865, Mary, 
daughter of David Wilson of Castleton, Surrey, by 
whom he has had four sons, Boyd and Robert, born 
1873 ; Herbert, born 1874 ; and David, born 1876 ; 
and two daughters, Marion and Helenor. In 1871 
he purchased the estate of Swifts, Kent. 

William Maxwell, fourth son of Boyd Alexander 
of Ballochmyle, was born in 1836. He was some 
time in the Civil Service of the East India Company, 
and served as a volunteer at Agra in the Indian 
Mutiny. He married Emma, daughter of the Rev. 
William Thorp. 

Michael Stewart, youngest son of Boyd Alexander 
of Ballochmyle, was born 1839, and died in 1855. 

Claud Alexander, now of Ballochmyle, was born 
15th January 1831. He succeeded his father in the 
estate of Ballochmyle in 1861. He is a. deputy- 
lieutenant of Ayrshire, a colonel in the Grenadier 
Guards, and has obtained the Order of the Medjidee. 
With his regiment he served in the Crimean war. 
At the general election in 1874 he was elected M.P. 
for South Ayrshire. In 1863 he married Eliza, 
daughter of Alexander Speirs of Elderslie, M.P., 


Lord-Lieutenant of Eenfrewshire, by whom he has a 
son, Claud, born 24th February 1867. 

The families of this branch use the following ar- 
morial bearings : Alexander of Boghall and Black- 
house bears, "parted per pale argent and sable, a 
chevron betwixt a writing-pen fessways in chief, and 
a crescent in base, all counterchanged ; above the 
shield, an helmet befitting his degree, mantled gules, 
doubled argent; next is placed on a torse for crest, 
a hand holding a quill proper ; the motto in scroll, 
' Fidem Serva.' Matriculated 26th July 1673 " (Lyon 

Boyd Alexander of Southbar, M.P. for Eenfrew, 
matriculated in 1784, bears, " parted per pale argent 
and sable, a chevron; in base a crescent, and in 
chief a writing-pen counterchanged ; all within a 
bordure, parted per pale gules and or. Crest A 
dexter hand holding a writing-pen, both proper. 
Motto ' Fidem Serva ' " (Lyon Eegister). 

The arms of Claud Alexander of Ballochmyle, 
matriculated in 1788, are : " Parted per pale argent 
and sable, a chevron ; in base a crescent, and in 
chief a fleur - de - lys, all counterchanged ; within a 
bordure parted per pale gules and or. Crest An 
elephant proper. Motto ' Perseverantia vincit'" 
(Lyon Eegister). 



WILLIAM ALEXANDER, second son of John Alexander 
of Blackhouse and Boghall, was, on the 13th June 
1733, admitted a burgess and guild brother of Edin- 
burgh. He was elected Lord Provost of that city on 
the 3d October 1752, and was re-elected to the office 
on the 2d October 1753 (Burgess and Town Council 
Records of Edinburgh). In 1754 he was chosen one 
of the Parliamentary representatives of the city 
(Anderson's History of Edinburgh, pp." 609, 610). 
According to the Rev. Dr Somerville, Lord Provost 
Alexander conducted business as a banker in Edin- 
burgh. He often received a solitary letter by the 
London mail, a fact which Dr Somerville quotes in 
illustration of the limited business then conducted in 
the Scottish capital (Somerville's Life and Times, 
1741-1814). Lord Provost Alexander died in July 
1763. He married Marione Louisa de la Croix, a 
member of a Huguenot family which fled from Roch- 
elle on the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, by 
whom he had three sons, Robert, William, and Alex- 


ander John, and a daughter, Jean. Having died 
intestate, his testament-dative and inventory were 
made and given up by Eobert and William Alex- 
ander, merchants in Edinburgh, his sons and executors. 
His substance was declared to consist of stock in the 
Koyal Bank of Scotland, amounting to 6792 (Edin. 
Com. Keg., vol. cxx.). Inscribed in a mortuary en- 
closure attached to Eoslin Chapel, presented to him 
by a member of the House of St Clair, are these 
words : " In this ground are interred William Alex- 
ander, Provost and M.P. for Edinburgh, who died 
1763 ; also his daughter Jean, and sons Eobert and 
Alexander John Alexander. Eepaired 1840."* 

Eobert and Alexander John, sons of Lord Provost 
Alexander, died without issue. William, the second 
son, was born in 1729. After a period of residence 
in France, he proceeded in 1783 to the United States. 
Till 1811 he resided at Staunton in Virginia, when 
he removed to Kentucky, where he died in 1819, at 
the age of ninety. He married, first, Christian, only 
daughter of John Aitchison of Eochsolach and 
Airdrie, in the county of Lanark ; and secondly, 
Agatha de la Porte, belonging to an ancient family 
at Montpellier! Of his first marriage were born two 
sons and six daughters. Bethia, the eldest daughter, 
born 27th March 1757, died in 1839, unmarried; 
Marianne, second daughter, born 12th December 

* Mrs Marione Louisa de la Croix, relict of William Alexander, died on the 
1st January 1773. 


1758, married General Jonathan Williams of Phila- 
delphia, nephew of Dr Franklin; she had a son, 
H. J. Williams, of Chesnut Villa, Philadelphia, 
and a daughter, Mrs Thomas Biddle, deceased; 
Christine, third daughter, born 24th August 1762, 
died unmarried in 1845 ; Jane, fourth daughter, born 
5th June 1765, died 1843; Isabella, fifth daughter, 
born 17th October 1768, married John Peter Hankey, 
merchant, London, by whom she had three sons, 
John Alexander, General Henry, and Captain Wil- 
liam, and a daughter, Julia, who married the Hon. 
Seymour Bathurst; Joanna, sixth daughter, born 
10th June 1771, died in 1783. 

By his second marriage, William Alexander was 
father of four sons, John Regis, Andrew, Charles, and 
James, and a daughter, Apolline Agatha, who mar- 
ried Thomson Hankey, Esq., M.P. for Peterborough, 
and one of the directors of the Bank of England. 

John Regis, eldest son of William Alexander by 
his second marriage, married, first, Marianne Camp- 
bell, secondly, Eliza Dudley ; he died in 1874, leaving 
issue. Andrew Alexander married Mira Madison, 
daughter of the governor of Kentucky ; he died in 
1834, leaving issue. Charles, the second son of the 
second marriage, married Martha Madison, and has 
two sons. 

William, born 18th May 1755, eldest son of Wil- 
liam Alexander of Airdrie, was called to the bar by 
the Society of the Middle Temple on the 22d Nov- 


ember 1782. He was nominated King's Counsel in 
1800, and a Master of Chancery in November 1809. 
In 1824 he was appointed Lord Chief Baron of 
the Exchequer, an office which he held till January 
1831, when he was succeeded by Lord Chancellor 
Lyndhurst. He was sworn of the Privy Council on 
his elevation to the bench, 19th January 1824, and 
the same day received the honour of knighthood. 
As an equity and real property lawyer, he enjoyed 
professional celebrity. He succeeded in 1837 to the 
estate of Cloverhill or Cowden, in the parish of 
New Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire, on the death of 
Andrew Hunter Spreul Crawfurd, his second cousin. 
He died on the 29th June 1842, at the advanced age of 
eighty-seven. His remains were deposited at Koslin 

Eobert Alexander, second son of William Alex- 
ander and Christian Aitchison, was born 7th January 
1767, and emigrated to the United States in 1786. 
He first settled in Virginia, and removed to Kentucky 
in 1791. There he purchased the extensive estate 
of Woodburn, in the county of Woodford. He died 
in February 1841. By his wife Eliza, daughter of 
Daniel Weisiger of Frankfort, Kentucky, whom he 
married in 1814, he had three sons and two daugh- 
ters. Lucy, the elder daughter, born 18th September 
1822, married James B. Waller of Chicago, by whom 
she has had two sons and seven daughters. Mary 
Bell, the second daughter, born 29th July 1830, mar- 


ried, in 1859, Henry Charles Deedes, Esq., formerly 
of the Indian Office. William Alexander, the eldest 
son, born in 1816, died in 1817. 

Robert, the second son, born 25th October 1819, 
was educated at Oxford, where he graduated as 
Bachelor of Arts. He succeeded to the estates of 
Airdrie and Cowdenhill on the death of his uncle, 
Sir William Alexander, in 1842, when he added to 
his patronymic the names of Spreul Crawfurd Aitchi- 
son. He died unmarried 1st December 1867. 

Alexander John Alexander, third son of Robert 
Alexander of Woodburn, Kentucky, born 7th Octo- 
ber 1824, succeeded to the estates of Woodburn, 
Airdrie, and Cowdenhill, in 1867. He married, first, 
6th May 1851, Lucy, daughter of David Humphreys 
of Woodford, Kentucky, by whom (she died 25th 
September 1858) he had David, born 19th February 

1852, died February 1860 ; Mary, born 6th October 

1853, died January 1860; and Robert, born July 
1855, died 9th December 1859. Alexander John 
Alexander of Woodburn married, secondly, 5th Octo- 
ber 1871, Lucy, daughter of Humphrey Fullerton 
of Chillicothie, Ohio, by whom he has had Robert 
Aitchison, born 27th August 1872, died 15th Octo- 
ber 1872; Elizabeth, born 19th September 1873; 
and Alexander John Aitchison, born 5th August 



AMONG the descendants of Richard Alexander of 
Paisley (see supra, p. 21) was John Alexander, who is 
mentioned in 1553; also his son, Alexander (Balloch- 
myle Family Papers). Robert Alexander is described 
in 1595 as farmer at Candren, near Paisley. His son 
Robert was a tanner at Causeyside, on the banks of 
the river Cart. According to the Registers of Paisley 
Abbey Parish, families of the name of Alexander 
continued to reside at Candren and at Causeyside, 
Paisley, till the beginning of the present century. 

In 1599, John Alexander, elder, was member of a 
jury at the service of an heir ; and in 1600, John 
Alexander, younger, was one of a jury at another 
service. Robert Alexander, elder, in Candren, is 
mentioned in 1610. 

John Alexander the younger was father of four 
sons, Robert, William, John, and James, and a 
daughter, Janet. Robert, the eldest son, engaged in 
merchandise at Paisley, and was elected a bailie of 


the burgh. In the record of the baptism of Robert, 
lawful son of Claud Alexander, younger, in Paisley, 
21st May 1680, he is named as co-witness with Eobert 
Alexander, in Blackhouse, and is styled "Eobert 
Alexander, merchand, late baylie of Paysley " (Regis- 
ter Abbey Parish, Paisley). He married Janet Snod- 
grass, and had issue (Poll Tax Roll, Paisley, 1695). 

William Alexander, second son, was a merchant- 
burgess of Paisley, and also held office in the magis- 
tracy. He married, July 1670, Margaret Hamilton 
of Paisley (Register Abbey Parish, Paisley). 

John Alexander, third son, settled in Dublin as a 
lime agent. He died in 1671, leaving a widow and a 
daughter Avia, who married William Hartley, with 
issue (Grant Book, Probate Court, Dublin). 

James Alexander, fourth son, practised in Dublin 
as a solicitor (see " Family of Alexander of Dublin "). 

Janet Alexander, daughter of John Alexander the 
younger, married John Spreul, merchant-burgess and 
magistrate of Paisley. Bailie Spreul purchased lands 
from the community of Paisley in 1672, one of the 
cautioners for the price being his brother-in-law, 
Robert Alexander, merchant (Burgh Records of 

Bailie Spreul had, by his wife Janet Alexander, 
two sons James, who became an apothecary in 
Paisley, and John, of whom hereafter. James 
Spreul, apothecary in Paisley, married, 21st Janu- 
ary 1674, Anna, daughter of John Spreul, town- 


clerk of Glasgow. Their daughter married John 
Shortridge, merchant, Glasgow, and had a son 
John, who became a magistrate of that city. He 
married Hannah Park of Paisley, and succeeding to 
the entailed property of his maternal ancestors in 
the Trongate of Glasgow, assumed the surname of 

The family of Spreul merits particular notice owing 
to its connection at several points with the House 
of Alexander. 

Walter Spreul of Cowden, " seneschal of the Len- 
nox," had, in the reign of Alexander III., a grant 
from the Earl of Lennox of the lands of Dalquharn 
in Dumbartonshire. In that county the family 
remained till 1622, when William, Lord Cochrane of 
Cowden, father of the first Earl of Dundonald, pur- 
chased from John Spreul the lands of Cowden. 
John Spreul, a younger son of the proprietor of 
Cowden, was in 1507 vicar of Dundonald, and Pro- 
fessor of Philosophy in the College of Glasgow. He 
was subsequently appointed rector of the university 
and a canon of the cathedral (Eental Book of Diocese 
of Glasgow, printed for the Grampian Club). He 
purchased the lands of Ladymuir, Castlehill, and 
Blackairn, in the diocese of Glasgow. In 1555 his 
lands came into the possession of his nephew, John 
Spreul, burgess of ~ Glasgow. The grandson of this 
person, John Spreul, was Provost of Renfrew early 
in the reign of Charles I. His son, who bore the 


same Christian name, was town-clerk of Glasgow, 
and afterwards a Principal Clerk of Session (Nisbet's 
Heraldry, vol. i., p. 427; and vol. ii., appendix, 
p. 24). ' 

John Spreul, eldest son of John Spreul, town-clerk 
of Glasgow, was trained to legal pursuits. He mar- 
ried Isobel, only child of Hugh Craufurd of Clober- 
hill, Dumbartonshire, and, succeeding to the lands, 
assumed the surname of Craufurd. In 1716 John 
Spreul executed a deed of entail, by which he des- 
tined the lands of Cloberhill and Drumchapel (which 
he called Cowden, the name of the old family estate) 
to his heirs-male, whom failing, his heirs whomsoever. 
Of his marriage were born eight daughters, and on 
his death, without male issue, the estate devolved 
on the issue of his youngest daughter, Agnes, wife 
of - Hunter, whose grandson, Andrew Hunter 
Spreul Crauford, succeeded to the estate. ' On the 
death of this gentleman in 1837, Sir William Alex- 
ander, Chief Baron of Exchequer, grandson of the 
eldest daughter of the entailer, succeeded to the 

John Spreul, merchant in Paisley, who .married 
Janet Alexander, was descended from the old family 
of Cowden. In the Burgh Records of Paisley is the 
following entry : " 19th Dec r 1600. qlk day Gabriel 
Spruell was decernit to deliver to Rob 1 Stewart ane 
stane cheis, price y* xiijs. iiijd., or then ane buik 
callit the Howis of Alex 1 -" Gabriel Spreul died in 


April 1603, and the book called " The Howis of Alex- 
ander " is known only by the preceding entry. When 
a youth, attending the grammar school of Paisley, the 
persecuted William Muir of Caldwell lodged in the 
house of John Spreul, and it is probable that he then 
embraced those Covenanting principles, on account 
of which he suffered persecution (Wodrow's History, 
vol. ii., pp. 28, 29, 73, 75 ; vol. iii., pp. 439-441). A 
zealous upholder of Presbyterianism, he was selected 
for punishment by General Dalziel in 1667, but con- 
trived to effect his escape (Wodrow's History, vol. 
iv., p. 252). His son John, who afterwards became 
an apothecary in Glasgow, was taken prisoner at 
Paisley by Dalziel's soldiers in 1667, in consequence 
of his refusing to divulge his father's hiding-place. 
In 1677 he was cited to appear before a court at 
Glasgow on the charge of nonconformity. Learning 
that a severe sentence was contemplated, he fled 
from the country. Leaving his business to the con- 
duct of his wife, he first proceeded to Holland, and 
afterwards resided at Dublin with his uncle, James 
Alexander. After the battle of Drumclog, he re- 
turned to Scotland in June 1679 ; but on the defeat 
of the Covenanters at Bothwell Bridge on the 22d of 
that month, he again sought refuge abroad. Keturn- 
ing to Scotland in 1680 with the view of carrying his 
wife and family to Eotterdam, he was, on the 12th 
November of that year, apprehended at Edinburgh, 
and examined before the Privy Council, As his 


answers failed to implicate himself or others, the 
Council decreed that he should be examined by tor- 
ture. Though twice subjected to the frightful tor- 
ture of the boot, he maintained his equanimity and 
upheld his honour. He was committed to the prison 
of the Bass in 1681, and there remained till May 
1687, when he was liberated (Wodrow's History, vol. 
iii., pp. 252-262; vol. iv., pp. 412, 413). 

John Alexander, of the family of Candren, was 
born at Paisley in October 1690 (Family Information). 
He proceeded to Ireland, and settled as a tanner and 
coal merchant at New Eoss, county Wexford. He 
married Catherine/ daughter of Colonel Knight 
Clifford, co -heiress of the estate of Cahirglissane, 
county Galway. He died in 1769. In his will he 
expresses a desire to be buried " privately, without 
scarves." To his son James, as holding a commis- 
sion in the army, he bequeathed " five shillings, not 
from any dislike." To his son Arthur he provided 
his freehold lease in Eoss, with the stock of his tan- 
yard, salt- work, and coal-yard in Eoss ; also his hold- 
ings in Carlow and Leighlen Bridge, and the interest 
of his dwelling-house and fields, called Tabbercreach. 
To his second son, Eobert, he bequeathed 100, with 
the expression of a hope that having got a college 
education, he would consider this sum as sufficient. 

* "December 16, 1727. Licence granted by the archbishop for the solemni- 
sation of marriage between John Alexander, of the parish of Hook, in the county 
of Wexford, gent., and Catherine Clifford, of the parish of Warburge, Dublin" 
(Book of Acts, Prerogative Court, Dublin). 


To his " deare sister Madden " he bequeathed 5 to 
buy mourning (Will in Probate Court). 

James Alexander, eldest son of John Alexander 
of New Ross, served as a lieutenant in the 83d 
Regiment. He married Mary, daughter of J. Love- 
lace, by whom he had three sons, John, James, and 
Wentworth, and four daughters, Jane, Hannah, 
Margaret, and Grizel. He died in 1791, and his 
will, dated 22d April 1789, was proved to his son 
John on the renunciation of his executors. De- 
scribed as " James Alexander of Harristoun, in 
King's County," he bequeathed to his eldest son, 
John, that part of the lands of Cahirglissane, in the 
barony of Kiltarton, county Galway, which came 
to him by his mother, subject to the payment of 10 
yearly to his "beloved wife, Mary Alexander." To 
his daughters, Jane, Hannah, Margaret, and Grizel, 
he bequeathed 100 each, and to his son James 50. 
Failing the issue of his son John, he bequeathed the 
lands of Cahirglissane to his son James and his issue, 
whom failing, to his son Wentworth, and failing the 
issue of all his sons, to his daughters in equal shares. 
To his son Wentworth, he bequeathed his farm of 
Carrick, near Portarlington, in Queen's County. He 
made a suitable provision for his wife, and constituted 
as his executors "his brothers, Arthur Alexander 
and the Rev. Dr Robert Alexander, both of New 

James, second son of James Alexander of Harris- 


toun, married, first, Cosswaith, and, secondly, 

Winskill, by whom he had two daughters. 
Wentworth, the third son, died without issue. John, 
the eldest son, married a daughter of Giles Mahon, 
Esq., by whom he had three sons, John, James, and 
Arthur. John died in infancy. James died in 1847, 
leaving two daughters. Arthur Alexander, now of 
Maryville, county Galway, was born in 1810. He 
married, first, a daughter of B. Falkner, Esq., and 
secondly, a daughter of A. Johnson, Esq., without 

Arthur Alexander, youngest son of John Alexander 
of New Ross, succeeded to his father's estate; he 
died unmarried on the 7th January 1819. 

Robert, second son of John Alexander of New 
Eoss, is described in the will of his brother James, 
as the Rev. Dr Robert Alexander. He married a 
daughter of Mr Goddard Richards, by whom he had 
two sons and five daughters. George, the second son, 
born 17th March 1802, is unmarried. John, the 
elder son, born 4th March 1798, is LL.D. and rector 
of Carne, county Wexford. He has five sons and 
three daughters. Robert, the eldest son, born 28th 
December 1831, died llth August 1835. The other 
sons are John, born 2d September 1833 ; Stuart, 
born 5th April 1835 ; George, born 27th May 1839 ; 
Arthur, born 13th December 1843. John, the second 
son, is rector of Corclone. He married a daughter 
of John Jacob, M.D., and has sons and daughters. 


George Alexander of Knockcroghery, county Eos- 
common, executed his will on the 9th November 
1792. He bequeathed to his son John the lands of 
Seagh or Lisraahoon; whom failing, to his son George 
and his heirs-male; or failing them, to his brother 
Edward and his heirs-male ; and failing them, to his 
brother John and his heirs-male; whom failing, to his 
grandson, George Eobinson. To his daughters, Dame 
Elizabeth Eobinson and Mary Campion, he be- 
queathed his right to the lands of Knockcroghery. 
He bequeathed to his daughter, Jane Sandys, 300, 
and to his daughter, Susanna Dempsey, 300, also 
various sums to his grand-children. He appointed 
as executors his cousin George Hill of Spring Hall, 
county Galway, and his nephew, Samuel Alexander 
of Eoscommon. 

On the death of George Alexander of Knockcrog- 
hery, the validity of his will was disputed in the Court 
of Exchequer by his son John, but it was affirmed 
and proved to the executors on the 17th February 

John Alexander of Knockcroghery, merchant, 
died in 1803. On the 4th July of that year his 
will, dated 18th June 1802, was proved to his 
widow. To his eldest daughter, Ann Jones, other- 
wise Alexander, he bequeathed 10, and to his 
son-in-law, Eobert Galbraith, five shillings. The 
residue of his estate he divided between his wife, 
Elizabeth Alexander, otherwise Tennant, and his 


youngest daughter, Margaret Galbraith, otherwise 

Kichard Alexander of Eoscommon died in 1799 ; 
his will was proved on the 31st August of that year. 
To his daughter, Susanna Lynch, otherwise Alexander, 
he bequeathed the lands of Mechane, in the barony of 
Athlone, and to his son Samuel fifty pounds. 



ACCORDING to the Register of Paisley, Reginald, or 
Ranald, second son of Somerled by his second mar- 
riage, became a monk of Paisley, and granted to that 
monastery " eight cows and two pennies for one year, 
and one penny in perpetuity from every house on his 
territories from which smoke issued;" he also enjoined 
his dependants to afford protection to the members 
of the monastery. Fonie, his wife, became a sister 
of the convent, and granted to the monks a tithe of 
her goods, whether in her own possession or on the 
ocean. Donald, son of Reginald, also became a 
monk, and his wife a sister of the convent, while both 
made liberal grants to the members. Angus, son of 


Donald, also described as a monk, granted to the 
convent, sometime before the year 1295, one penny 
yearly for every house in his territories, and half a 
merk of silver for his own residence (Keg. de Passe- 
let, pp. 125-127). 

In 1455 John of Yle, Earl of Koss and Lord of the 
Isles, confirmed to the monks of Paisley the rectory 
of the church of " Saint Kylkeran, in Kyntire," with 
liberty to dispose of it at their pleasure (Reg. de 
Passelet, p. 156). 

From the Mull of Kintyre members of the House 
of Alexander obtained settlements in the counties of 
Ayr and Renfrew, under protection of the monks 
of Paisley, many of the first settlers being kindly- 
tenants of the monastery. 

In the Obit Book of the church of St John the 
Baptist, Ayr, is mentioned, in the obit of Thomas 
Sorbie, who died 20th March 1438, the tenement of 
John Alexander, thus : " ten m Johanis alexadri " 
(Obit Book of Ayr, pp. 8, 46). 

A charter was, on the 9th July 1450, granted by 
James II., under the Great Seal, confirming a charter 
by Colin M' Alexander of Dalcussen to Gilbert 
M 'Alexander, his son and apparent heir, arid to the 
heirs-male of his body ; whom failing, to Alexander 
M' Alexander, brother of the said Gilbert, and the 
heirs of his body; whom failing, to the granter's heirs 
whomsoever, of the lands of Dalcussen, in the earldom 
of Carrick and shire of Ayr, for rendering yearly to 


the Earl of Carrick, superior of the lands, a common 
suit in the earl's court, with the customary service. 
Among the witnesses to the original charter, which is 
dated "at Peynmachey, llth March 1449," are Alex- 
ander M'Alexander, laird of Creicnew, Fergus M' Alex- 
ander, and Duncan M' Alexander (Reg. Mag. Sig., 
lib. iv., 46). 

In the Protocol Book of John Crawford, notary- 
public of Ayrshire, 1542-1550 (No. 8 in General 
Register House), a contract, dated 8th March 1549, 
is recorded between Gabriel Sympill of Newlands, and 
Robert Alexander, respecting the sale of certain sub- 
jects. There is a further entry, dated 30th March 
1550, between Ninian Mershall and Robert Alex- 
ander, with consent of his wife, Elizabeth Lang, in 
connection with lands occupied by Robert Alexander 
and his "forbears." 

At the burgh of Ayr, on the 13th March 1589, an 
action was prosecuted by Fergus M'Alexander of 
Dalreoch, parish of Colmonel, Ayrshire, against 
Robert Campbell, " burges of Air, and Mareoun Cun- 
ighame, his spouse," anent a contract made on the 
25th June 1588, between Campbell on the one part, 
and M'Alexander on the other, whereby the former 
sold to the latter a tenement in Ayr, at the price 
of 400 merks. M' Alexander complained that Camp- 
bell would not adhere to the articles in the contract, 
nor register the contract. Campbell made no ap- 
pearance, and the Lords decerned the contract to be 


registered (Reg. of Deeds, vol. xxxiv., fol. 317). On 
the 22d May 1634, Andrew M 'Alexander of Dalreoch 
granted at Colmonel, to John Ramsay in Dalreoch, 
and Jonet Dultie, his spouse, an obligation for 260 
merks (Register of Deeds, vol. 484). 

At Maybole, on the 31st August 1669, Fergus 
M/ Alexander, minister at the church of Barr, obtained 
service as nearest agnate or relative on the father's 
side, to Hew, Andrew, Margaret, Agnes, Jonet, and 
Elizabeth M'Alexander, children of the late John 
M'Alexander of Dalreoch. In this service it is certi- 
fied that the heir exceeds the age of twenty-five 
years, and that he is immediate successor to the said 
Hew, Andrew, Margaret, Agnes, Jonet, and Elizabeth 
M' Alexander, should they chance to die ; the children 
to be educated with Agnes Kennedy, their mother, 
till they be of lawful age (Reg. of Deeds, book xxix., 
229). Fergus M' Alexander or Alexander was a 
bursar in the University of Glasgow in 1631, and 
there graduated in 1635. He thereafter ministered 
at Kilmud and Greyabbey in Ireland (Reid's Irish 
Presbyterian Church, vol. ii., p. 153), and being 
recommended by a committee of the General Assembly, 
5th May 1647, was ordained minister of Barr, Ayr- 
shire, in 1653. He was deprived of this charge 
by the Acts of Parliament, llth June, and of the 
Privy Council, 1st October 1662. He was reponed 
in the living of Barr in 1687 ; he died on the 15th 
November following, and his remains were deposited 


in the parish church (Fasti Eccl. Scot, vol. ii., p. 

At the Tolbooth of the Canongate on the 4th 
February 1671, Hugh M' Alexander was served heir 
to John M'Alexander of Dalreoch (Reg. of Deeds, 
xxx. 144). 

A branch of the House of M 'Alexander possessed, 
in the sixteenth century, the lands of Gorsclays, near 
Maybole. On the 20th March 1591, a charter under 
the Great Seal was granted to Thomas M' Alexander 
of Corsclays, of the forty-shilling land of Tumnochtie, 
of old extent, in the earldom of Carrick and shire of 
Ayr, formerly belonging to John Kennedie of Blair- 
quhane, sold under reversion by John M' Alexander, 
to which reversion the said Thomas was cessioner and 
assignee, and had thereupon obtained a decreet of 
redemption. Also of the merk land of Laggangill, 
and the merk land of Drummerling, of old extent, in 
the parish of Girvan, resigned by the said John 
Kennedie in favour of the said Thomas, and the 
two-merk lands of Corsclays, and the three-merk 
lands of Drummor, in the parish of Camneill, which 
formerly belonged to the said Thomas, erecting the 
said lands into a free tenandry, to be held of the 
king, paying therefor the rights and services due and 
wont (Eeg. Mag. Sig., lib. xxxviii., No. 318). 

On the 8th March 1632, Claud M'Alexander was, 
at Maybole, served heir to his father, George M' Alex- 
ander of Corsclays, and his mother, the late Catherine 


M'Culloch. George M' Alexander died in September 
1622 (Eeg. of Deeds, xiii. 42). 

On the 28th December 1635, Robert M< Alexander 
of Corsclays granted a discharge for 500 merks 
to John Ferguson of Kilkenner, and Gilbert Ross, 
late Provost of Maybole. One of the witnesses is 
John Alexander, the granter's son (Reg. of Deeds, 
vol. 455). On the 21st October 1658, a service was 
" expede at the Tolbuith of the burgh of Ayr," to 
Robert M' Alexander, now of Corsclays, as heir to 
Robert M 'Alexander of Corsclays, deceased (Reg. of 
Deeds, xxv. 127). On the 26th August 1684, Robert 
Alexander of Corsclays complained that he was fined, 
by Crawford of Ardmillan, on the 7th of the preceding 
February, 2808, for withdrawing from ordinances, by 
a decreet passed in his absence, when he was sick 
(Wodrow's History, vol. iv., p. 52). 

On the 2d August 1698, Mr Henry Scrymsour of 
Bowhill was served heir to umquhil Isabella Scrym- 
sour, relict of Robert Alexander of Corsclays, his 
sister-german (Register of Deds, xlvii. 348). 

Gilbert Alexander in Derinconner, parish of Auchin- 
leck, and sheriffdom of Ayr, died on the 19th Novem- 
ber 1589. His testament-dative and inventory were 
given up by his son, John Alexander, by decreet of 
the Commissaries of Edinburgh. It was dated 24th 
January 1592, and the movable estate was valued at 
401 lib. 6s. 8d. (Edinburgh Commissariat Register, 
vol. xxiv,). 


John Alexander of Darneholme, and his wife, 
Agnes Wylie, both died in the year 1596. Their 
joint will is dated at Darneholme on the 14th May 
1596. They nominated as executors their son and 
daughter, Adam and Marion Alexander. Another 
son, John, received a legacy of 20 merks, and a 
daughter, Agnes, 20 merks. The " frie geir " of the 
deceased amounted to 190 lib. (Edin. Com. Keg.). 

Eobert Alexander in Mirriehill, parish of Stewar- 
ton, and county of Ayr, died in November 1631. 
His testament -dative was, on the 6th March 1632, 
given up by his relict, Janet Montgomerie, on behalf 
of Isobel and Margaret Alexander, their ''lawful 
bairns." The " frie geir" amounted to 403 lib. 6s. 
Robert Alexander in Mirriehill is cautioner to the 
executors, and among the debtors are named Robert 
and Thomas Alexander (Glasgow Com. Reg.). 

Marion Alexander, spouse to Archibald Temple- 
toun, in Corse of Kilbryde, Ayrshire, died on the 15th 
August 1619. She bequeathed her "frie geir," which 
amounted to 53 lib. 11s. 8d., to her six children 
(Glasgow Com. Keg.). On the 15th June of the 
same year, Janet Alexander in Skirricraw, in the 
parish of Kilbryde, executed her will, leaving her 
" frie geir " to her grandchildren, Janet, Elspeth, and 
Margaret Syres (Commissariat Keg. of Glasgow). 

John M'Alexander of Drummochrian, in the parish 
of Barr, is named in an obligation dated Ayr, 21st 
July 1636 (Keg. of Deeds, vol. 495). On the 28th 


November 1636, Andrew M 'Alexander, brother-ger- 
man of John M' Alexander of Drummochrian, received 
from Thomas Kennedy of Penquhane, an obligation 
for 48 (Keg. of Deeds, vol. 498). John Alex- 
ander of Drummochrian was, along with others, 
charged with being concerned in the rising at Both- 
well, and was indicted to an assize on the 5th April 
1681. He was forfeited, and being pronounced a 
traitor, was sentenced to execution. His estate was 
conferred on the Earl of Glencairn, who made it 
over to John M'Levan of Grimmat, who held it till 
1693. John Alexander was a second time indicted 
for rebellion and reset of rebels, in July 1683 
(Wodrow's History, vol. iii., pp. 250 and 466). 

Connected with the family of Alexander in southern 
Ayrshire, was the Rev. Kobert Alexander, minister 
of Girvan. Licensed by the Presbytery of Ayr, 
1st August 1711, he was ordained minister of 
Ayr in the following year. He died on the 8th 
September 1736. By his will, dated July 1736, 
he left 200 for maintaining a student in divinity 
at the University of Edinburgh, to be presented by 
the kirk session of Girvan to natives of the parish. 
He married Janet, daughter of Hugh Hamilton, 
merchant in Ayr, who died 23d February 1762 
(Fasti Eccl. Scot., ii. 117). 

On the 22d August 1603, Kobert Alexander of 
Bargarran, in the county of Kenfrew, being in " deidly 
seiknes," executed his will, nominating his wife as his 


executrix. He bequeathed the remainder of his 
property, after paying his debts, to be equally 
divided among John, James, Agnes, and Margaret, 
his "four bairnes." His son John, to whom he left 
a special legacy of 40 lib., is described as "merchand 
burges of Glasgow." His " frie geir " amounted to 
109 lib. 6s. 8d. His will was confirmed at Glasgow 
on the 5th April 1604 (Glasgow Com. Reg.). 

In January 1634, died Robert Alexander of Hill 
of Dripps, in the parish of Cathcart, Renfrewshire. 
His testament-dative was, on the 13th January 1635, 
given up by his relict, Isobell Reid, on behalf of "James 
Alexander, minor, his lawful sone." His " frie geir," 
was estimated at 733 lib., and one of the cautioners 
in the executory was Robert Alexander, merchant in 
Glasgow (Glasgow Com. Reg.). 

In 1666, William Alexander in Dripps was fined 
100, because in his parish of Cathcart he refused to 
assist the curate in enforcing attendance on Episco- 
pal ordinances. He was, in 1683, again fined 100 
for refusing to become an elder under Mr Robert 
Fenwick, the Episcopal incumbent (Wodrow's His- 
tory, vol. ii., p. 3, and vol. iii., p. 425). 

On the 2d July 1631, George Alexander, merchant- 
burgess of Glasgow, received an obligation from John 
Laing, burgess there, for 110 merks; it was recorded 
at Edinburgh in September 1634 (Reg. of Deeds, 
vol. 479). 

Margaret Alexander, wife of John Alexander, bur- 


gess of Hamilton, died 30th November 1598. Her 
testament-dative and inventory were given up by 
Jonet Alexander, her father's sister, " the frie gear " 
amounting to 962 lib. 2s. 8d. (Edin. Com. Keg.). 

On the 2d January 1634, John Wood in Holm- 
barne granted an obligation to John Alexander, 
son of John Alexander, merchant-burgess of Hamil- 
ton, for 44 (Register of Deeds, vol. 497). John 
Alexander, burgess of Hamilton, was prosecuted 
for his adherence to the Presbyterian Church. 
Accused of resetting rebels, and " other treasonable 
crimes," he was sent to prison on the 24th July 1683 
(Wodrow's History, vol. iii., p. 466). 

William Alexander in Syd of Robertoun, parish of 
Lesmahago, and county of Lanark, died in December 
1663. His testament -dative and inventory were 
given up by Marion Rob, his relict, on the 16th 
March 1663-4; the free gear amounting to 102 lib. 
13s. 4d. (Com. Reg. of Lanark). 

John Alexander, burgess in Linlithgow, died in 
October 1577. In his will, dated at Linlithgow, 29th 
October 1577, he mentions his brother James. His 
movable estate is valued at 160 lib. Scots . (Stirling 
Com. Reg.). 

Alexander Alexander died at Strathbrock, parish 
of Uphall, Linlithgowshire, in August 1569. His 
testament-dative and inventory were, on the 3d Novem- 
ber of the same year, given up by his brother David. 
His free gear was valued at 71 lib. (Edin. Com. Reg.). 


Robert Alexander in Easter Town of Strathbrock 
died on the 9th December 1569. His testament-dative 
and inventory were, on the 23d December 1570, given 
up by John, Margaret, and Jonet Alexander, his 
" lawful bairns." His free gear was valued at 230 lib. 
17s. 8d. (Edin. Com. Keg.). 

James Alexander in Eeidheuch, parish of Falkirk, 
died in December 1596. His inventory, valued at 
741 lib. 6s. 8d., was given up by his brother, Eobert 
Alexander in Beircrofts, on behalf of James, Patrick, 
Agnes, and William, "his lawful bairns" (Edin. 
Com. Keg.). 

John Alexander in Falkirk died 22d June 1618 
(Stirling Com. Keg.). 



A SURVEY of the province of Ulster, commenced in 
1580, was completed in 1609 by Sir Thomas Ridgway, 
Vice-Treasurer of Ireland. Among the owners of 
lands or baronies, the family name of Alexander does 
not appear (Maps of Ireland, 1609 ; Petty 's Census 
Eeturns ; Hardinge on the Earliest Irish Census). 

In April 1610, James I. issued a commission for 
the plantation of Ulster. The Commissioners, who 
were certain English and Scottish noblemen, were 
authorised " to agree and conclude as to the planting 
of the several counties, with power to grant war- 
rants for letters-patent under the Great Seal " (Tran- 
scripts from the State Paper Office, 2d series, vol. L, 
1603-1624, fol). 

The Commissioners divided the forfeited lands 
into portions of two thousand, fifteen hundred, and 
one thousand acres. Those who received the largest 
portions were bound, within four years, to build a 
castle and bawn the latter being a walled enclo- 
sure with towers at the several angles. The castle 


was built in the interior of the enclosure, being 
intended to secure the inmates and their cattle from 
the incursions of plundering natives. Owners of the 
second class were called on, within two years, to erect 
a stone or brick house and bawn ; and those of the 
third class a bawn only; while all were bound to 
plant British families on their possessions, and to 
provide them with defensive weapons (Reid's Presb. 
Church in Ireland, vol. i., passim). 

On the recommendation of the Commissioners, 
letters-patent, dated 19th July 1610, were granted to 
Sir James Cuninghame of Glengarnock, Ayrshire, 
conferring on him and his heirs two thousand acres 
in the precincts of Portlagh, barony of Raphoe, and 
county of Donegal. This grant was declared to em- 
brace " the quarters or parcels of land " designated 
Moragh, Dryan, Magherybegg, Magherymore, Tryan 
Carickmore, Grachley, and two portions of land called 
Eredy, while it was made a condition that the grantee 
should " alienate the premises to no mere Irishman, or 
any other person or persons, unless he or they first take 
the oath of supremacy " (Inq. Can. Hib. Rep., vol. ii.). 

The lands of Glengarnock, in the parish of Kil- 
birnie, Ayrshire, and extending to 1400 acres, 
were acquired in 1293 by Reginald Cuninghame, 
second son of Sir Edward Cuninghame of Kilmaurs, 
through his marriage with the heiress, whose sur- 
name was Riddell. The lands and barony remained 
in possession of the family till 1613, when Sir James 


Cuninghame of Glengarnock assigned the estate to 
his creditors (Cuninghame Topographised, pp. 168- 

On the 1st May 1613, Sir James Cuninghame 
granted legal tenures on his lands in Donegal to 
thirty-nine persons who had made settlements thereon. 
That portion of the lands called Eredy was divided 
among nine settlers, one of whom was John Alex- 
ander (Inq. Can. Hib., vol. ii.). 

The name Eredy closely resembles Eradall, one of 
the merk lands in South Kintyre, granted by James 
III. in 1484 to Tarlach MacAlexander of Tarbert 
(Reg. Mag. Sig., lib. x., 9). Sir William Alexander 
of Menstry, afterwards Earl of Stirling, maintained a 
correspondence with his relatives in Kintyre, while 
he and his predecessors were in habits of intimacy 
with the House of Cuninghame of Glengarnock. 
When he had obtained his first step in the peerage, 
he invited to visit him at Menstry his relative, 
Archibald Alexander of Tarbert, and procured him 
burghal honours at Stirling, while the chief of Mac- 
Alexander, in reciprocal friendship, acknowledged 
him head of his clan (vol. i., p. 147). Between the 
families of Alexander of Menstry and Cuninghame 
of Glengarnock, an intimacy had subsisted for gene- 
rations. "John Cunynghame of Glengarno " was 
associated with Alexander Alexander of Menstry 
great-grandfather of Sir William Alexander and 
others, in a contract with John, Bishop of Dunkeld, 


and Donald, Abbot of Coupar, the instrument bear- 
ing date 22d December 1547 (Acta Dom. Concilii 
Sessionis, xxvi., p. 32). By Eobert Alexander of 
Stirling, a scion of the House of Menstry, was granted 
a loan of 200 merks to James Cuninghame, fifth Earl 
of Glencairn, to whom Sir James Cuninghame was 
related, alike by kindredship and marriage (Will 
of Lord Glencairn, Edin. Com. Keg.). 

To enable him to complete the purchase of his 
lands in Donegal, Sir William Alexander granted to 
Sir James Cuninghame a loan of 400 sterling, for 
which, on the 26th February 1613-14, he obtained a 
mortgage on the lands (Records of the Irish Eolls, 
vol. v., p. 96). As Sir James's creditors continued 
importunate, Sir William Alexander proceeded, on 
the 24th June 1618, to foreclose the mortgage, and 
to take sasine of the lands (Records of Irish Rolls). 
But this proceeding was only intended for his friend's 

According to Pynnar, who, under the direction of 
the Plantation Commissioners, made a survey of 
Ulster in 1619, Sir James Cuninghame had, on his 
estate in Donegal, erected " a bawne of lyme and stone, 
and a small house in it, and in which the lady and 
her daughter do now dwell." Pynnar found near the 
bawn " a small village, consisting of twelve houses, 
inhabited with British tenants " (Survey of Ulster). 

Sir James Cuninghame died in 1623, leaving a 
widow. This lady, a daughter of James, seventh 


Earl of Glencairn, was pursued by her husband's 
creditors, from whom she was successfully defended, 
through the efforts of Sir William Alexander (Reg. of 
Letters). In 1629, Sir John Cuninghame, son of the 
original patentee, obtained the superiority of his 
father's lands, and had them erected into a manor, 
with power to create tenures (Morris's Calendar, 
Charles I., p. 453). Thereupon the original settlers, 
including John Alexander at Eredy, received new 
titles to their lands, and taking the oath of supremacy 
obtained denization (Irish Inquisitions, vol. ii., 1629). 
The district of Laggan, lying between Lough Foyle 
and Lough Swilly, in county Donegal, was on the 
plantation of Ulster chiefly appropriated to Scottish 
settlers (Hill's Montgomery MSS., p. 183, note). In 
that district John Alexander of Eredy occupied 
several holdings. In the Subsidy Koll of the county 
of Donegal for 1662, he is, in the parish of Taghboyne, 
assessed for 4, 18s. In the Hearth Tax Roll* of 
Raymoghy parish for 1663, he is styled "John Allex- 
ander of ye Dukes t land." In Clonmany parish he 
is described as " John Allexander of Erithy " (Eredy), 
and in the parish of Raphoe as " John Allexander of 
Maghercolton." He is also named in the Hearth 
Tax Roll of the parish of Clonleigh. 

* In 1662 the Parliament of Ireland passed an order that a tax for public pur- 
poses should be imposed "on the several hearths, firing places, and stoves," in 
the different counties. Lists were therefore made up, by certain commissioners, 
of all persons who owned fire-places, i.e., occupied respectable houses throughout 
the kingdom. These lists are, for genealogical purposes, extremely valuable. 

t The Duke of Lennox. 


John Alexander of Eredy appears to have had 
several sons. In the Hearth Tax Eoll of Clonmany 
parish for 1665, is named, as a householder, " John 
Alexander, jun." In Taghboyne parish Archibald 
Alexander is, in the Subsidy Eoll for 1662, assessed 
for 13, 15s. ; he is, in 1663, in the Hearth Tax Roll 
of Taghboyne parish, entered as " Archibald Alex- 
ander of Ballybiglimore." 

In the parish of Clonleigh, in 1663, John Alexander 
is associated with a " William Alexander," and in the 
roll of that parish for 1665 he is named along with 
William Alexander of the parish of Eaphoe. In the 
Hearth Tax Eoll of the parish of Errigal, county 
Londonderry, in 1663, is named Eobert Alexander 
at Dunvanaddy and Mevoy. 

The district of Laggan, in which John Alexander 
of Eredy and his sons occupied lands, became a scene 
of contention. In this neighbourhood, in 1641, Sir 
Phelin O'Neill raised the standard of revolt. For 
its suppression the English Government granted 
commissions to the Viscount Montgomery (husband 
of Lady Jean Alexander), Sir James Montgomery, 
Sir William Stewart of Aughentane, and his brother 
Sir Eobert. These were authorised to raise four 
regiments of infantry and as many troops of horse 
(Eeid's Irish Presb. Church, vol. i., p. 344). The small 
army was entrusted to the command of Sir Eobert 
Stewart and Sir Alexander, son of Sir William 
Stewart of Aughentane. Garrisons were provided to 


the forts of Omagh and Newton Stewart, while Sir 
Robert Stewart at once relieved the garrisons of 
Lymavaddy and Ballycastle. Sir Robert afterwards 
attacked O'Neill at Glenmakwin, near Raphoe, and 
destroying five hundred of his followers, inflicted on 
him a heavy discomfiture. Sir Alexander Stewart, 
along with Sir Thomas Staples and Colonel, after- 
wards Sir Audley Mervyn, vigorously followed up 
these successes. The rebels were worsted every- 
where, till, at a decisive engagement at Clones, county 
Monaghan, on the 13th June 1643, Sir Robert Stewart 
subjected O'Neill to an overwhelming defeat. 

The rebellion was renewed in 1649. On the 21st 
March of that year the Laggan troops recovered from 
the rebels the forts of Newton Cuninghame and the 
Corrigans, and proceeded to lay siege to Londonderry. 
But in the following August a party of Irish dragoons 
burned the fort of Corrigans and Manor Cuning- 
hame and the town of St Johnstone, compelling the 
Stewarts to abandon the siege of Londonderry and 
return to the Laggan. In former, as well as present 
operations against the rebels, John Alexander of 
Eredy and his son John, had rendered important 
service, and so recommended themselves to the favour 
of Sir Alexander Stewart, younger of Aughentane, 
one of the commanders of the Laggan army. Pro- 
bably on his recommendation, John Alexander the 
younger received compensation for the destruction of 
his property by the rebels in 1649. He is named 


tenth in a long list of persons so compensated, in a 
document issued on the 2d January 1668, by Sir 
Edward Smyth, Lord Chief-Justice of the Court of 
Common Pleas, Sir Edward Bering, Bart., Sir 
Allan Brodrick, and others, commissioners for the 
settlement of Ireland. The entry respecting him is 
in these words : " To John Allexander, forty-seaven 
pounds two shillings and ten pence" (Parchment 
Roll, Act of Settlement). 

John Alexander, younger of Eredy, joined the 
army of the Laggan, in which he obtained the rank 
of captain. He resided some time at Londonderry, 
and latterly at Dublin. He died at Dublin in the 
year 1690. His will, dated 23d September 1690, was 
proved in the Prerogative Court on the 21st of the 
following February. The testator styles himself 
" Captain John Alexander," and appoints his wife, 
Susanna Alexander, his executrix and sole legatee. 
In the Eegister of the Prerogative Court, the testator 
is styled " Captain John Alexander nuper de London- 
derry," while the seal attached to his will displays a 
dexter arm embowed, the hand holding a dagger, the 
crest of his Scottish ancestors, the MacAlexanders of 

Captain John Alexander was, according to tradi- 
tion, twice married. By his first marriage he had a 
son, Alexander, so named in honour of his patron 
and military commander, Sir Alexander Stewart of 
Aughentane. His son, who obtained, on the Aughen- 


tane estate, the lands of Girlaw, in the barony of 
Clogher and county of Tyrone, married Jean Stewart 
of Killymoon, a near relative of Sir William Stewart 
of Aughentane, afterwards Viscount Mountjoy. This 
marriage, it is alleged, was distasteful to Lord 
Mountjoy, who desired for his relative a more aristo- 
cratic alliance. To his father, Alexander Alexander 
also became obnoxious, probably on account of his 
adherence to the Presbyterian Church, which his 
father had deserted. Before his death, his father is 
said to have forgiven him, but the will of Captain 
Alexander would not warrant the conclusion. 

Alexander Alexander of Girlaw had by his wife, 
Jean Stewart, four sons, John, Hugh, William, and 
Alexander, and two daughters, Mary and Jane. 
Mary married Samuel Beatty, and Jane married 
Andrew Gray, both of the Eary, near Stewartstown. 

Alexander Alexander, youngest of the four sons 
of Alexander Alexander of Girlaw, forfeited, by an 
imprudent marriage, the kindly feeling of his family. 
He lived at Cloon, near Lisbellan, in the county of 
Fermanagh, and had two sons, Andrew and Joseph, 
and a daughter, Mary. Andrew emigrated to Ame- 
rica. Joseph lived at Cloon; he married 'and had 
two sons, George and Alexander. The daughter 
Mary married John Rutledge of Shanco, near Temple, 
county Fermanagh. 

William, third son of Alexander Alexander, at- 
tained a very advanced age. He married Anne 


Baxter of Glenoo, by whom he had three sons and 
a daughter, Margaret, who married James Dennis of 
Murley. William, the second son, resided at Drum- 
bad; he died unmarried. James, the third son, 
resided at Tullynevin, and died unmarried. Daniel, 
the eldest son, married Margaret Burnside of Cur- 
lough, in the county of Fermanagh, by whom he had 
three sons and three daughters ; he died about the 
year 1809, aged ninety-three. 

Margaret, eldest daughter of Daniel Alexander, 
married James Wood of Tullynevin ; Sarah, the 
second daughter, married Robert Howe of Maghara- 
viely; and Ellen, the third daughter, married her 
relative, William Alexander. 

John, second son of Daniel Alexander, emigrated 
to Philadelphia; he died unmarried. William, the 
third son, married Mary Coulter, by whom he had 
four sons, William, James, George, and Burnside, 
and two daughters, Mary and Jane. 

Robert, eldest son of Daniel Alexander, married 
Anne Eutledge; he resided at Carrowkeel, county 
Fermanagh, and died in 1836, aged sixty-six. He 
married, and had four sons and two daughters. 
Ellen, the elder daughter, married John Hunter, and 
had eight children. Anne, the younger daughter, 
married Henry Bushel, without issue. John, the 
eldest son, married Jane Wilson ; he now resides in 
Australia. Alexander, the second son, married Mar- 
garet Rutledge, without issue ; he resides at Carrow- 


keel in Fermanagh. George, the third son, died 
unmarried. Joseph, the fourth son, married Jane 
Rutledge, by whom he has had four children. 

Hugh, second son of Alexander Alexander of 
Girlaw, married Rachel, daughter of Robert Birney 
of Gortmore, in the barony of Clogher, and Lucy, 
daughter of Colonel Corry of Ahenis Castle, county 
Tyrone, ancestor of the Earls of Belmore. He was 
father of two sons, and a daughter, Jane, who married 
Samuel Smith, Nurney, county Carlow. Robert, 
the elder son, married Jane Small of Cess, in the 
barony of Clogher, by whom he had four sons and 
two daughters. Mary, the elder daughter, married 
John Lendrum at Mullaghmore ; Jane, the younger 
daughter, married Robert M'Callum, Screeby, county 
Tyrone. Of the four sons, Robert, the second son, 
settled in Philadelphia, where he married and had 
children; Hugh, the third son, settled in Scotland, 
and died unmarried. George, the fourth son, emi- 
grated to America, and there died unmarried. 

James, eldest of the four sons of Robert Alexander 
and Jane Small, resided in Fivemiletown. He died 
on the 13th February 1811, aged fifty-four. He mar- 
ried Sarah Lendrum, by whom he had three sons and 
two daughters. Sarah, the elder daughter, married 
Richard Beatty; Jane, the younger, married Oliver 
Kidd ; George, the second son, died 26th November 
1833, aged thirty-three ; James, the third son, died 
in 1867. Joseph, the eldest son, married Anne, 


daughter of James Hogg of Grogey, county Fer- 
managh ; he resided at Fivemiletown, county Tyrone, 
and there died in 1859. He left a son, Joseph, and 
a daughter, Jane, who resides at Dublin, unmarried. 

Joseph Alexander, only son of Joseph Alexander 
and Anne Hogg, is a solicitor at Enniskillen, county 
Fermanagh. He married Ada Frances, daughter of 
John Hamilton of Milltown, county Donegal, and 
has a son, Percy Hamilton, and two daughters, Annie 
Josephine and Anna Jane Butt. 

Joseph, second son of Hugh Alexander of Girlaw, 
married Sarah Gillespie of Screeby, by whom he had 
two sons and four daughters. Eachel, the eldest 
daughter, married Eobert Frith of Coinagney ; Mary, 
the second daughter, married James Ball of Drumgay, 
near Enniskillen ; Sarah, the third daughter, married 
George Beatty of Cavenalich ; and Jane, the youngest 
daughter, married Ralph Breen of Craene. 

Thomas, eldest son of Joseph Alexander and Sarah 
Gillespie, married Jane Little, and settled near 
Frederickton, Oronoco, U.S. John, the second son, 
settled at Kahoran, Ireland. He married Susan 
Shorte, by whom he had two daughters, Margaret, who 
married Robert Elliott, and Sarah, who married Pat- 
rick Latimer. He prepared a pedigree chart of his 

John, eldest son of Alexander Alexander of Girlaw, 
married Sarah Armstrong of Cloon, by whom he had 
five sons, Alexander, William, John, George, and 


Eobert. Alexander, the eldest son, resided on his 
mother's estate of Cloon, and died unmarried. John, 
the third son, married Elizabeth, daughter of John 
Cooke of Creive, by whom he had one son and six 

William, only son of John Alexander and Elizabeth 
Cooke, resided at Breakly, county Tyrone, and died un- 
married. Sarah, eldest daughter of John Alexander, 
died unmarried; Martha, the second daughter, mar- 
ried Robert Mitchell, Leitrim ; Jane, third daughter, 
married James Cairns, Malinbarney, with issue ; Eliza- 
beth, fourth daughter, married William Alexander, 
Fivemiletown, county Tyrone ; Eleanor, fifth daughter, 
married George Beatty, Tralee ; Mary, the sixth and 
youngest daughter, married William Chirgar, and 
died in America. 

George, fourth son of John Alexander of Girlaw, 
resided at Breakley, county Tyrone, and died un- 
married. Eobert, the fifth son, married Jane Paul 
of Kell, by whom he had two sons and a daughter, 
Sarah, who married John Baxter in Belfast. Wil- 
liam, the elder son, married Ellen, daughter of Daniel 
Alexander, and had two sons and four daughters ; 
Robert, the elder son, resided at Tempo, - and Wil- 
liam, the younger, settled at Furnish, county Tyrone. 
John, second son of Robert Alexander and Jane Paul, 
married Isabella Rutledge, and left a son, William. 

William, second son of John Alexander of Girlaw, 
and on the death of his elder brother, Alexander, 


representative of this branch of the House of Alex- 
ander, resided at Girlaw. Engaging in manufactures, 
he attained considerable opulence. Proceeding to 
the district market at Fintona, he was waylaid, at a 
lonely spot near Fivemiletown, and there cruelly mur- 
dered. The murderer, whose object was plunder, 
contrived to escape. 

By his wife, Martha Wilson of Cavenacross, county 
Fermanagh, William Alexander of Girlaw had four 
sons, John, James, George, and Hugh. George, the 
third son, resided at Breakley, and died in 1840, aged 
eighty. By his wife, a daughter of Captain Cairnes 
of Killyfaddy, he had four sons and two daughters. 
George, the eldest surviving son, resides 'in Phila- 
delphia ; he has had three sons, James, John, and 
William. Martha, the eldest daughter, married James 
Mills of Dromore, by whom she has had two sons, 
George and William, and three daughters, Eliza, 
Martha, and another. 

Hugh, youngest son of William Alexander of Gir- 
law, died unmarried. James, second son, resided at 
Ardcloy, county Tyrone ; he died in 1830, aged 
seventy-four. By his marriage with Jane Cooke, he 
had two sons, William and James, and two daughters, 
Eliza, who married James Burnside, and Anne Jane, 
who married Edward Cooke. James, the younger 
son, died unmarried; William, the elder son, married, 
first, Elizabeth, daughter of John Alexander, who 
died 13th October 1827 ; and secondly, Eliza Moore, 


who died 5th March 1835. He died 6th November 
1866, aged seventy-four, leaving a son, John, and 
six daughters Charlotte, wife of Thomas Clements, 
Lucinda, wife of John William Henry, and Eliza 
Anne, Jane, Margaret, and Maria, unmarried. 

John, eldest son of William Alexander of Gir- 
law, entered Trinity College, Dublin, on the 7th 
October 1790. He became vicar of Drumrany, in 
the county of Westmeath, and died on the 9th 
January 1822. He married at Castle Knock, county 
Dublin, in 1794, Martha, daughter of Thomas 
Bellingham Ruxton of Carrickmacross, county 
Monaghan, afterwards of Armagh, and great-great- 
granddaughter of Captain John Ruxton of Ardee, 
county Louth ; she died at Kingstown, county Dublin, 
in 1846. 

By his wife, Martha Ruxton, the Rev. John Alex- 
ander had ten children, of whom two sons died in 
infancy. Martha, the eldest daughter, married the 
Rev. Francis Short, rector of Corkbeg, county Cork, 
with issue ; she died 2d March 1844. Susan, second 
daughter, married Major John Dalzell of the 16th 
Regiment ; she died in July 1875. Of her three 
children, one died in infancy. Her daughter, Emma, 
died unmarried. Her son, John Alexander Dalzell, is 
colonel in command of the 53d Regiment. Colonel 
Dalzell has been honourably mentioned in military 
despatches, and has obtained promotion for gallant 
conduct in the field. Twice married, he is father of a 


daughter by his first wife. Anne, third daughter of 
the Rev. John Alexander, married her cousin, Robert 
Pooler ; she died without issue. 

Brickell, eldest son of the Rev. John Alexander of 
Drumrany, was born in 1795. Entering the army, 
he became a captain in the 16th Regiment. He 
married Maria, daughter of John Hopkins, and 
died, without issue, on the 9th May 1829. 

John Ruxton Alexander, third son of the rector of 
Drumrany, was born in March 1799. Proceeding to 
India as assistant-surgeon in the military service of 
the East India Company, he became surgeon to the 
Madras Horse Artillery ; he died of fever at Banga- 
lore on the 28th April 1827. By his wife, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Colonel Smith of the Indian Army, he 
had a daughter Louisa. 

Augustus Ruxton Alexander, fourth son of the 
Rev. John Alexander, was born on the 22d Sep- 
tember 1805. Proceeding to India in the service of 
the East India Company, he was posted to the 33d 
Madras Native Infantry, of which regiment he became 
Interpreter and Quartermaster. He died of fever at 
Bellary in India on the 16th May 1833. Richard 
Barlow, fifth son of the Rev. John Alexander, was 
born at Drumrany in 1811. He resided in Dublin, 
and died at Windsor in October 1868. He was 
twice married without issue. 

William, second son of the Rev. John Alexander, 
was born on the 2d April 1796. In 1815 he entered 


the army, joining the 24th Hussars. On the disband- 
ment of that regiment subsequent to the war, he 
obtained a cavalry cadetship in the East India Com- 
pany's service ; and, being sent to Bengal, joined the 
5th Light Cavalry. Appointed in 1838 to the com- 
mand of the 4th Regiment of Irregular Horse, he joined 
the army which proceeded to AfFghanistan under 
Sir John, afterwards Lord Keane. For his services 
at the capture of Ghuznee, he was honourably men- 
tioned in despatches, promoted to a brevet-majority, 
and granted a medal, and second-class order of the 
Dooranee Empire. At the battle of Maharajpore he 
commanded the 5th Bengal Light Cavalry. During the 
first Seikh war, he took part with his regiment at the 
battles of Moodkee, Ferozeshahur, and Sobraon. In 
the second Seikh war, he was, in the skirmish at 
Eamnuggur, severely wounded; his right arm was 
shattered, and had to be amputated on the field. In 
acknowledgment of distinguished service, he was 
nominated C.B., promoted to a brevet-colonelcy, and 
appointed commandant of one of the sanataria in the 
Hills. He died on the 2d October 1851, at the age 
of fifty-five. 

Colonel William Alexander married, in 1823, 
Ann, eldest daughter of Lieutenant- General James 
Kennedy, C.B. Descended from the Earls of Cassilis, 
James Kennedy was born on the 24th July 1778. 
At an early age he entered, as a cavalry cadet, the 
service of the East India Company. He became 


colonel of the 5th Bengal Light Cavalry, and attained 
the rank of lieutenant-general. He died at Benares 
on the 26th September 1859, having completed his 
eighty -first year. He married, 26th April 1804, 
Anna, daughter of Colonel Don, a cadet of the old 
Scottish family of that name. Born on the 28th 
March 1787, she has attained her eighty-ninth year. 
For many years she has resided at Benares, where 
she is celebrated for her beneficence. When the 
Prince of Wales visited Benares in 1876, His Royal 
Highness expressed a desire that Mrs Kennedy 
might be presented to him. He congratulated her 
on her venerable age, and on the respect and affection 
which she so largely enjoyed. 

By his wife, Ann Kennedy, Colonel William Alex- 
ander was father of four sons and four daughters, of 
whom two sons and two daughters died young. 

Anna Maria, elder surviving daughter, was born 
13th April 1824. She married Amyand Powney 
Charles Elliot, captain in the 5th Light Cavalry, 
youngest son of the Hon. J. E. Elliot, and grandson 
of the Earl of Minto. She died 6th November 1857, 
leaving two sons and two daughters. Captain Elliot 
died in January 1869. 

Ellen Henrietta, younger surviving daughter of 
Colonel William Alexander, was born on the 20th 
April 1830. She married, 4th October 1849, Colonel 
Henry Lane of the 5th Bengal Cavalry, son of Henry 
Snayth Lane of Broad Oak, Sussex. Colonel Lane 


succeeded to the paternal estate in 1866. He is, by 
his wife, Ellen Henrietta Alexander, father of four 
sons and four daughters. His eldest son, Henry 
Alexander, married, 8th April 1874, his cousin, Grace 
Elliot, by whom he has a son, born 27th March 

Augustus Hay, younger surviving son of Colonel 
William Alexander, was born 26th January 1827; he 
entered the service of the East India Company as 
ensign of the 68th Regiment, and was afterwards 
appointed to a regiment of irregular cavalry. Before 
the mutiny, he was appointed by the Earl of Dal- 
housie, Governor-General, to be second in command 
of the 3d Oude Irregular Cavalry. Fighting with his 
regiment at Allahabad against the rebels, he fell 
mortally wounded. He died on the 6th June 1857. 
His remains were interred in the fort at Allahabad. 
A brave soldier, his premature death was deeply 

William Ruxton Eneas Alexander, elder surviving 
son of Colonel William Alexander, was born on the 
27th August 1825. Joining the Indian Army in 1842, 
he served in the Punjab, and was present at the battle 
of Goojerat. He commanded the Ramgurh Irregular 
Cavalry during the campaign in Burmah, 1852-53, and 
was present with the land column at the relief of 
Pegu. He took part in the capture of Meaday, and 
having led the attack on the stockade of Thomah, was 
much commended in the despatches. In 1855 he, in 


command of the Ramgurh Irregular Cavalry, aided 
in suppressing the Sonthall insurrection. In the 
following year he was vested with civil powers in the 
disturbed district. For his services in subduing the 
revolt, he received the thanks of the Governor of 
Bengal, of the Commander-in-Chief, and of the Court 
of Directors. During the mutiny of 1857, he com- 
manded the regiment known as "Alexander's Horse," 
and greatly distinguished himself in an action fought 
on the 7th February 1858, when, at the head of a 
small party, he defeated and scattered a large body 
of insurgents. He assisted in successfully resisting 
the attack on Agra in June 1857, and took part with 
Colonel Greathead's column in repulsing the rebel 
force from Gwalior in October 1857. In 1862 he; in 
reward of service, received the officiating command 
of the 3d Bengal Cavalry. In August 1867 he was ap- 
pointed Colonel-Commandant of the 1st Bengal Cav- 
alry. Having retired from the army in April 1876, 
he received rank as major-general. 

Major-General W. R. E. Alexander married, llth 
September 1850, his cousin, Charlotte, daughter of 
Edward Macleod Blair, second son of Sir Robert 
Blair, K.C.B. Head of the family of Alexander of 
Girlaw, he is a chief representative of the Irish branch 
of the House of Alexander. His portrait fronts the 
title-page of the present volume. 



WILLIAM ALEXANDER, one of the sons of Archibald 
Alexander of Ballybiglemore, in the parish of Tagh- 
boyne, county Donegal (descended from the House of 
MacAlexander of Tarbert, in Kintyre), occupied a 
holding on the estate of Manor Cuninghame, in Tagh- 
boyne parish. He had four sons, Archibald, William, 
Eobert, and Peter. Peter Alexander, the youngest 
son, settled at Londonderry ; he was twice married, 
with issue. Sometime after his death, his second 
wife, Jane Scott, emigrated to Kentucky with several 
children, who there settled. 

William, second son of William Alexander at Manor 
Cuninghame, emigrated to Philadelphia, and there 
settled. He married a widow, and died without 
issue. Eobert, the third son, emigrated to Pennsyl- 
vania in 1736, where he became a teacher of mathe- 
matics ; he afterwards settled in Virginia. 

Archibald Alexander, eldest son of William Alex- 
ander, was born at Manor Cuninghame on the 4th 


February 1708. In 1736 he accompanied his brother 
Robert to America, settling at New Providence, in 
Pennsylvania. About the year 1747 he removed from 
New Providence to Augusta, now styled Rockbridge, 
in Virginia, where his brother Robert had already 
settled. He married first, at Manor Cuninghame, 
on the 31st December 1734, his cousin, Margaret, 
daughter of Joseph Parks, who occupied lands in 
the county Donegal ; * she died in July 1755. He 
married, secondly, at Augusta, in 1757, Margaret 
M'Clure, of an Irish family. 

By his first wife, Margaret Parks, Archibald Alex- 
ander was father of two sons, William and Joseph ; 
and five daughters, Elizabeth, Anne, Hannah, Phebe, 
and Margaret. Joseph, the second son, was born at 
New Providence, Pennsylvania, on the 9th February 
1742 ; he married Sarah Reid. Elizabeth, the eldest 
daughter, was born at Manor Cuninghame on the 
28th October 1735 ; she married John M'Cleery of 
Timber Ridge, Virginia. Anne, second daughter, born 
at New Providence, Pennsylvania, 17th September 
1740, married the Rev. Mr Carruthers. Hannah, 
third daughter, born at New Providence on the 21st 
April 1745, married Joseph Lyle. Phebe, fourth 
daughter, born at Augusta 12th August 1749, married 
John Paxton; Margaret, fifth daughter, born at 
Augusta 9th July 1751, died in infancy. 

By his second wife, Margaret M'Clure, William 

* Members of the family of Parks are still resident in the county Donegal. 


Alexander was father of four sons and three daughters. 
John, the eldest son, born 28th July 1764, died in 
1828 ; he married Sarah Gibson ; James, second son, 
born 4th October 1766, married Martha Telford; 
Samuel, born 6th February 1769, married 
M'Coskie ; Archibald, the fourth son, born 3d March 
1771, married Isabel A. Patton. Mary, the eldest 
daughter, born 4th July 1760, married John Tremble; 
Margaret, second daughter, born 1st February 1762, 
died unmarried ; Jane, youngest daughter, born 1773, 
married the Rev. John Doak of Tennessee. 

William Alexander, eldest son of Archibald Alex- 
ander and Margaret Parks, was born on the river 
Schuylkill in Pennsylvania, on the 22d March 1738. 
He settled in Virginia, where he engaged in agri- 
cultural and commercial pursuits. He married, in 
February 1767, Agnes Anne, daughter of Andrew 
Eeid, an opulent landowner, and by her was father 
of three sons and six daughters. Andrew, the eldest 
son, married Miss Aylett; John, the third son, married 
Elizabeth Lyle. Margaret, the eldest daughter, mar- 
ried Edward Graham ; Sarah, second daughter, mar- 
ried Samuel H. Campbell; Phebe, third daughter, 
married William Carruthers ; Elizabeth, " fourth 
daughter, married Henry M'Cleery; Anne, fifth 
daughter, married Eev. William Turner ; and Martha, 
sixth daughter, married Benjamin H. Eice. 

Archibald Alexander, second son of William Alex- 
ander and Agnes Anne Eeid, was born on the 17th 


April 1772. Licensed to preach in October 1791, he 
was not long afterwards appointed President of Hamp- 
den Sidney Presbyterian College. In 1807 he was 
chosen pastor of the third Presbyterian congregation 
of Philadelphia, where he ministered till July 1812, 
when he became First Professor in the Theological 
Seminary at Princeton, New Jersey, an office which 
he held till his death, which took place on the 22d 
October 1851. He was D.D. and LL.D. His more 
considerable works are his " History of the Colonisa- 
tion of the Western Coast of Africa," 1846, 8vo ; 
"History of the Israelitish Nation," 1852, 8vo; " Out- 
lines of Moral Science," 1852, 8vo ; and " Practical 
Sermons." His memoirs have been published by his 
eldest son, the Eev. James Waddel Alexander, D.D. 
(New York, 1855). 

Dr Archibald Alexander married, 5th April 1802, 
Janetta, daughter of the Rev. Dr James Waddel, of 
the county of Louisa, Virginia. By this union he 
became father of six sons, and a daughter, Janetta, 
who survives, unmarried. 

James Waddel Alexander, eldest son of the Eev. 
Dr Archibald Alexander, was, on the 13th March 
1804, born at Hopewell, an estate situated at the 
junction of the counties of Louisa, Orange, and Albe- 
marle, near the present site of Gordonsville. Having 
attended an academy at Princeton, he entered the 
College of New Jersey in 1817, where he graduated 
three years afterwards. Entering the ministry of 


the Presbyterian Church, he was, in 1828, elected 
pastor of the congregation at Trenton, New Jersey. 
He was, in 1830, appointed Professor of Rhetoric 
in the College of New Jersey, an office which he 
exchanged in 1844 for the pastorate of Duane Street 
Church, New York. In November he was admitted 
Professor of Divinity in the Theological Seminary 
at Princeton ; he returned to New York in 1851 
to become pastor of the Fifth Avenue Church of 
that city. There he ministered with remarkable ac- 
ceptance till his death, which took place on the 31st 
July 1859. He was D.D., and was much esteemed for 
his theological learning, and his remarkable power of 
illustrating and enforcing Divine truth. In 1832-33 
he edited the Presbyterian magazine. Besides his 
memoir of his father, he published, " Christian Faith 
and Practice," " Thoughts on Preaching," and two 
volumes of pulpit discourses. His "Forty Years' 
Familiar Letters " were published in 1870, in two 
octavo 'volumes. He married, 18th June 1830, 
Elizabeth, daughter of George Cabell, M.D., by 
whom he had three sons, Henry, James Waddel, and 

William Cowper Alexander, second son of the Rev. 
Dr Archibald Alexander, was born in the county of 
Prince Edward, Virginia, on the 20th May 1806. 
He studied at the Colleges of New Jersey and 
Princeton, graduating at the latter in 1824. Choos- 
ing the legal profession, he was called to the bar in 


1827. In 1837 he was elected a member of the legis- 
lature of New Jersey. A Senator of State from 1853 
to 1860, he was four years President of the Senate. 
Of the Peace Congress, for the purpose of averting 
the civil war, composed of delegates from all the 
states of the Union, he was an active member, and 
often presided at the deliberations. In 1857 he was, 
in the democratic interest, candidate for the governor- 
ship of New Jersey, but was defeated. In 1859 he 
became first president of the Equitable Life Assur- 
ance Society of the United States, and thereafter 
resided at New York. He died unmarried on the 
24th August 1874. He held a commission in the 
army, and was known as Colonel Alexander. 

Joseph Addison Alexander, third son of the Rev. 
Dr Archibald Alexander, was born in the city of 
Philadelphia on the 24th April 1809. He studied at 
the College of New Jersey, where he graduated B.A. 
in 1826. In the same year he was, by the common 
council, elected clerk of the borough of Virginia. 
After a period of public teaching, he was, in 1830, 
appointed adjunct Professor of Ancient Languages 
in the College of New Jersey. In 1834 he was 
nominated adjunct Professor of Oriental Literature 
in the Theological Seminary at Princeton; he was 
elected professor in 1835. In the same year, he was 
licensed to preach by the Presbytery of New Bruns- 
wick, and at once obtained celebrity for the power 
and unction of his pulpit prelections. An accom- 


plished philologist and general scholar, he contri- 
buted to the current periodical literature, important 
articles from his pen appearing in the Princeton 
Review, the Biblical Repertory, and the Emporium, 
a monthly magazine. He published "Lectures on 
the Literature and History of the New Testament." 
His great work, a " Commentary on Isaiah," he com- 
menced in 1836, and completed in 1846. He died 
in January 1861. 

Of the three remaining sons of the Eev. Dr Archi- 
bald Alexander, Archibald and Samuel Davies are 
unmarried. Henry M. Alexander, the youngest son, 
is a counsellor-at-law at New York, in extensive 
practice. By his wife, Susan M. Brown, Henry M. 
Alexander is father of five sons, Charles, Archibald, 
Samuel, Henry, and Maitland, and of a daughter, 
Janetta Waddel. 







ROBERT ALEXANDER, probably a son of John Alex- 
ander of Eredy, and certainly a near connection of 
his house, is, in the Subsidy Roll of 1661, named 
under Errigal parish, county Londonderry, as "Ro- 
bert Alexander de Meyboy," and is assessed for 3, 
the subsidy being 1, 12s. In the Hearth Tax Roll 
of 1663 he is entered as " Robert Alexander, Dun- 
vanaddy and Mevoy." According to a well-authenti- 
cated tradition, he took part in the siege of London- 
derry in 1649, and in acknowledgment of service, 
received from Colonel, afterwards Sir Audley Mervyn, 
a grant of land at Drumquin, in the parish of Ard- 
straw, county Tyrone.* 

Joseph, son of Robert Alexander, was twice mar- 
ried. By his first wife he had two sons, James and 

* For an account of Sir Audley Mervyn, see Transactions of Royal Historical 
Society, vol. iii., p. 421. 


Thomas. James, the elder son, resided at Dromore, 
county Tyrone ; his remains rest in the churchyard of 
that place, where an altar tombstone to his memory 
displays the armorial escutcheon of the House of 

Thomas, second son of Joseph Alexander, married 
Mary Osborne, by whom he had three sons, James, 
Francis, and Thomas, and a daughter, Rebecca. 
Thomas, the youngest son, was born in 1764, and 
died in December 1860, aged ninety-six (Tombstone 
Inscription in Dromore Churchyard). By his wife, 
Mary Skelton, he had a son, Thomas, who now re- 
sides at Dromore. 

Joseph Alexander of Drumquin married, as his 
second wife, the heiress of Drumarnagross, county 
Tyrone ; she bore him three sons, John, George, and 
Joseph. John, the eldest son, succeeded his mother 
in the lands of Drumarnagross. He married, and 
had seven sons, James, Joseph, Robert, John, Thomas, 
William, and George. James succeeded his father in 
the lands of Drumarnagross, and left a son, Joseph, 
now owner of the estate. 

George, second son of Joseph Alexander by his 
second marriage, was physician at Fintona, county 
Tyrone. Joseph, the youngest son, practised medi- 
cine at Trillick in the same county. 

Jane, wife of William Alexander, sixth son of 
John Alexander of Drumarnagross, is interred in the 
parish churchyard of Eaphoe. She died on the 13th 


January 1869, aged thirty-five (Tombstone Inscrip- 

Archibald Alexander is, in the Subsidy Roll for 

1661, of the parish of Taghboyne, county Donegal, 
assessed for property to the value of 13, 15s. He 
is, in the Hearth Tax Roll of the same parish for 

1662, styled " Archibald Alexander of Ballybigle- 
more." He was probably a son of John Alexander 
of Eredy, and brother of Robert Alexander of Mey- 
boy, and afterwards of Drumquin. As a lay elder he 
represented the Presbyterian congregation of Tagh- 
boyne in the Presbytery of Laggan, from 1672 to 
1681 (Presbytery Records). In the burial-ground at 
Balleighan, in Taghboyne parish, his tombstone is 
thus inscribed : " Here lyeth the body of Archibald 
Alexander, who deceased the 31st March, anno 1689." 
Having died intestate, his wife obtained " letters " 
for the administration of his affairs (Original in 
General Probate Office). She died in 1715, and is 
on her husband's tombstone thus commemorated : 
" Here lyeth the body of Elizabeth Mackey, wife of 
Archibald Alexander, who departed this life 30th 
January 1715, aged 78 years." 

James Alexander, a younger son of Archibald 
Alexander, farmed a portion of the lands of Bally- 
bigley, and died there on the 28th May 1743, aged 
seventy-five. His wife, Elizabeth Paterson, died 
3d July 1740, aged sixty (Tombstone Inscription at 


Joseph Alexander, eldest son of Archibald Alex- 
ander, married Margaret Jack. His marriage licence 
is, in the Diocesan Registry of Londonderry, entered 
thus: "November 17, 1686. -- Licentia ad solem. 
matrimonii inter Josephum Alexander de Bally- 
biglemore in paroch. Taboyne in com. Donnegall et 
Margaretam Jack de Brookhall in paroch. Temple- 


Joseph Alexander, son of Joseph Alexander and 
Margaret Jack, died in the autumn of 1767. He 
had married Elizabeth Paterson, and in his will, 
dated 26th October 1763, he names four sons, James, 
Samuel, William, and Joseph, and a daughter, 
Sarah (Will in Probate Court). James, the eldest 
son, married Jane, daughter of Alexander Scott, by 
whom he had four sons, Joseph, Nathaniel, John, 
and Robert, and four daughters. Two of the daugh- 
ters are unmarried, and, with their sister, a widow, 
reside at Ballybigley. Elizabeth, the remaining 
daughter, married John Alexander, son of James 
Alexander, farmer, Gortmesson, county Tyrone, and 
had issue, seven sons and one daughter. James, 
eldest son of the eldest daughter, is now farmer at 
Drumenon, Taghboyne parish ; he is married and 
has issue, one daughter. Joseph, second son of John 
and Elizabeth Alexander, is farmer at Imlich, county 

Joseph, eldest son of James Alexander of Bally- 
bigley, died unmarried. Nathaniel, the second son, 


emigrated to St John, New Brunswick. He married 
and had sons and daughters. His only surviving son 
is Charles Crawford Alexander. 

John, third son of James Alexander of Ballybigley, 
died without issue. Robert, the fourth son, pro- 
ceeded to the West Indies, and there died without 

Samuel, second son of Joseph Alexander of Bally- 
bigley, died in 1767. He had a son, James, and a 
daughter, Elizabeth. James Alexander was bank- 
agent at Omagh; his remains are deposited in the 
parish churchyard of Cappagh, county Tyrone. Eliza- 
beth Alexander resides at Eathmullen, county Donegal. 

John Alexander, printer, Strabane, county Tyrone, 
was descended from the families of Ballybigley and 
Crew. He died in 1801. In his will, executed 18th 
November 1798, he names his sons, John and Joseph. 

Descendants of Archibald Alexander of Ballybig- 
ley settled at Londonderry. Robert Alexander of 
Bishop Street, Londonderry, who died in 1822, 
names in his will his sons, James and Samuel, and 
his daughters, Hannah and Elizabeth. James Alex- 
ander of Foyle Street, Londonderry, whose will was 
proved on the 3d November 1831, made bequests to 
his sons, John and James, and his daughters, Mary, 
Jane, Eleanor, and Elizabeth (Wills in Probate 

Also descended from Archibald Alexander of 
Ballybigley is the family of Alexander at Kinnekally, 


parish of Taghboyue. John Alexander, farmer at 
Kinnekally, died on the 7th October 1724. He mar- 
ried, first, Magdalene Kilgour, who died in July 1709 
(Tombstone Inscription) ; and secondly, Mary. In his 
will, dated 26th March 1720, he names his sons, 
Robert, Joseph, and John. He also had a son Jacob. 
" Mr Thomas Alexander " is named as one of his 
executors (Will in Probate Court). 

John Alexander, son of John Alexander, farmer at 
Kinnekally, died in 1785, aged seventy-nine. In his 
will, dated 1st October 1771, he names a son, James, 
and a daughter, Mary, married to John Gregg. 

James Alexander, son of John Alexander at Kin- 
nekally, died in 1829, aged eighty-five. His son 
James, who died in 1836 (Tombstone Inscription), 
left a son, John, who is now farmer at Drumbarnet, 
near Newton Cuninghame, county Donegal. 

James Alexander, brother of John Alexander, 
farmer at Kinnekally, rented the farm of Altrest, in 
the parish of Donagheady. He had a son, William, 
and a grandson, James, whose son, Robert, is now 
farmer at Altrest. 

Archibald Alexander, descended from Archibald 
Alexander of Ballybigley, settled at Ratteen, in the 
parish of Taghboyne. He married, and had a son, 
Andrew, who purchased the small estate of Crew, 
parish of Ardstraw, county Tyrone. He married 
Fanny Lockhart, by whom he had six sons, William, 
Samuel, Hugh, Joseph, Andrew, and Thomas. His 


tombstone in Ardstraw parish churchyard is thus 
inscribed : " Here lyeth the body of Andrew Alex- 
ander, who departed this life March the 5th, 1779, 
aged 73 years." 

William, second son of Andrew Alexander of Crew, 
married, and had one daughter. Samuel, the third 
son, married, and had three sons and one daughter. 
David, one of the sons, now resides at Taghboyne. 

Hugh, fourth son of Andrew Alexander, proceeded 
to the parish of Donagheady, and there purchased 
land. One of his sons now resides at Donemana, 
in Donagheady parish. 

Andrew, fifth son of Andrew Alexander, purchased 
land at Donemana, where his son resides now. 

Thomas, sixth son, emigrated to America. 

Joseph, eldest son of Andrew Alexander of Crew, 
succeeded his father in his lands. He married Isa- 
bella Wauchope, by whom he had five sons, Charles ; 
Andrew, born 1799; Thomas, born 1800; Joseph, 
born 1802 ; and James, born 1804. He died in 1806 
(Will in Probate Court). 

Charles, eldest son of Joseph Alexander of Crew, 
was born 27th September 1797. He died some years 
ago, and was succeeded by his second brother, Andrew, 
who is married, with issue. 

A descendant of the family of Ballybigley, Andrew 
Alexander, Presbyterian minister at Urney, county 
Tyrone, executed his will on the 14th October 1807, 
and died in the following year. To his wife, Elizabeth 


Knox, he bequeathed " an undisputable right to the 
rents of Ballymanan, in the parish of Donaghmore, 
and county of Donegal." He mentions his daughter 
Elizabeth Alexander, unmarried, and his married 
daughter, Martha M'Conechy, and her children. 

Descended from the House of Ballybigley, Thomas 
Alexander, " of the town of Lisslimnaghan, parish of 
Cappagh," county Tyrone, executed his will on the 
1st October 1783, and died soon afterwards. He 
bequeathed his farm in liferent to his wife Isabella. 
Archibald Alexander is named as a legatee (Will in 
Probate Court). 

A scion of the family of Ballybigley, Jacob Alex- 
ander acquired the lands of Greenville, parish of 
Ardstraw, and died 7th June 1822, aged seventy- 
eight (Tombstone in Ardstraw Churchyard). By his 
wife, Jane Eakin, he had a son, Joseph, and a daughter, 
Jane, who died 17th October 1822. 

Joseph Alexander succeeded his father in the lands 
of Greenville. He married Isabella Turner, by whom 
he had a son, John George. He died in 1834. In 
his will, proved at Londonderry on the 12th Decem- 
ber of that year, he leaves an annuity to his wife 
out of the lands of Bittany, in the parish of Cap- 
pagh, and the lands of Greenville, in the parish of 
Ardstraw. He mentions his son John George as a 

John George Alexander, only son of Joseph Alex- 
ander of Greenville, died prior to 1866. In the 


parish churchyard of Ardstraw a tombstone is thus 
inscribed : " Erected as a tribute to the memory of 
the late Jacob Alexander, Esq. of Greenville, and his 
family, by Francis O'Neill, executor of the late John 
George Alexander, Esq., pursuant to the directions 
of his will, May 1864. Also, the body of John 
Alexander, who departed this life the 20th day of 
January 1866, aged 86 years." 

Joseph Alexander, of the parish of Upper Long- 
field, county Tyrone (a supposed descendant of the 
family of Ballybigley), died in 1832. By his wife, Jane 
Watson, he had six sons, Thomas, George, John, 
Joseph, Robert, and James ; and two daughters, 
Isabella and Elizabeth (Will in Probate Court). 

In the Hearth Tax Roll of 1662, William Alex- 
ander is named in the parish of Clonleigh, county 
Donegal, while in the roll of 1665 his name dis- 
appears from Clonleigh, and is included in Raphoe 
parish in the same county (see supra). He was 
probably the father of James Alexander, Presby- 
terian minister at Raphoe from 1677 to 1704. To 
the charge at Raphoe, otherwise called Convoy,* 
James Alexander was ordained 12th December 
1677 (Reid's Irish Presb. Church). Along with 
his brethren, Mr William Trail,t Mr Robert Camp- 

* The parish of Convoy formerly constituted part of the parish of Raphoe, and 
though the meeting-house was at Convoy, the incumbent was styled minister of 
Raphoe (Note to Reid's Presb. Church in Ireland, vol. ii., p. 339). 

t Mr "William Trail was son of Mr Robert Trail, minister of Edinburgh, grand- 
son of Colonel James Trail of Killelagh, in Ireland, and great-grandson of the 
laird of Blebo, in Fife. Born in 1640, he was ordained Presbyterian minister at 


bell,* and Mr John Hart,t he was in 1681 subjected 
to a course of persecution. 

Meeting at St Johnstone, on the 2d February 1681, 
the Presbytery of Laggan appointed the 17th day of 
that month to be observed for special fasting and 
prayer. The Presbytery also framed a paper, to be 
read from the different pulpits, enumerating as causes 
of the fast, " apostasy and perjury, and breach of 
solemn covenants." Some expressions used in the 
paper being construed as reflecting injuriously on 
the Episcopal Church, Mr Alexander and his three 
colleagues were summoned before the justices at 
Raphoe. The justices met on Tuesday the 3d May, 
and, after an examination, the charge against the 
four brethren was dismissed. Within a few weeks 
thereafter, the brethren were, on the same charge, 
summoned before the Privy Council, and by that 
body remitted for trial to the assize court at LifFord. 
The court of assize met in August, and the brethren, 
being found guilty, were sentenced to pay 20 each, 
and to subscribe an engagement against again calling 
a fast. Kefusing to obtemperate the sentence, they 

Lifford, Ireland, in 1672. He afterwards proceeded to Maryland. . Returning 
to Scotland at the Revolution, he was in 1690 admitted minister of Borthwick, 
Edinburghshire. He died 3d May 1714 (Fasti Eccl. Scot.). 

* Mr Robert Campbell was ordained minister of Raymoghy, county Donegal, in 
1671. He was called to the parish of Roseneath, Dumbartonshire, in 1689 (Fasti 
Eccl. Scot. ; Reid's Presb. Church). 

t Mr John Hart was admitted to the second charge of Hamilton in 1653, and 
was translated to Taghboyne in 1656. He was ejected in 1662 under pretence 
of being accessory to a plot against the bishops. He died before 1689 (Fasti 
Eccl. Scot). 


were imprisoned at Lifford for eight months. Their 
fines were afterwards remitted by the Court of 
Exchequer (Wodrow's MSS. ; Heid's Irish Presb. 

James Alexander continued to minister at Eaphoe 
till his death, which took place on the 17th November 
1704. His salary was, on his appointment, fixed at 
24 money, with twenty-four barrels of corn. He 
died without issue. By his will, dated 13th March 
1702, he constituted his wife, Marion Shaw, his exe- 
cutrix and sole legatee (Will in Probate Court). 

Mrs Marion Alexander or Shaw, relict of the Eev. 
James Alexander, died at Eaphoe in 1711. In her 
will she expressed her desire to be buried in the 
churchyard of Eaphoe, " along with the corps of her 
dear husband." She bequeathed her substance to 
her niece, Elizabeth Shaw, daughter of her brother, 
Mr James Shaw. As overseers for the proper ad- 
ministration of her will, she named Mr Eobert Camp- 
bell in Eay, Mr Alexander Nisbet in Tillidonell, and 
Mr Andrew Fergusson in Burt. 

James Alexander of Eaphoe (probably a nephew 
of the Eev. James Alexander) died in 1723. In 
his will, dated 12th June 1723, he bequeaths his 
entire substance to his wife (Will in Probate Court). 

In the churchyard of Eaphoe, a tombstone, more 
than a century old, is inscribed, " Here lyeth the 
body of Elizabeth Alexander." In the same church- 
yard an altar tombstone has the following legend : 


" Erected to the memory of William Alexander, sen- 
ior, who departed this life April 1856, aged 83 years; 
also of Robert Alexander, who died July 1861, aged 
78 years. And also Jane Alexander, the beloved 
wife of William Alexander, junior, Dromore, who 
died 13th January 1869, aged 35 years." 





IN the Hearth Tax Eoll of Errigal parish, county 
Londonderry, is named, in 1663, as resident at the 
village of Garvachy, " Andrew Alexander." " Eobert 
Alexander de Meyboy " is entered in the Subsidy 
Eoll of the same parish in 1661 (see supra). Andrew 
Alexander was, it is believed, a son of John Alex- 
ander, the original settler at Eredy, county Donegal ; 
he was at the siege of Londonderry in 1649. He 
obtained the favour of Captain, afterwards Sir Thomas 
Philipps, who, with his elder brother, Mr Dudley 
Philipps, served with Sir Eobert and Sir Alexander 
Stewart against O'Neill. Captain Philipps was ap- 
pointed governor of Culmore Fort, near Londonderry, 
and obtained lands at Newton Limavady (Eeid's 
Irish Presb. Church). From Sir Thomas Philipps,* 
or his son, styled Major-Colonel George Philipps, f 

* Andrew Alexander is said to have espoused, as his first wife, a daughter of 
Sir Thomas Philipps, but on what we deem insufficient evidence. 

t This person is described as author of the celebrated letter to Charles I., 
complaining of the London Companies' breach of charter in replanting the Irish 


Andrew Alexander obtained a grant of land at Bal- 
lyclose, in the parish of Drumachose, near Newton 

Andrew Alexander latterly resided at Bally close, 
where he reared a convenient residence. A stone 
from one of the walls, bearing the founder's initials, 
with the date 1666, is placed in the wall of the present 
mansion. Through commercial pursuits conducted 
at Londonderry, Andrew Alexander attained con- 
siderable opulence. With many other adherents of 
the Eevolution Government, he was, under the style 
of Captain Andrew Alexander, attainted in a pre- 
tended parliament, held by James II. at Dublin, on 
the 7th May 1689. 

Andrew Alexander of Ballyclose married the 
daughter of - - Hilles, a landowner in the county 
of Londonderry. He had three sons, John, Thomas, 
and another. 

Thomas Alexander occupied a holding in the parish 
of Errigal. Of that parish he was churchwarden in 
1696-97 (Vestry Register). 

John Alexander, the eldest son, sometime traded 
in Londonderry. He was resident at Ballyclose in 
1717, for on the 16th June of that year he subscribed 
the register, certifying that Mr Gervais Temple, 
rector of Drumachose, had read common prayer in 

Papists in place of English and Scottish Protestants, who had been settled on 
their lands. "He was attainted at a pretended Parliament on the 7th May 
1689, as was his son, Captain Thomas Phillips of Limerick," and others (Graham's 
History of the Siege of Londonderry, 


the parish church, on the occasion of his admission to 
the cure (Diocesan Kegistry of Deny, No. 1, p. 410). 
He purchased the estate of Gunsland, county Done- 
gal, and built a town residence at the Diamond, 
Londonderry. He married Anne White, a widow, 
daughter of John White of the Cady Hill, Newton 
Limavady, by whom he had three sons and one 
daughter, Martha, who married Alexander Kellie, 
with issue. He died 12th March 1747 (Family 
Tombstone at Newton Limavady). In his will, 
dated 21st January 1746, he makes bequests to his 
sons, John, Nathaniel, and William, and his daugh- 
ter Martha; also to John Alexander, described as 
"his brother's son," and to Andrew Alexander, 
described as son of his brother Thomas (Will in 
Probate Court). 

John, eldest son of John Alexander of Ballyclose, 
was born in 1695. He became a merchant in Lon- 
donderry. By his wife Sarah, daughter of Alexander 
Macaulay of Dromnagisson, county Antrim, he had 
three sons, Alexander, Andrew, and John ; and two 
daughters, Margaret and Amelia. He died in 1766, 
aged seventy-one (Tombstone at Newton Limavady). 
Margaret, the elder daughter, married John Cranstoun 
of Belfast, in May 1794, with issue. Amelia, the 

younger daughter, married Williams, by whom 

she had three daughters. 

Alexander Alexander, eldest son of John Alex- 
ander, served in the navy ; he had an annuity from 


his younger brother Andrew. He died unmarried. 
Andrew, the second son, succeeded to the paternal 
estate; he married Rebecca Isabella, daughter of 
Colonel Alexander Stewart of Londonderry. He died, 
without issue, on the 1st July 1803, aged sixty-nine 
(Tombstone at Newton Limavady). By his will, exe- 
cuted 2d June 1803, he bequeathed his estate in trust 
to Eobert Alexander of Dublin, and Henry Alexander 
of Boomhall, county Londonderry, for payment of his 
wife's annuity, and the conveyance of the rents there- 
after to his brother, John Alexander of Belfast ; on 
whose decease they were to convey his estate to 
Andrew Alexander, his brother John's youngest son ; 
failing whom, to John Alexander, eldest son of his 
said brother ; whom failing, to the right heirs of the 
said John Alexander (Will in Probate Court). 

John, third and youngest son of John Alexander of 
Ballyclose, was born 26th January 1736. He resided 
at Belfast, where he engaged in merchandise. On the 
29th May 1760, he married Anne, daughter of George 
Portis, Esq., collector of customs, Belfast, by his 
wife, Mary Eatcliffe, born 1741; she is, in the Belfast 
Newsletter announcing the nuptials, described as " a 
young lady of great beauty and merit, with a hand- 
some fortune." John Alexander was father of four 
sons, John, George, Andrew, and Alexander. He 
died 23d December 1821, aged eighty-six. 

George, the second son, died without issue. 

John Alexander, eldest son of John Alexander 


and Anne Portis, was born 27th February 1764. 
He sold, in 1827, the estate of Bally close to Major 
Alexander Alexander of Newton Limavady. In 
1790 he purchased the lands of Milford, county 
Carlow, where he died, 16th August 1843, aged 
eighty. He married, 8th September 1801, Christian 
Izod, daughter of Lorenzo Nickson, Esq. of Chapel- 
izod, county of Kilkenny, by whom he had six 
sons, John, Lorenzo William, George, James, Charles 
Leslie, and Henry, and five daughters, Elizabeth, 
Anne, Emily, Lucia, and Fanny. Elizabeth and 
Emily died young; Anne, born 1st August 1806, 
married, 6th October 1828, John Cranstoun of Crane- 
brook, county Tyrone; she died 10th April 1862, 
without issue. Lucia is unmarried; Fanny, born 
1st February 1816, married, 19th October 1847, 
the Eev. Charles Henry Travers, rector of Purley, 

Lorenzo William, second son of John Alexander 
of Milford, born 22d October 1810, married, on the 
25th June 1857, Harriet, eldest daughter of the late 
Colonel Henry Bruen of Oak Park, county Carlow, 
who long represented that county in Parliament. 
He was father of one son, Henry Bruen, and two 
daughters, Christian and Anne ; he died 21st Septem- 
ber 1867. 

George, the third son, born 17th February 1814, 
married, 28th February 1861, Susan, daughter of 
J. H. Collins, barrister-at-law, by whom he has had 


four sons, John Stephen, Frank, James, and Walter, 
and one daughter, Christian Izod. 

James, the fourth son, born 8th March 1818, 
married, 12th July 1855, Lucia Margaret, eldest 
daughter of Sir William Clarke Travers, Bart, of 
Rossmore, county Cork, without issue. 

Charles Leslie, fifth son, born 28th April 1820, is 
vicar of Stewkley, Buckinghamshire. 

Henry, youngest son of John Alexander, first of 
Milford, is lieutenant-colonel, 1st Dragoon Guards. 

John Alexander, eldest son of John Alexander, 
first of Milford, was born 26th July 1802. He 
graduated at the University of Dublin. He was 
High Sheriff of Carlow in 1824, and represented that 
borough in Parliament from 1853 to 1859. He mar- 
ried, 18th October 1848, Esther, eldest daughter of 
Matthew Brinkley, Esq. of Parsonstown, county 
Meath, second son of the Bishop of Cloyne, by 
whom he has had five sons, and one daughter, 
Harriet Lucia, who married, 8th July 1875, Captain 
Donnethorne of the Scots Greys. John, the eldest 
son, born 23d September 1850, studied at the Uni- 
versity of Cambridge. He is now an officer in the 
Dragoon Guards. William Cranstoun, second son, 
born 5th November 1851, studied at the University 
of Oxford, and follows legal pursuits. Lorenzo, third 
son, born 28th August 1853, is a merchant in 
London. Charles Henry, fourth son, born 2d June 
1856, is a cadet at Woolwich ; and George, fifth son, 


born 20th June 1858, is an undergraduate in Trinity 
College, Dublin. 

Nathaniel Alexander, second son of John Alex- 
ander of Ballyclose and Gunsland, and grandson of 
Captain Andrew Alexander, was born in 1689. He 
was admitted to the Corporation of Londonderry in 
1740, and in 1755 was elected an alderman of the 
city (Corporation Eecords). He succeeded his father 
in the estate of Gunsland, county Donegal. He died 
22d September 1761, aged seventy-two. His remains 
were deposited in the burial-ground of the Chapel of 
Ease, Londonderry (Tombstone Inscription). By his 
wife, Elizabeth, daughter of William M'Clintock 
of Dunmore, county Donegal, he had five sons, 
William, Eobert, James, John, and Nathaniel, and 
six daughters, Mary Jane, Eebecca, Elizabeth, Ann, 
Jane, senior, and Jane, junior. The sons John and 
Nathaniel, and the daughters Elizabeth, Ann, Jane, 
senior and junior, died young. 

Mary Jane Alexander, eldest daughter of Nathaniel 
Alexander, married, first, Weld, Esq., Lon- 
donderry, by whom she had two daughters, who 
died unmarried. She married, secondly, Hamilton 
Maclure, Esq., of Dublin, by whom she had one 
daughter, who married John William Foster, Esq. 
of Fane Valley, county Louth, and had sons and 
daughters. One of the daughters married, in 
1819, Thomas, second Lord Plunket, Bishop of 


Eebecca Alexander, second surviving daughter of 
Nathaniel Alexander, married Josias Dupre of Wilton 
Park, Buckinghamshire, and had issue. A daughter 
married General Sir Terence O'Brien. 

William Alexander, eldest son of Nathaniel Alex- 
ander, studied at the University of Cambridge, and 
was called to the bar, but afterwards became a 
merchant in the city of London. He died in 1774, 
and his remains were interred in St Laurence 
church, London. By his wife, Charlotte, daughter 
of Messenger Monsey, M.D., of Mulberton, in the 
county of Norfolk, who died in 1798, he had four 
sons and seven daughters. Charlotte, the eldest 
daughter, born in 1754, died in June 1829 unmarried. 
Elizabeth, second daughter, born 1758, died unmar- 
ried in September 1840. Anne, third daughter, born 
1759, married William Dalton, and died without 
issue in 1840. Jemima, fourth daughter, born in 
1764, married in 1789 the Eev. John Edmund Eolfe, 
vicar of Cranworth, Norfolk, first cousin of Admiral 
Viscount Nelson. Her son, Eobert Monsey Eolfe, 
was called to the bar : he became successively 
Solicitor-General, Baron of Exchequer, Vice-Chan- 
cellor, and Lord Justice of Appeal. He was in 1850 
created Baron Cranworth, and in 1852 was appointed 
Lord High Chancellor. He died in 1868. Eebecca, 
fifth daughter of William, died young, unmarried. 
Catherine, sixth daughter, married, in 1800, the Eev. 
J. B. Collyer of Hackford Hall, Norfolk, by whom 


she had two sons and three daughters. Charlotte 
Collyer, the eldest daughter, married the Eev. Dr 
Harris, by whom she had an only child. Robert, 
the second son, entered into holy orders, and died 
unmarried. John, the eldest son, became a barrister- 
at-law. He married Georgina Frances Amy, eldest 
daughter of Sir William Johnston of Johnston, Aber- 
deenshire, with issue. Mary, youngest daughter of 
William Alexander, died unmarried in 1844. 

Monsey, eldest son of William Alexander, was 
born in 1756, and took orders in the English Church. 
When the Earl of Bristol was appointed Bishop of 
Derry, he became his lordship's chaplain. He after- 
wards obtained the incumbency of Moville, county 
Derry, and died in 1790. By his wife, Susanna, 
daughter of James M'Clintock of Tearntagh, county 
Donegal, he had an only child, Dorothea, who married, 
in 1816, the Eev. Alexander Staples, rector of Gow- 
ran, and had issue. 

William, second son of William Alexander of 
London, engaged in merchandise in Dublin. He 
was drowned while bathing. In his will, dated 5th 
December 1791, he is described as "of St Mary's 
Abbey, in the city of Dublin." He made bequests 
of sums varying between 500 and ten guineas to 
numerous relatives, with this remark, " These bequests 
may possibly be construed as the effects of vanity, even 
so, I hope the crime is pardonable ; but it really was 
always my opinion that such tokens as friendly fare- 


wells on our departure for a strange country, were 
gratifying to the feelings of both parties. I have 
only acted therefore in support of my opinion, and 
wish my time and circumstance would permit me to 
enlarge upon the subject." 

To Henry Alexander of William Street he be- 
queathed the contents of his cellar, which he describes 
as "alas! but trifling." His will closes with these 
words : " I shall now conclude with sincere prayers 
for the health, happiness, and prosperity of my rela- 
tions, friends, and acquaintances, in particular, and 
for the general peace and happiness of all the world" 
(Will in Probate Court, Dublin). 

John Alexander, third son of William Alexander 
of London, died unmarried. Robert Alexander, the 
fourth son, was born in 1771. He held an appoint- 
ment in the Civil Service of the East India Company, 
and was member of council at Madras. He married, 
first, Miss Williams ; and secondly, Grace, daughter 
of the Eev. St John Blacker, A.M., prebendary 
of Inver, in the county of Donegal; she died 19th 
October 1835. Robert Alexander latterly resided in 
Gloucester Place, London. He left two sons, 
James William and Robert, and two daughters, 
Charlotte and Mary. Charlotte, elder daughter, 
married John Muddelk, Esq. of Greenhill House, 
near Maidstone. Mary, the second daughter, mar- 
ried, 6th April 1837, the Rev. Sir Samuel Vincent 
Love Hammick, A.M., vicar of Milton Abbot, Devon, 


and has issue, six sons and one daughter. James 
William, only child of Eobert Alexander by his first 
wife, died in India in 1836 without issue. 

Eobert Alexander, only son of Eobert Alexander 
by his second wife, resides at Downs House, Talding, 
Kent. He is unmarried. 





ROBERT ALEXANDER of Boomhall was second son of 
Nathaniel Alexander, alderman of the city of London- 
derry, and grandson of Captain Andrew Alexander 
of Ballyclose, county Londonderry. On his estate of 
Boomhall, near Londonderry, he erected a family 
mansion, at the spot where a boom was constructed 
to prevent ships sailing towards the city during the 
siege of 1689. At Londonderry he engaged in mer- 
chandise, and became prosperous. He died on the 
27th March 1790, aged sixty-eight, and his remains 
were deposited in the family burial-ground in the 
Chapel of Ease churchyard, Londonderry (Tombstone 

By his wife, Anne, daughter and co-heiress of 


Henry M'Culloch, Esq. of Cladymore and Ballyarton, 
county Londonderry (who died 20th January 1817), 
Robert Alexander had five sons, Nathaniel, Henry, 
William, James, and Josias Dupre, and five daughters, 
Elizabeth, Jane, Anne, Eebecca, and Dorothea. 
Elizabeth, the eldest daughter, married Sir Andrew 
Ferguson, Bart, of The Farm, county Londonderry, by 
whom she had three sons and four daughters. Anne, 
eldest daughter, married Colonel William Blacker 
of Carrick, county Armagh ; she died 3d January 
1861 without issue. Sarah, second daughter, mar- 
ried the Eev. William Knox, son of the Bishop of 
Derry, and grandson of Lord Northland ; she died in 
1819, leaving three sons, William, Ferguson; and 
Thomas. Jane, third daughter, married John Mont- 
gomery of Benrarden, county Antrim, by whom she 
had a son, James, and two daughters, Barbara and 
Isabella. Eliza, fourth daughter, married John 
George Smyly, Q.C., by whom she had three sons 
and two daughters. Ellen, the younger daughter, 
married the Rev. Edward Newland. John, the 
eldest son, is a captain in the Londonderry Militia. 
Andrew Ferguson, second son, is rector of Aghadoey, 
county Londonderry, and canon of Derry Cathedral. 
William John is the third son. 

Anne, third daughter of Robert Alexander of 
Boomhall, married Lieutenant - Colonel Alexander 
Scott, RA., afterwards major-general; she died 18th 
September 1865. 


Nathaniel, eldest son of Eobert Alexander of 
Boomhall, was born on the 12th August 1760. 
Having studied at Harrow and at Emmanuel College, 
Cambridge, and obtained orders, he was collated 
precentor of Armagh in January 1796. In 1802 he 
became Bishop of Clonfert ; and was in 1804 trans- 
lated successively to the sees of Killaloe, and of 
Down and Connor. In 1823 he was appointed 
Bishop of Meath. He was D.D., and a member of 
the Privy Council of Ireland. He purchased the 
estate of Portglenone, county Antrim, and died at 
Dublin, 21st October 1840. He married in 1785 
Anne, only surviving daughter of the Eight Honour- 
able Richard Jackson of Jackson Hall, county Derry, 
M.P., and heiress of her brother, Sir George Jackson, 
Bart. By her (she died in August 1837) he had 
seven sons and four daughters. 

Anne, the eldest daughter, married September 
1813 the Eev. John Moles worth Staples, rector of 
Moville, second son of the Eight Honourable John 
Staples of Lissan, county Tyrone, and brother of 
Catherine, first wife of Eobert Alexander, Archdeacon 
of Down, and of the Marchioness of Ormonde, the 
Countess of Clancarty, and the Honourable Mrs 
Ponsonby. She died in 1869. Her second son is 
Sir Nathaniel Alexander Staples, Bart, of Dunmore, 
Queen's County. 

Mary Jane, second daughter of Bishop Nathaniel 
Alexander, died unmarried. 


Elizabeth Eebecca, third daughter, married John 
Armytage Nicholson of Balrath, county Meath ; she 
died in 1860. Henrietta, fourth daughter, married 
Eobert Smyth, Esq. of Gaybrook, county West- 

Eobert Alexander, eldest son of Bishop Nathaniel 
Alexander, was born in 1788. Having entered into 
holy orders, he became rector of Ahogill, and Arch- 
deacon of Down; he succeeded his father in the estate 
of Portglenone. He married first, in 1813, Catherine, 
youngest daughter of the Eight Hon. John Staples of 
Lissan, county Tyrone, by his second wife, the Hon- 
ourable Harriet, daughter of Eichard, third Viscount 
Molesworth; secondly, in 18 32, Hester, eldest daughter 
of Alexander M'Manus of Mount Dens, county Antrim. 
The Ven. Eobert Alexander died at Portglenone House 
on the 31st July 1840. 

By his first wife, Archdeacon Alexander was father 
of four sons and seven daughters. Harriet, the eldest 
daughter, married John Wakefield, and died with- 
out issue. Ann, Louisa, and Mary, second, third, 
and fourth daughters, died without issue. Grace, 
fifth daughter, married Gilbert Nicholson of Glen- 
more, Drogheda. Catherine, the sixth daughter, 
married Molyneux Shaldham, Esq. Charlotte, the 
seventh daughter, is unmarried. 

Nathaniel, eldest son of Archdeacon Alexander, 
succeeded to the estate of Portglenone. He was a 
deputy-lieutenant of Antrim, and sometime repre- 


sented that county in Parliament. He married 
Florinda, daughter of Eichard Boyle, Esq., by the 
Hon. Alicia Handcock, daughter of Eichard, Viscount 
Castlemaine. He died in 1850, and was succeeded 
by his son, Eobert Jackson Alexander, now of Port- 

John Staples, second son of Archdeacon Alexander, 
died unmarried in India in 1843. Eobert, the third 
son, is unmarried. George, the fourth son, died 
without issue. 

Eichard Jackson, second son of Bishop Nathaniel 
Alexander, died in 1810, unmarried. James Alex- 
ander, the bishop's third son, was rector of Killegally, 
in King's County. He married Alicia, daughter of 
Samuel Dopping of Lowtown, county Westmeath, and 
died in 1855, leaving a son, Nathaniel, who died in 1860. 

Nathaniel, fourth son of Bishop Nathaniel Alex- 
ander, was a merchant in Calcutta, and acquired the 
estates of Craivagh, county Londonderry, and of 
Epsom, in the county of Surrey. He married Char- 
lotte, daughter of Noah Hickey, of the city of Dublin, 
by whom he had five sons Nathaniel, born 1828, 
died 1865; Eobert Hugh, born 1831 ; William James, 
born 1836; John Henry, born 1839 ; George Caledon, 
born 1842; and four daughters Sophia Charlotte, 
born 1824, married the Eev. Charles Hay; Ann 
Isabella, born 1826; Mary Eliza, born 1830; and 
Henrietta Frances, born 1833. 

Henry Alexander, fifth son of the Bishop of Meath, 



was born on the 16th February 1803, and became a 
barrister-at-law. He owns a considerable estate 
in the parish of Forkill, county Armagh, is a deputy- 
lieutenant, and was high sheriff of that county in 1856. 
He married, on the 14th August 1839, Lady Louisa 
Juliana, second daughter of Thomas, Earl of Eanfurly, 
by Mary Juliana, daughter of William Stuart, D.D., 
Lord Primate of Ireland, by whom he has six sons 
and five daughters. Blanch Catherine Sophia Ann, 
the eldest daughter, was born in 1841; Alice Mary 
Juliana, second daughter, was born in 1843 ; Con- 
stance Henrietta Georgina, third daughter, born in 
1845, married in 1867 Captain Colquhoun Grant, 
Judge of Hydrabad, Scinde ; Emily Louisa Jane was 
born in 1850; and Edith Ellen, in 1864. 

Granville Henry Jackson, eldest son of Henry Alex- 
ander of Forkill, was born in 1852, Henry Nathaniel 
in 1854, Claud Henry in 1856, Eonald Henry in 
1858, Frederick Henry Thomas in 1860, Dudley 
Henry Blayney in 1863. 

George, sixth son of Bishop Nathaniel Alexander, 
held an appointment in the Indian Civil Service. 
He married, in 1833, Eebecca, daughter of William 
Molloy of Kockvalley, county Tipperary, by whom 
he had one son, Nathaniel. 

William Stuart, seventh son of Bishop Nathaniel 
Alexander, held an appointment in the Indian Civil 
Service. He married Janet, daughter of Brigadier- 
General Charles Dallas, governor of St Helena, and 


niece of Sir Thomas Dallas, G.C.B., lieutenant-gen- 
eral, by whom he had three sons, William, who died 
in 1868, Nathaniel, and Charles. 

Henry, second son of Eobert Alexander of Boom- 
hall, was called to the English bar. Purchasing 
Glentogher, an estate of four thousand acres, in 
county Donegal, he attained distinction for his agri- 
cultural enterprise. He represented the city of 
Londonderry from 1797 to 1801, and was sometime 
chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means. 
When his first cousin, afterwards Lord Caledon, was 
appointed governor at the Cape of Good Hope, he 
accompanied him as secretary to that colony. He died 

6th May 1818. By his wife, Rivers, he had four 

daughters ; the eldest is Mrs Rawlinson ; the three 
others, Catherine, Mary, and Eliza, reside at Moville, 
county Donegal. Of his two sons, James was em- 
ployed in the East India Company's service; he 
married Miss Harvey of Merlin Hall, county Donegal, 
and died in India. Eobert is a general in the army, 
and resides at Blackheath, Kent. 

William Alexander, third son of Robert Alexander 
of Boomhall, was a general in the army, and mayor 
of the city of Londonderry. He died on the 1st 
January 1824, aged fifty-six. He married Martha, 
daughter of Sir Robert Waller, Bart, of Lisbrian, 
and granddaughter of Samuel Waller * of Newport, 

* Samuel Waller was a lineal descendant of Lieutenant-General Sir Hardress 
Waller, brother of Edmund Waller, the poet. 


county Tipperary, and Ann, his wife, sister of Lord 
Chancellor Jocelyn, by whom he had three sons 
and one daughter, Catherine, who married George 
Thompson of Clonskeagh Castle, county Dublin. 
Waller, his second son, died unmarried in 1804. 
William Ferguson, his third son, was an officer in 
the Indian Army, and died 25th March 1833. 

Eobert Alexander, eldest son of General Alexander, 
was born at Drogheda on the 17th September 1795. 
He became rector of Aghadoey, and prebendary of 
Derry; he died llth May 1872. He married, 16th 
October 1820, Dorothea, only child of Henry M'Clin- 
tock of Ballyarton, county Londonderry, by whom 
he had three sons and five daughters. Mary, the 
eldest daughter, born 6th June 1821, married, 17th 
September 1845, William Keown Boyd of Bally dugan, 
many years M.P. for Downpatrick, by whom she 
has had eleven children. Eichard, the eldest son, is an 
officer in the navy ; he married Florence, daughter of 
Stephen Lushington, and niece of Sir Stafford North- 
cote. Matilda, the second daughter, born 13th 
August 1822, married Maximilian Hammond Dali- 
son of Hampton, in the county of Kent, and has 
eight children. 

Elizabeth, third daughter of the Eev. Eobert Alex- 
ander, married, 10th January 1856, the Eev. Andrew 
Ferguson Smyly, rector of Aghadoey and canon of 
Derry, by whom she has had four children. 

Katherine, fourth daughter, born in 1830, married 


James Sinclair, second son of James Sinclair of 
Holly Hill, county Tyrone, by whom she has one 

Dorothea, fifth daughter of the Eev. Kobert Alex- 
ander, born in 1831, married, in 1856, Colonel Henry 
Keown, by whom she has bad seven children. 

The Eight Eev. William Alexander, D.D., D.C.L., 
eldest son of the Eev. Eobert Alexander, was born 
at Londonderry, 13th April 1824. He was educated 
at Tunbridge School, and at Exeter and Brasenose 
Colleges, Oxford. At that university he obtained the 
theological prize essay in 1850, and the university 
prize for a poem on a sacred subject in 1860. He 
also delivered an English ode in the Shelbrain Theatre, 
addressed to Lord Derby upon his installation as 
Chancellor in 1853. The bishop is D.D. by diploma, 
and received the honorary degree of D.C.L. in 1876 ; 
he has been select preacher and Bampton lecturer. 
He was appointed Dean of Emly in 1864, and was 
advanced to the bishopric of Derry and Eaphoe in 
1867. During the brief period of his career in the 
House of Lords, he delivered a speech upon the Irish 
Church, of which the Times said that " loud bursts 
of cheers greeted the bishop's animated address." 
The Bishop of Derry is the author of many sepa- 
rate lectures, discourses, poems, and charges. A 
long series of articles and reviews from his pen 
have appeared in the Christian Remembrancer, 
the Contemporary Review, Good Words, and, in 


early life, in the Dublin University Magazine. In 
1867 the bishop printed for private circulation, 
"Specimens, Poetical and Critical." In 1872 he 
published " The Leading Ideas of the Gospel : 
Sermons preached before the University of Oxford;" 
and in 1876, "The Witness of the Psalms to Christ 
and Christianity " (Bampton Lectures). He married, 
15th October 1852, Cecil Frances, daughter of Major 
Humphreys, J.P., of Miltown House, county Tyrone. 
Mrs Alexander is well known as author of " Moral 
Songs," " Hymns for Little Children," " Hymns, De- 
scriptive and Devotional," and other works ; her 
noble lyric, " The Burial of Moses," has scarcely been 
surpassed by Tennyson or Browning. 

Eobert Jocelyn Alexander, B.A., Brasenose Col- 
lege, Oxford, eldest son of Bishop William Alex- 
ander, while an undergraduate obtained the Newdi- 
gate University prize for a beautiful and pathetic 
poem on "The Last of the Red Indians." He was 
born, June llth, 1852, and married, in 1876, Alice 
Rachel, daughter of J. J. Hamilton Humphreys. 

Henry M'Clintock, second son of the Rev. Robert 
Alexander, was born 7th October 1834. As a naval 
officer, he has distinguished himself both in India and 
New Zealand. He married, on the 22d October 1864, 
Eliza Frances Charlotte, only daughter of Sir William 
S. Wiseman, Bart., C.B. 

Robert Waller, third son of the Rev. Robert Alex- 
ander, was born 4th April 1836. An officer in the 


Indian Army, he was killed in action with the muti- 
neers before Delhi on the 19th June 1857. 

James, fourth son of Kobert Alexander of Boom- 
hall, proceeded to India, and there acquired a large 
fortune. Keturning to Britain in 1811, he purchased 
the estate of Somerhill, Kent, and was appointed 
deputy-lieutenant for that county, and elected M.P. 
for Old Sarum. He married, first, Eliza, daughter of 
Captain Dundas ; and secondly, on the 18th March 
1813, Charlotte Sophia, daughter of Thomas Dash- 
wood, and relict of the Hon. Charles Andrew Bruce, 
brother of the Earl of Elgin. He died on the 12th 
September 1848. By his first wife he had one child, 
Eliza Charlotte ; and by his second marriage, two sons, 
Eobert and James, and three daughters, Charlotte 
Sophia, Ann, and Jane. Eliza Charlotte, the eldest 
daughter, became in 1823 second wife of Sir Stratford 
Canning, G.C.B., British minister at Constantinople, 
afterwards Viscount Stratford de Kedcliffe ; Charlotte 
Sophia and Ann are unmarried ; Jane, the youngest 
daughter, married General Sutherland; she died with- 
out issue. 

Eobert, eldest son of James Alexander of Somer- 
hill, was born on the 10th February 1815. He 
married his cousin, Miss Fane, and died at his resi- 
dence, near Oswestry, Shropshire, on the 23d October 

James, second son of James Alexander of Somer- 
hill, born 7th May 1823, married Ann, daughter of 


Maximilian Dudley Dalison of Hampton, Kent. He 
is a banker in London, of the house of Alexander, 
Fletcher, & Co. 

Josias Dupre Alexander, fifth son of Robert Alex- 
ander of Boomhall, acquired a fortune in India. In 
1816 he purchased the estate of Stonehouse, Kent, 
and was appointed a director of the East India Com- 
pany, and elected M.P. for Old Sarum along with his 
brother James. He died 20th August 1839. By his 
wife, Mary, daughter of the Eev. Thomas Bracken, he 
had two sons and eight daughters. Of his daughters, 
Lucy Emma, Ellen Louisa, and Fanny Selina, are 
unmarried ; Charlotte Maria and Agnes Henrietta 
died unmarried; Mary Ann married James Pratt 
Barlow, Esq. ; Eliza married, 22d January 1842, 
Robert, son and heir of the Rev. Boughey Dolling 
of Dollingstown, county Down; Madeline married 
Rev. A. Simpson. 

Caledon Dupre, eldest son of Josias Dupre Alex- 
ander of Stonehouse, was captain of the 1st Life 
Guards. He married Caroline, daughter of Willing 

Josias Bracken, second son of Josias Dupre Alex- 
ander, married, llth January 1848, Agnes Cecilia, 
eighth daughter of Alderman Sir William Curtis, 



JAMES ALEXANDER, third and youngest son of Alder- 
man Nathaniel Alexander, was born at Londonderry 
in 1730. He held several important offices in India, 
and on his return to Britain was, in 1774, elected 
M.P. for Londonderry, which he continued to repre- 
sent till 1784. He was, on the 6th June 1790, created 
Baron Caledon of Caledon, county Tyrone, in the 
peerage of Ireland. In November 1797 he was 
advanced to the dignity of Viscount Alexander, and 
on the 29th December 1800 was created Earl of 
Caledon. He married, 28th November 1774, Anne, 
second daughter of James Crawfurd of Crawfurds- 
burn, county Down (who died 21st December 1777), 
by whom he had one son and two daughters. Lord 
Caledon died 23d March 1802. 

Lady Mabella, elder daughter of Lord Caledon, 
born 7th August 1775, married, 6th July 1796, 
Andrew Thomas, eleventh Baron Blayney, and be- 
came mother of the eighth and last Lord Blayney. 


She died 4th March 1854. Lady Elizabeth, younger 
daughter of Lord Caledon, born 2d June 1776, died 

Dupre Alexander, second Earl of Caledon, only 
son of the first earl, was born 14th December 1777. 
He was Knight of the Most Illustrious Order of St 
Patrick, lord-lieutenant of the county of Tyrone, 
and colonel of the Tyrone Militia. His lordship 
married, 16th October 1811, Catherine Freman, 
second daughter of Philip, third Earl of Hardwicke, 
Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, by whom he had an only 
son. His lordship died in 1839. 

James Dupre, third Earl of Caledon, only son of 
the second earl, was born 27th July 1812. He was 
colonel of the Tyrone Militia, and captain in the 
Guards. He married, 4th September 1845, Lady 
Jane Frederica Harriet Mary Grimston, fourth 
daughter of the first Earl of Verulam, and had issue, 
three sons and one daughter. The earl died 30th 
June 1855. 

Lady Jane Charlotte Elizabeth, only daughter of 
the third Earl of Caledon, is unmarried. Walter 
Philip, second son of the third earl, born 8th Feb- 
ruary 1849, is lieutenant in the Scots Greys. Charles, 
third son, born 26th January 1854, is an officer in 
the Tyrone Militia. 

James, fourth Earl of Caledon, was born llth July 
1846, and succeeded his father 30th June 1855. His 
lordship is a captain in the Life Guards. 


William Alexander, third and youngest son of 
John Alexander of Gunsland and Londonderry, and 
grandson of Captain Andrew Alexander, settled, be- 
fore 1736, as a merchant in Dublin. He died in 
1788. By his wife, Mary, daughter of - - Porter, 
of Vicardale, county Monaghan, he had two sons, 
William and Kobert, and five daughters, Mary, 
Anne, Elizabeth, Sarah, and Jane. Jane died un- 
married. Mary married William Jocelyn Shaw of 
Kentstown, county Meath. Anne married, 6th Octo- 
ber 1764, Sir Eichard Johnstone, Bart, of Gilford, 
county Down. 

William, elder son of William Alexander of Dub- 
lin, was born on the 3d March 1743. Engaging in 
merchandise at Dublin, he became lord mayor of 
that city. For his public services he was created a 
baronet llth December 1809. Sir William Alexander 
married, 1st August 1764, Catherine, daughter and 
heiress of John Folie Mapas of Eochetown, county 
Dublin, by whom he had two sons and two daughters. 

Catherine, elder daughter , of Sir William Alexander, 
Bart., married Eobert Hamilton of Clonsillagh, county 
Dublin. Eliza, the younger daughter, married John 
Hamilton of Hacketstown, county Dublin. 

William John, younger son of Sir William Alex- 
ander, Bart., served as an officer in the army. By 
his wife, Isabella, younger daughter of Eobert Alex- 
ander of Seamount, he had four sons and three 
daughters. Harriet, the eldest daughter, married 


her cousin, the Eev. Godfrey Alexander. Elizabeth, 
the second daughter, is unmarried. Anne Catherine, 
the youngest daughter, married Captain Edward 
Barnes, eldest son of Sir Edward Barnes, late com- 
mander-in-chief in India ; she died in 1876. Eobert 
Henry, the second son, was killed in the retreat from 
Cabul in 1842; Henry, third son, died in India in 
1856 ; Bichard, fourth son, died in 1867. 

William Alexander, eldest son of William John 
and Isabella Alexander, is a major in the army. He 
married, 10th September 1839, Mary, third daughter 
of the Bight Hon. Edward Grey, Bishop of Hereford, 
by whom he has one son and six daughters. Major 
William Alexander is heir-apparent to the baronetcy. 

Sir Bobert Alexander, second baronet, elder son 
of the first baronet, was born 16th December 1769. 
He married 17th June 1796, Eliza, daughter and 
heiress of John Wallis, Esq., barrister-at-law, by 
whom he had three sons and two daughters. He 
died 1st December 1859. 

Jane Anne, elder daughter of Sir Bobert Alexander, 
married, 6th August 1833, Captain J. Nembhard 
Hibbert of Chalfont Park, Bucks. Catherine, younger 
daughter, died at London, unmarried, 15th April 1826. 

Sir William John Alexander, third baronet, eldest 
son of Sir Bobert the second baronet, was born 1st 
April 1797. Educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, 
he was called to the bar in 1825. Nominated Q.C* 
in 1844, he was afterwards appointed Attorney -Gen- 


eral to the Prince of Wales. He died on the 31st 
March 1873. 

Sir John Wallis Alexander, Bart., second son of 
Sir Eobert Alexander, second baronet, was born 1st 
October 1800. He married, 18th May 1858, Lepel 
Charlotte Phipps, youngest daughter of Henry, first 
Earl of Mulgrave, and sister of Constantine Henry, 
first Marquis of Normandy; she died in 1859, without 
issue. John Wallis Alexander succeeded his brother 
in 1873 as fourth baronet. 

Kobert Dupre, third son of Sir Eobert Alex- 
ander, married, 17th September 1833, Eliza, youngest 
daughter of B. B. Nembhard of Jamaica, by whom 
he has had two sons and two daughters. Eobert 
Dupre, the elder son, was born on the 4th July 1834, 
and died in infancy. Eaynsford Dupre, second son, 
was born 25th December 1835. Caroline Charlotte, 
the elder daughter, married Philip Villiers Eeid, Esq., 
county Clare. Another daughter was born in Sep- 
tember 1839. 

Eobert Alexander of Seamount and Garristown, 
county Dublin, younger son of William Alexander, 
merchant, Dublin, married, in May 1785, Henrietta 
Judith, daughter of Henry Quin, M.D., physician- 
general to the forces in Ireland, by whom he had 
eight sons and six daughters, of whom, three sons 
and three daughters died young and unmarried. 
Eobert Alexander died at London on the 14th July 


Anne, elder daughter of Eobert Alexander of Sea- 
mount and Garristown, married the Rev. J. Nussey. 
Isabella, younger daughter, married Captain William 
John Alexander, second son of Sir William Alex- 
ander, Bart. 

William James, eldest son and heir of Eobert 
Alexander of Seamount and Garristown, married 
Gertrude, eldest daughter of Gustavus Handcock 
Temple, by whom he had two sons, Eobert Quin and 
Gustavus, and a daughter, Mary. Gustavus and 
Mary Alexander died unmarried. Eobert Quin 
Alexander, now of Garristown, married Miss Eeilly, 
by whom he has two sons and five daughters. The 
daughters are unmarried. 

Henry, second son of Eobert Alexander of Sea- 
mount and Garristown, was a director of the East 
India Company, and M.P. for Barnstaple. He mar- 
ried, first, Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph Pringle, 
Esq., Consul-General of Madeira ; secondly, on the 
4th January 1843, Sabina Hester, eldest daughter of 
Thomas Taylor of Sevenoaks, Kent, by Lady Lucy 
Eachel, youngest daughter of Charles, third Earl of 
Stanhope. Of these marriages were born three sons, 
Henry Eobert, William Charles, and Frederic, and 
three daughters, Harriet, Fanny, and Leonora. 
Henry Eobert, the eldest son, married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Colonel Young, of the Honourable East 
India Company's service ; he died in 1869. 

The Eev. Charles Alexander, rector of Drumcree, 


in the diocese of Armagh, third son of Kobert Alex- 
ander, married Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Smith 
Godfrey of Newark, Nottinghamshire, by whom he 
had a son, Godfrey, and a daughter, Isabella. God- 
frey Alexander is in holy orders, and is rector of 
Stoke Bliss, Herefordshire, and domestic chaplain to 
the Earl of Caledon; he married Miss Alexander Shaw. 
Isabella Alexander married Thomas Eawlinson, by 
whom she has two sons and two daughters. 

Eobert, fourth son of Eobert Alexander of Sea- 
mount and Garristown, held an appointment in India. 
He died in April 1814, without issue. 

Edward Alexander, fifth son of Kobert Alexander, 
died in 1872 without issue. 



MEMBERS of the sept of MacAlexander of Dalcussen 
and Dalreoch, in the southern or Carrick district of 
Ayrshire, settled on the Scottish coast, and trading 
to the opposite shores, there planted their families. 
The distance from Stranraer to Larne in Antrim is 
thirty-nine miles. According to a tradition which 
obtains among the Irish families, an exodus of the 
sept of MacAlexander from Galloway to the coast of 
Larne, took place in the reign of Charles I. 

In the Hearth Tax Kolls of the county of Antrim for 
1666, the name of MacAlexander occurs frequently. 
In the Eolls of Ballymena parish are named John 
M'Alexander and Hugh M'Alexander. In the parish 
of Islandmagee, William M 'Alexander and Alexander 
M 'Alexander are named. In the Rolls of Ballyter 
appear the names of Robert M 'Alexander, James 
M 'Alexander, and John M 'Alexander. In the same 
district are recorded James M'Alexander at Doagh, 
and John M 'Alexander. 


In 1701 John M'Alexander in the diocese of 
Connor and county of Antrim executed his will ; he 
refers to five sons, naming Samuel and Hugh ; also 
three daughters (Will in Prerogative Court). 

During the reign of Charles I. a family named 
Alexander, adherents of the Covenant, fled from 
Dumbartonshire,* and obtained a settlement in the 
parish of Kilwaughter, near Larne. William Alex- 
ander of the parish of Kilwaughter is mentioned in 
the Hearth Tax Roll of 1666. Mrs Janet Alexander, 
who resided at Kilwaughter, died in 1709, bequeath- 
ing to John Alexander, her brother, " one boll of 
oats " (Will in Probate Court). 

In the Rent Roll of the Jointure Lands of Anne, 
Countess of Clanbrassill, William Alexander is named 
in 1689 as renting for one pound yearly the lands of 
Ardigon in the parish of Killileagh ; and in the same 
year William Alexander is entered in a rental of 
2, 5s. for subjects situated in the town of Killileagh. 
In the same Rent Roll, " Widow Alexander " appears 
in 1691 as paying 4*, 8s. for premises in the town of 
Killileagh (Hamilton MSS., pp. 126, 127). 

In the barony of Carey in the northern district of 
Antrim, John Alexander is in the Subsidy Rolls of 
1661, and in 1666, assessed in six pounds sterling. 

* A connection between the families of Alexander of Stirling and those of Dum- 
barton is indicated by the following minute : "At Stirling the 14th day of August 
1606, the eldership of the Kirk being convenit ; the bretherin thinkis meet that 
Cuthbert Cunningham, Provost of Dumbarton! Colledge, sail pay ad pios usus 
fyve pundis money for the passage through the Kirk to burie the corps of umq 1 
Janet Alexander, his spous" (Kirk Session Records of Stirling). 

* I 


In 1730 "Margaret Alexander, widow," undertakes 
along with Thomas Alexander to administer the 
estate of Robert Alexander, who lived in the parish 
of Ahoghill and district of Connor (Connor Wills). 
On the 8th January 1735, Thomas Alexander of 
Ballyclare, in the parish of Ahoghill, executed his 
will (Will in Probate Court). He seems to have 
been succeeded as tenant at Ballyclare by James 
Alexander, who died in February 1770, aged sixty 
(Tombstone Inscription in Ballybinny Churchyard, 
county Antrim). The next tenant at Ballyclare (Size 
Hill Farm), was James Alexander, who is named in 
a rent roll in 1798 (Estate Register of the Marquis 
of Donegal). His tombstone in the churchyard of 
Ballybinny is thus inscribed : " In memory of James 
Alexander of Size Hill, who died on the 31st May 
1810, aged forty years. Also his wife Elizabeth, 
who died on the 13th August 1843, aged sixty-nine 

Thomas Alexander, tenant at Ballynure, cousin of 
the preceding, had a son James, now a physician at 

William Alexander of the townland of Ballyhound, 
in the parish of Carnmoney, executed his will on the 
9th July 1775, bequeathing his property and effects 
to his wife and children (Will in Probate Court). In 
the same parish Hugh Alexander rented about 1750 
the farm of Carntall on the Donegal estate. He had 
three sisters, who married and had families, of whom 


the greater number emigrated to America. He mar- 
ried and had four sons, Hugh, James Ramsay, John, 
and Thomas. John, the third son, rented the farm 
of Ballyalbaragh at Ballyclare. He died in March 
1839. In his farm he was succeeded by his son 
Thomas, who survives (Family Information). 

In the same district, James Alexander rented the 
farm of Cogry in 1775 (Estate Register of the 
Marquis of Donegal). In this farm he was suc- 
ceeded by William Alexander, whose representative, 
John Alexander of Cogry, died in 1815, aged sixty- 
seven (Tombstone in Rashee Churchyard). Martha 
Alexander, his daughter, married Conway M'Nicol, 
who rented the farm of Cogry, and died in 1863. 

John Alexander, farmer at Doagh, near Ballyclare, 
executed his will on the 2d February 1786. He 
bequeathed his movable estate to his grandchildren, 
Martha, Margaret, and Jane Alexander. 

Samuel Alexander of Ballymena, who rented the 
farms of Ballynaskie and Clogher, executed his will 
on the 13th December 1790, and died in 1792. He 
divided the farm of Ballynaskie between his sons, 
John and James, and made bequests to his son 
Patrick and his daughter Jane (Will in Probate 

Robert Alexander, in the parish of Glenavy, in the 
county of Antrim, died in 1776 ; his will is dated 
10th April of the same year. He made bequests to 
his sons, Robert and David ; to his daughters, Mary, 


otherwise Courtney ; Jean, otherwise M'Canbry ; 
and Elizabeth, otherwise Durham ; also to Robert, 
James, John, William, and Elizabeth Alexander, the 
children of his son Thomas (Will in Probate Court). 

In a bond, dated 20th August 1788, Jane Alex- 
ander, widow of Robert Alexander, of the parish of 
Glenavy, undertakes to pay to the Lord Bishop of 
Down and Connor, or his successors, the sum of 
1000. Henry Alexander is named in the bond 
(Bond in Probate Court). 

From the family of Alexander of Ballyclare sprung 
those families of the name who now reside at Larne 
and Carrickfergus. John Alexander, merchant in 
Larne, died in 1809. In his will, dated 10th June 
1807, he bequeathed a portion of his substance to his 
sons, James and William (Will in Probate Court). 

The Rev. Nathaniel Alexander, minister of the 
Presbyterian congregation at Crumlin, in the county 
of Antrim, belonged to the family of Alexander of 
Ballyclare. From 1788 to 1802 he successfully con- 
ducted an educational institution. He was married, 
but died without issue. From the family of Alex- 
ander of Ballyclare also descended the Rev. Thomas 
Alexander, minister at Cairncastle, county Antrim. 
Son of Robert Alexander, farmer at Knockcairn, 
near Crumlin, county Antrim, he was born on the 
1st January 1770. He studied at the University of 
Glasgow ; and being licensed to preach by the Pres- 
bytery of Tempi epatrick, was, in 1793, ordained 


assistant minister of the Presbyterian congregation 
at Cairncastle. In 1829 he joined the Unitarian or 
Eemonstrant Secession from the General Synod of 
Ulster. Resigning his charge in 1840, he latterly 
proceeded to London, where he died on the 26th 
May 1851. He married the only daughter of the 
Rev. Mr Lewson, his predecessor at Cairncastle, by 
whom he had five sons, John, Robert, Thomas, 
Lewson, and Henry, and one daughter, Jane. John 
and Robert died without issue; Thomas, who re- 
sides at Iowa, United States, has five children. 
Lewson is settled in Belgium, and has five children ; 
Henry is minister of the Unitarian congregation at 
Newry (Christian Unitarian Magazine, vol. iv., pp. 
332-338, 336-372, and Private Information). 

A branch of the family of MacAlexander of southern 
Ayrshire emigrated to Ireland from Glenluce, Wig- 
townshire, in the reign of Charles I. Thomas Mac- 
Alexander from Glenluce settled at Tanderagee, near 
Gilford, in the county Armagh. He married, and 
left a son, William, who, studying medicine, prac- 
tised as a physician at Rathfirland, county Down. 
He married Elizabeth Todd, by whom he had four 
sons, John, William, Thomas, and James,' and two 
daughters, Jane and Margaret. John became a 
physician, and practised at Rathfirland ; he and his 
brothers, William and James, died without issue. 
Thomas, the third son, married Isabella Chambers of 
Rathfirland, and left two sons, John and William, 


and two daughters, Eliza and Martha. The elder 
daughter, Eliza, married William Eae of the island 
of Bermuda ; Martha, the younger daughter, is wife 
of the Eev. H. Osborne of Holywood. John, the 
elder son, formerly of Phillistown House, Trim, in 
the county of Meath, is now resident in Canada. 
William, the second son, is a graduate in medicine, 
and a staff-surgeon in the army* (Family Informa- 

In the Hearth Tax Roll of the barony of Onealand 
and parish of Shankill, county Armagh, for 1664, 
" Culbert [Cuthbert] Alexander " at " Munbreefe " is 
assessed two shillings for one hearth. 

Fergus MacAlexander, of the family of Dalreoch, 
parish of Colmonel, Ayrshire, who was a bursar of 
the University of Glasgow in 1631, was appointed 
minister of the Presbyterian congregation, first at 
Kilmud (Kilmood), and afterwards at Greyabbey, in 
the county of Down ; he was subsequently admitted 
parish minister of Barr, in the county of Ayr, where 
he died in 1687 (see supra, vol. ii., p. 51). 

William Alexander, a member of the Ayrshire 
family of Dalreoch, settled in the district of London- 
derry. In the Cathedral Registry of Londonderry is 
the following entry : " Fergus, the son of William 
Alexander, bap. the 21 Aprill 1655." 

* Dr "William Alexander possesses as an heirloom a table cover about five feet 
square, woven with an earl's coronet in the centre, surrounded with the rose, 
shamrock, and thistle. A coronet is also woven into the four corners, with the 
letters E. "W. A. inserted between the spikes of a purple crown. 


A supposed member of this family, John Alex- 
ander, settled about the year 1666 in the vicinity of 
Lough Enagh, in the parish of Glendermott and 
county of Londonderry. In 1686 he purchased the 
lands of Caw, about two miles to the eastward of 
Londonderry, on the east bank of Boss's Bay. 

William, son of John Alexander of Enagh and 
Caw, succeeded his father in these lands. He mar- 
ried, and had three sons, Samuel, John, and Robert. 

Eobert, the youngest son, emigrated to America. 
Refusing to join the party who contended for inde- 
pendence, he returned to Britain. He afterwards 
sailed for America with letters of recommendation 
from Charles James Fox ; but the vessel was lost at 
sea, and he perished with the other passengers. He 
married Miss Wilmot, an American gentlewoman, 
and two of his sons became judges in the United 

John, second son of William Alexander, owned 
lands in Kilfennan, Enagh, and part of Gransagh, in 
the liberties of Londonderry; he died in 1801. In 
his will, which was executed on the 30th August 
1800, he bequeathed to his nephew, John Alexander, 
son of his brother Samuel, that part of the lands of 
Kilfennan which he purchased from David Wilson ; 
also the lands of Coshquean and Bonnymain, in the 
barony of Inneshowen, held in lease from the Marquis 
of Donegal ; also his title and interest in the lands of 
Enagh, in the liberties of Londonderry ; also part of 


the lands of Gransagh in the said liberties. To his 
nephew, Samuel Alexander, to his brother, Samuel, 
and other relatives, he bequeathed moneys (Will in 
Probate Court). 

Samuel Alexander, eldest son of William Alexander 
of Caw, was born in 1725, and died in 1814, aged 
eighty-nine. He married Sarah Ross, by whom he 
had three sons, Samuel, John, and William, and two 
daughters, Jane and Sarah. William, the youngest 
son, died young. Samuel, the eldest, succeeded his 
father in the estate of Caw, and died without leaving 

John, second son of Samuel Alexander, succeeded 
his brother in the estate of Caw. He was born 
in 1770, and died in February 1852. He married 
Hannah Richardson Murray, descended from Colonel 
Adam Murray, distinguished on the Royalist side at 
the siege of Londonderry, by whom he had three 
sons, Samuel, John, and Adam Murray, and two 
daughters, Hannah and Sarah Jane. 

John, youngest son of John Alexander, became a 
doctor of medicine, married, and left a daughter. 

Adam Murray, second son, was born in 1809. He 
became a barrister-at-law, and for many years offici- 
ated as judge in the Supreme Court of British Guiana. 
He died unmarried in 1874. 

The Rev. Samuel Alexander, the eldest son, was 
born in 1808. He is rector of Termon, diocese of 
Armagh, and county of Tyrone. He married Charlotte 


Frances Beresford, by whom he has had three sons, 
John Adam, Charles Murray, and Henry ; also three 
daughters. John Adam Alexander, the eldest son, 
resides on the estate of Caw, and is a magistrate in 
the county of Derry. Charles Murray, the second 
son, is a captain in the Eoyal Tyrone Fusiliers, and 
possesses the estate of Enagh, under the will of his 
uncle, Adam Murray Alexander. 



IN the reign of Charles I., Eobert Alexander, son of 
John Alexander the elder, of Candren, Paisley, settled 
in Dublin. In the Subsidy Boll of that city, dated 
1st February 1637-8, are named in " St Nicholas parish 
without the walls, Eobert Grococke and Kobert Alex- 
ander ; " they are together assessed " in bonis " the 
sum of 3, 6s. 8d. Two nephews of Eobert Alex- 
ander, John and James, sons of his elder brother 
John,* of Candren, Paisley, proceeded from Scotland 
to Dublin, and there settled. 

John Alexander engaged in business as a lime agent 
(Book of Judgments, Public Eecord Office, Dublin). 
He died in 1671 intestate, and on the 20th December 
of that year, letters of administration were granted to 
his widow, Catherine Alexander, and William Hartley, 
his son-in-law, and Avia, his daughter, for the use of 

* The relationship subsisting between the families of Alexander of Candren, 
Paisley, and James Alexander of Dublin, is confirmed by Wodrow, who, in 
describing the sufferings of John Spreul, Paisley (whose mother, Janet Alexander, 
was daughter of John Alexander of Candren, Paisley), remarks : " He was in 
Ireland with his uncle, Mr James Alexander, in May 1679, and came over to 
Scotland after the scuffle at Drumclog in June " (Wodrow 's History of the 
Scottish Church, ed. 1829, vo 1 . iii., p. 252) 


Catherine Hartley, daughter of the said William 
Hartley and Avia Alexander. On the 22d December 
1677, Catherine Hartley, styled " of Blind Key, 
Dublin," administered the affairs of her grandmother, 
Mrs Catherine Alexander (Grant Book, Probate 
Court, Dublin). 

James Alexander settled in Dublin as an attorney. 
His name first occurs in the Public Eecords of Dublin 
in 1665. On the 6th December of that year, Ellen 
Gascoigne, widow, empowered and authorised James 
Alexander styled " of the city of Dublin, gent." to 
receive all sums of money payable to her from His 
Majesty's Exchequer, upon the Lord-Deputy's warrant, 
and to grant discharge for the same (Assignment He- 
cords, Dublin, vol. iii., 256). In the same records (vol. 
vi., p. 61) a power of attorney is granted to James Alex- 
ander by Lieut. -Colonel George Stewart,* dated 21st 
April 1668, wherein the colonel constitutes him his 
" true and lawful agent to aske, receive, and demand, 
all such sumes of money as are or shall grow due to the 
Company of Foot under his command." 

On the 4th January 1671, James Alexander obtained 
from William Stewart t of Ballilan, in the barony of 
Kaphoe and county of Donegal, authority " to receive 

* Colonel George Stewart was son of Sir Robert Stewart. He sometime resided 
at Culinore, near Londonderry (Lodge's Peerage, edited by Archdall, vol. vi., 
p. 244). 

t William Stewart was eldest son of Sir William Stewart, Bart, who was 
created Baron Stewart of Ramelton, and Viscount Mountjoy in 1682. He became 
a lieutenant-general in the army, and succeeded his father as second Viscount 
Mountjoy in 1692. He died 10th January 1727. 


rents due to him by George Pryott of Edmontoune, 
in the city of Dublin, and to compound with the 
commissioners authorised for satisfying forty -nine 
officers of the thousand per lot for his part of the 
same " (Assignment Records, vol. vii., p. 89). 

In 1680 and 1681, James Alexander appeared as 
attorney for Francis, Earl of Longford, Ambrose 
Aungier, John Gordon, James Hartley of Dublin, 
ironmonger, and Michael Gaynor of Black Castle, 
in a suit raised against them by Humphrey Perrott 
(Book of Judgments). 

James Alexander held for ten years subsequent to 
1672, the office of deputy-clerk of the Pells, in the 
Exchequer Court (Revenue Accounts). 

Among the Irish Chancery Rolls for 1674, are four 
deeds, by which Henry, Earl of Clanbrassill,* and 
Alice his wife, conveyed lands in the county of Down 
to James Ross, John Blackwood, James Mure, and 
David Kennedy James Alexander acting as attorney 
for the purchasers (Public Record Office, Dublin). 

A zealous promoter of the Presbyterian Church, 
James Alexander received on the 7th November 
1698, a mandate authorising him to draw the quarter's 
payment of 1200, granted to the Church as an 
annual boon by William III. (Assignment Records). 

James Alexander married as his first wife, a 

* James Hamilton, second Viscount Claneboye, was promoted as Earl of Clan- 
brassill, in the county of Armagh, on the 7th June 1647. He married Lady Anne 
Carey, eldest daughter of Henry, Earl of Monmouth, who married secondly Sir 
Robert Maxwell, Bart. Lord Clanbrassill died 20th June 1659. 


daughter of Peter Blanchville of Blanchvilletown, 
in the county of Kilkenny. Sometime prior to 1676, 
Peter Blanchville was succeeded in his estates by his 
son Edmund, for on the llth June of that year, 
James Alexander received from the said Edmund, on 
a payment of 500, a bond on " the castles, towns, and 
lands of Blanchvilletown, Blanchvilleskill, Blanch- 
villespark, Smithstown, Bennett's Bridge, Carlin, 
Severstown, Madogstown, and Church Claragh, in 
the barony of Gowran, and county of Kilkenny." The 
loan had not been redeemed when Edmund Blanch- 
ville was, on the 13th February 1688, forfeited for 
high treason. After certain proceedings, James Alex- 
ander, on the 10th August 1700, presented to the 
Trustees of the Court of Claims, a statement of 
claims against the forfeited lands. Among these is 
a claim for 200, for which, on account of Edmund 
Blanchville, he had become bound to Charles Agar, 
on the 24th September 1675. Certain of the bonds, 
he represents, had been " lost or mislaid in the late 
troublesome times, when the claimant carried away 
papers into England, about the month of January 
1688, in a confused manner," and were held by the 
Court " to be comprehended within the benefit of the 
capitulation or articles of Limerick" (Decrees of 
Court of Claims). 

James Alexander died on the 3d March 1701. 
The following document, purporting to be his will 
with a codicil attached, was on the 23d August 1701, 


proved in the Prerogative Court of Dublin, by Richard 
Tenner, his son-in-law, "without prejudice to Edmund 
Alexander," the testator's son and a co-executor : 

" I, James Alexander, of the cittie of Dublin, being this 25th 
day of December in the year of our Lord 1699, in perfect health 
and sound memory, praised be God for the same, but consider- 
ing the uncertainty of this life, many younger than I being 
taken away by sudden death or short sickness, do now deliber- 
ately make and write with my own hand, this as my last Will 
& Testament, hereby revoaking and makeing void all former 
will or pretensions either by word or writing, and this to be 
taken as my last Will & Testament. In the first place, I 
comitt my soul to Almighty God, hoping through the merits of 
my blessed Lord, Jesus Christ, to obtain mercy and pardon of 
all my sins, &c., and my body to be decently buried as the 
Freinds who shall be near me at the time of my death shall 
think fitt. And if it shall happen that I dy in or near the citie of 
Dublin, I desire to be buryed in ye same grave in St Cle van's 
churchyard, where my last wife was buried, it being deep and 
having most room, close to the left side of my first wife's grave, 
and this to be done without any charge, but what is absolutely 
necessary. And for settling what little concerns I have in the 
world, I desire my debts may be satisfied, as easily as my under- 
named Executors can deall with my creditors, who are very few, 
all that I can think of being only a bond * to David Kennedy 
of Ballycultra, in the county of Down, which I think is under 
one hundred or eighty pounds, which debt I design paying him 

* This bond is referred to in the will of David Kennedy of Ballycultra, dated 
22d April 1697, and proved in the Prerogative Court at Dublin. In the schedule 
of assets he has the following : "James Alexander of the city of Dublin, gent., 

by bond and judgment, dated March 3, 1693-4, payable the first 1694. 

Judgment entered in the Common Pleas" (Records in Dublin Probate Court). 
David Kennedy belonged to the parish of Dundonald, county Down. He served 
as captain under the Earl of Mount Alexander, in 1649, when the earl com- 
manded in Ulster. By Act of Settlement he obtained 1482, Is. 4d. as arrears 
of pay (MS. preserved among the Family Papers at Donaghadee, and Irish Record 
Commission Reports, vol. iii., p. 296V 


with a bond due to me by Sir Eobert Hamilton,* with con- 
siderable interest. I think the penalty is now due. I hope 
Mr Kennedy will be reasonable in his demands, in regard he 
had Lodging & Dyett at my house severall times that he 
was in Dublin, which I leave to himselfe as he thinks fitt. 
Another bond for about seventy pounds to John Usher, Esq.,-f- 
who discounted with me for a debt of money that I lent to his 
brother Adam Usher, { and which I think was about halfe of the 
principal that John Usher may clayme of me. This debt to Mr 
Usher was the relict of an old account between him & the Lord 
Glenawly, and I do believe Mr Usher doth not expect more than 
I paid or lent his said brother, Mr Adam Usher, he never to this 
day having demanded or spoke of it to me, however he is a worthy 
good gent., & I leave it to his own discretion. And for what 
debts are due to myselfe, I have them all by way of Deb r - & 
Cred r - in my long book, and do desire that all my worldly sub- 
stance may be equally divided amongst my four children viz., 
my sons Edmond, Richard, & John, and my daughter Hannah, 
and if any of them dye before they be fitt to receive their por- 
tions, I desire that the portion of such child or children that 
shall so dye may be divided amongst those of them that shall 
survive, & because I am at an uncertainty about my son-in-law, 
Richard Tenner, whose portion I designed to be paid him out of 
the debt due to me upon the estate of Edmond Blanchvill, of 
the county of Kilkenny, Esq., the same seeming to be in hazard 
if the said Blanchvill be not restored, and if so, I desire that 
he may come in for a share as the rest of my children, besides 

* Sir Robert Hamilton of Mount Hamilton, son of Sir Hans Hamilton of 
Monella, was created a baronet in 1682; he died in 1703 (The Hamilton MSS., 
Belfast, 4 to, p. 162). 

t John Usher of Monachan, Master in Chancery, eldest son of Sir Walter 
Usher of Portrane, county Dublin, by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir William 
Parsons of Bellamont, Lord- Justice of Ireland (Burke's Landed Gentry). 

J The Rev. Adam Usher, a brother of the preceding. 

Hugh, Lord Hamilton of Glenawly, was second son of Malcolm Hamilton, 
Archbishop of Cash el. He entered the Swedish service, in which he became 
Master-General of Artillery. He was raised to the peerage in 1660. He died in 
1724. James Alexander acted as attorney for Lord Glenawly, and was authorised 
to administer his affairs during his absence abroad (Assignment Records, Dublin). 


one hundred sterling, with the interest thereof, that I left with 
the said Eichard Fenner when I went out of this kingdom, be- 
ginning of the late warr, and which he lent out and took bond 
to Audley Mervin, Esq.,* and I do hereby appoint the said 
Eichard Tenner, and my son Edmond Alexander, to be exe- 
cutors of this rny last Will, praying & enjoy ning that they take 
speciall care that my three younger children by my second wife, 
be well secured their portions till they come to age to make use 
thereof themselves. And it is also my earnest desire and 
request, that care may be taken for their education & learning, 
and that they may be put to such Trades or Callings as may be 
thought most suitable for them, & that in every respect they 
may be soe treated & regard had to them as if they had been all 
borne of one Mother. One thing furder I desire, that if any of 
the children of Walter Morison, late of Convent Garden, London, 
Taylor, be alive, that there may be Twenty pounds paid them, 
I having been formerly concerned for the said Walter Morrison, 
that I am conscious that I ought to give them so much. This 
is my Will, which I have now deliberately written with my own 
hand, and do sign & subscribe the same, the day & year afore- 

" Signed & sealed in the presence of 
John Matthews, Elizabeth Jones, Deborah Gill. 

" The above being my last Will, I have nothing to add at 
present, but the debt due by Blanchvill seeming now to be 
good from the Trustees, I order Mr Tenner in the first place to 
be satisfied all due to him ; and the rest to my son Edmond ; 
but if it prove otherwise then I have good reason to believe, it 
will do well yet, & in that case I desire that Mr Tenner and my 
son Edmond may come in for a share of the redyest money, also 
hoping other debts may prove good, out of which I leave and 
bequeath to my grandchildren by Mr Tenner, three hundred 
pounds to be divided amongst them, and if any of them dye, the 
share of such to go amongst those that survive as their "Father 

* Probably a son of Sir Audley Mervyn, the celebrated soldier and Speaker of 
the Irish House of Commons. 


sees fitt, but if wee find good success in our affaire, then I intend 
to augment them. In witness whereof I have subscribed these 
presents, this first day of March 1701. 


John M'Clelan, husband of Hannah Alexander, 
daughter of James Alexander by his second wife, 
disputed the validity of the will, which became the 
subject of a protracted suit. On the 20th September 
1707, it is set forth in the Grant Book of the Pre- 
rogative Court that Marmaduke Coghill, commissary 
of that Court, had adjudged the will ineffectual, on 
the ground that Richard Fenner and Edmond Alex- 
ander had suppressed the truth in connection with it. 
A decree was consequently granted, that the affairs 
of the deceased should be administered by Hannah 
M'Clelan, alias Alexander, and Edmond, Richard, 
and John Alexander, lawful children of the deceased. 

The children of James Alexander, by his first wife, 
the daughter of Peter Blanchville, were Susannah, 
Sarah, and Edmond ; and by his second wife, Richard 
James, John, and Hannah. 

Susannah, elder daughter of James Alexander by 
his first wife, married, 10th January 1692, James 
Agar of Gowran Castle, in the county of Kilkenny, 
whose mother, Ellis Blanchville, was her mother's 
sister.t She had a son, James, and two other sons, 

* Dublin Probate Court. 

t Charles Agar, of an old family in the county of York, settled at Gowran 
Castle, in the county of Kilkenny. He died 14th February 1696. By his mar- 
riage with Ellis, daughter of Peter Blanchville of Blanchvilletown, county Kil- 
kenny, he had a son, James, who succeeded him in his estate. On the death of 

* K 


who all died in infancy. She died prior to the 25th 
December 1699, the date of her father's will. 

Sarah, daughter of James Alexander by his first 
wife, espoused Eichard Tenner of the city of Dublin, 
whom she predeceased. She had four sons, James, 
Alexander, Edmond, and William ; and three daugh- 
ters, Elizabeth, who married - - Parry, Susannah, 
and Mary.* 

Edmond, only son of James Alexander by his first 
wife, died unmarried in 1716. His will, proved in 
the Prerogative Court of Dublin by his nephew, James 
Fenner, on the 29th March 1716, proceeds thus : 

" In the name of God, Amen, the 13th May 1706. I, Edmond 
Alexander of the city of Dublin, being of sound and perfect 
memory (praise be to God for the same), and knowing ye uncer- 
tainty of this life, and being desirous to settle things in order, 
do make this my last Will & Testament, that is to say, First, 
and principally, I commend my soul to Almighty God, my 
Creator, assuredly believing y fc I shall receive full pardon and 
free remission of all my sins, and be saved by the precious 
death and meritts of my blessed Saviour and Eedeemer, Christ 
Jesus. And my body to be buried in St Cavanis Churchyard, 
near my mother & sister (if I dye in Dublin) ; if I dye in the 
county of Kilkenny, I desire to be buryed in the tomb at St 
Kenny's Church (belonging to my mother's family), in such 
decent manner as to my Executors hereafter named, shall seem 
meet and convenient. And as touching such worldly estate as 

Susannah. Alexander, his first wife, he married, secondly, Mary, eldest daughter 
of Sir Henry Wemyss of Danesfort, county Kilkenny (who died in 1771, aged 
106), and had by her sons and daughters. James Agar, eldest son of Henry, his 
eldest son, was created Baron Clifden, 27th July 1776 ; the eldest son of his second 
son, James, was, on the 6th June 1790, created Lord Callan ; and Charles, third 
son of his eldest son, was appointed Archbishop of Dublin, and in 1806 was 
created Earl of Normanton. 

* See will of Edinoiid Alexander, infra. 


it has pleased God to bless me with, my will and meaning is, ye 
same shall be employed and be bestowed as hereafter by this 
my will is expressed ; and, first, I do revoke, renounce, frustrate, 
and make void all wills by me formerly made, and declare & 
appoint this my last Will & Testament. 

" First, I will y fc all those debts which I owe in right or con- 
science to any manner of persons whatever shall be well arid 
truly paid by my Executors undernamed. Item, I give & 
bequeath to my sister, Hannah Alexander, alias M'Clelan, the 
sum of five shillings and five pence, to buy her husband a glass 
eye, and this with the consent of her three counsellors, Eliza- 
beth, Eichard, & Jenny Jones. Item, I give and bequeath to 
my brother, Eichard Alexander, the sum of five shillings, to pur- 
chase his guardian a Eattle. Item, I give and bequeath to my 
brother, John Alexander, the sum of five shillings ; I intended 
him ye best share of what I had, but as he has turned me from 
being his guardian, so I now do him with this five shillings to 
buy him more understanding in the future. Item, I leave Mrs 
Jones my pardon for her perjury about my Father's will, & hope 
she may heartily repent and make her peace with God. Item, 
I will that all my substance be equally divided amongst my 
dearest sister, Tenner's, children; y* is, to James, Alexander, 
Edmond, William Fenner, & to Elizabeth Fenner, alias Parry, 
Susanna, and Mary Fenner, to be paid them at the age of one- 
and-twenty, & if any of them dye before they arrive at that age, 
ye share of such child or children to be equally divided amongst 
the remaining children of my sister Fenner. Item, I leave as a 
legacy to Mrs Elizabeth Tarnoll's of King's Steet, in Bloomsbury, 
in London, the sum of five pounds sterling, for her care of me in 
my sickness, besides a debt due to her. Item, I leave James 
Agar and his lady each a guiney to buy a mourning ring. Item, 
I leave Mr James Cowan a mourning ring, of a guinea value. 
I do appoint Eichard Fenner and his son, James Fenner, to be 
executors of this my last will, &c. EDM. ALEXANDER. 

C Peter Agar. 

" Witnesses, \ Eich d Malloy. 
( Owen Sullivan." 

(Dublin Probate Court). 


Kichard James Alexander, elder son of James 
Alexander of Dublin by his second marriage, ac- 
quired the small estate of Mawdlins, near Trim, in 
the county of Meath. He married Margaret Hughes, 
and had issue, two daughters, Hannah and Mary. 
He died in 1725. His will, dated 13th July 1725, 
was proved by his brother, John, on the 2d February 
1726 ; it contains the following : 

" That the settlement made upon intermarryage in favour of 
my dear child and daughter, Hanna Alexander, shall continue, 
as at present, in the hands of William Lingan, Esq., in the 
Castle of Dublin, save y* in case of her death her hundred and 
fifty pounds shall descend to the survivor of my two daughters ; 
but in case of both their deaths, the same to remain still at 
interest for the use of my beloved wife, Margaret Alexander, 
alias Hughes ; but in case of the death of all three, to remain 
for the use of my dear brother and sister, Mr John Alexander 
and Hanna Maclelan, alias Alexander. As for the lease of my 
house on Lesyrshill, Dublin, I leave it for the use of my dear 
wife, Margaret, and daughter, Mary Alexander. Item, my 
proportion of ye fund lying in the hand of Mr Young, near St 
Catherine's Church in Dublin, the interest of which comes to 
three pounds per annum, I leave to be disposed of in the best 
manner for the use of said Margaret, my wife, and Mary, my 
daughter. Item, the hundred pounds lying in the hands of Mr 
James Eagar [Agar] of Gowran, in the county of Kilkenny, to 
continue at interest for use of said Margaret, my wife, and 
Mary, my daughter. Item, all my goods and chattels, etc., here 
at ye Maudlins, near Trim, with what money lyes in my brother 
John Alexander's hands, to be also equally for the use of my 
said wife Margaret, and Mary, my daughter ; but in case of the 
death of my daughter Mary, I order her moyety of all above 
mentioned to be divided between my wife Margaret, and daugh- 
ter Hanna, and in case of the death of both the latter, for my 


brother and sister as before. I order my sister, Sara Hughes, 
upon account of attending me some time as an honest servant, 
five pounds sterling to put her to some honest employment, out 
of the product of my goods. I order my lawfull debts should 
be paid out of the bulk of my worldly substance as soon as 
possible; funeral charges, book debts due to Mr Anthony, 
Trim, to be paid by my brother John. Item, I leave the charge 
of both my children to my dear wife, Margaret Alexander, as 
long as she behaves herself towards them as a good mother, 
but in case of her second marryage, I leave the charge of my 
daughter Hanna to her uncle and my brother-in-law, Mr James 
Bath of Nettstowne. Lastly, I constitute my brother, John 
Alexander, and brother-in-law, said James Bath, executors of 
this my last will and testament, to see justice done in every 

A codicil is added, in which the testator desires that 
the money lying in his brother John's hands be 
forthwith paid to discharge debt (Dublin Probate 

Hannah Alexander, only daughter of James Alex- 
ander by his second marriage, married John M/Clelan, 
of the city of Dublin. 

John, youngest son of James Alexander of Dublin, 
became a student of Glasgow College, session 1700-1. 
In the Matriculation Register of that University he 
has, on the 3d March 1701, recorded his name thus : 
" Johannes Alexander, Scot. Hib." The affix Scoto- 
Hibernicus indicates that, though a native of Ireland, 
the signer was of Scottish descent. 

By his father's will, John Alexander was, as a 
minor, placed, with his brother, Richard James, 
under the care of their half-brother, Edmond, and 


brother-in-law, Richard Fenner. When the will was 
set aside, John M'Clelan, husband of Hannah Alex- 
ander, obtained, on the 9th April 1706, legal guar- 
dianship of his brothers, Edmond and John, who 
were still minors (Grant Book of Prerogative Court). 

The decision respecting his father's will was keenly 
resented by Edmond Alexander, who proceeded forth- 
with to frame his own last will,* in which he evinced 
much bitter feeling towards his brothers and sister 
by his father's second marriage. Respecting his 
half-brother, John, he affirmed that he had intended 
to bestow on him the best share of his substance, but 
as he had deprived him of being his guardian, he left 
him " five shillings to buy him more understanding." 

From the University of Glasgow, John Alexander 
removed to Bristol, to assist in the theological 
academy kept by the Rev. Isaac Noble,t minister of 
the Presbyterian congregation at Castle Green in 
that city. Having become a licentiate of the Pres- 
byterian Church, he was, in 1712, settled at Glouces- 
ter on the invitation of a portion of the Presbyterians 
in that city, who withdrew from the old meeting on 

* His will is dated 13th May 1706 (see supra). 

t Rev. Isaac Noble was ordained minister of the Castle Green Presbyterian 
Church, Bristol, on the 28th May 1689. He was a popular preacher, and had 
upwards of five hundred hearers. . Besides discharging the duties of the pastorate, 
he conducted a theological seminary, which was much resorted to by persons 
preparing for the ministry of the Presbyterian Church. Mr Noble published a 
sermon which he preached at Gloucester on the death of the Rev. James Forbes, 
3d June 1712. He is frequently mentioned in the "Life of the Rev. John 
Reynolds," an eminent Presbyterian divine. He died on the 27th September 
1726 (Calamy's Life, vol. i., p. 365 ; and Wilson's Presbyterian Congregations 
in England, in Dr Williams' library, London). 


the death of the Rev. James Forbes.* He continued 
at Gloucester till 1718, when he was translated to 
the pastorate of the Presbyterian church at Stratford- 
on-Avon. An academy, which he established at 
Gloucester, he continued at Stratford-on-Avon so 
long as he remained in that place. 

In 1726 John Alexander proceeded from Strat- 
ford-on-Avon to Dublin to attend to his duties as an 
executor under the will of his deceased brother, 
Richard James. In that will he is described as " Mr 
John Alexander," in allusion to his clerical office. 
Having preached at Dublin, his pulpit talents recom- 
mended him to the Presbyterian congregation in 
Plunket Street, who, on the 29th April of the same 
year, invited him to undertake their pastorate. He 
at first declined, but on a renewal of the call on the 
29th March 1730, he accepted it (Kirk Session Re- 
cords of Plunket Street Church). His translation 
from Stratford-on-Avon was opposed by some of his 
English brethren as being detrimental to the Presby- 
terian cause in England, but the translation was 
proceeded with, and on the 12th November 1730 he 
was inducted in his new charge. He died at Dublin 
on the 1st of November 1743 ; his funeral' was con- 
ducted at the expense of his hearers (Kirk Session 
Records of Plunket Street Church). Mr John Alex- 

* The Rev. James Forbes was a native of Scotland. He was persecuted for 
nonconformity. He died at Gloucester on the 31st May 1712, aged eighty-three, 
having ministered at Gloucester fifty-eight years (Wilson's Presbyterian Congre- 
gations in England). 


ander is described by Dr Kippis as "distinguished 
for his skill in Oriental literature " (Biographia 
Britannica, Lond. 1780, vol. ii., p. 206). 

Mr John Alexander married, on the 8th August 
1732, Hannah Higgs of Old Swinford, the marriage 
being celebrated by licence in the parish church of 
Hartlebury, Worcestershire (Parish Church Eegister 
of Hartlebury). Of the marriage were born six chil- 
dren, two of whom died in infancy (Records of Plunket 
Street Church). Mr Alexander having died intestate, 
the Prerogative Court, on the 27th February 1743-4, 
authorised Benjamin Higgs of Dublin, his brother- 
in-law, to settle his affairs, and act as guardian to 
his children, Mary, John, Benjamin, and Hannah 
Alexander, minors (Grant Book Register of Prero- 
gative Court of Dublin). 

Mrs Hannah Alexander, wife of Mr John Alex- 
ander, died at Birmingham on the 5th October 1768, 
aged sixty-three (Inscription on Tombstone at Birming- 

John Alexander, the elder son, was born at Dublin, 
on the 26th January 1736. In his " Biographia Bri- 
tannica," Dr Kippis describes his career in the fol- 
lowing narrative : " Mrs Hannah Alexander removed 
with her family from Dublin, and settled at Birming- 
ham. She sent her son John to an academy at 
Daventry, in the county of Northampton, where he 
prosecuted his studies under the Rev. Dr Caleb Ash- 
worth, an eminent Nonconformist minister. He was 


next taken to London, and there placed under the 
tuition of the distinguished Dr George Benson, under 
whose care he remained for several years. With his 
learning and personal behaviour, Dr Benson was so 
much satisfied that he gave him free board and lodg- 
ing. Leaving the metropolis, he remained some time 
with his mother at Birmingham. In that town and 
neighbourhood he preached occasionally, and after- 
wards discharged the clerical duties at Longdon, a 
place situated about twelve miles from Birmingham. 
On Saturday, 28th December 1765, he retired to rest 
in perfect health between eleven and twelve o'clock, 
intending to officiate at Longdon the next day, but 
at six in the morning he was found dead in his bed 
an event which was sincerely deplored by his friends, 
as both a private and a public loss. He was in his 
thirtieth year." After his death, the Rev. John 
Palmer of London published " A Paraphrase upon the 
Fifteenth Chapter of the First Epistle to the Corinth- 
ians, with critical notes and observations, and a pre- 
liminary dissertation. A Commentary, with critical 
remarks upon the sixth, seventh, and part of the eighth 
chapters of the Romans, to which is added a Sermon on 
Ecclesiastes, ix. 10, composed by the Author the day 

* The tombstone of the Rev. John Alexander at Birmingham is thus inscribed : 
"Sacred to the memory of the Rev. Mr John Alexander, who was eminently 
distinguished as a Christian scholar and divine, though cut off in his thirtieth 
year. He was born January 26, 1736 ; died December 29, 1765. Learn, reader, 
that honourable age is not that which standeth in length of time, nor that is 
measured by number of years ; but wisdom is the grey hair, and an unspotted 
life is old age." 


preceding his death. By John Alexander. Printed 
at London, in quarto, for Buckland and others, in 

In his posthumous work, Mr Alexander upholds 
the opinion that the soul is in a state of unconscious- 
ness between death and the resurrection. To The 
Library a miscellany published in London in the 
years 1761 and 1762 he contributed an ironical 
defence of persecution, and essays, entitled " Dul- 
ness," "Misanthropy," "The Study of Man," "Con- 
troversy," "The Misconduct of Parents," "Modern 
Authorship," "The Present State of Wit in Great 
Britain," " The Index of the Mind," and " The Fate 
of Periodical Productions."* 

Benjamin Alexander, second son of the Kev. John 
Alexander, was born at Dublin in March 1737. He 
studied medicine, and practised as a physician in 
London. A copy of his thesis on obtaining his 
degree, is contained in the British Museum. Dedi- 
cated to William Hunter, M.D., the celebrated 
physician, it extends to twenty pages, 4to, and bears 
the following title : " Dissertatio Medicae Inauguralis 
de Motu Musciilorum, &c., pro gradu Doctoratus sum- 
misque in Medicina honoribus et privilegis rite ac 
legitime consequendis eruditorum examini submittit 
Benjaminus Alexander Londinensis ad diem 1 Decem- 
bris 1761 hora locoque solitis." 

Dr Benjamin Alexander published at London, in 

* Biographia Britannica, vol. ii., pp. 206, 207. 


1769, in three quarto volumes, a work, entitled 
"Seats and Causes of Diseases investigated by 
Anatomy, in five books ; containing a great variety 
of dissections, with remarks ; to which are added very 
copious and accurate indices of the principal things 
and names therein contained. From the Latin of John 
Baptist Morgagni." Dr Alexander died in April 
1768 (Register of Burials, Bunhill Fields Burying 

Mary Alexander, elder daughter of the Rev. John 
Alexander, born in October 1733, died, unmarried, 
on the 28th April 1794. Hannah, the younger 
daughter, born January 1740, married, 26th Septem- 
ber 1769, William Humphrys, merchant, Birming- 
ham (Register of Marriages of Parish of St Martin, 
Birmingham). Mr Humphrys was of Irish descent. 
Edward Humphrys of Tententown, in the county of 
Carlo w, in his will dated 16th April 1782 (proved 
27th May 1786), mentions his brother, William, and 
his nephew, Alexander, and his son (Sir William 
Betham's MSS. in the Ulster Office, Dublin Castle). 

Of the marriage of William Humphrys and Hannah 
Alexander were born two sons and five daughters, of 
whom a son, Alexander, and a daughter, Elizabeth, 
survived infancy. The remaining history of this 
branch will be found in the Appendix. 



IN the Calendar of the Carew MSS. appears the follow- 
ing transcript from an ancient register: " 6 Edward II. 
Monday, in the morrow of the Annunciation, pleas of 
the Crown at Cassell, before Walter de Thornebury, 
Chancellor of Ireland, and William Alexander, ap- 
pointed in place of Edmond le Bottiller, engaged in 
remote parts" (Calendar of the Carew MSS., p. 353). 
At the date herein indicated, being the 26th of 
March 1313, William Alexander obtained the place 
of judge in the Assize Court at Cashel in place of 
Edmond le Botiller, who held office as Lord Justice 
of Ireland. From the same register we have 
the following : " 7 Edward II. Monday, before St 


Laurence the Martyr, pleas of the Crown and gaol 
delivery at Corche, before Walter de Thornebury, 
Chancellor of Ireland, and William Alexander." 

Sir Henry Wallop, who, in 1582, was appointed 
one of the Lord Justices of Ireland, had, as his secre- 
tary, George Alexander, a native of England, whose 
honest and faithful services he commended in a letter 
to Secretary Walsingham on the 2d January 1585 
(Irish State Papers). On the 3d June 1584, George 
Alexander obtained a royal grant of the preceptory 
of the Ardes, with the manor of Johnston and the 
tithes of the rectory and parish church of Kath- 
mollen, in the province of Ulster, which, on the 7th 
July following, he conveyed to Matthew Smyth of 
Newry, in the same province (Original in Usher's 
Box, Public Eecord Office, Dublin). 

The will of George Alexander, dated 27th October 
1585, is preserved among the records of the Con- 
sistorial Court of Dublin. In this document, which 
is of great length, the testator intimates his con- 
nection with Bedfordshire. He bequeaths a portion 
of his substance to his father, Nicholas Alexander, 
and makes provision for his sisters, "Urseley and 
Marie." He also bequeaths articles of apparel as 
remembrances to a number of persons with Jewish 

In the settlement or colonisation of Ulster, which 
began in 1609, the corporation of the city of London 
took a principal part. They obtained an allotment 


of the whole county of Coleraine, since called London- 
derry, on the condition that they would fortify the 
towns of Londonderry and Coleraine, and expend 
20,000 in the plantation (Reid's Presbyterian 
Church, i. 81). 

On the 7th February 1634, Robert Alexander, 
silk mercer in London, executed his will. He names 
two sons, Robert and Richard, and two unmarried 
daughters, Margaret and Gertrude. To Robert, his 
elder son, he bequeathed his lands in Ireland, being 
that portion of territory which belonged to him as a 
member of the Company of Skinners (Will in Probate 
Court of Canterbury). 

In his will, executed on the 22d July 1627, Lord 
Caulfeild, Baron Charlemont, bequeathed to Francis, 
son of his late niece, Dorothy, wife of Doctor Alex- 
ander, 200 English, to be paid him at the age of 
twenty-four, and in the meantime 20 a-year towards 
his maintenance (Lodge's Peerage, iii. 127-134). 
Baron Charlemont was so created in 1620. As Sir 
Toby Caulfeild, he was, on account of his military 
services, appointed by James I. governor of the fort 
of Charlemont, and of the counties of Tyrone and 
Armagh. He was subsequently appointed one of the 
commissioners for distributing the escheated lands in 
Ulster among British undertakers. On his death in 
August 1627, he was, in terms of the patent, suc- 
ceeded in his estates and title by his nephew, Sir 
William Caulfeild, knight, son of his younger brother, 


Doctor James Caulfeild (Lodge's Peerage). Of this 
last, Dorothy, the second daughter, espoused " Doctor 
Alexander," so named in Lord Caulfeild's will, and 
who was probably a physician, who had sought prac- 
tice on the new plantation of the London Companies. 
That his Christian name was Andrew, and that he 
died in 1642, as stated by Dr Cotton, are assertions 
which we have failed to verify (Cotton's Fasti Eccl. 

Francis Alexander/ son of " Doctor Alexander " 
and Dorothy Caulfeild, died at Dublin sometime prior 
to the 6th November 1630, when his will was proved 
in the Prerogative Court of that city. From that 
document, which is dated 16th July 1629, we extract 
the following : 

"Whereas Toby, late Lord Caulfeild, did, by his Will, be- 
queath unto me one legacy of Two hundred pounds sterl. 
remayning yett unpaid, as by his last Will appeareth, I doe 
heirby authorize my trustie & welbeloved friend, Thomas Wilson, 
gentleman, whom I doe hereby make my sole executor, to aske, 
demaunde, and receive of Sir William Caulfeild, knight, Lord 
Caulfeild, the said sum of Two hundred pounds sterling, and 
upon receipt thereof, to dispose of y*, as by my Will following 
I doe dispose of the same. First, I will that my executor be 
carefull for mee to see those debts that I duly owe be. carefully 
satisfied and paid ; and after the said debts paid, and my funerall 
rights satisfied, I will and bequeath unto my loving freind, Nath. 

* The Christian name of Francis does not re-appear among either the English 
or Scottish families of Alexander, resident in Ireland. A " Francis Alexander, 
Doctor of Divinity," certifies as to the value of certain books belonging to the 
late Dean and Chapter of Winchester, in a legal instrument, dated 22d December 
1651 (Eoyalist Composition Papers, First Series, vol. 74, p. 148, in Public 
Record Office, London). 


Crosby of Dublin, gent., the sum of Forty Pounds sterling. 
Item, I will and bequeath unto Eobert Dunn, shoemaker, the 
sum of Twenty Pounds sterl. Item, I will and bequeath unto 
Eichard Kearney, sonne unto Edward Kearney, the sum of Five 
Pounds sterling, to be put forth to encrease for his advancement 
in learning. Item, I will and bequeath unto Alice Conner that 
attendeth me at this tyme, Twenty shillings. Item, I will 
and bequeath unto William Lalor, all my apparrell and some 
books, both printed and written. Item, I will and bequeath unto 
Ellen Kearney, wyfe unto Edward Kearney, the sum of fforty 
shillings sterl., for to make her a ringe off ; and for the remainder 
of my state and goods, I give and bequeath fully unto my said 
executor, to his own use, in recompense of his care of mee, and 
in performing this my last Will and Testament." 

Francis Alexander died unmarried, but it is ex- 
tremely probable that an English family of the name 
which we find established in the vicinity of London- 
derry in the latter part of the seventeenth century, 
were descended from the same stock which had pro- 
duced " Doctor Alexander " and Eobert Alexander, 
mercer in London. 

Notably connected with Ireland in the seventeenth 
century was Sir Jerome Alexander, Second Justice 
of the Court of Common Pleas, and founder of the 
Alexander Library in Trinity College, Dublin. De- 
scended from a Jewish family in the county of Nor- 
folk, he was a barrister-at-law, and a pleader in the 
Court of Star Chamber. In that court he was 
accused of defacing certain depositions in a case 
wherein he was plaintiff, and one John Yates defender, 
and whereby the court was misled so as to give judg- 


ment against Yates. Consequent on this offence, he 
was, on the 17th November 1626, amerced by the 
council of the Star Chamber in a penalty of 500, 
deprived of his status as a barrister, and sentenced 
to imprisonment in the Fleet prison. To avoid the 
consequences of this sentence he escaped to Ireland, 
where, by Edward, second Viscount Conway, he was 
employed in connection with his lordship's estates 
in the counties of Down and Armagh, and in other 
duties connected with Ulster. He afterwards prac- 
tised in the law courts of Dublin, but the sentence of 
the Court of Star Chamber materially impeded his 
advancement. In January 1633 he unsuccessfully 
attempted to procure a pardon from Charles I., 
through a subordinate in the office of Sir John 
Cooke, Secretary of State. About the close of the 
same year he obtained, through the influence of Lord 
Arundel, Earl Marshal, the royal licence to repair to 
England. But his enemies were on the alert. On 
the alleged informality of his not presenting his 
licence to the Lord Deputy before leaving Dublin, he 
was committed to prison. Petitioning the king, he, 
on the 7th December 1633, received the royal pardon 
the penalty inflicted by the Court of Star Chamber 
being discharged by his father-in-law. The royal 
pardon was granted on the express condition that its 
recipient " should never practise as a councillor-at- 
law in England." 

Jerome Alexander now obtained extensive employ- 

* L 


ment in the courts of Dublin. Countenanced by Lord 
Conway, he proved of much service in suggesting 
legislative measures for restoring tranquillity among 
British settlers in Ulster. In a lengthened paper, 
bearing date 1655, he proposed that a commission 
should issue from the Irish Chancery, with the Sur- 
veyor-General as one of its members. That commis- 
sion, he suggested, should determine the boundaries 
of baronies forfeited by rebels and delinquents since 
the 25th of March 1639, and should subdivide and 
allocate the same according to a scheme agreed upon 
by the Committee of Adventurers. From the date of 
his obtaining the royal pardon he began to invest his 
savings in the purchase of forfeited lands. On the 
26th May 1634, Everage M'Evor and Eory M'Evor 
conveyed to him the lands of Bally M'Broghie, 
and others in the district of Killwarkie and county 
of Down. On the 28th September 1635, he paid 
53, 6s. 8d. on several " alienations of land " made 
to him in the county of Down. On 9th December 
1636, he purchased the manor and mansion-house, 
and site of the late dissolved Abbey of Kilcooley, 
from the Earl of Ormonde. One of the most opulent 
of the English settlers in Ireland, Jerome Alexander 
was invited to London in 1660, and on the 18th 
August of that year was knighted by Charles II. at 
Whitehall. On the 30th November following he 
received letters-patent appointing him to the office of 
Second Justice of the Irish Court of Common Pleas. 


Sir Jerome Alexander died on the 25th July 1670, 
and his remains were deposited in St Patrick's Cathe- 
dral. In his will, executed on the 23d March 1670, 
he bequeathed to the provost, fellows and scholars of 
Trinity College, Dublin, his books and MSS., along 
with the sum of 600 to found a library in connec- 
tion with the college, to be called Alexander's Library; 
he also provided for the endowment of a keeper. He 
bequeathed to the collegiate authorities rents of a 
portion of his lands in Westmeath for supplying a 
sixpenny loaf of bread weekly to ten indigent persons, 
being Protestants, at the gate of the college. He 
also made provision for recompensing a clergyman 
selected by the college authorities, who should preach 
a discourse each Christmas in celebration of that 

By the authorities of Trinity College, Dublin, the 
directions contained in his will are substantially 
observed. Indigent persons are every Saturday at 
the college gate supplied with bread, soup, and meat, 
along with an allowance of money. They are for the 
most part persons who have served the students, and 
no religious test is imposed. The MSS. and books 
bequeathed by him are preserved in the college 
library. The MSS. are kept separately, the press 
marks being G 3, 115, and G 4, 114. The 
printed books are placed among the other books of 
the library. At the Eevolution of 1688 Sir Jerome's 
bequest of books was considerably interfered with. 


In 1702 the MSS. were revised, when it appeared that 
several were missing. Some of these were recovered 
in 1741 and 1742, when Dr Lyons made a catalogue 
of MSS. in the college. About that period the MSS. 
were rebound and rearranged, so that a catalogue 
printed in 1697 is now of little use (Catalogi MSS. 
Angliae et Hibernise, etc., Oxon., 1697). The special 
direction respecting the sermon on Christmas has 
not been observed for many years ; it has been merged 
in the general preachership. 

Sir Jerome Alexander married Elizabeth, daughter 
of John Havers of London (who died on the 10th 
November 1667), by whom he had three daughters, 
Jeromina, Eose, and Elizabeth. Jeromina, the eldest 
daughter, married Humphrey Lanham, by whom she 
had two sons, John and Humphrey, who died young, 
and three daughters, Mary, Eose, and Elizabeth. 
Elizabeth married, first, Nicholas Browne, and se- 
condly, John Button ; by her first husband she had a 
daughter, Elizabeth. Eose, second daughter of Sir 
Jerome Alexander, was twice married. Her first 
husband was Eawlin Mallech of Cockington, Devon- 
shire, by whom she had a son, Eankin, and a daughter, 
Anne. She married secondly, 23d March 1656, 
Thomas Gorges of Heavitree, Devonshire, M.P. for 
Taunton, by whom she had two sons, Alexander and 
Edward, and a daughter, Elizabeth. Mrs Eose 
Gorges or Alexander died 14th April 1671. 

Elizabeth, youngest daughter of Sir Jerome Alex- 


ander, was, in her father's will, prohibited from 
marrying any person of Irish extraction of whatever 
rank, under the pain of forfeiting the whole of his 
landed estates, which were otherwise bequeathed to 
her. She married Sir William Barker, Bart, of Bock- 
ing Hall, in the county of Suffolk. The lands of Kil- 
cooley Abbey, with its beautiful demesne of sixteen 
hundred acres, are still occupied by the descendants 
of Sir Jerome Alexander, the present owner being 
William Ponsonby Barker, who is descended from 
Mary, daughter of Sir William Barker, the third 
baronet (Transactions of Koyal Historical Society, 
vol. ii.). 

Jacob Alexander of Newton Limavady died in 1710. 
In his will, deposited in the Prerogative Court of 
Londonderry, he mentions his wife and five children, 
of whom three were sons. He also names his 
brothers, Samuel and John, his sister Rachel, and 
three others, Thomas, Debora, and Eebecca Alex- 
ander, connections of his family. 

According to Sir William Betham,* Jacob Alex- 
ander married in 1692, Jane or Margaret, daughter 
and heiress of John Oliver of Newton Limavady, a 
magistrate appointed to administer the oath of allegi- 
ance. Of two of his three sons, James and John, 
the wills are recorded in the Prerogative Court at 
Dublin in 1786. In his will, dated 16th October 
1764, James, the eldest brother, styles himself " of 

* Betliam Pedigrees in the Ulster Office, Dublin. 


Newtonlimavady, merchant." He bequeaths the life- 
rent of his houses, lands, and tenements, in the manor 
of Limavady, to his wife Elizabeth, and, at her death, 
the moiety of his lands of Killane to his son James. 
If James does not choose to reside at Killane, he 
enjoins him to dispose of the lands and tenements to 
his brothers, Leslie and John. He settles an annuity 
on his son Oliver, who is described as residing in 
America. To his daughter Jane he bequeaths 
150, should she marry with consent of his execu- 
tors. He adds that, having given his daughters, 
Mary Ogilby, Elizabeth Orr, and Anne Law, at the 
time of their marriages, more than he could afford, 
he leaves each of them five shillings only. He consti- 
tutes his sons, Leslie, John, and James, his residuary 

The will of John Alexander, a younger son of 
Jacob Alexander of Newton Limavady, is dated 21st 
April 1772. The testator, who describes himself as 
" John Alexander of Newtonlimavady," liferents his 
wife Elizabeth, daughter of William Eoss of Newton 
Limavady, and his wife, Mary Leslie of Leslie Hill, 
county Antrim, in his moiety of the land of Killane. 
He bequeaths to his niece, Mary Ogilby, 50; to his 
niece, Elizabeth Orr, 50 ; to his niece, Anne Law, 
50 ; and to his niece, Jane Alexander, 150. He 
bequeaths to his three nephews, Leslie, John, and 
James Alexander, the residue of his estate, real and 
personal, providing that if his nephew James, who 


has gone to the East Indies, should die before he 
returns home, his share should be possessed by Leslie 
and John. 

John, second son of Jacob Alexander, died without 
issue. His elder brother James had four sons, 
Leslie, John, James, and Oliver, and four daughters, 
Mary, Elizabeth, Anne, and Jane. Mary married Dr 
Alexander Ogilby of Newton Limavady ; Elizabeth 
married James Orr of Gortin, parish of Aghadowey, 
county Derry ; Anne married the Rev. William Law, 
Presbyterian minister at Strabane, county Tyrone; 
and Jane married Dr Robert Ogilby of Newton 
Limavady. James, the third son, became a major- 
general in the service of the East India Company, 
and died at Calcutta in 1779, unmarried (Betham's 
Pedigrees, Ulster Office). In his will, dated 18th 
March 1769, he is described as "James Alexander, 
late of Philadelphia, merchant, but now of London, 
and bound on a sea voyage to the East Indies." He 
bequeaths his freehold lands and tenements in the 
county of Derry to his brothers Leslie and John. 
John Alexander married Hester King of Newton 
Limavady, and died without issue. 

Leslie Alexander, eldest son and heir of James 
Alexander of Newton Limavady, married Anna Simp- 
son of Armagh (Betham's Pedigrees). He had five 
sons, John, James, Leslie, Alexander, and Thomas, 
and three daughters, Elizabeth and Louisa, who died 
unmarried, and Jane, who married William Moody 


of Roe House. Thomas, the fifth son, settled as a 
merchant in London, and acquired the estate of 
Frowick in Essex, and Ahilly in the county of Done- 
gal. He married Jane, eldest daughter of William 
Haigh of Westfield, Doncaster, and died in 1867, 
leaving four sons, Leslie William, born 1841, now of 
Ahilly, James, Thomas, and Edward Merydeth Edg- 
worth, and three daughters, Anna Louisa, Eosetta, 
and Elizabeth Frances. 

Alexander Alexander of Foyle Park, fourth son 
of Leslie Alexander, died on the 1st September 
1832, aged forty-one. His will was proved at Lon- 
donderry by his brothers, John Alexander of Newton 
Limavady, and Lesley Alexander of "the Old 
Jewry, London." To his brother Leslie he be- 
queathed the lands in the Manor of Goldsmiths, 
lately purchased by him from the Ponsonby family. 
He bequeathed his estate and lands in the Half 
Barony of Coleraine to his nephew, Leslie Alex- 
ander, son of his brother John. To his brother 
John he bequeathed the estate* in Newton Lima- 
vady, which he purchased from John Alexander of 
Belfast ; also his lands of Ballymore and Largy, in 
the county of Derry, subject to an annuity of 150 
to his brother James. His property in Newton 
Limavady, which he purchased from Mr Ogilby of 
London, he bequeathed to his brother Thomas. 

* Alexander Alexander purchased the estate of Ballyclose, Newton Limavady, 
from John Alexander of Belfast in July 1827. 


Leslie Alexander, third son of Leslie Alexander 
of Newton Limavady, resided at London and Foyle 
Park, in the county of Derry, of which county he 
was a deputy-lieutenant. He married, on the 22d 
September 1835, Amelia Maria, daughter of Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Bates of the 21st Light Dragoons, but 
died without issue. 

James Alexander, second son of Leslie Alex- 
ander of Newton Limavady, acquired the estate of 
Deer Park, in the county of Derry. 

John, eldest son of Leslie Alexander, married Mar- 
garet, daughter of Samuel Maxwell, of Armagh, and 
had issue four sons, Leslie, Alexander, Samuel Max- 
well, and John, and two daughters, Anna and Jane. 

Anna, elder daughter of John Alexander of New- 
ton Limavady, married A. J. Stanton, M.P. for 
Stroud; Jane, the younger daughter, married Ed- 
ward Frederick Christian Bitter, of London ; Leslie, 
eldest son, served as a lieutenant in the llth Hussars; 
and died unmarried ; Alexander, the second son, died 
unmarried ; John, the fourth son, owned the lands of 
Ballyclose ; he died unmarried. Samuel Maxwell 
Alexander, the third son, is proprietor of Roe Park, 
and representative of his House. He is a magistrate 
for county Donegal, and a deputy-lieutenant of the 
county of Derry. 

A person named Alexander, from the county of 
Kent, of Jewish origin, settled on lands near Stra- 
bane, in the county of Tyrone, during the Com- 


monwealth. One of his descendants, Joseph Alex- 
ander, rented the farm of Magheragh, in the parish of 
Donagheady, county Tyrone, and there died in Nov- 
ember 1781. He had two sons, Robert and James, 
and two daughters, Elizabeth and Martha. In his 
will, dated 21st November 1781, he bequeaths the 
lease of his farm to his son Eobert. To his son 
James he bequeaths 100, to his daughter Eliza- 
beth, 100, and to his daughter Martha, and her 
husband, Arthur Kelly, 20. To his sister Martha 
he bequeaths two guineas, and to his brother Thomas 
his body clothes. A descendant of Joseph Alexander 
by his son Eobert now occupies the farm of Mag- 

James, second son of Joseph Alexander, tenant 
at Magheragh, rented the farm of Gortinesson, near 
Strabane. He had two sons, Eobert and John ; also 
a daughter, Elizabeth, who married John Alexander, 
of the Scottish family of Alexander. Her son received 
an appointment in the Indian Army on the recom- 
mendation of the first Earl of Caledon, who acknow- 
ledged him as a relative. 

Eobert Alexander, elder son of James Alexander, 
succeeded his father in the lease of Gortinesson ; the 
farm is now rented by his son Eobert. 

John, younger son of James Alexander, farmer at 
Gortinesson, had a son, John, who married Elizabeth, 
daughter of James Alexander, of the Scottish family 
settled at Ballybiglemore, county Donegal. Of this 


marriage were born seven sons and one daughter. 
Joseph, the second son, rents the farm of Imlick-Corri- 
gans, county Donegal. James, the elder son, is farmer 
at Drumenon, parish of Taghboyne, county Donegal. 
To the family of Magheragh belonged the late Rev. 
John Alexander, minister of the Presbyterian congre- 
gation at Douglas Bridge, near Newton Stewart. His 
brother, William Alexander, rents the farm of Mount 
Castle, parish of Donagheady, county Tyrone. 



ACCORDING to the learned author of the " History of 
Beading," Berkshire, the family of Zinzano, supposed 
to be of Italian origin, settled in England during the 
reign of Queen Mary (Coates' History of Eeading, 
p. 445). The first reference to any member of the 
House in England occurs in 1555. Sir John Norres, 
knight, of Yattenden, Berkshire, died 21st October 
1564. In the inquisition on his obit, made at Abing- 
don on the 25th January 1564-5, it was found that, 
by deeds executed on the 25th April and 20th 
August 1555, he had settled certain lands at Ashamp- 
sted and Hampsted-Norres, Berks, on his illegitimate 
daughter, Anne Norres, alias Graunt, and her issue. 
At the date of inquest, Anne was wife of Alexander 
Zinzan, gentleman, residing at Ashampsted. 

Eobert, son of Alexander Zinzan and Anne Norres, 
preferred as a surname his father's Christian name. 
In May 1585, a warrant was directed by Queen Eliza- 
beth to the officers of Exchequer, authorising a grant 
of 50 to Eobert Alexander, styled "one of the 
Quirries [equerries] of the stable, to defray his charges 
in conveying certain horses from the Queen to the 


King of Scotts, also for the charges of such as should 
accompany him " (Docquet Book of Exchequer). 

In April 1594, a royal licence was granted to 
Robert Alexander and Richard Mompessons, equerries 
of her Majesty's stable, "that they, their executors, 
administrators, and assignes only, and none other, 
may bring into this realme of England annis seeds 
and sumacke, during the space of twentie yeares after 
the date of the same letters patent, paying to her 
Majestie the customes and subsedies due from the 
same " (Docquet Book). 

Among the knights dubbed by James I. in the 
royal garden at Whitehall, on the 23d July 1603, 
was Sir Robert Alexander of St Albans (Nichols' 
Progresses of James I.). Sir Robert married the 
daughter of - - Westrode, Esq. of Hansacker Hall, 
Staffordshire, by whom he had four sons Sigismund, 
Henry, Alexander, and Andrew ; also three daughters. 

Sir Robert Alexander or Zinzan seems to have died 
in 1607, for on the 24th December of that year, Henry 
Zinzan, alias Alexander, his second son, received the 
office of brigandery to his Majesty, in succession to 
his father, Sir Robert Zinzan or Alexander (Patent 
Roll, James I., v. 17). 

On the 8th May 1607, a warrant, subscribed 
by the Master of the Horse, was directed to the 
treasurer and other officers of his Majesty's house- 
hold, authorising them to pay to Alexander Zinzan, 
and two others, described as " ordinary ryders 


of his Majesty's stable, an encrease of 15 Ib. by 
the yeare during their lives, over and above their 
former allowance of 20 Ib. yearly. Also to pay unto 
Andrew Zinzan the younger, now entertayned as a 
ryder of the said stables, 15 Ib. by the yeare for his 
wages during his life, and to such person as shall 
succeed as an ordynary ryder of the said stable." 
John Pritchard was, on the 24th January 1626, 
appointed a rider of his Majesty's great horses, in 
place of Alexander Zinzan, deceased. 

On the 28th April 1607, " Andrew Zinzan, alias 
Alexander, of the town of St Alban, and county of 
Hertford," is named in an indenture between himself 
and Henry Cutlar of Ayr, in the county of Suffolk. 
During the same reign, Andrew Zinzan, alias Alex- 
ander, received 66, 13s. 4d. per annum for riding 
the king's great horses. 

Among the burials in St Lawrence's Eegister for 
1625 is named that of "Mr Andrew Zinzan, alias 
Alexander." In July 1624, Richard Zinzan, alias 
Alexander, received an annuity of 66, 13s. 4d., and 
yearly livery, for riding the king's great horses in 
reversion after Andrew Zinzan, alias Alexander 
(Record of the Sign Manual, vol. xvi., No. 10). 

Sir Sigismund and Henry Alexander or Zinzan, 
sons of Sir Robert Alexander, were associated as 
masters of sports at the accession of James I. In 
describing certain fetes in honour of the king's arrival 
at Grafton, the seat of her father, George, Earl of 


Cumberland, and which took place on the 27th June 
1603, Lady Anne Clifford writes thus : 

" From thence (Althorp) the Court removed, and were ban- 
quetted w th great Eoyaltie, by my Father, at Grafton, wher the 
King and Queene wear entertayned w th Speeches and deli cat 
presents, at w ch tyme my Lord and the Alexanders did run 
and course at ye field, wher he hurt Henry Alexander verie 
dangerouslie." * 

In the Warrant Book of the Exchequer (vol. ii., p. ' 
141), a Privy Seal warrant, dated 14th March 1608, 
authorises the treasurer to pay to Sir Sigismund Alex- 
ander, knight, and Henry Alexander, Esq., the sum 
of 100 in "frie guift." They afterwards received 
100 annually " towards their charges for running at 
tylte." In certain of the warrants, the "tylte" is 
described as having been run on the 24th of March. 

On the 10th February 1611, Henry Alexander, de- 
scribed as "one of the gent, equerries of His Ma- 
jesty's Stables, received a grant of all such goods, 
chattels, and debtes, which ought to come to His 
Highness by the means of the attainder of Eichard 
Bancks, late of Westness, in the county of York, 
attainted of manslaughter" (Patent Roll). In 1614 
Sir Sigismund and Henry Alexander received a royal 
gift of 1000. Henry Zinzan was appointed harness 
maker to the Ordnance, with a salary of 10 per 
annum. He long retained office in the royal house- 
hold, for there is an indenture, dated 1st May 1638, 

* Lady Anne Clifford was successively Countess of Dorset and Pembroke. Her 
narrative is included in Nichols' Progresses of James I., vol. ii., p. 287. 


between him and Joseph Zinzan or Alexander, one 
of his sons, in which he is described as " one of the 
equerries of the stable, son and heir of Eobert 
Zinzan, alias Alexander, long since deceased " (Patent 
Eoll, Charles I., xiv. 23, 26). 

Sir Sigismund Alexander held a command in the 
Low Countries in 1617 (Coates 5 History of Eeading). 
Among the undated State Papers of the reign of 
Charles I., there is a list of captains recommended for 
service in the Palatinate. Among the lieutenants 
is named Sir Sigismund Alexander ; he afterwards ap- 
pears as a petitioner for a company under the name of 
Sir Sigismund Zinzan, specially recommended " by the 
Prince and Queen of Bohemia." In a document con- 
taining a list of colonels and lieutenant-colonels con 
nected with Ireland, he is named in a roll of captains. 

Sir Sigismund Zinzan or Alexander married Mar- 
garet, daughter of Sir Philip Sterley, knight, of the 
county of Nottingham, by whom he had five sons and 
three daughters. Margaret, one of the daughters, 
married, first, Sir William Shelley, knight ; and se- 
condly, Eobert Thomas, Esq. On the 9th March 
1640-1, along with her father, she presented to the 
House of Lords a petition, praying for relief against a 
sentence of the Judges Delegates, made upon an appeal 
from the Ecclesiastical Court, touching the validity of 
her marriage with Sir William Shelley (Manuscripts 
in the House of Lords, quoted in Appendix to 
Fourth Eeport of Eoyal Historical Commissioners). 


Henry, son of Sigismund Zinzan or Alexander, 
married Jacoba, eldest of the three daughters, and 
co-heiress of Sir Peter Vanlore, Bart, of Tilehurst, 
Berkshire. Mary, Sir Peter's youngest daughter, had, 
as her first husband, Henry Alexander, third son of 
the first Earl of Stirling, who afterwards succeeded 
to the earldom. Among the Close Eolls is an inden- 
ture, executed on the llth January 1661, between Sir 
Robert Crooke, who married Susan, second daughter 
of Sir Peter Vanlore, and his two brothers-in-law, 
Henry Zinzan or Alexander, and Henry, Earl of 
Stirling. Henry Zinzan or Alexander died in No- 
vember 1676, and Jacoba, his wife, in the following 
year. Both were interred at Tilehurst, and are com- 
memorated by a monument in the parish church. 

By his wife, Jacoba Vanlore, Henry Zinzan or 
Alexander had three sons, Henry, Nicholas, and 
Peter ; also five daughters. Henry, the eldest 
son, was born 2d January 1633. . An indenture, 
dated 28th August 1704, between Peter Zinzan or 
Alexander of Reading, Berks, and Nicholas Zinzan, 
alias Alexander, of London, describes the former as 
" brother and heir of Henry Alexander, alias Zinzan, 
late of Tylehurst, in the county of Berks, deceased." 
Nicholas Zinzan was a member of St John's College, 
Oxford, and took the degree of M.A., 16th March 
1694. He was ordained deacon by Bishop Hough in 
Magdalen Chapel, 22d May 1692. 

Peter Zinzan or Alexander, third son of Henry 


Zinzan, was vicar of St Lawrence, Reading. His 
grandson, Peter Zinzan, baptized 30th September 
1705, was elected a demy of Magdalen College, Ox- 
ford, in July 1723, on the Berkshire foundation, and 
took the degree of M.A. in 1729. He resigned his 
demyship in 1731, but became probation-fellow in 
1735. He afterwards held various offices in his 
college, of which he became vice-president in 1746. 

In a letter addressed by the magistrates of Leith 
to the magistrates of Edinburgh, dated 17th Octo- 
ber 1668, one Charles Zinzan is named as resident at 
Leith, and as having had his house attacked by six- 
teen French soldiers (Analecta Scotica, vol. ii., p. 
164) ; he may have been a son of Henry Zinzan or 
Alexander. Charles Zinzan, who practised medicine 
at Reading, married, first, the widow of Charles 
Hopson, Esq. of Beenham, and secondly, Sarah, 

daughter of Matthews of Reading. He died 

at Reading on the 9th November 1781, and his 
remains were deposited in St Mary's churchyard. 
He is the individual referred to in Dr Bacon's " Kyte" 
in The Oxford Sausage. Describing his manners, 
Mr Coates remarks : " Had he not retired from his 
profession upon his first marriage, he would probably 
have been distinguished in it ; but wealth, as is fre- 
quently the case, checked the exertions of genius 
(Coates' History of Reading, and Private Sources). 


No. I. 

BER 1621. 

JAMES, by the grace of God, King of Great Britain, France, 
and Ireland, and Defender of the Faith, to all good 
men, clerical and lay, of his entire realm, greeting, 

Know ye, that we have always been eager to embrace every 
opportunity to promote the honour and wealth of our kingdom 
of Scotland, and think that no gain is easier or more safe than 
what is made by planting new colonies in foreign and unculti- 
vated regions, where the means of living and food abound; 
especially if these places were before without inhabitants, or 
were settled by infidels whose conversion to the Christian faith 
most highly concerns the glory of God. 

But while many other kingdoms, and, not very long ago, our 
own England, to their praise, have given their names to new 
lands, which they have acquired and subdued, we, thinking 
how populous and crowded this land now is by Divine favour, 
and how expedient it is that it should be carefully exercised in 
some honourable and useful discipline, lest it deteriorate through 
sloth and inaction, have judged it important that many should 
be led forth into new territories, which they may fill with 


colonies; and so we think this undertaking most fit for this 
kingdom, both on account of the promptness and activity of its 
spirit, and the strength and endurance of its men against any 
difficulties, if any other men anywhere dare to set themselves 
in opposition; and as it demands the transportation only of 
men and women, stock and grain, and not of money, and can 
not repay at this time, when business is so depressed, a trouble- 
some expenditure of the treasures of this realm; for these 
reasons, as well as on account of the good, faithful, and accept- 
able service of our beloved counsellor, Sir William Alexander, 
knight, to us rendered, and to be rendered, who first of our sub- 
jects at his own expense, attempted to plant this foreign colony, 
and selected for plantation the divers lands bounded by the 
limits hereafter designated. 

We therefore, from our sovereign anxiety to propagate the 
Christian faith, and to secure the wealth, prosperity, and peace 
of the native subjects of our said kingdom of Scotland, as other 
foreign princes in such cases already have done ; with the advice 
and consent of our well-beloved cousin and counsellor, John, 
Earl of Mar, Lord Erskine and Garioch, etc., our High Trea- 
surer, Comptroller, Collector, and Treasurer of our New Eevenues 
of this our Kingdom of Scotland, and of the other Lords Com- 
missioners of our said kingdom, have given, granted, and con- 
veyed, and by the tenor of our present charter, do give, grant, 
and convey, to the aforesaid Sir William Alexander, his heirs 
or assigns, hereditarily, all and single the lands of the continent 
and islands situated and lying in America, within the head or 
promontory commonly called Cape of Sable, lying near the 
forty-third degree of north latitude, or thereabouts; from this 
cape, stretching along the shores of the sea, westward to the 
roadstead of St Mary, commonly called St Mary's Bay, and 
thence northward by a straight line crossing the entrance or 
mouth of that great roadstead, which runs toward the eastern 
part of the land between the countries of the Suriqui and Etech- 
emini, commonly called Suriquois and Etechemines, to the river 
generally known by the name of St Croix, and to the remotest 
springs or source from the western side of the same, which 


empty into the first-mentioned river; thence by an imaginary 
straight line which is conceived to extend through the land, or 
run northward to the nearest bay, river, or stream emptying 
into the great river of Canada; and going from that, eastward, 
along the low shores of the same river of Canada, to the river, 
harbour, port, or shore commonly known and called by the name 
of Gathepe or Gaspie, and thence south-south-east to the isles 
called Bacalaos or Cape Breton, leaving the said isles on the 
right, and the mouth of the said great river of Canada, or Large 
Bay, and the territory of Newfoundland, with the islands be- 
longing to the same lands on the left ; thence to the headland 
or point of Cape Breton aforesaid, lying near latitude 45 or 
thereabouts ; and from the said point of Cape Breton toward the 
south and west to the above-mentioned Cape Sable, where the 
boundary began ; including and containing within the said 
coasts and their circumference, from sea to sea, all lands of the 
continent, with the rivers, falls, bays, shores, islands, or seas, 
lying near, or within six leagues on any side of the same, on 
the west, north, or east sides of the same coasts and bounds : 
and on the south-south-east (where Cape Breton lies), and on 
the south side of the same (where Cape Sable is) all seas and 
islands southward within forty leagues of said seashore, thereby 
including the large island commonly called Isle de Sable, or 
Sablon, lying towards Carbau, in common speech, south-south- 
east, about thirty leagues from the said Cape Breton, seaward, 
and being in latitude 44 or thereabouts. 

The above described lands shall in all future time bear the 
name of New Scotland, in America ; and also, the aforesaid Sir 
William shall divide it into parts and portions as seemeth best 
to him, and shall give names to the same at his * pleasure. 
With all mines, both the royal ones of gold and silver, and 
others of iron, lead, copper, tin, brass, and other minerals, with 
the power of mining and causing to dig them from the earth, 
and of purifying and refining the same, and converting to his 
own use, or that of others, as shall seem best to the said Sir 
William, his heirs or assigns, or to whomsoever it shall have 
pleased him to establish in said lands ; reserving only to us and 


our successors a tenth part of the metal vulgarly known as 
ore of gold and silver, which shall be hereafter dug or obtained 
from the land ; leaving the said Sir William and his aforesaids 
whatever of other metals of copper, steel, iron, tin, lead, or other 
minerals, we or our successors may be able in any way to obtain 
from the earth, in order that thereby they may the more easily 
bear the large expense of reducing the aforesaid metals, together 
with margarite, termed pearl, and any other precious stones, 
quarries, forests, thickets, mosses, marshes, lakes, waters, fisheries 
in both salt and fresh water, and of both royal and other fish, 
hunting, hawking, and anything that may be sold or inherited ; 
with full power and privilege and jurisdiction of free royalty, 
chapelry, and chancery for ever: with the gift and right of 
patronage of churches, chapels, and benefices; with tenants, 
tenancies, and the service of those holding the same freely; 
together with the offices of justiciary and admiralty within all 
the bounds respectively mentioned above; also with power of 
setting up states, free towns, free ports, villages, and barony 
towns ; and of establishing markets and fairs within the bounds 
of said lands ; of holding courts of justice and admiralty within 
the limits of such lands, rivers, ports, and seas ; also with the 
power of improving, levying, and receiving all tolls, customs, 
anchor-dues, and other revenues of the said towns, marts, fairs, 
and free ports ; and of owning and using the same as freely in 
all respects as any greater or lesser baron in our kingdom of 
Scotland has enjoyed in any past, or could enjoy in any future 
time ; with all other prerogatives, privileges, immunities, digni- 
ties, perquisites, profits, and dues concerning and belonging to 
said lands, seas, and the boundaries thereof, which we ourselves 
can give and grant, as freely and in as ample form as we or any 
of our noble ancestors granted any charters, letters patent, 
enfeoffments, gifts, or commissions to any subjects of whatever 
rank or character, or to any society or company leading out such 
colonies into any foreign parts or searching out foreign lands, 
and in as free and ample form as if the same were included in 
this present charter; also, we make, constitute, and ordain the 
said Sir William Alexander, his heirs and assigns, or their 


deputies, our hereditary lieutenants-general, for representing 
our royal person both by sea and by land, in the regions of the 
sea and on the coasts, and in the bounds aforesaid, both in 
seeking said lands and remaining there and returning from the 
same ; to govern, rule, punish, and accept all our subjects who 
may chance to visit or inhabit the same, or who shall do busi- 
ness with the same, or shall tarry in the said places ; also, to 
pardon the same, and to establish such laws, statutes, constitu- 
tions, orders, instructions, forms of government, and ceremonies 
of magistrates in said bounds, as shall seem fit to Sir William 
Alexander himself, or his aforesaids, for the government of the 
said region, or of the inhabitants of .the same, in all causes, both 
criminal and civil ; also of changing and altering the said laws, 
rules, forms, and ceremonies as often as he or his aforesaids shall 
please, for the good and convenience of said region, so that said 
laws may be as consistent as possible with those of our realm 
of Scotland. We also will that, in case of rebellion or sedition, 
he may use martial law against delinquents, or such as with- 
draw themselves from his power, as freely as any lieutenant 
whatever of our realm or dominion by virtue .of the office of 
lieutenant has or can have the power to use ; by excluding all 
other officers of this our Scottish realm, on land or sea, who 
hereafter can pretend to any claim, property, authority, or inter- 
est in and to said lands or province aforesaid, or any jurisdiction 
therein by virtue of any prior disposal or patents : and that a 
motive may be offered to noblemen for joining this expedition 
and planting a colony in said lands, we, for ourselves and our 
heirs and successors, with the advice and consent aforesaid, by 
virtue of our present charter, do give and grant full and free 
power to the aforesaid Sir William Alexander and his aforesaids 
to confer favours, privileges, gifts, and honours on those who 
deserve them, with full power to the same, or any one of them, 
who may have made bargains or contracts with Sir William or 
his deputies for the said lands, under his signature, or that of 
his deputies, and under the seal hereinafter described, to dispose 
of and convey any part or parcel of said lands, ports, harbours, 
rivers, or of any part of the premises ; also of erecting machines of 


all sorts, introducing arts or sciences, or practising the same, in 
whole or in part, as he shall judge to be for their advantage : 
also to give, grant, and bestow such offices, titles, rights, and 
powers, make and appoint such captains, officers, bailiffs, 
governors, clerks, and all other officers, clerks, and ministers of 
royalty, barony, and town, for the execution of justice within 
the bounds of said lands, or on the way to these lands by sea, 
and returning from the same, as shall seem necessary to him, 
according to the qualities, conditions, and deserts of the persons 
who may happen to dwell in any of the colonies of said pro- 
vince, or in any part of the same, or who may risk their goods 
and fortunes for the advantage and increase of the same ; also 
of removing the same persons from office, transferring or chang- 
ing them as far as shall seem expedient to him and his afore- 

And, since attempts of this kind are not made without great 
labour and expense, and demand a large outlay of money, so 
that they exceed the means of any private man ; and, on this 
account, the said Sir William Alexander and his aforesaids may 
need supplies of many kinds, with many of our subjects and 
other men for special enterprise and ventures therein who may 
form contracts with him, his heirs, assigns, or deputies, for 
lands, fisheries, trade, or the transportation of people and their 
flocks, goods, and effects to the said New Scotland: We will 
that whosoever shall make such contracts with the said Sir 
William and his aforesaids, under their names and seals, by 
limiting, assigning, and fixing the day and place for the delivery 
of persons, goods, and effects on ship-board, under forfeiture of a 
certain sum of money, and shall not perform the same contracts, 
but shall thwart and injure him in the proposed voyage, which 
thing will not only oppose and harm the said Sir William and 
his aforesaids, but also prejudice and damage our so laudable 
intention ; then it shall be lawful to the said Sir William and 
his aforesaids, or their deputies and conservators hereinafter 
mentioned, in such case to seize for himself or his deputies, 
whom he may appoint for this purpose, all such sums of money, 
goods and effects, forfeited by the violation of these contracts. 


And that this may be more easily done, and the delay of the 
law be avoided, we have given and granted, and by the tenor 
of these presents do give and grant, full power to the Lords of 
our Council that they may reduce to order and punish the 
violators of such contracts and agreements made for the trans- 
portation of persons. And although all such contracts between 
the said Sir William and his aforesaids, and the aforesaid 
adventurers shall be carried out, in the risk and the conveyance 
of people with their goods and effects at the set time, and they 
with all their cattle and goods arrive at the shore of that pro- 
vince with the intention of colonising and abiding there, and 
yet afterwards shall leave the province of New Scotland alto- 
gether, and the confines of the same, without the consent of the 
said Sir William and his aforesaids, or their deputies, or the 
society and colony aforesaid, where first they had been collected 
and joined together, and shall go away to the uncivilised natives 
to live in remote and desert places, then they shall lose and 
forfeit all the lands previously granted them, also all their goods 
within the aforesaid bounds ; and it shall be lawful for the said 
Sir William and his aforesaids to confiscate the same and 
reclaim the same lands, and to seize and convert and apply to 
his own use and that of his aforesaids all the same belonging to 
them, or any one of them. 

And that all our beloved subjects, as well of our kingdoms 
and dominions, so also any others of foreign birth, who may sail 
to the said lands or any part of the same for obtaining merchan- 
dise, may the better know and obey the power and authority 
given by us to the aforesaid Sir William Alexander, our faithful 
counsellor, and his deputies, in all such commissions, warrants, 
and contracts as he shall at any time make, grant, and -establish 
for the more fit and safe arrangement of offices, to govern said 
colony, grant lands and execute justice in respect to said in- 
habitants, adventurers, deputies, factors or assigns, in any part 
of said lands, or in sailing to the same, We, with the advice and 
consent aforesaid, do order that the said Sir William Alexander 
and his aforesaids shall have one common seal pertaining to the 
office of justiciary and admiralty, which, by the said Sir William 


Alexander and Ms aforesaids, or their deputies, in all time to come, 
shall be safely kept : On one side our arms shall be engraved, 
with these words on the circle and margin thereof, "Sigillum Eegis 
Scotise, Angiise, Francise, et Hiberniee ; " and on the other side our 
image, or that of our successors, with these words, " Pro Novae 
Scotise Locum Tenente ; " and a true copy of it shall be kept in 
the hands and care of the conservator of the privileges of New 
Scotland, and this he may use in his office as occasion shall 
require. Arid as it is very important that all our beloved sub- 
jects who inhabit the said province of New Scotland or its 
borders may live in the fear of Almighty God, and at the same 
time in His true worship, and may have an earnest purpose to 
establish the Christian religion therein, and also to cultivate 
peace and quiet with the native inhabitants and savage abor- 
igines of these lands, so that they, and any others trading there, 
may safely, pleasantly, and quietly hold what they have got with 
great labour and peril ; we, for ourselves and our successors, do 
will and decree, and by our present charter give and grant to the 
said Sir William Alexander and his aforesaids, and their deputies, 
or any other of our government officers and ministers whom 
they shall appoint free and absolute power of arranging and 
securing peace, alliance, friendship, mutual conferences, assist- 
ance, and intercourse with those savage aborigines and their 
chiefs, and any others bearing rule and power among them ; 
and of preserving and fostering such relations and treaties as 
they or their aforesaids shall form with them, provided those 
treaties are on the other side kept faithfully by these barbarians ; 
and unless this be done, of taking up arms against them, whereby 
they may be reduced to order, as shall seem fitting to the said 
Sir William Alexander, and his aforesaids and deputies ; for the 
honour, obedience, and service of God, and the stability, defence, 
and preservation of our authority among them ; with power also 
to the said Sir William. Alexander and his aforesaids, by them- 
selves or their deputies, substitutes, or assigns, for their defence 
and protection at all times, and on all just occasions hereafter, 
of attacking suddenly, invading, expelling, and by arms driving 
away as well by sea as by land, and by all means, all and singly, 


those who without the special licence of the said Sir William 
and his aforesaids shall attempt to occupy these lands, or trade 
in the said province of New Scotland, or in any part of the 
same ; and in like manner all other persons who presume to 
bring any damage, loss, destruction, injury, or invasion against 
that province, or the inhabitants of the same: And that this may be 
more easily done, it shall be allowed to the said Sir William and 
his aforesaids, their deputies, factors, and assigns, to levy con- 
tributions on the adventurers and inhabitants of the same ; to 
bring them together by proclamations, or by any other order, at 
such times as shall seem best to the said Sir William Alexander 
and his aforesaids ; to assemble all our subjects living within 
the limits of the said New Scotland, and trading there, for the 
better supplying of the army with necessaries, and the enlarge- 
ment and increase of the people and planting of the said lands : 
With full power, privilege, and liberty to the said Sir William 
Alexander and his aforesaids, by themselves or their agents, of 
sailing over any seas whatever under our ensigns and banners, 
with as many ships of as great burden, and as well furnished 
with ammunition, men, and provisions, as they are able to pro- 
cure, at any time, and as often as shall seem expedient : and of 
carrying all persons of every quality and grade who are our 
subjects, or who wish to submit themselves unto our sway, for 
entering upon such a voyage with their cattle, horses, oxen, 
sheep, goods of all kinds, furniture, machines, heavy arms, 
military instruments, as many as they desire, and other com- 
modities and necessaries for the use of the same colony, for 
mutual commerce with the natives of these provinces, or others 
who may trade with these plantations ; and of transporting all 
commodities and merchandise, which shall seem to them needful, 
into our kingdom of Scotland without the payment of any tax, 
custom, and impost for the same to us, or our custom-house 
officers, or their deputies ; and of carrying away the same from 
their offices on this side, during the space of seven years follow- 
ing the day of the date of our present charter ; and to have this 
sole privilege for the space of three years next hereafter, we 
freely have granted, and by the tenor of our present charter 


grant and give, to the said Sir William and his aforesaids accord- 
ing to the terms hereinafter mentioned. 

And after these three years are ended, it shall be lawful to us 
and our successors to levy and exact from all goods and mer- 
chandise which shall be exported from this our kingdom of 
Scotland to the said province of New Scotland, or imported from 
this province to our said kingdom of Scotland, in any ports of 
this our kingdom, by the said Sir William and his aforesaids, 
five per cent, only, according to the old mode of reckoning, 
without any other impost, tax, custom, or duty from them here- 
after, which sum of five pounds per hundred, being thus paid by 
the said Sir William and his aforesaids to our officers and others 
appointed for this business, the said Sir William and his afore- 
saids may carry away the said goods from this our realm of 
Scotland into any other foreign ports and climes, without the 
payment of any other custom, tax, or duty to us, our heirs or 
successors, or any' other persons; provided also that said goods 
within the space of thirteen months after their arrival in any 
part of this our kingdom may be again placed on board a ship. 
We also give and grant absolute and full power to the said Sir 
William and his aforesaids of taking, levying, and receiving to 
his own proper use, and that of his aforesaids, from all our sub- 
jects who shall desire to conduct colonies, follow trade, or sail 
to the said lands of New Scotland, and from the same, for goods 
and merchandise, five per cent. ; besides the sum due to us ; 
whether on account of the exportation from this our kingdom 
of Scotland to the said province of New Scotland, or of the 
importation from the said province to this our kingdom of Scot- 
land aforesaid : and in like manner from all goods and mer- 
chandise which shall be exported by our subjects, leaders of 
colonies, merchants and navigators from the said province of 
New Scotland to any of our dominions, or any other places ; or 
shall be imported from our realms and elsewhere to the said 
New Scotland, five per cent, beyond and above the sum before 
appointed to us : and from the goods and merchandise of all 
foreigners and others not under our sway, which shall be either 
exported from the said province of New Scotland, or shall be 


imported into the same beyond and above the said sum assigned 
to us, ten per cent, may be levied, taken, and received for the 
proper use of the said Sir William and his aforesaids, by such 
servants, officers, or deputies, or their agents, as they shall 
appoint and authorise for this business. And for the better 
security and profit of the said Sir "William and his aforesaids, 
and of all our other subjects desiring to settle in New Scotland 
aforesaid, or to trade there, and of all others in general who shall 
not refuse to submit themselves to our authority and power, we 
have decreed and willed that the said Sir William may construct, 
or cause to be built, one or more forts, fortresses, castles, strong- 
holds, watch-towers, block-houses, and other buildings, with 
ports and naval stations, and also ships of war : and the same 
shall be applied for defending the said places as shall, to the 
said Sir William and his aforesaids, seem necessary to accom- 
plish the aforesaid undertaking: and they may establish for 
their defence there, garrisons of soldiers, in addition to the things 
above mentioned ; and generally may do all things for the ac- 
quisition, increase, and introduction of people, and to preserve 
and govern the said New Scotland, and the coasts and lands 
thereof in all its limits, features, and relations, under our name 
and authority, as we might do if present in person ; although 
the case may require a more particular and strict order than is 
prescribed in this our present charter, and to this command we 
wish, direct, and most strictly enjoin all our justices, officers, 
and subjects, frequenting these places, to conform themselves ; 
and to yield to and obey the said Sir William and his aforesaids 
in all and each of the above-mentioned matters, both principal 
and related ; and be equally obedient to them in their execution 
as they ought to be to us whose person he represents, under the 
pains of disobedience and rebellion. Moreover, we declare by 
the tenor of our present charter to all Christian kings, princes, 
and states, that, if hereafter any one, or any from the said 
colonies, in the province of New Scotland aforesaid, or any other 
persons under their licence and command, exercising piracy at 
any future time, by land or by sea, shall carry away the goods 
of any person, or in a hostile manner do any injustice or wrong 


to any of our subjects, or those of our heirs or successors, or of 
other kings, princes, governors, or states in alliance with us ; 
then, upon such injury offered, or just complaint thereupon, by 
any king, prince, governor, state, or their subjects, we, our heirs 
and successors, will see that public proclamations are made in 
any part of our said kingdom of Scotland, just and suitable for 
this purpose, that the said pirate or pirates who shall commit 
such violence, at a stated time to be determined by the aforesaid 
proclamation, shall fully restore all goods so carried away : and 
for the said injuries shall make full satisfaction, so that the said 
princes and others thus complaining shall deem themselves 
satisfied. And if the authors of such crimes shall neither 
make worthy satisfaction, nor be careful that it be made 
within the limited time, then he or they who have com- 
mitted such plunder neither are nor hereafter shall be under 
our government and protection; but it shall be permitted 
and lawful to all princes, and others whatsoever, to proceed 
against such offenders, or any of them, and with all hostility 
to invade them. 

And though it is appointed that no nobleman and gentleman 
may depart from this country without our consent, yet we will 
that this our present charter be a sufficient permission and 
assurance to all engaging in the said voyage, save those who 
may be accused of treason, or retained by any special order; 
and according to our present charter, we declare and decree that 
no person may leave this country and go to the said region of 
New Scotland, unless they have previously taken the oath of 
allegiance to us, for which purpose we, by our present charter, 
give and grant the said Sir William and his foresaids, or their 
conservators and deputies, full power and authority to exact the 
said oath from, and administer it to, all persons proceeding into 
the said lands in that colony. Moreover, we, for ourselves and 
our successors, with the advice and consent aforesaid, declare, 
decree, and ordain that all our subjects going to the said New 
Scotland, or living in it, and all their children and posterity 
born there, and all adventuring there, shall have and enjoy all 
the liberties, rights, and privileges of free and native subjects 


of our kingdom of Scotland, or of our other dominions, as if they 
had been born there. 

Also, we, for ourselves and our successors, give and grant 
to the said Sir William and his aforesaids, the free power 
of regulating and coining money for the freer commerce of 
those inhabiting the said province, of any metal, in what 
manner, and of what form they shall choose and direct for 
the same. 

And if any questions or doubts shall arise on the meaning 
and construction of any clause in our present charter, all these 
shall be taken and explained in their amplest form, and in favour 
of the said Sir William and his aforesaids. Besides, we, of our 
certain knowledge, proper motive, regal authority, and kingly 
power, have made, united, annexed, erected, created, and in- 
corporated, and by the tenor of our present charter do make, unite, 
annex, erect, create, and incorporate the whole and undivided, 
the said province and lands of New Scotland, with all the seas 
and limits of the same, and minerals of gold and silver, lead, 
copper, steel, tin, brass, iron, and any other mines, pearls, precious 
stones, quarries, forests, thickets, mosses, marshes, lakes, waters, 
fisheries, as well in fresh waters as in salt, as well of royal fishes 
as of others; cities, free ports, free villages, towns, baronial 
villages, seaports, roadsteads, machines, mills, offices, and juris- 
dictions, and all other things, generally ' and particularly 
mentioned above, in one entire and free lordship and barony, 
which shall be called in all future time by the aforesaid name of 
New Scotland. 

And we will and grant, and for ourselves and our successors 
decree and order, that one seisin now made by the said Sir 
William and his aforesaids upon any part of the soil of the said 
lands, and upon the province before described, shall, in all future 
time, be effective ; and shall be a sufficient seisin for the whole 
region, with all the parts, appendages, privileges, accidents, 
liberties, and immunities of the same mentioned above, without 
any other special and definite seisin to be taken by himself or 
his aforesaids on any other part or place of the same : And con- 
cerning this seisin, and all things which have followed it, or can 


follow it, we, with the advice and consent above mentioned, for 
ourselves and successors, have dispensed, and by the tenor of 
our present charter, in the manner hereafter mentioned, do dis- 
pense for ever, To hold and to possess the whole and undivided, 
the said region and lordship of New Scotland, with all the 
bounds of the same within the seas above-mentioned, all minerals 
of gold and silver, copper, steel, tin, lead, brass, and iron, and 
any other mines, pearls, precious stones, quarries, woods, thickets, 
mosses, marshes, lakes, waters, fisheries, as well in fresh water 
as in salt, as well of royal fishes as of others, states, free towns, 
free ports, towns, baronial villages, seaports, roadsteads, machines, 
mills, offices, and jurisdictions, and all other things generally 
and specially mentioned above ; with all other privileges, liberties, 
immunities, and accidents, and other things above-mentioned, to 
the aforesaid Sir William Alexander, his heirs and assigns, from 
us and our successors, in free covenant inheritance, lordship, 
barony, and royalty for ever ; through all their just bounds and 
limits, as they lie in length and breadth, in houses, buildings, 
erected and to be erected, bogs, plains, and moors ; marshes, 
roads, paths, waters, swamps, rivers, meadows, and pastures; 
mines, malt-houses, and their refuse; hawkings, huntings, fisheries, 
peat mosses, turf-bogs, coal, coal-pits, coneys, warrens, doves, 
dove-cotes, workshops, maltkilns, breweries, and broom ; woods, 
groves, and thickets ; wood, timber, quarries of stone and lime, 
with courts, fines, pleas, heriots, outlaws, rabbles of women, with 
free entrance and exit, and with fork, foss, sok, sac, theme, 
infangtheiff, outfangtheiff, wrak, wair, veth, vert, vennison, 
pit, and gallows; and with all other and singly, the liberties, 
commodities, profits, easements, and their rightful pertinents of 
all kinds, whether mentioned or not, above or below ground, far 
and near, belonging, or that can belong, to the aforesaid region 
and lordship, in any manner, for the future, freely, quietly, fully, 
wholly, honourably, well, and in peace, without any revocation, 
contradiction, impediment, or obstacle whatever. 

Annually, at the festival of Christ's Nativity, on the soil of 
the said lands, and of the province of New Scotland, the said 
Sir William Alexander and his aforesaids shall pay to us, and our 


heirs and successors, under the name of quit-rent, one penny of 
Scottish money, if so much be demanded. 

And because the tenure of the said lands, and of the province 
of New Scotland, and the quit-rent above-mentioned, may fail 
through want of the timely and lawful entry of any heir or heirs 
of the said Sir William succeeding him, a thing which they may 
not easily accomplish, on account of the great distance from our 
kingdom; and these same lands and province, on account of 
non-entrance, may come into our hands, and those of our suc- 
cessors, until the lawful entrance of the legitimate heir; and 
we, being unwilling that the said lands and region at any time 
should fall into non-entry, or that the said Sir William and his 
aforesaids should be thus deprived of the benefits and profits of 
the same, therefore we, with the advice aforesaid, have dispensed 
with the said non-entry whenever it shall occur, and by the 
tenor of this our charter, we, for ourselves and our successors, 
do dispense ; and also we have renounced and exonerated, and 
by the tenor of our present charter, do renounce and exonerate, 
the said Sir William and his aforesaids in respect to the above- 
mentioned non-entrance of the said province and region, when- 
ever it shall come Into our hands, or by reason of non-entry may 
fall, with all things that can follow therefrom : provided, how- 
ever, that the said Sir William, his heirs and assigns, within the 
space of seven years after the decease and death of their pre- 
decessors, or entry to the possession of said lands, and of other 
things aforesaid by themselves, or their lawful agents holding, 
power for this purpose, do homage to us and our successors, and 
come to and receive through us the said lands, lordship, barony, 
and other things aforesaid, according to the laws and statutes of 
our said kingdom of Scotland. Finally, we, for ourselves and 
our successors, do will, decree, and ordain that this our present 
charter and infeoffment above written, of the lands aforesaid, 
lordship and region of New Scotland, and the privileges and 
liberties of the same, shall be ratified, approved, and established in 
our next Parliament of our said kingdom of Scotland, whenever 
it shall meet, so that it shall have therein the force and efficacy 
of a decree ; and for this, we, for ourselves and our successors, 

* N 


declare that this our charter shall be a sufficient warrant ; and, 
as a prince, we promise that the same shall be ratified and ap- 
proved ; and also we promise to alter, renew, increase, and ex- 
tend the same into the most ample form as often as it shall 
seem necessary and expedient to the said Sir William and his 

Moreover, it has seemed best to us, and we order and enjoin 
our beloved our sheriffs, especially appointed on 

our part, on seeing this our charter under our Great Seal, so to 
give and grant to the aforesaid Sir William and his aforesaids, 
or their attorney or attorneys, possession and seisin, actual and 
real, of the lands, lordship, barony, and other things mentioned 
above : with all privileges, immunities, liberties, and other things 
above expressed ; and this seisin we, by the tenor of our present 
charter, declare to be as lawful and regular as if he had a precept, 
under proof of our Great Seal, and in the most ample form, with 
all clauses requisite for the aforesaid purpose ; with which we, 
for ourselves and successors, do for ever dispense. In witness 
whereof we have commanded our Great Seal to be affixed to this 
our present charter. Witnesses Our well-beloved cousins and 
councillors, James, Marquis of Hamilton, Earl of Arran and 
Cambridge, Lord Aven and Innerdaill ; George, Earl Marischal, 
Lord Keith, etc., Marshal of our Kingdom ; Alexander, Earl of 
Dunfermline, Lord Fyvie and Urquhart, etc., our Chancellor; 
Thomas, Earl of Melrose, Lord Binning and Byres, our Secre- 
tary. Our beloved familiar Councillors, Baronets ; Sir Eichard 
Cockburn, junior of Clerkington, Keeper of our Privy Seal ; Sir 
George Hay of Kinfauns, our Eegister of the Eolls, and Clerk 
of the Council ; Sir John Cockburn of Ormiston, Clerk of our 
Justiciary; and Sir John Scot of Scotstarvet, Director of our 
Chancery, Knights. 

At our Castle of Windsor, the 10 day of September, in the 
year of our Lord 1621, and of our reigns the fifty-fifth and 
nineteenth years respectively. 

By signature superscribed by the hand of our Sovereign Lord 
the King; and subscribed by the hands of our Chancellor, 
Treasurer, Principal Secretary, and of the other Lords, our Com- 


missioners, and of our Privy Council of the said Kingdom of 
Written to the Great Seal, 29 Sept. 1621, 

J. SCOTT, Gratis. 
Sealed at Edinburgh, 29 Sept. 1621, 


No. II. 


CHARLES, by the grace of God, King of Great Britain, 
France, and Ireland, and Defender of the Faith, to all 
good men of his whole land, clergy and laity, greeting. 

Know ye, etc. [Same as charter of 1621, up to "said king- 
dom of Scotland" p. 180] . . . in which case the heirs 
and assignees of the said Sir Willianij Alexander shall, not- 
withstanding the foresaid non-entry, enjoy and possess all and 
sundry the foresaid lands, country, and lordship of New 
Scotland, with all and sundry profits, as if the said non- 
entry had never happened, or as if they had never fallen 
into non-entry. Which lands, country, and lordship of New 
Scotland, as well mainlands as islands, within all and sundry 
the said bounds and seas thereof, with the woods, fishings, 
as well in salt waters as in fresh, of royal fishes as of others, 
with pearls, precious stones, veins, royal minerals of gold and 
silver, other minerals of iron, steel, lead, copper, brass, tin, 
mountain brass, and others whatsoever; and all privileges, 
liberties, immunities, prerogatives, offices and jurisdictions, and 
others, specially and generally above recited, formerly belonged 
to the said Sir William Alexander and his heirs and assignees, 
and were, by him and his procurators, in his name, duly and 
lawfully resigned into our hands, and that, for our new heritable 
infeftment of the same, to be granted in favour of the said Sir 


William, or his heirs and assignees foresaid, in due and compe- 
tent form, as accords, to be holden, as said is, with dispensation 
of non-entry, in manner before written, when it shall happen. 

Moreover, we, with advice before written, for the good, faith- 
ful, and willing service, performed and rendered to us by the said 
Sir William Alexander, and respect being had to the great and 
manifold expenses and charges bestowed and expended in the 
plantation of the said bounds of the lordship and country of 
New Scotland, and reduction of them under our obedience, and 
for other weighty and onerous causes, have of new given, granted, 
and disponed, and by our present charter, give, grant, and dis- 
pone, to the before-mentioned Sir William Alexander, and his 
heirs and assignees heritably, all and sundry the foresaid lands, 
lordship, and country of New Scotland, together with all and 
sundry castles, towns, fortalices, manor places, houses, buildings, 
built and to be built; gardens, orchards, planted and to be 
planted ; tofts, crofts, meadows, grazings, woods, shrubs, mills, 
multures, mill-lands, fishings, as well of red as of other fishes, 
salmon, large fish and small, in salt water as in fresh ; together 
with all and sundry teind-sheaves thereof included, as well great 
as small ; with the presentation, gift of benefices, churches, and 
chapels, and rights of patronage thereof; annexes, connexes, 
dependencies, tenants, tenandries, and services of free tenants of 
the same ; together with all and sundry precious stones, jewels, 
crystal, alum, coral, and others, with all and sundry minerals, 
veins, and quarries thereof, as well of regal and royal metals, 
and minerals of gold and silver, within the said bounds and 
lordship of New Scotland ; as of other minerals of iron, steel, 
tin, copper, brass, mountain brass, and other minerals whatso- 
ever, with all and sundry parts, pendicles, pertinents, privileges, 
liberties, and immunities of all and sundry the foresaid lands, 
lordship, and country of New Scotland; with full power and 
privilege to the said Sir William Alexander, his heirs and 
assignees, of trying and searching, digging and examining the 
ground for the same, and extracting, cleansing, refining, and 
purifying them, and using, converting, and applying them to 
their own proper uses (the tenth part of the royal metals, com- 


monly called the ore of gold and silver, hereafter to be found 
and extracted out of the said lands and country, only being 
reserved to us and our successors), and the remainder of the said 
metals, minerals, precious stones, jewels, and others whatsoever, 
to belong to the said Sir William Alexander, his heirs and 
assignees, to remain for ever with them, and be, with all profits 
and duties thereof, converted to their own proper uses, with 
power to the said Sir William Alexander, his heirs and assignees, 
of building, constructing, and erecting upon and within all 
the bounds of the said country, as shall seem to them expe- 
dient, cities, free boroughs of barony, towns, villages, harbours, 
ports, and naval stations, and of appointing markets, as well 
within the town as without, and imposing, levying, and receiv- 
ing all and whatsoever tolls, customs, anchorages, and other 
dues of said cities, boroughs of barony, towns, villages, fairs, 
markets, free ports, harbours, naval stations, with all and sundry 
casualties, profits, and duties whatsoever; and furnishing the 
said cities and boroughs, as well within borough as without, 
with sufficient and able magistrates, justices of the peace, pro- 
vosts, bailies, aldermen, constables, and other officers, citizens, 
free burgesses, and manufacturers, crafts of all kinds, with their 
deacons and others thereto requisite, with full power, privilege, 
and liberty, to them or their children, citizens and burgesses, to 
sell wine and wax, salmon, herrings, and other staple goods and 
merchandises, as well great as small, and constructing churches, 
chapels, hospitals, maison-dieus, market-crosses, belfries, bells, 
and all other ordinary ornaments thereto belonging, and planting 
the said churches, and sufficiently providing them with sufficient 
teachers, preachers, pastors, and ministers. And, in like manner, 
of erecting, founding, and constructing common schools, colleges, 
and universities, sufficiently provided with able and sufficient 
masters, rectors, regents, professors of all sciences, letters, lan- 
guages, and instruction ; and of providing for sufficient mainten- 
ance, salaries, and living for them, to this effect. As also of 
erecting prelates, archbishops, bishops, rectors, and vicars of 
parishes and parish churches ; and distributing and dividing all 
the foresaid bounds of the said country into divers and distinct 


shires, provinces, and parishes, for the better provision of the 
churches and ministry, division of the shires, and all other civil 
police; and, likewise, of founding, erecting, and instituting a 
senate of justice, places and colleges of justice, senators of 
council and session ; members thereof, for the administration of 
justice, within the said country, and other places of justice and 
judicature. Further, of erecting and appointing secret and privy 
councils and sessions for the public good and advantage of said 
country, and giving and granting titles, honours, and dignities to 
the members thereof, and creating their clerks and members, and 
appointing seals and registers with their keepers. And also of 
erecting and instituting officers of state a chancellor, treasurer, 
comptroller, collector, secretary, advocate, or attorney-general, 
clerk or clerks, register and keeper of the rolls, justice-clerk, 
director or directors of chancery, conservator or conservators of 
privileges of the said country, advocates, procurators, and plead- 
ers of causes, and solicitors and agents thereof, and other members 
necessary. And likewise of gathering, collecting, and appointing 
meetings and assemblies of ecclesiastical persons and prelates, 
as well general, special or provincial meetings, as others ; for 
ecclesiastical police and discipline, and authorising, ratifying, 
and confirming the said meetings, councils, and assemblies, with 
acts, statutes, and decrees thereon concluded, for the better 
authority of the same. 

Further, we have made, constituted, and appointed, and by 
our present charter make, constitute, and appoint, the said Sir 
William Alexander, his heirs and assignees, our, and our heirs 
and successors', lieutenants -general, to represent our royal person, 
as well by sea as by land, of all and whole the said country and 
lordship of New Scotland, or to any judicature or jurisdiction 
heretofore, in virtue of any foregoing or subsequent right or title 
whatsoever. And with special power to the said Sir William 
Alexander, and his foresaids, of governing, ruling, and punishing 
and pardoning all our subjects, and others, inhabitants of the 
said bounds and country of New Scotland, or persons going 
thither, violators of the peace, or of the laws ; and of making, 
sanctioning, arid establishing laws there, as well civil as criminal, 


with laws of justiciary, admiralty, stewardship, regality, and 
sheriffship, at their good pleasure, provided the said laws be as 
conformable as possible to the laws of Scotland, respect being 
had to circumstances, place, country, persons, and their qualities. 
And likewise, of appointing rulers, commanders, and heads of 
all and sundry the foresaid cities, boroughs, ports, naval stations, 
and harbours, and also captains of castles, fortalices, and fort- 
resses, as well by sea and near the shore as by land, well and 
sufficiently provided, appointed, and fortified with troops of 
soldiers and forces for the maintenance, defence, and preservation 
thereof, and the repelling of all domestic as well as foreign in- 
vasions of the same : and of gathering, assembling, and making 
all the inhabitants of the said country meet together for the 
purpose before written, on all necessary occasions, for the repel- 
ling and resisting other force and violences whatsoever: And 
with power to the said Sir William Alexander and his foresaids, 
for the better fortifying of the said lordship and country of New 
Scotland, of transporting from the said kingdom, and other 
bounds convenient, all sorts of munitions, great and small, 
greater ordnance, cannons, demi-cannons of cast iron, swords, 
guns of brass and iron, and other instruments and engines of 
war, with small guns commonly called muskets, hagbuts, half 
haggs, pistols, powder, balls, and other necessary provision and 
arms, as well offensive as defensive ; and wearing and using such 
arms, as well within the said country of New Scotland as in 
their passage and progress to the said lands, or from them, with 
their companions, associates, and dependants: Also, we, with 
advice aforesaid, have made, constituted, and appointed the said 
Sir William Alexander, his heirs and assignees heritably, our 
justices general, in all criminal causes within the said country 
and lordship of New Scotland ; high admiral, and lord of regality, 
and admiralty within the said country, hereditary high steward 
also thereof, and of all and sundry such regalities, with power 
to him, and his heirs and assignees, of using, exercising, and 
enjoying all and sundry the foresaid jurisdictions, judicatures, 
and offices, with all and sundry privileges, prerogatives, immuni- 
ties, and casualties thereof ; in like manner, and as freely as any 


other justice or justices general, high stewards, admirals, sheriffs, 
or lords of regalities, had, or can have, and possess, or enjoy, the 
said jurisdictions, judicatures, offices, dignities, and prerogatives 
in any of our kingdoms, bounds, and dominions whatsoever : 
With power to the said Sir William Alexander, his heirs and 
assignees, of constituting, erecting, nominating, and creating 
clerks, officers, macers, apprisers, and all other members of court, 
of all and sundry the foresaid judicatures and jurisdictions respec- 
tively, with all fees, dues, and emoluments thereto belonging as 
shall seem to them expedient : without prejudice always to all 
other infeftments, rights, or dispositions by us or our predecessors 
to whatsoever person or persons who are, or shall be, portioners 
of the said plantation of New Scotland, proceeding upon the 
resignation of the said Sir William Alexander only, and not 
otherwise, of whatsoever parts or portions of the said country 
and lordship of New Scotland, with the privileges and immuni- 
ties mentioned in their infeftments. 

And seeing, by reason of the great remoteness and distance 
of the said country and lordship of New Scotland from our said 
ancient kingdom of Scotland, both that the said country can 
neither easily nor conveniently be reached except in the summer 
time ; and that the said country is altogether destitute of public 
scriveners and notaries, requisite for taking seisins ; so that seisin 
at all times cannot conveniently be taken on the ground of the 
said country ; and also respect being had to the great and mani- 
fold disadvantages which may result by default of timely seisin 
being taken upon this present patent ; and upon other charters 
and similar infeftments granted, and to be granted, of the fore- 
said lands and lordship of New Scotland, or any part thereof; 
Therefore, that this our present charter may be more effectual, 
and that seisin thereupon may be more conveniently taken, it is 
necessary that seisin of all and sundry the foresaid lands of the said 
country and lordship of New Scotland be taken within our said 
kingdom of Scotland, and on the grounds and lands of the same 
in the most eminent place thereof; which can neither conveniently 
nor lawfully be done without an express union of the said country 
and lordship of New Scotland to the said kingdom of Scotland : 


Wherefore, and for the advantage and readier convenience of 
the aforesaid seisin, we, with advice aforesaid, have annexed, 
united, and incorporated, and, by our present charter, annex, 
unite, and incorporate, with our said kingdom of Scotland, all 
and sundry the foresaid country and lordship of New Scotland, 
with the teinds and teind-sheaves thereof included, and all and 
sundry parts, pertinents, privileges, jurisdictions, and liberties of 
the same, and others generally and specially above mentioned : 
and by our present charter, will, declare, decern, and ordain that 
one seisin, now to be taken at our Castle of Edinburgh, as the 
most eminent and principal place of our said kingdom of Scot- 
land, of all and sundry the said lands, country and lordship of 
New Scotland, or any part of the same, with teinds and teind- 
sheaves thereof included, respectively, is and shall be sufficient 
seisin for all and whole the foresaid lands, country, and lordship 
of New Scotland, with the teinds and teind-sheaves thereof 
included, or any parts of the said lands and country aforesaid, 
with all the privileges, jurisdiction, and liberties thereof respec- 
tively, and others specially and generally above mentioned, not- 
withstanding the said lands, country, and lordship of New Scot- 
land are far distant, and lie discontiguous from our said kingdom 
of Scotland : as to which we, with advice and consent foresaid, 
have dispensed, and, by our present charter, for ever dispense, 
without prejudice and derogation, always to the said privilege 
and prerogative granted to the foresaid Sir William Alexander, 
and his heirs and assignees, of making and establishing laws, 
acts, and statutes concerning all and sundry the foresaid lands, 
country, and lordship of New Scotland, as well by sea as by 
land : And by our present charter we declare that, notwithstand- 
ing the said union, which is declared to be granted -solely for 
the advantage and convenience of seisin, the said country and 
lordship of New Scotland shall be judged, ruled, and governed 
by the laws and statutes made, and to be made and constituted 
and established by the said Sir William Alexander, and his heirs 
and assignees, relating to the said country and lordship of New 
Scotland, in like manner, and as freely in that respect as if the 
said union had never been made or hitherto granted: And 


further, notwithstanding the foresaid union, it shall be lawful to 
the foresaid Sir William Alexander, and his heirs and assignees, 
to give, grant, and dispone any parts or portions of the said 
lands, country, and lordship of New Scotland heritably belong- 
ing to them, to and in favour of whatsoever persons, their heirs 
and assignees, heritably, with the teinds and teind-sheaves 
thereof included, provided they are our subjects, to be holden of 
the said Sir William Alexander, or of us and our successors, 
either in blench farm, feu farm, or in ward and relief at their 
pleasure, and to entitle and denominate the said parts and por- 
tions, by whatsoever styles, titles, and designations shall seem 
to them fit, or be in the will and option of the said Sir William 
and his foresaids, which infeftments and dispositions shall be 
approved and confirmed by us or our successors freely, without 
any composition to be paid therefor. Moreover, we and our suc- 
cessors shall receive whatsoever resignations shall be made by 
the said Sir William Alexander and his heirs and assignees, of 
all and whole the foresaid lands and lordship of New Scotland, 
or of any part thereof in our hand, and [those] of our successors 
and commissioners aforesaid, with the teinds and teind-sheaves 
thereof included, and others generally and specially above-men- 
tioned to and in favour of whatsoever person or persons (pro- 
vided they are our subjects, and live under our obedience) : And 
they shall pass infeftments thereon, to be holden in free blench 
farm of us, our heirs and successors, in manner above-men- 
tioned, freely, without any competition ; which lands, country, 
and lordship of New Scotland, with the teind-sheaves thereof 
included, and all and sundry parts, pendicles and pertinents, 
privileges, jurisdictions, prerogatives, and liberties of the same, 
and others specially and generally above-mentioned, together 
with all right, title, interest, claim of right, petitory as well as 
possessory (which we or our predecessors or successors had, 
have, or in any way could have, claim, or pretend thereto, or to 
any part of the same, or to the maills, farms, profits, and duties 
thereof, of whatsoever years or terms bygone, for whatsoever 
cause or occasion, we, with advice foresaid for the reasons above- 
mentioned, of new give, grant, and dispone to the foresaid Sir 


William Alexander, and his heirs and assignees, heritably for 
ever, renouncing and exonerating the same simpliciter, with all 
action and instance heretofore, competent to and in favour of 
the said Sir William Alexander, and his heirs and assignees, as 
well for non-payment of the duties contained in their original 
infeftments, as for non-performance of due homage conform 
thereto, or for non-fulfilment of any point of the said original 
infeftment, or for commission of any fault or deed of omission 
or commission prejudicial thereto, and whereby the said original 
infeftment may in any way be lawfully impugned or called in 
question ; for ever acquitting and remitting the same simpliciter 
with all title, action, instance, and interest heretofore competent, 
or that may be competent to us and our heirs and successors, 
renouncing the same simpliciter jure lite et causa cum pacto de 
non petendo : and with supplement of defects as well not named 
as named, which we will to be held, as expressed in this our 
present charter. 

To be holden in free blench farm as said is, and dispensing 
with non-entry whensoever it shall happen in manner afore- 
said : Moreover, we, for us and our successors, with advice afore- 
said, give, grant, and commit power to the said Sir William 
Alexander and his heirs and assignees, of having and lawfully 
establishing and causing to be coined current money in the said 
country and lordship of New Scotland, and for the readier con- 
venience of commerce and bargains among the inhabitants thereof, 
of such metal, form, and fashion as they shall design, or appoint : 
And for this effect, we give, grant, and commit to them, or their 
heirs and assignees, lieutenants of the said country, the privileges 
of coining money with iron instruments, and with officers neces- 
sary for that purpose : Further, we, for us and our successors, 
with advice aforesaid, have given, granted, ratified, and confirmed, 
and by our present charter give, grant, ratify, and confirm, to the 
said Sir William Alexander, and his heirs and assignees, all 
places, privileges, prerogatives, pre-eminences, and precedencies 
whatsoever, given, granted, and reserved, or to be given, granted, 
and reserved, to the said Sir William Alexander, his heirs and 
assignees; and his successors, lieutenants of the said country 


and lordship of New Scotland, over the knights-baronets, and 
remanent portioners and associates, of the said plantations, 
so as the said Sir William Alexander, and his heirs-male 
descending of his body, as lieutenants foresaid, shall and may 
take place, prerogative, pre-eminence, and precedency, as well 
before all esquires, lairds, and gentlemen of our said kingdom 
of Scotland, as before all the foresaid knights-baronets of our 
said kingdom, and all others before whom the said knights- 
baronets, in virtue of the privilege of dignity to them, can have 
place and precedency ; for the advancement of which plantation 
and colony of New Scotland, and in respect of it especially, the 
said knights-baronets were, with advice foresaid, created in our 
said kingdom of Scotland, with their estate and dignity, as a 
special token of our favour conferred upon such gentlemen and 
honourably born persons, portioners of the foresaid plantation 
and colony ; with this express provision always, that the number 
of the foresaid baronets never exceed one hundred and fifty. 
Finally, we, with advice aforesaid, for us, our heirs and successors, 
will, decern, and ordain that this our patent and infeftment, with 
all its contents, be ratified, approved, and confirmed in our next 
Parliament of our kingdom of Scotland ; and that it may have 
the force, strength and effect, of an act, statute, and decree of 
that supreme judicatory, as to which we, for us and our suc- 
cessors, declare and ordain this our present charter, to be a suffi- 
cient warrant to the Lords of the Articles of our said Parliament, 
for the ratification and confirmation thereof in manner before 
written. Moreover, to our lovites and each of you 

conjunctly and severally, our sheriffs in that part especially con- 
stituted, greeting : We charge and command you that ye give and 
deliver to the foresaid Sir William Alexander, or his certain 
attorney, bearer of these presents, heritable state and seisin, as 
well as corporal, actual, and real possession of all and whole 
the foresaid lands, country, and lordship of New Scotland, with 
all and sundry parts, pendicles, privileges, commodities, immu- 
nities, and others, generally as well as particularly above expressed, 
at our said Castle of Edinburgh, without delay, and this in no 
wise ye leave undone: Which to do, we commit to you and 


each of you conjunctly and severally, our sheriffs in that part 
foresaid, our full and irrevocable power by our present charter : 
which seisin we, with advice aforesaid, for us and our successors, 
by our present charter, will, declare, and ordain to be as lawful 
and sufficient as if precepts of seisin, separately and ordinarily 
to that effect, had been directed out of our Chancery upon our 
said charter, as to which we, with advice aforesaid, for us, our 
heirs and successors, have j dispensed, and by our present charter 
for ever dispense. 

In Witness whereof, we have ordered our Great Seal to be 
appended to this our present charter, the witnesses being our 
well-beloved cousins and councillors, James, Marquis of Ham- 
ilton, Earl of Arran and Cambridge, Lord Aven and Innerdaill, 
etc. ; William, Earl Marischal, Lord Keith, etc., Marischal of our 
kingdom ; our beloved councillor, Sir George Hay of Kinfauns, 
knight, our Chancellor ; our well-beloved cousin and councillor, 
Thomas, Earl of Melrose, Lord Binning and Byers, our Secretary ; 
our beloved familiar Councillors, Sir Kichard Cokbourne of 
Clerkington, Keeper of our Privy Seal ; Sir John Hamilton of 
Magdalens, Clerk of our Eolls, Eegister, and Council ; Sir George 
Elphinstone of Blythswoode, our Justice-Clerk ; and Sir John 
Scot of Scotstarvet, Director of our Chancery, Knights. At our 
Palace of Oatlands, the 12th day of July, A.D. 1625, and the 
first of our reign. 

No. III. 


AFTER a great travel both of body and of mind which (since not 
voluntary, but imposed upon me) was the more painful, by 
retiring for a time where I was born, of late gladly embracing 
this rarely offered opportunity to refresh myself, and being 
curious, as the most dainty kind of pleasure for such as are 


capable of their delicacies, to recreate myself with the Muses 
(I may justly say recreate, since they create new spirits, which 
shaking off gross affections, diving into the depths, reaching the 
heights, and contemplating both, are transported with these 
things which are only worthy to entertain so noble a thing as the 
mind of man). I began to renew my acquaintance there, having 
of a long time been a stranger with them; so that at the first, I 
could not begin to practise as one of their ordinary train, but 
only to court with these whose credit might procure my access. 
I conversed with some of the modern as well as with the ancients, 
kindling my fire at those fires which do still burn out of the 
ashes of ancient ^ authors, to whom I find them in no way 
inferior, though like affectioned patriots, by writing in the vulgar 
tongues, seeking to grace their own country. I have pitied the 
ignorance of some who might be admitted for versifiers and poets, 
that would extol as an excellent piece of poetry, that which, 
wanting life, had nothing but language, masking ignorance with 
Greek and Latin, whose treasure long feeding upon, they had by 
time digested, and converted to their own use, though venting it 
but in excrements ! 

Language is but the apparel of poesy : which may give beauty 
but not strength. And when I censure any poet, I first dissolve 
the general contexture of his work in several pieces, to see what 
sinews it hath, and to mark what will remain behind, when that 
external gorgeousness consisting in the choice or placing of words 
as if it would bribe the ear to corrupt the judgment, is first 
removed, or at least only marshalled in its own degree. I value 
language as a conduit ; the variety thereof to several shapes, and 
adorned truth or witty inventions, that which it should deliver. 
I compare a poem to a garden, the disposing of the parts of the 
one to the several walks of the other; the decorum kept in 
descriptions and representing of persons, to the proportion and 
distances to be observed in such things as are planted therein, 
and the variety of invention, to the diversity of flowers thereof : 
whereof three sorts do chiefly please me a grave sentence by 
which the judgment may be bettered ; a witty conceit which 
doth harmoniously delight the spirits ; and a generous rapture 


expressing magnanimity, whereby the mind may be inflamed for 
great things. All the rest, for the most part, is but a naked nar- 
ration or gross stuff to uphold the general frame : yet the more 
apt, if well contrived and eloquently delivered, to angle vulgar 
readers, who perchance can scarce conceive the other. 

I condemn their opinions, who, as they would include all 
perfection in one, do prefer some one with whom they sympa- 
thise, or whom they have most practised, to all others. There is 
none singular in all, and yet all are singular in some things. 
There is none so excellent, that is not excelled in some pieces 
by some others ; and every one hath his own particular grace, 
none being positively, but only comparatively to be praised, and 
that for parts, not in the whole men's works, like themselves, 
not being all of one quality, nor ever alike. 

I like the phrase, style, method, and discreet carriage of 
Virgil ; the vigour and variety of invention in Ovid ; the deep 
judgment and grave sentences of Horace and Juvenal; the 
heroical conceptions, showing an innate generosity, in Statius 
Papianus and Lucan. And I cannot wonder enough at that 
man (deservedly renowned and admirably learned), who, with a 
passionate kind of partiality (the more strange that it is against 
dead men, who have exceeded envy, having their just value set 
upon them by sundry ages), would advisedly vilify Lucan in 
so extreme a measure, saying, "Videtur potius latrare quam 
canere ; " whom Statius Papianus and Martial (his superiors in 
poesy), both celebrating his birth by eternal testimonies, have 
magnified so much : 

" Hsec est ilia dies, quse magni conscia partus 
Lucanum populis et tibi Polla dedit ; " 

and thereafter : 

" Vatis Apollinei, magno memorabilia ortu 
Lux redit, Aonidum turba favete sacris 
Hsec merita, cum te terris Lucane dedisset 
Mixtus Castaliae Boetis ut esset aquae. " 

Julius Scaliger doth aggravate much any hyperbole wherein 
he hath seemed to exceed, and hath not remarked, at least will 


not remember, the unmatchable height of his ravishing conceits 
to provoke magnanimity. If he had as narrowly sifted Virgil, 
whom he will needs justify as without any blemish, without 
reposing as by an implicit faith upon his sufficiency, he would 
have found an error in him more gross than any that is in 
Lucan ; as this, where the praise of an epic poem is to feign a 
person exceeding nature, not such as all ordinarily be, but with 
all the perfections whereof a man can be capable every defi- 
ciency in that imaginary man being really the author's own, 
whose unlimited invention, for lack of judgment, could reach 
to no greater height. He (seeking to extol the valour of ^Eneas, 
which only could be done by the valour of some valorous enemy 
whom he had vanquished) doth so extremely extenuate the 
courage of Turnus at his death, leaving him no time to recover 
it, that, where out of a poetic liberty he should have afforded 
more than was ordinary, wanting nothing but fortune, and at 
least inferior to none but to him whom he would grace with his 
ruin, he doth make him die like a dastard; casting thereby 
down all the glory intended for ^Eneas overcoming but a coward ; 
and, in a more abject manner than the lowest-minded man 
could have descended to conceive, burdening the gods with his 
cowardice, whose mind, in whatsoever state his body was, should 
have continued free, not basely begging his life. 

" Ille humilis supplexque, oculos dextramque precantem 
Protendens, ' equidem merui, nee deprecor ' inquit 
Utere sorte tua ; miseri te si qua Parentis 
Tangere cura potest, oro (fuit et tibi talis 
Anchises genitor), Donni miserere senectse ; 
Et me seu corpus spoliatum lumine mavis, 
Reddemeis; Vicisti; tua est Lavinia conjux." 

Thus would he unworthily ransom his life with loss of his 
honour and of his lady, and I never read that part of Virgil but 
I remember the speech of Paulus Emilius, when Perseus, King 
of Macedon, came with tears, a suitor to him, that he might not 
be led in triumph. " Fie upon you, beast," said he ; " you beg 
that which you ought to give unto yourself, and have disgraced 
my victory, who now, after all my travels, can have no credit, 


having only overcome such a base coward as was not worthy to 
have been contended with." If I have been too bold in censur- 
ing Julius Scaliger, let me be excused by his example in cen- 
suring all his betters ; and it is only to give Lucan his due, not 
to derogate from him. 

There is no man doth satisfy me more than that notable 
Italian, Torquato Tasso, in whom I find no blemish but that he 
doth make Solyman, by whose overthrow he would grace Kin- 
aldo, to die fearfully, belying the part that he would have per- 
sonated during his life ; as if he would choose rather to err in 
imitating others, than to prove singular by himself. Speron, 
thinking his exquisite work of " Godfred " to be too full of rich 
conceits, and more dainty than did become the gravity of such a 
work, said that it was an " heroic poem written in madrigals ; " 
and yet when he wrote a " Week of the Creation " in emulation 
of Du Bartas, it did no way approach to the perfections of the 
other, which doth confirm me in my first opinion, that eveiy 
author hath his own genius directing him, by a secret inspira- 
tion, to that wherein he may most excel, and, as I said, excelling 
in some tilings, and none in all. 

Many would bound the boundless liberty of a poet binding 
him only to the birth of his own brains ; affirming that there 
can be no perfection but in a fiction ; not considering that the 
ancients, upon whose example they ground their opinion, did 
give faith unto those fables whereby they would abuse our 
credulity, not only as to true history, but as to true Divinity, 
since containing the greatness of their gods and grounds of their 
religion, which they in their own kind did strive superstitiously 
to extol ; so that hereby they would either make our religion 
or our affection thereunto inferior unto theirs, and imaginary 
matters to be more celebrated than true deeds, whose envied 
price, affectionately looked upon, must beget a generous emula- 
tion in any virtuous reader's mind. 

The treasures of poesy cannot be better bestowed than upon 
the apparelling of truth, and truth cannot be better apparelled 
to please young lovers than with the excellences of poesy. I 
would allow that an epic poem should consist altogether of a 



fiction, that the poet, soaring above the course of nature, making 
the beauty of virtue to invite, and the honour of vice to affright, 
the beholders, may liberally furnish his imaginary man with all 
the qualities requisite for the accomplishing of a perfect creature, 
having power to dispose of all things at his own pleasure. 

No. IV. 


ALEXANDER HUMPHRYS, one of the claimants of the earldom of 
Stirling, was son of William Humphrys, merchant, residing at 
Fair Hill, Birmingham, by his wife, Hannah, younger daughter 
of the Rev. John Alexander, who, on the 1st November 1743, 
died minister of Plunket Street Presbyterian Church, Dublin, 
and whose father, James Alexander, a solicitor at Dublin, was 
descended from the family of Alexander, at Candren, near Pais- 
ley (vol. ii., chap, xxiii,). 

Alexander Humphrys was born at Birmingham on the 21st 
June 1783, Having accompanied his father to France during 
the peace of Amiens in 1802, he was, on the outbreak of hos- 
tilities, arrested by order of Napoleon. His father died at 
Verdun, in France, on the 1st May 1807, but he personally con- 
tinued a captive till 1814, when, on the restoration of peace, he 
returned to England. The family resources being nearly ex- 
hausted, he settled at Worcester, where he some time assisted 
in Netherton House school, which he subsequently conducted 
on his own account. Through his wife, Fortunata Bartoletti 
of Naples, whom he married in 1812, he became acquainted 
with Mademoiselle le Normand,* who, at Paris, conducted busi- 

* Mademoiselle le Normand composed the following, among other works : 
" Les Souvenirs Prophetiques d'une Sibylle," 8vo, 1814 ; " Memoires Historiques 
et Secrets de I'lmpe'ratrice Josephine," 2 vols., 8vo, 1820, of which a second 


ness as an authoress, book-vender, and fortune-teller by cards. 
This person predicted that, after encountering many trials and 
difficulties, he would attain distinction and opulence. Impressed 
with this prediction, he proceeded, on the death of his mother, 
which took place on the 12th September 1814, to institute in- 
quiries as to his descent. There was, he learned, a dormant peerage 
in the House of Alexander ; and in 1815, or the year following, he 
requested Mr Josiah Corrie, his family solicitor at Birmingham, 
to promote, on his behalf, a claim for the earldom of Stirling. 
Mr Corrie, in the absence of documents, declined to act. 

In February 1819, some one, under the signature of "F. D.," 
communicated with the Gentleman's Magazine, desiring to receive 
some information respecting the family of Alexander. He 
specially inquired " 1. What descendants, from the fourth, 
fifth, sixth, and seventh sons, of Sir William Alexander, were 
existing in 1739 ? When the earldom became dormant ? and 
who and what are the descendants now existing ? 2. Whether 
any correct pedigrees of the family, comprising the younger 
branches down to 1740, or later, can be procured ? 3. Whether 
it be possible to refer to the papers of the successive claimants 
of the honours ?" 

In the Gentleman's Magazine for April 1819, the editor refers 
to further inquiries by " F. D." in these words : 

" ' F. D./ in addition to the inquiries respecting the Alexander 
family, inserted in our number for February last, p. 98, would 
be thankful for any particulars, through the medium of our mis- 
cellany, of the descent of the Eev. John Alexander, minister of 
the Presbyterian church in Plunket Street, Dublin, from 1730 
till his death, November 1, 1743. Mr Alexander was a native 
of Londonderry, and nearest male heir to the earldom- of Stirling 
on the demise of Henry, fifth earl, in 1739. He was author of 
an excellent work on Irenseus, and one of those men whose 
society was courted by the celebrated Dean Swift." 

edition, in three volumes, was published in 1827 ; " Souvenirs de la Belgique 
Cent Jours d'Infortunes, ou le Proces Memorable," 8vo, 1822 ; "Ombre Immor- 
telle de Catharine II. au Tombeau d'Alexandre I.," 8vo, 1826 (Swinton's Keport 
of Humphrys' Trial). 


The statement by "F. D." that the Eev. John Alexander of 
Dublin composed " an excellent work on Irenaeus " had been 
made in a letter, alleged by " one of Mr Alexander's descendants 
at Birmingham " to have been written by Dr Isaac "Watts, to Mr 
Alexander "from the Lady Abney's in Lime Street, London, on 
the 18th April 1727." The supposed letter was printed in 1816 
in the Monthly Eepository of Theology, a religious serial pub- 
lished at Hackney (vol. xl, p. 193). The other statements, that 
Mr Alexander was a native of Londonderry, a friend of Dean 
Swift, and " nearest male heir to the earldom of Stirling," were 
altogether groundless. 

With the signature " H. W.," a correspondent, in the G-entle- 
man's Magazine for May 1819, presented the following note : 

"The Eev. John Alexander was probably a descendant of 
Captain Andrew Alexander of Londonderry, whose name appears 
in the list of Protestants attainted by James the Second's Par- 
liament, held in Dublin in 1689." 

In 1823 Mr Humphrys entered into correspondence with Mr 
Thomas Christopher Banks of London, author of the " Dormant 
and Extinct Baronage of England." Having, " out of grateful 
respect to the memory of his maternal grandfather, John Alex- 
ander, as well as out of consideration for the wishes oftentimes 
expressed by his deceased mother," sought permission to adopt 
the surname of Alexander, he procured, on the 8th March 1824, 
a royal licence for that purpose. Without further process, he 
attended the election of a representative peer in Holyrood Palace 
on the 2d June 1825, and, answering to the name of the Earl of 
Stirling, tendered his vote. He claimed the peerage " under the 
destination of a royal charter of novodamus, under the Great Seal 
dated 7th December 1639, granted by Charles I. in favour of 
William, Earl of Stirling" (Eeg. of Elections of Peers, vol. ii., 
fol. 228). 

As "Earl of Stirling," Mr Humphrys Alexander proceeded 
to the town of Stirling, to visit a locality associated with his 
alleged progenitors. At the instance of Mr James Wright, his 
solicitor at Stirling, his arrival was welcomed by the ringing of 
the public bells, while the magistrates waited upon him at his 


hotel, to offer congratulations. His visit was chronicled in a 
local newspaper,* which described " the interest with which his 
lordship visited the castle, and every part of the town worthy of 
notice," adding that "he seemed to take peculiar interest in 
viewing Argyle Lodge, formerly the town residence of the Earls 
of Stirling." 

At Stirling, Mr Humphrys Alexander confirmed to his soli- 
citor, Mr James Wright, his claim to a place of sepulture ad- 
joining the High Church (vol. i., p. 187); before leaving the 
place, he conveyed to the treasurer of the kirk session a donation 
of 5 for the parochial poor. In appreciation of his dignity 
and munificence, the town council placed him on their burgess 
roll, and apprised him of the honour in these terms: "At 
Stirling, the twenty-seventh day of June, one thousand eight 
hundred and twenty-five years. Which day the magistrates 
and town council of the burgh of Stirling being convened, 
they resolve to elect and admit the Eight Honourable Alex- 
ander, Earl of Stirling, to be a burgess qua guildbrother of 
the burgh; and authorise the provost to subscribe a proper 
ticket of admission, and transmit the same to his lordship, the 
expense being to be defrayed by the town, and authorise the 
chamberlain to pay the same accordingly. Extracted from the 
Eecords of the Town Council of the Burgh of Stirling by Wil- 
liam Galbraith, Town Clerk." 

From Stirling Mr Humphrys Alexander proceeded to Glasgow, 
where he was introduced to Mr John Dillon, a solicitor with 
whom, in relation to his claims, he subsequently corresponded. 
Under the designation of "Alexander Humphrys Alexander, 
Earl of Stirling," he was, on the 7th February 1826, served before 
the Bailie Court of Canongate " lawful and nearest heir-male in 
general of his mother," Hannah Alexander ; he was thereafter 
retoured "Earl of Stirling and Dovan,"f his mother being 
described as " Countess of Stirling." In this service was assumed 
the validity of the charter of novodamus of the 7th December 

* Stirling Journal, 16th June 1825. 

t The Do van was the ancient name of the river Devon, which flowed near 
Menstry in its passage from the Ochil hills to the river Forth. 


1639, on which he had in June recorded at Holyrood his claim 
to the earldom ; it was made to re-grant to the first earl, on his 
resignation of a former patent, the earldom of Stirling and 
Dovan, with remainder to females, failing heirs-male. In the 
service was presented a statement of pedigree, in which Mr 
Humphrys Alexander's maternal grandfather, the Eev. John 
Alexander, was described as son of John Alexander of Antrim, 
son of John Alexander, fourth son of the first earl, by his wife, 
Agnes Graham. At a subsequent stage he corrected his pedi- 
gree by alleging that his ancestor, John Alexander of Antrim, 
was son of John Alexander of Gartmore by a second wife, 
" Elizabeth Maxwell of Londonderry." 

Mr Humphrys Alexander despatched to America Mr Thomas 
Christopher Banks, there to assert his claim as Earl of Stirling 
to the vast territories which had belonged to the first earl. To Mr 
Dillon, his Glasgow correspondent, he, in a letter, dated the 24th 
November 1826, wrote as follows : " I have been cruelly disap- 
pointed about ' the loan negotiation/ which has been twice broken 
off and again renewed. The great news received from Mr Banks 
by the last packet has made the prospect brighten up again, and 
I am now once more flattered that the object of my wishes will 
be accomplished almost immediately. By all he was received 
in a most flattering manner. The British consul, Mr Buchanan, 
had tendered his services to Mr Banks in a very handsome 
manner, by a letter. With my second counsel, Mr Clark, whom 
Mr B. describes as a man of high character, great soundness, 
and perspicuity of judgment, and devoted to my interests with 
an ardent zeal, he had had daily meetings and conversations, 
for the purpose of examining the charters and documents, and 
arranging the plan of proceedings. The cause will be conducted 
in its proper time for hearing, by Mr Webster, as leading coun- 
sel, assisted by Mr Clark, and Mr Banks as my agent and repre- 
sentative; and it is now confidently anticipated the Congress 
will grant me a location of five millions of acres, which is found 
to be not one-twentieth part of the lands originally granted, all 
convertible at once, at common market prices, into cash, and will 
be more than one million sterling." To Mr Dillon he reported, 


on the 25th July 1827, that Mr Banks was using in America, 
" with complete effect, copies of charters obtained by the first 
Earl of Stirling," adding, " By degrees, all the valuable papers of 
which my grandfather was robbed, about the time that the 
General preferred his claims to the earldom, are finding their way 
back to me." 

Mr Banks returned from America in the autumn of 1827, 
when " the loan negotiation " was vigorously renewed. In April 
1828, on the recommendation of Mr James Wright, Stirling, 
Mr Ephraim Lockhart, Writer to the Signet at Edinburgh, 
undertook the office of law adviser in the case, and, under his 
direction, Mr Banks proceeded to Ireland to institute inquiries 
respecting the claimant's family. The materials which Mr 
Banks alleged he had procured in Ireland during his visit in 
1828 did not include the charter of novodamus, and he accord- 
ingly undertook a second mission to Ireland early in 1829. 
From Carlow he communicated to Mr Humphrys Alexander on 
the 17th March, that, having "found, on his return to Dublin, 
on the 10th inst., a parcel, enclosing an old document, which 
appears to be an excerpt from the charter of novodamus, 7th 
December 1639, and bearing on it an indorsement, with the 
initials, as they seemed, of Mr Conyers," he had proceeded to 
Carlow to make inquiry about it of Mr Fairclough, who was 
possessor, he had ascertained, of some of Mr Conyers' papers.* 

Deeming the " excerpt " genuine, Mr Lockhart proceeded to 

* To Mr Conyers we shall refer subsequently. It may be stated meanwhile that 
Mr Banks afterwards acknowledged that the excerpt charter came into his 
hands at Carlow, having there reached him by post in a packet, which bore the 
postmark of Portsmouth or Falmouth. But the narrative which he transmitted 
to Mr Humphrys Alexander was intended for transmission to Mr Lockhart, 
whom it was necessary to satisfy as to the absolute genuineness of his discovery. 
On this subject we subjoin a MS. note of the late Mr William B. B. D. 
Turnbull, advocate, Edinburgh : "Mr Lockhart stated to me that Banks wrote 
to him, desiring to be informed of the style of a novodamus, supposing such had 
been granted to the first Earl of Stirling. Lockhart sent him a draft, and was 
surprised when he received ' the excerpt ' three months afterwards, to find that 
Banks had made it in ipsissimis verbis of the copy sent him. Banks had at the 
same time procured from the Kegister House various copies of charters granted 
about the period founded on." 


raise upon it, in the Court of Session, a process for proving 
the tenor of the novodamus charter. This action was raised 
against "Dr John Watts, physician, New York, and William 
Alexander Duer, Esq., residing in Albany, in the state of New 
York, grandsons and heirs-portioners of line of the deceased 
William Alexander, surveyor-general of the province of New 
Jersey," the summons setting forth that the alleged charter 
had, about the year 1758, been abstracted from Mrs Hannah 
Alexander, the claimant's grandmother, by " a servant of hers, 
at the instigation of the said William Alexander." As probably 
anticipated, Messrs Watts and Duer, who had no possible 
interest in the case, remained silent. The action was, however, 
resisted by the officers of State, and was dismissed on the 4th 
March 1830. It was followed by another action, directed against 
the officers of State, and Mr Graham of Gartmore, in which 
" the excerpt " of the alleged charter of novodamus was again 
founded on. This second action was dismissed on the 2d March 

The alleged discovery of the excerpt charter took place in the 
spring of 1829, and thereafter Mr Humphry s Alexander was 
enabled to recommend his case to financial agents and money- 
lenders. In October 1829, he quitted Worcester for London, 
where, through a person named Morant, he was introduced to 
Mr John Tyrrell, a financial agent. Ascertaining from Mr James 
Wright, the claimant's solicitor at Stirling, that Mr Edward 
Alexander of Powis claimed descent from an ancestor of the 
first Earl of Stirling, Mr Tyrrell suggested to Mr Alexander's 
elder son, now Major-General Sir James Edward Alexander, 
that the honours and advantages of the earldom might be 
shared with him, on his abetting the claim. The proposal not 
being entertained, Mr Tyrrell introduced the claimant to several 
capitalists, who, on his granting them bonds for 50,000, handed 
him sums together amounting to 13,000. Mr Humphrys 
Alexander now rented a house in Baker Street, and set up his 

* Commenting on the evidence given by Mr Tyrrell at Mr Humphrys Alex- 
ander's trial in April 1839, the anonymous author of a pamphlet, issued on the 


Procuring a brieve from Chancery, dated the 21st September 
1830, Mr Humphrys Alexander was, on the llth October of 
that year, served by a jury in the Burgh Court of Canongate, 
heir in general of William, first Earl of Stirling, described in 
the record as "his great -great -great -grandfather." Among 
the documents accompanying the claim were extracts from 
Douglas's Peerage, and from parochial and other records ; also 
several documents, of which the genuineness was subsequently 
questioned. Of these last two were affidavits, dated 1722 
and 1723. In the former, Sara Lyner, "residing at Bally- 
ryder, in the parish of Stradbally, Queen's County, Ireland, a 
widow, aged eighty-four," deponed that her mother was in the 
service of Lord Montgomery, in the county of Down, and that 
while there "Mr John Alexander of Garthmore, a son of the 
Lord Sterline in Scotland, came to see my lord, and brought 
with him his ounely son." In the family of this " only son," 
Mr John Alexander of Antrim, she subsequently served; she 
was present when in May 1682 he married Miss Mary Ham- 
ilton at Donagheady, and she nursed her mistress after the 
birth of her only son in September 1686, and which son was 
then (1722) residing at Stratford -upon -Avon, Warwickshire. 
This affidavit of Sara Lyner bore to have been sworn before 
Jonas Percy, an Extraordinary Commissioner of the Irish Court 
of Chancery. 

The second affidavit proceeded in the name of Henry Hoven- 
den of Ballynakill, in the Queen's County, and bore to have been 
sworn on the 16th July 1723, before the Hon. John Pocklington, 
one of the Barons of Exchequer in Ireland. In this instru- 
ment, Hovenden declared that the Rev. John Alexander, then 
residing in Warwickshire, was "grandson and only male repre- 
sentative of John Alexander of Gartmore, the fourth son of 
William, first Earl of Stirling;" he declared further that he had 

claimant's behalf, has these words : " Of this money [13,000], scarcely as many 
hundreds ever reached Lord Stirling's pocket. Only a portion of the money, less 
than a half, was ever paid, and of this his lordship was robbed at the moment of 
payment, by the veiy people who pretended to supply it " (Remarks on the Trial 
of the Earl of Stirling, by an English Lawyer, London, 1839, 8vo). 


seen in the possession of Thomas Conyers of Carlow the charter 
of novodamus of the 7th December 1639, the contents of which, 
as presented in the alleged "excerpt," he minutely detailed. 
Thomas Meredith, a notary-public, certified the signature of 
Hovenden ; and in a postscript Thomas Conyers declared that 
" Lord Sterling's charter was trusted to his late father in trouble- 
some times by y e dec d Mary, Countess of M fc Alexander." 

On the 30th May 1831, Mr Humphry s Alexander followed 
up his service as heir-general to the first Earl of Stirling, by 
effecting a service " as heir of tailzie and provision " to the first 
Earl of Stirling, in different lands in Scotland, erected into an 
alleged earldom of Dovan, but in which no investiture of the 
ancestor was even alleged. Next, on the 10th June 1831, he ob- 
tained a brieve as heir of the first Earl of Stirling in the lands, 
continents, and islands of Nova Scotia, and part of Canada ; and 
on the 2d July, conducted a special service before the Sheriff of 
Edinburgh the evidence consisting of the recorded charter in 
favour of the first earl, dated 12th July 1625, and of the retour 
of his previous service in the court of Canongate. The circle of 
legal formalities was completed on the 8th July 1831, when, on 
a precept from Chancery, he was infeft in the North American 
territories within the Castle of Edinburgh. 

While these proceedings were in progress, the claimant lost no 
opportunity of asserting his alleged rights. He voted at the 
general election of representative peers on the 2d September 
1830, and at the general election on the 3d June 1831. On the 
14th July 1831, he granted his agent, Mr Banks, 16,000 acres 
of land in Canada, and created him a baronet of Nova Scotia. 
On Mr Philippart, another of Ms agents, he bestowed similar 
honours and privileges. As " lord proprietor of the province of 
Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and the adjacent islands," he 
opened an office at 53 Parliament Street, London, for the sale 
of lands, and for debentures on his American possessions. In a 
prospectus, dated 12th July 1831, he offered his lands in Nova 
Scotia at prices varying from two to twenty shillings per acre. 
" He especially recommended for purchase by colonists a million 
of acres of most excellent land in New Brunswick." 


In January 1831 the claimant approached the throne. He 
addressed a memorial to King William IV., praying that in 
his character as a peer he might be admitted to the royal 
presence. The memorial being referred to Lord Chancellor 
Brougham, his lordship reported to the king the decision of the 
Court of Session adverse to the memorialist, and his own opinion 
that his pretensions were untenable. Mr Humphrys Alex- 
ander renewed his memorial in August, when he claimed the 
privilege, as Hereditary Lieutenant of Nova Scotia, of rendering 
homage at the coronation. This application was unheeded. To 
the public authorities of Nova Scotia, he, on the 28th October 
1831, addressed a manifesto, in which he refused to recognise 
any allotment of territory made otherwise than by his alleged 
ancestor, but offering, in matters of purchase or lease, to allow 
"the native inhabitants of Nova Scotia or Canada every pre- 
ference over persons emigrating from Great Britain." To Earl 
Grey, as First Commissioner of His Majesty's Treasury, he sent 
a protest against any interference with his rights on the part of 
Government. In June 1832 he petitioned Parliament against a 
charter being granted to the Land Company of New Brunswick 
and Nova Scotia. These proceedings attracted general attention. 
In 1832 the Marchioness-Dowager of Downshire, as heir of line 
of the fourth Earl of Stirling, presented a memorial to the 
House of Lords, complaining that the title of Earl of Stirling 
had been unlawfully assumed, and setting forth that if the 
charter of novodamus were a genuine document, its effect would 
be to vest the earldom in her person. On the 19th March of 
the same year, the House of Lords, on the motion of the Earl 
of Eosebery, appointed a select committee to consider the sub- 
ject of persons claiming dormant peerages voting at elections of 
Scottish representative peers, with a view of preventing the 
facility with which titles might be unlawfully assumed. To 
this committee the memorial of the Dowager Marchioness of 
Downshire was referred. 

Mr Humphrys Alexander strongly resisted interference with 
his assumed rights. To the committee of the House of Lords 
he presented a protest, in which he maintained that the Mar- 


chioness of Downshire was only entitled to compete with him 
in the Scottish courts, by which, he maintained, his title had 
been duly recognised. On his behalf, in 1832, Mr Banks, assum- 
ing the title of "Sir Thomas Christopher Banks, Bart. N.S.," 
issued an octavo volume, entitled, " An Analytical Statement of 
the Case of Alexander, Earl of Stirling and Dovan, containing an 
explanation of his official dignities and peculiar territorial rights 
and privileges in the British Colonies of Nova Scotia and 
Canada." In this work, which was dedicated to the king, Mr 
Banks entreated his Majesty to recognise his client as de facto 
Earl of Stirling and Dovan ; he added, in " an advertisement," 
that he regarded his own title of baronet as being perfectly as 
legal and efficacious as if it had been conferred by the Crown 
itself. Against the claims of the Marchioness of Downshire he 
urged his client's services in the court of Canongate, and his 
votes at the peers' elections at Holyrood. On his client's 
behalf, he further pleaded that, as a peer, he had been exempted 
from arrest by an English judge. Connected with the matter 
of arrest, he referred to certain proceedings instituted against his 
client at the instance of Vice- Admiral Sir Henry Digby, K.C.B., 
who had advanced him 500, and had demanded payment of 
his bond. The admiral, he declared, had acted against his client 
in a manner which " the lowest Jack in the service would dis- 
approve," by becoming "a cat's-paw of his enemies," designating 
his lordship as a commoner, employing against him " Janus-like 
solicitors," and a barrister who " had perverted facts," and drag- 
ging him into a court " which admitted of pettifogging malice," 
viz., the Court of Common Pleas. Mr Banks' " Statement " was 
accompanied with several pedigree charts, and a map entitled, 
"The largest and most valuable portions of the territories in 
America granted to the Earl of Stirling." 

On the 1st January 1833, Mr Humphrys Alexander addressed 
to the Scottish peers a printed letter, in which he intimated his 
intention not to vote at the approaching election at Holyrood, 
lest he should thereby expose himself to misrepresentation or 
insult. Having remarked that, " if not checked in their reckless 
course," his opponents might " give a death-blow to the privileges 


of all Scots peers who have not seats in the House of Lords," 
he concluded : " The day of retribution is not far off, and then 
I may act a part which, I have no doubt, will cause me to be 
differently respected and considered by those who are now 
pleased to cavil about straws, and who would deny me all but 
what they cannot give nor take away, namely, a rectitude of 
conscience and principle, which, in point of honour, stands as 
high and uncontaminated as that of the proudest of my oppon- 

The printed letter addressed to the Scottish peers was followed 
by a series of anonymous communications in the Times, the 
Morning Post, and other newspapers, asserting and upholding 
Mr Humphrys Alexander's claims. 

In his " Analytical Statement," Mr Banks expressed himself 
as " not doubtful " that the Crown would concur in confirming 
him as a baronet of Nova Scotia. Having failed to obtain recog- 
nition, he raised in the Court of Session an action of declarator, 
with the view of enforcing it. To this action the Scottish 
officers of State lodged defences, which Mr Banks, in a second 
pamphlet, hastened to criticise. His new publication was 
addressed to the sovereign. It bore the following title : " A 
Letter to the King's most excellent Majesty, respecting what 
are called 'the defences of the officers of State' to a certain 
action of declarator now sisted before the Court of Session at 
Edinburgh, showing the uncandid, covert, and invidious asser- 
tions therein unnecessarily introduced, which, having been 
printed, tend, as doubtless meant, to the prejudice of the pursuer, 
in the merits of his action, and of his public character, before 
trial of the cause. 

" ' "Which rogue ought most to be condenm'd to shame,' 
"Who steals my purse, or he who saps my name ? ' 

Edinburgh, 1834, 8vo." 

" It was unfortunate," wrote Mr Banks, " for monarchs, who 
might wish to live and reign in the hearts of their subjects, that 
they seldom knew anything of the conduct of their official ser- 
vants." " This ignorance," he added, " occasioned them execra- 


tions when blessings would otherwise be given." The Scottish 
officers of State he characterised as worthy of his notice " only 
from their official character," "not from nobility of blood;" they 
were " Satanites," "imps of the fallen angel;" their "intents" 
were "demon-like;" they "practised insolence;" "worshipped 
the golden calf ;" abused their authority ; were miserable satel- 
lites ; and wrote " as the lowest English scribbler in Grub Street." 

Only a few weeks after the appearance of his second pam- 
phlet, Mr Banks differed seriously with his client ; he withdrew 
his publications, abandoned his action of declarator, and re- 
nounced his title ! Henceforth he was personally subjected to 
denunciations and epithets of reproach similar to those he had, 
in the supposed interests of his client, dealt so unsparingly to 
others. In a quarto publication issued by him in 1836, Mr 
Humphrys Alexander characterises his former agent as "a 
traitor," " an impostor," " an extortioner," " a detractor," " a low- 
minded ruffian," " a companion of the foul fiend." He denounced 
his services as having been " detrimental to him," and his pam- 
phlets as having "created animosity." In a future pamphlet, 
issued under his sanction, Mr Humphrys Alexander described 
Mr Banks as " a notorious character," through whom " he had 
been involved in all his difficulties." 

The pretensions of Mr Humphrys Alexander had become 
portentous ; and as his various services, if unchallenged, might 
lead to serious complications, it was deemed advisable to adopt 
against him decisive measures. By the Scottish officers of State, 
an action of Eeduction Improbation was raised in the Court of 
Session to set aside his services, both general and special, along 
with the retours, precept, and instrument of sasine following 

By a portion of the newspaper press, Mr Humphrys Alexander's 
movements, as " Earl of Stirling and Dovan," were duly chron- 
icled. The following paragraph relative to the marriage of his 
daughter appeared in April 1835 in various journals : " Runaway 
Match in High Life. The gossips of Edinburgh have experienced 
considerable excitement from the circumstance of an English- 
man having eloped with the fair daughter of a Scotch peer. 


The young lady is the beautiful A. A., only daughter of the Earl 
of S g (who has recently claimed the title), and the bride- 
groom is W e P n, Esq., a person of good property in 

Cheshire. The parties were married yesterday at St James's, 
by the gentleman's brother, and instantly departed for Paris/' 

In the action of Eeduction Improbation, Lord Cockburn, as 
Ordinary, granted, on the 26th November 1835, at the instance 
of the defender, a commission for receiving additional evidence 
on his behalf. Under authority of that commission, witnesses 
were examined at Birmingham, Dublin, and Eathgael, in the 
county of Down. At Eathgael, Margaret M'Blain, a widow, 
residing at Newtonards, aged about eighty, deponed that " she 
remembered the last Countess of Mount Alexander, who resided 
in Donaghadee, and died sixty-four years past last April ; that 
she was ten years and upwards in Lady Mount Alexander's ser- 
vice, till the time of her ladyship's death; that she has often 
heard Lady Mount Alexander speak of a John Alexander, who 
had a son also called John Alexander, who married Mary Ham- 
ilton ; that the said John the second and Mary Hamilton had a 
son, who was the Eeverend John Alexander ; that John the first 
was called of Gartmore, and John the second lived in Antrim, 
and the Eeverend John Alexander was a minister in Dublin, 
and died there." 

Mary Lewis in Newtonards, a widow, aged about eighty-six, 
deponed that she had " heard of a person of the name of Alex- 
ander who married a woman called Mary Hamilton." 

Samuel Battersby, weaver, Newtonards, aged fifty, deponed 
that one John Pew, clerk of the church at Newtonards, deceased, 
told him that the ancient parish registers were destroyed. His 
wife, Eleanor Battersby, daughter of Mary Lewis, a previous wit- 
ness, said she had heard her grandmother, Sophia Monk, state that 
Mary Hamilton, sister of James Hamilton, of Bangor, was married 
to John Alexander of Antrim, and bore him an only son, John, who 
afterwards became a clergyman in Dublin ; and that she had heard 
" her grandmother say that she had heard her father say that the 
said John of Antrim was descended from the Alexanders of Scot- 
land, and was nearly related to the Earl of Mount Alexander in 


Ireland ; and that she had heard her grandmother also say that 
she had heard from her father that John of Gartmore was the 
Honourable John Alexander, and was father of John of Antrim." 
In further evidence, Mr Humphrys Alexander lodged in pro- 
cess a paper described as a leaf torn from the family Bible of 
his late uncle, the Eev. John Alexander, son of the Eev. John 
Alexander of Dublin ; it contained the following legend : 

"Inscription on my grandfather's tomb at Newton, copy d for 
me by Mr Henri Lyttleton. 

" Here lieth the Body of lohn Alexander, Esquire, late of Antrim, 
the only son of the Honourable lohn Alexander, who was the fourth 
son of that most illustrious and famous statesman, "William, Earl of 
Sterline, Principal Secretary for Scotland : who had the singular 
merit of planting, at his sole expense, the first colonie in Nova Scotia. 
He married Mary, eldest daughter of the Eev. Mr Hamilton of 
Bangor, by whom he had issue, one son, lohn, who, at this present 
time, is the Presbyterian minister at Stratford-on-Avon, in England, 
and two daughters, Mary, who survives, and Elizabeth, wife of lohn 
M. Skinner, Esquire, who died 7th January 17yy, leaving three chil- 
dren. He was a man of such endowments as added lustre to his 
noble descent, and was universally respected for his piety and bene- 
volence. He was the best of husbands ; as a father, most indulgent ; 
as a friend, warm, sincere, and faithfull. He departed this life at 
Templepatrick, in the county of Antrim, on the 19th day of April 

" This leaf, taken out of poor John's Bible, is put up with other 
family papers for my son Benjamin. Done this sixteenth day of 
December 1776, in the presence of my friends and Mr John Berry, 
who, at my request, have subscribed their names as witnesses. 

" Abel Humphrys. 

Ann Humphrys. 

John Berry." 

Neither the tombstone at Newtonards nor the Bible said to 
have contained its inscription were forthcoming, but certain 
persons at Birmingham vouched the handwriting of Abel Hum- 
phrys and John Berry, two of the three persons attesting the 


signature of Hannah Alexander attached to the inscription. 
Respecting the tombstone, the witness Margaret M'Blain deponed 
that she had been informed by her deceased husband, a mason, 
that " a tombstone with the name John Alexander, Esq., Antrim, 
formerly stood in the old church at the east end of Newtoun 
House, alongside the tombstone of Lady Mount Alexander;" 
while Eleanor Battersby, another witness, affirmed that she 
learned from Andrew Kelly, coachman, that Eichard Monk, her 
great-grandfather, " had attended the funeral of Mr John Alex- 
ander of Antrim in Newtonards church." 

Other efforts were put forth on the claimant's behalf. On 
the 26th May 1836 Mr Richard Broun, a solicitor, eldest son of 
Sir James Broun, Bart, of Colstoun, convened a meeting at 
London of the baronets of Nova Scotia, to consider the privileges 
of the order, but with the subsidiary object of acknowledging 
" the Earl of Stirling " as their chief. After several adjourn- 
ments, the baronets met at Edinburgh on the 21st October, when 
Mr Broun submitted a lengthened report. He was allowed to 
print and circulate it; but certain resolutions which he had 
prepared for adoption were ignored or negatived. The report, 
which was founded on materials supplied by Mr Lockhart, 
Mr Humphrys Alexander's solicitor at Edinburgh, bore the 
following title : " Case of the honourable the Baronets of Scot- 
land and Nova Scotia, shewing their rights and privileges, digni- 
torial and territorial. 

" Retinens vestigia famse 
Virtutis praemium Avorum." 

Edinburgh, 1836, 8vo, 69 pp. 

To Mr Humphrys Alexander, the reporter refers in these 
words : " At the Peace of Paris in 1763, the right of inheritance 
to the first Earl of Stirling was in the person of his great-great- 
grandson, John, seventh earl. He died three years thereafter, 
and was succeeded by his brother Benjamin, eighth earl. This 
nobleman did not live to institute proceedings for his rights in 
America, but died in 1768, when his titles devolved on females 
till the 12th September 1814, when Alexander, the present Earl 

* P 


of Stirling and Dovan, succeeded by the decease of his mother. 
His lordship completed his titles in 1831, when, having been 
proved heir to the property, he obtained a precept from his 
Majesty, as overlord, for giving him seisin of Nova Scotia. This 
precept was directed to the Sheriff of Edinburgh, who, on his 
Majesty's behalf, gave the earl hereditary state and seisin of 
Nova Scotia, with its dependencies, on the 8th of July 1831, at 
the Castle of Edinburgh, in the manner prescribed by the 
foundation charters of the province." 

The defection of Mr Banks probably led Mr Humphrys 
Alexander to apprehend that the officers of State had availed 
themselves of his services and possible disclosures. In the 
Edinburgh newspapers he published the following advertise- 
ment : 

" Intimation. Lord Stirling respects the motives which have 
induced T. "W. C. to withhold his own name and address j and, hav- 
ing ascertained, by the reference to Sir G. M., the perfect truth and 
correctness of T. W. C.'s information, he feels bound in gratitude for 
so generous and well-timed a disclosure of important facts on the part 
of a stranger, to comply with his request of a short acknowledgment 
in either the Edinburgh or London newspapers. Lord S. begs to 
assure T. W. C. that all his statements respecting the amissing charter 
of 1639 have been verified by the search, and will soon completely 
effect its discovery. The information sent respecting dark intrigues 
of the opposite party will be useful ; but T. W. C. will be glad to 
hear that, as might have been expected, those men who seek the over- 
throw of a family by treachery, whose plans are supported by fabri- 
cated papers and defamatory statements, have traitors in their own 
camp, to whose revelations Lord S. is indebted for ample means of 
exposing and punishing the chief conspirators." 

In September 1836, Mr Humphrys Alexander, conjointly 
with Mr Lockhart, his solicitor at Edinburgh, issued a quarto 
volume, with the following title : " Narrative of the Oppressive 
Law Proceedings and other measures resorted to by the British 
Government, and numerous private individuals, to overpower the 
Earl of Stirling, and subvert his lawful rights, written by him- 
self; also, a genealogical account of the family of Alexander, 


Earls of Stirling, etc., compiled from MSS. in the possession of 
the family, followed by an historical view of their hereditary 
possessions in Nova Scotia, Canada, etc., by Ephraim Lockhart, 
Esq.; with a copious appendix of royal charters and other docu- 
ments. Rien riest beau que le vrai" In this "Narrative," 
which is dedicated to the king, Mr Humphrys Alexander re- 
quests his Majesty to grant him full compensation for the 
"grievous injury inflicted upon him" by his ministers. The 
charge of forgery he repudiates " with indignation," and inti- 
mates that he had detected a wicked design at the colonial 
office "to entrap him, by means of a forged letter, into the 
hands of a merciless enemy."* He denounces the king's 
ministers as having pursued him with " intrigue, deadly hate, 
envy, and accursed villainy." Because " he was entitled to a 
princely fortune with vice-regal powers and privileges," he 
had, he maintains, "been pursued with despicable falsehoods, 
animosities, and aspersions ; " described as a " ruffian," and as- 
sailed by "lovers of defamation." The recognition of his 
claims as Lieutenant of Canada would, he believed, " stop an 
impending revolution in that colony, while, were his claims 
resisted, he would publish his " Narrative" in French as well 
as English, and circulate copies throughout America and Europe. 
Though declining " to satisfy his enemies, at a time when such 
explanations were unnecessary," as " to how or when he made a 
discovery," which he " reserved to be made available hereafter," 
he declared that he had recently made in support of his claims 

* In a lengthened appendix, Mr Humphrys Alexander presents a correspondence 
between Mr J. J. Burn of- Gray's Inn, his solicitor in London, and Lord Goderich, 
Secretary for the Colonies, respecting a letter which he alleged was handed to 
his wife on the 22d August 1832, in which the writer, who subscribed himself 
"B. T. Balfour," expressed a desire that, in his character of Lord Stirling, he 
would attend at the Colonial Office to meet Lord Goderich on the following day. 
Through his solicitor, Mr Humphrys Alexander charged Lord Goderich's private 
secretary as the writer of the forged letter which he alleged was intended to 
entrap him into being arrested for debt on a judgment procured against him 
by Sir Henry Digby. His solicitor subsequently charged Lord Goderich's 
secretary with joining in a conspiracy "to end Lord Stirling, his case, his cares, 
and his claims, by doing an act not likely to be discovered that would apparently 
be acceptable to his principals. " 


" important discoveries both in France and America one most 
important document for establishing his descent having been 
restored to him." Eeferring to the charter of novodamus, he 
said he had recently ascertained that duly authenticated copies 
were extant, " which all these years have been purposely withheld 
by the persons who have them in their keeping." 

The action of Keduction Improbation came before the ourt of 
Session in November, but Mr Humphrys Alexander did not 
avail himself of his alleged discoveries by adding to the evidence 
offered to the commission in January. On the 10th December, 
Lord Cockburn as Ordinary issued a proposed judgment re- 
ducing the services. In an exhaustive note, his lordship de- 
clared the affidavits of Lyner and Hovenden .to be inadmissible, 
while the genuineness of the latter he held as open to suspicion. 
The tombstone inscription he pronounced worthless as evidence 
in the absence of the Bible, from which the leaf containing it 
had been procured. The evidence of M'Blain and Battersby as 
to the existence of the tombstone at Newtonards was, he held, 
negatived by the testimony of other witnesses intimately ac- 
quainted with the locality, who deponed that no tombstone, such 
as that described, had occupied a place in the church. In- 
structing his solicitor to appeal to the Inner House against the 
proposed judgment (which was pronounced on the 20th Decem- 
ber), Mr Humphrys Alexander proceeded hastily to Paris. His 
family remained in London. 

On the 22d April 1837, one of his sons wrote to him from 
London in these terms : " At J to seven to-night, I write a few 
hasty lines to say that I received * new evidence yesterday, 
and ever since have so occupied as not to be able to do anything 
not write a letter. It contained 4 documents and a beauti- 

* On the 22d December 1838, the Court of Session directed the letters addressed 
to Mr Humphrys Alex c ander by his son relative to the De Porquet packet to be 
examined by Mr Thomas Thomson, clerk of court. The order was executed, and 
a report thereon presented to the court on the 3d January 1839. " In reference 
to the blank between the words 'I have received,' and the words 'new evidence 
yesterday, ' Mr Thomson reported that one word of three or four letters had been 
lost, in consequence of a perforation made by tearing or rubbing out the substance 
of the paper at the spot." 


ful portrait of John of Antrim . . . haste. I will write on 
Monday full particulars. Your affectionate son, E." 

To Mr Humphry s Alexander, his son, on the following day, 
wrote more fully. He stated that having, on the 21st inst., 
called at the shop of the family booksellers, Messrs De Porquet 
and Co., 11 Tavistock Street, he was informed by a young man at 
the counter that the firm had about an hour before received, by 
the twopenny post, a packet, which, being addressed to them, 
they had opened. It was found to contain an enclosure ad- 
dressed, " To the Eight Hon ble the Earl of Stirling," along with a 
card inscribed in these terms : " Mrs Innes Smyth's compliments 
to Messrs De Porquet and Co. She had fully intended calling 
in Tavistock Street when she arrived in town yesterday from 
Staffordshire ; but another commission she had to execute having 
prevented her, she is induced to send the enclosed packet to 
them by the twopenny post, with her particular request that 
they will forward it instantly to the Earl of Stirling, or any 
member of his lordship's family, whose residence may be known 
to them. Hackney, April 19th" On receiving the packet, he 
consulted with his father's solicitors as to the manner of opening 
it, and they suggested that it should be opened before a public 
notary, which was accordingly done. Within the packet was 
found a parchment, inscribed, " Some of my wife's family papers," 
the handwriting, according to the young gentleman, being that 
of his maternal grandfather. The packet was impressed with 
three black seals, " the opening of which the notary could not 
venture to witness." Consequently the young gentleman, ac- 
companied by one of his father's solicitors, proceeded to Doctors' 
Commons, where, in presence of proctor Thomas Blake and other 
three witnesses," he " cut the parchment over the middle black 
seal," and drew out the contents. The several documents were 
then examined and numbered by the proctor, who inscribed his 
initials upon each, as did the three persons who were present 
as witnesses. 

In an unsigned note, dated 17th April 1837, the sender of the 
packet described the papers as stolen from the house of Wil- 
liam Humplnys, the claimant's father, by a young man, lately 


deceased, at the instance of whose family they were returned. 
They were sent anonymously, to avoid " disgrace and infamy." 

Among the documents enclosed in the packet was an em- 
blazoned pedigree of the Earls of Stirling, "reduced to pocket 
size by Thomas Campbell on the 15th April 1759, from the 
large emblazoned tree in the possession of Mrs Alexander of 
King Street, Birmingham." This document presented a state- 
ment of pedigree corresponding with that adduced by the 
claimant in his different services; it represented John Alex- 
ander, fourth son of the first Earl of Stirling, as having settled 
in Ireland in 1646, and as having died there in 1665, leaving, 
by his second marriage* with Elizabeth Maxwell of London- 
derry, a son, John. " W. G.," a lawyer, writing from Edinburgh 
on the 14th January 1723 to the Eev. John Alexander of 
Dublin, refers to the charter of novodamus, and suggests that 
though it is not in the Register of the Great Seal, it may have 
occupied a portion of the 57th volume of that Register, where 
several leaves are now wanting ;( he adds that Mr Thomas 
Conyers of Catherlough in Ireland held the original, while Mr 
Conyers adds a certification that he did so. 

A letter from the Rev. John Alexander describes his corre- 
spondent, "W. G.," as Mr William Gordon of Edinburgh. A 
miniature portrait of the alleged John of Antrim was on the 
back inscribed, "John Alexander, Esq., of Antrim, died April 19, 
1712. From the original painting done at Versailles in his 
fortieth year: now in the possession of P. Denison, Esq., of 
Dublin. Thos. Campbell, pin x ." A letter, dated Dublin, Sep- 

* John, fourth son of the first Earl of Stirling, died about the year 1641, with- 
out male issue. He did not contract a second marriage (see vol. i., p. 257). 

t Mr George Eobertson, one of the deputy keepers of the Records of Scotland, 
at the trial of Mr Humphrys Alexander for forgery, produced the following certifi- 
cate : " I, George Robertson, do certify that I have searched the Principal Record of 
the 57th volume, and that at the beginning of the said 57th volume, twelve leaves 
have been destroyed or lost. The charters originally recorded on these missing 
leaves are, however, ascertained with precision from two ancient indices of the 
Great Seal Record. I have examined these, and can state as the result that the 
twelve leaves now lost did not contain any charter, diploma, patent, nor other 
grant in favour of William, Earl of Stirling, nor of any Earl of Stirling, nor of 
any person of the name of Alexander." 


tember 16, 1765, and subscribed, "A. E. Baillie," informs Mr 
John Alexander of Birmingham, son of the Eev. John Alexander 
of Dublin, that the family tombstone at Newtonards had been 
destroyed by the American claimant of the Stirling peerage. 
Letters subscribed "B. Alexander" (Benjamin Alexander), in 
1765 and 1766, also refer to this event, and enter into details 
conforming to the statements in the pedigree. 

On the 12th July 1837, Mr Humphrys Alexander (as he 
afterwards deponed), was surprised by having exhibited to him 
at Paris, by his friend Mademoiselle le Normand, a map of 
Canada, or New France, which she had found in her cabinet, 
where some unknown person had left it, accompanied by a letter. 
The letter, written in French, set forth that the sender, being a 
person in office, had concealed his name, and that he had sent 
the map to Mademoiselle le Normand on account of certain 
autographs attached to it, which, he hoped, would prove useful 
to her friend, the Earl of Stirling. 

The map was one of a series prepared by the celebrated French 
geographer, Guillaume de Lisle. It was dated 1703, and to the 
back of it were attached letters and certifications specially adapted 
to the exigencies of Mr Humphrys Alexander's claim. One 
Philip Mallet certified that the charter of novodamus granted to 
the first Earl of Stirling, and which could not .be found in 
Britain, was in the register at Port Royal in 1706. This charter 
Caron Saint Estienne, writing from Lyons on the 6th April 
1707, stated he had read; while Esprit Flechier, Bishop of 
Nismes, certified that he had seen a transcript prepared by 
M. Mallet. To the map was attached a letter, dated Antrim, 
25th August 1704, and subscribed John Alexander, in which 
the writer claimed to be the only son of John Alexander, fourth 
son of the first Earl of Stirling, and stated that he was then 
educating his son John for the Scottish Church at the Univer- 
sity of Leyden. * That letter, in its turn, was certified as 

* The Scottish Church has never recognised attendance at foreign universities 
as part of a theological curriculum. In 1704 Mr John Alexander, latterly Presby- 
terian minister at Dublin, was a student at the University of Glasgow (seo vol. ii., 
p. 149). 


authentic, under date 16th October 1707, by the celebrated Fran- 
9013 Fenelon, Archbishop of Cambray. A copy of the inscrip- 
tion on the alleged tombstone at Newtonards was also affixed to 
the map, accompanied by a note bearing that it had been com- 
municated by Madame de Lambert, an alleged patroness of the 
Eev. John Alexander. 

On the 13th August 1837, Mr Humphry s Alexander left 
Paris, and proceeded to Edinburgh, " to attend the election of 
peers." In October he despatched one of his sons to Paris to 
receive from Mademoiselle le Normand the map and other docu- 
ments of July, which, if genuine, would, along with the contents of 
the packet of the preceding April, have fully established his claims. 

To sustain his appeal in the action of Eeduction Improbation, 
Mr Humphry s Alexander produced in court, on the 25th No- 
vember 1837, the documents discovered at London and Paris, 
the latter under the seal of Mademoiselle le Normand. The 
genuineness of these productions being impeached by the officers 
of State, the court authorised a commission to make the neces- 
sary inquiries. The commissioners made a searching examina- 
tion at Paris, and on their report the officers of State moved 
that the claimant should be judicially examined. This motion 
being acceded to, the examination of the claimant was, in the 
Second Division of the Court of Session, conducted by the Lord 
Advocate, on the 18th December 1838. The claimant admitted 
that Mademoiselle le Normand told fortunes by means of cards, 
and was paid by those who consulted her. For revealing his 
own fortune, he had paid her five napoleons. This, he said, was 
" a long time ago," but he afterwards recollected that it was in 
1837. Not long before the discovery of the map of Canada, he 
had granted to Mademoiselle le Normand a bond for 400,000 
francs; it was for borrowed money, and in reimbursement of 
outlays for researches made on his behalf in France, Germany, 
and Holland.* 

* In a pamphlet published at Paris in 1845, Mr Humphrys Alexander con- 
demns Mademoiselle le Normand, then deceased, for "creating a prejudice against 
him in having the map of Canada, covered with her sealed envelope, carried to 
the Court of Session, and opened in the presence of the judges." 


On the 14th February 1839, Mr Humphrys Alexander was, 
on a charge of forging seventeen documents, committed to prison 
at Edinburgh. Judicially examined by one of the sheriffs of 
Edinburgh on the 14th and 18th February, and again on the 6th 
March, he stated that during his late residence at Paris, " he was 
engaged in literary pursuits;" and in particular, was concerned 
in supplying information with regard to the state of society in 
England to a friend who was engaged in publishing a work 
on the subject ; he was also occupied in writing a memoir of his 
own life. He expressed a " strong suspicion " that the map of 
Canada was brought to Mademoiselle le ISTormand from one of 
the administerial departments in the archives of France, and 
that it was sent her " through the intervention or direction of a 
person high in office." On the 18th March he was served with 
an indictment. It embraced five counts, embodying charges as 
to forging and uttering the excerpt charter of novodamus, the 
writings on the back of the map of Canada, and the various 
papers contained in the packet addressed to the care of his 

The trial was fixed to take place in the High Court of Justi- 
ciary at Edinburgh, on the 3d of April, but was adjourned from 
that day to the 29th of the same month, to enable the prisoner 
better to prepare his defence. The trial continued four days. 
The prosecution was conducted by Lord Advocate Euther- 
furd, Solicitor-General Ivory, and Messrs Cosmo Innes and 
Eobert Handyside, Advocates-Depute. Messrs Patrick Eobert- 
son, Adam Anderson, and John Inglis, advocates, were counsel 
for the prisoner. At the bar, he was accompanied by his early 
friend, Colonel D'Aguilar, Deputy Adjutant-General of the 
Forces in Ireland, who also advanced 500 to aid his. defence. 

In support of the charge relative to the excerpt charter of 
novodamus, it was proved that Archbishop Spottiswoode of 
St Andrews, whose name as Chancellor of Scotland was ap- 
pended to it as a witness, ceased to hold office as chancellor on 
the 13th November 1638, and died on the 26th November 
1639,* eleven days before the date assigned to the instrument. 

* In Craufurd's " Liver; of the Officers of State," it is stated that Archbishop 


It was also proved that the words " Gratis per signetum " at the 
end of the excerpt could not have been attached to a completed 
charter, the proper words being " per preceptum secret! sigilli." 
Further, at the commencement of the excerpt were the words, 
" Eeg. Mag. Sig., lib. Ivii." meaning Eegister of the Great Seal, 
57th volume, while it was shown that the charter of novodamus 
was not contained in the volume so indicated, and that the 
formula, Eeg. Mag. Sig., was not used prior to the year 1806. 

Eespecting the map of Canada, it was proved that though 
bearing date 1703, it could not have been printed till subse- 
quent to the 24th August 1718, when its author was appointed 
" Premier Geographe du Eoi," as which he is described upon the 
map itself. It therefore followed that the inscriptions attached 
to it were spurious, since at the date assigned to them the map 
was non-existent. In the defence strong testimony on behalf of 
the prisoner's character was borne by Mr Josiah Corrie, his 
family solicitor at Birmingham, Mr Charles Hardinge of Bole 
Hall, near Tamworth, Mr Eoger Aytoun, "Writer to the Signet 
at Edinburgh, and Colonel D'Aguilar. In giving his evidence, 
Colonel D'Aguilar said : " Nothing on earth would have induced 
me to stand where I now do before this court, if I did not 
believe Lord Stirling to be incapable of doing a dishonourable 
action. If the correspondence of an individual can, in any case, 
be relied on, as an index to his mind and character, I have in 
my possession in the letters of Lord Stirling what will afford 
the best proof of his uprightness and integrity. His early 
letters to me I have not preserved ; but latterly, and especially 
since he has had the misfortune to be placed in his present 
situation, I have heard from him regularly." Mr Patrick Eobert- 
son, the prisoner's senior counsel, thus concluded an ingenious 
argument in his defence : 

Spottiswoode died on the 27th December 1639 ; but in the Latin inscription on 
his monument in Westminster Abbey, contained in the same work, the date 
of the archbishop's death, is thus indicated: "Ex hac vita in pace migravit 
anno domini 1639, sexto calendas Decembris. " At the trial, Mr Eobertson, on 
the part of the prisoner, admitted that the words sexto calendas Decembris denoted 
the 26th of November. 


"When I look back on the life of this unfortunate man, I see 
nothing but anxious days of heart-sickening hope and sleepless nights 
of feverish rest, disturbed and chequered by golden dreams that were 
speedily dissipated by the rays of the morning sun a rising family, 
taught to look on nobility and wealth as their birthright, yet seeing 
nothing but penury and distress before them calling to their parent 
for bread, and lo ! he has nothing to give them but a stone. 

' Lo ! poverty to fill the band 
That numbs the soul with icy hand, 
And slow consuming age. ' 

And when I look forward to the future, I trust I see a prospect 
that his mind shall be directed to pursuits more solid, and to the 
attainment of objects more consolatory and enduring. Let the 
visionary coronet be plucked from his bewildered brow let the 
prospects of wealth and of courtly titles and honours vanish into air; 
but oh, gentlemen, leave him that best and highest title to nobility 
his good name ; let his character remain to solace him on retiring from 
the fatigues and bustle of this vain and transitory world. Gentle- 
men, I am one of those who venerate the memory of the illustrious 
dead of those whose prejudices, feelings, and principles unite in 
admiration of hereditary rank and high title, conferred as the reward 
of patriotism and virtue upon those whose names adorn the page of 
history, and who are enrolled amidst the nobles of the land ; and I 
also venerate those of more recent name, who, from their valour, 
their piety, or their learning, have been added to grace that august 
assembly. But without truth, integrity, and honour, titles and dis- 
tinctions are worse than nothing. "Without these, the glitter of the 
coronet hath no splendour in my eye the rustling of the silken robe 
hath no music in my ear. On the tarnished ermine I trample with 
contempt. Do not, gentlemen do not add to the pangs of this man 
more than he deserves. Leave him in possession of that character 
which he has hitherto enjoyed, as his only solace under- his heavy 
trials. Leave him that, without which the crown itself is but a bauble, 
and the sceptre a toy ; for, in my conscience, I believe him innocent 
of the crimes here charged, and to have been merely the dupe of the 
designing, and the prey of the unworthy."* 

* Mr Humphrys Alexander was dissatisfied with the manner in which his 
defence was conducted. He considered Mr Robertson's appeal to the jury as 
" ill-judged," and his entire speech as doing him "more harm than all the accus- 
ing, surmising, and guessing of the Crown lawyers." 


After deliberating five hours, the jury brought in the following 
verdict : 

"The jury unanimously find it proved that the excerpt charter 
libelled on is a forged document ; and by a majority find it not proven 
that the pannel forged the said document, or is guilty art and part 
thereof, or that he uttered it, knowing it to be forged. They unani- 
mously find it proved that the documents on the map libelled are 
forged; and by a majority find it not proven that the pannel 
forged the said documents, or is guilty art and part thereof, or that 
he uttered them, knowing them to be forged. They unanimously 
find it not proven that the documents contained in De Porquet's 
packet are forged, or were uttered by the pannel as genuine, know- 
ing them to be forged. They imanimously find it not proven that 
the copy letter to Le Normand, in the fifth and last charge of the 
indictment, is either forged, or was uttered by the pannel as genuine, 
knowing it to be forged." 

When the chancellor of the jury had read this verdict, the 
prisoner fainted and was borne from the court. The following 
judgment was put on record: "The Lords Commissioners of 
Justiciary, in respect of the foregoing verdict of assize, assoilzie 
the pannel simplititer, and dismiss him from the bar." * A few 
months subsequent to the trial appeared an octavo pamphlet of 
134 pages, entitled, " Eemarks on the Trial of the Earl of Stirling 
at Edinburgh, by an English Lawyer." In this publication the 
writer expressed dissatisfaction with the verdict of the jury, and 
denounced both the judges and the officers of State. 

On the 4th June 1839, Mr Humphrys Alexander presented 
a note to the Court of Session, requesting delay, in order that he 
might determine whether he should abide or not by the docu- 
ments pronounced forgeries by the jury. The request was 
refused, and the Court, on the 9th July 1839, affirmed the 
judgment of Lord Cockburn, reducing the defender's services. 
Against this decision Mr Humphrys Alexander offered to 
appeal to the House of Lords. It was now contended by the 
Scottish officers of State that the summons in their action of 

* From a return presented to Parliament in May 1840, the expenses incurred 
in conducting Mr Humphrys Alexander's trial were set down at 2585. 


Keduction Improbatiou contained declaratory as well as reductive 
conclusions, and they accordingly craved a remit of the process 
to the Lord Ordinary to dispose of the former. On the 29th 
May 1840, the Court issued an interlocutor, remitting the pro- 
cess to Lord Cunningham, as Ordinary, who, on the 2d June, 
affirmed the declaratory conclusions. Against this judgment, 
confirmed by the Inner House, and against the former interlocu- 
tor, Mr Humphry s Alexander in August 1841 appealed to the 
House of Lords, but the final hearing and disposal of the case 
were suspended. In December 1842 an advertisement appeared 
in the Edinburgh Evening Post, and other Scottish newspapers, 
inviting applications to the Eev. J. C. Helm, Worthing, Sussex, 
who undertook to satisfy inquirers that the map of Canada, 
with its autographs, was now proved to be genuine and authentic. 
Messrs Swinton & Turnbull, advocates, who had published 
reports of Mr Humphrys Alexander's trial, accordingly com- 
municated with Mr Helm, who forwarded to each a tract of four 
duodecimo pages, in which it was set forth that, since the trial, 
" the Earl of Stirling has discovered that an Englishman named 
Eowland Otto Baijer, a prisoner of war in France during the 
empire, died at Verdun in 1805, and that in an account of 
writings found in his apartments, and delivered to a Monsieur 
Gorneau, was a copy of De Lisle's map of Canada, with an epitaph 
in English, an autograph letter of John Alexander, with a 
marginal note by Fenelon, a note by the traveller Mallet, and 
other attestations." This, maintained the writer, was " absolutely 
the identical map which figured in the court at Edinburgh." In 
1845 Mr Humphrys Alexander issued a further publication; 
he printed at Paris an octavo pamphlet of 75 pages, entitled, 
"Two Letters addressed to the Eight Hon. Thomas, Lord Denman, 
Lord Chief Justice of the Court of Queen's Bench." In this 
publication he insisted on his rights as Earl of Stirling and 
Lieutenant of Canada, maintained the genuineness of the 
impugned documents, including those on the map of Canada, 
and begged that in his impending appeal to the House of Lords, 
Lord Denman would " act as a mediator between him and the 
Government." He referred to his " undeniable grievances," and 


hoped that, under his lordship's auspices, he would no longer be 
oppressed and persecuted. 

On the 6th March 1845 the appeal of Mr Humphry s Alexander 
was heard in the House of Lords, when their lordships found that 
the interlocutor of the Court of Session, of the 2d June 1840, 
not having been reclaimed against, the process was asleep. The 
appellant thereupon raised a process of " wakening " before the 
Lord Ordinary, but after certain proceedings, and an order in the 
case by the House of Lords, on the 19th February 1846, procedure 
was sisted. 

Mr Humphrys Alexander now removed to the United States, 
and establishing his residence at Washington, presented to the 
American Government a statement of his claims. By General 
Pierce, President of the United States, an application on his 
behalf was, about the year 1854, addressed to the British 
Government, which was followed by a correspondence. 

Mr Humphrys Alexander died at Washington on the 4th 
May 1859, aged seventy-six. By his wife, Fortunata, daughter 
of Signor Giovanni Bartoletti, of Naples, he had five sons, Alex- 
ander William Francis, Charles Louis, Eugene, William Donald, 
and John, and a daughter, Angela; she married, in April 1835, 
William Wilberforce Pearson, Esq. of Scraptoft Hall, Leicester- 
shire, with issue. 

On the llth February 1864, Alexander William Francis Alex- 
ander, eldest son of Alexander Humphrys Alexander, was served 
heir in general to his father by the Sheriff of Chancery at Edin- 
burgh. He thereupon revived, in the Court of Session, the pro- 
cess of wakening. The competency of the proceeding was resisted 
by the officers of State, but by an interlocutor, dated 29th June 
1864, the Court repelled the objections, and, on payment by 
the appellant of costs incurred by the officers of State prior to 
the 2d June 1840, permitted the raiser to reclaim. On the 25th 
May 1866, the Court found the action raised by the officers of 
State, as regarded its declaratory conclusions, incompetent ; and 
in respect of these conclusions, dismissed it, with costs to the 
appellant. But on the 19th June of the" same year, the Second 
Division pronounced the following judgment : " In respect of the 


interlocutor of Lord Cockburn of the 20th December 1836, and 
of the interlocutor of the Second Division of the 9th July 1839, 
reduce the precept from Chancery, the instrument of seisin, and 
procuratory of resignation, and decern." Thereupon Mr William 
Francis Alexander petitioned the House of Lords for leave to 
revive his former appeal, and on the 7th June 1867 the required 
permission was obtained. The appeal was heard in the House 
of Lords on the 20th February 1868, and subsequently it was 
argued for the appellant that it was incompetent for the Crown 
to reduce his services, inasmuch as there was not a competing 
claimant. The case was also argued on its merits, the appellant 
being represented by Sir Eoundell Palmer, Q.C., and the Lord 
Advocate appearing for the officers of State. By the Lords 
Chelmsford, Westbury, and Colonsay, judgment was delivered on 
the 3d April 1868. Their lordships held that the action of Eeduc- 
tion was competent, disallowed further proof on account of the 
circumstances of suspicion under which the former evidence was 
rejected, and affirmed eight interlocutors appealed against. In 
an opinion extending to forty-one folio pages, Lord Chelinsford 
entered into a minute and careful criticism, showing the defective 
character of the evidence, which, he remarked, solely rested on 
forged documents. 

On the 15th April 1872, Mr Charles Louis Alexander, second 
son of Mr Humphrys Alexander, made a claim on behalf of his 
brother, as Earl of Stirling, to the British American Fisheries. 
A portion of his printed appeal to Congress is subjoined : 

" The Fisheries, now under Treaty consideration, are private pro- 
perty. They have become irrevocably so since the 30th May 1871. 
The Crown of Great Britain, in attempting, nearly forty years ago, to 
suspend, ' for political reasons,' as it stated apologetically, the exercise 
of the rights established by law, and confirmed by seisin granted by 
King William IV. on the 8th of July 1831, brought an ' illegal ' action 
against the late Earl of Stirling in January 1833. One of the services 
of heirship, dated May 30th, 1831, by which the earl, under an order 
of the Court of Session, was served nearest lawful heir of tailzie and 
provision to William, first Earl of Stirling, was never questioned by 
the Crown, and is now for ever prescribed in favour of his heirs. 


" ' According to Act of Parliament, a service of heirship to an 
ancestor, which remains unchallenged by any other heir, shall, after a 
lapse of twenty years, become absolute in the heir so served ; and that, 
in all cases between the Crown and a subject, such service shall be- 
come absolute if it remains unchallenged by the Crown after a lapse of 
forty years. 3 The service above named, being dated May 30th, 1831, 
the forty years expired on May 30th, 1871, and the Government of 
Great Britain is bound, on demand, to give a new charter in accord- 
ance with said service. This fact, in addition to the want of title in 
the Crown to interfere at all in an heirship, established by law, nul- 
lifies all the litigious proceedings commenced in January 1833, during 
the political agitation in the Canadas, which resulted subsequently in 
rebellion. . . . 

" These rights are founded upon a charter, granted 10th September 
1621, of Nova Scotia, etc. ; a novodamus of the same, dated 12th 
July 1625 ; and a charter of the Dominion of Canada, dated 2d Feb- 
ruary 1628. These charters were formally ratified by Act of Parlia- 
ment, 28th of June 1633. They are all on file in the Record Office 
at Edinburgh, Scotland. Their present validity has been proved by 
their use on various treaties, and on questions of boundary; and, 
further, their legal force was established by their renewal in the Act 
of seisin (quoting them at length), in Lord Stirling's favour, by King 
William IV., on the 8th of July 1831. 

" Litigious proceedings, worthy only of the barbarous ages an 
unholy system of law practice grown out of feudal conquest have 
been pursued for forty years. They have been condemned in strong 
terms by British lawyers and judges, and never more so than in the 
House of Lords in April 1845, on appeal from decisions (two of them 
actually made in secret) in Scotland, when Lord Chancellor Cotteii- 
ham and ex-Chancellors Brougham, Lyndhurst, and Campbell heard 
the case, and expressed their opinions that the whole proceedings of 
the Crown ( were wrong, illegal, unconstitutional, and arbitrary' 
' unheard of in British Courts,' etc. This course of illegality, however, 
was persisted in because, as Lord Advocate Murray stated in the 
Court of Session, in 1837, ' the case had political consequences.' 

" This opposition led to a succession of crimes, commencing with 
the celebrated forgery at the Colonial Office in 1833, to inveigle and 
carry off Lord Stirling, details of which were published in a quarto 
volume at Edinburgh, 1837 (containing all the self-convicting letters 
from the Government, and final confession of the Solicitor of the 


Treasury, Mr Maul), to the forgery trial in Edinburgh, in revenge for 
the publicity given to the official forgery; wherein a map of Canada, 
with writings upon it, stolen by a British agent from the Office of 
Foreign Affairs in Paris, was in a disreputable way forced on Lord 
Stirling, and then secretly withdrawn from the Court, and a copy or 
forgery substituted for it. 

" The charge fell through, the rebutting testimony proving that the 
Crown witnesses were a set of criminals. The Lord Advocate, find- 
ing that Mr Mark Napier, an eminent Crown Counsel, and other 
reliable witnesses, could prove the substitution before named, referred 
the case to the Home Office in London. After consultation, the 
Government decided that the Crown had gone too far to retract; 
that the case must proceed at all hazards, and every effort be made 
' to save the honour of the Crown, compromised by ITS AGENTS ! ' etc. 

" As one forgery naturally required others to sustain it, so ALL the 
official and newspaper reports of the sham trial were but a series of 
misrepresentations of the testimony ' to save the honour of the Crown* 
by calumniating the heir. It was considered necessary not only to 
falsify evidence, but passages in letters were interpolated in imitation 
of Lord Stirling's handwriting and read to the jury by the chief judge, 
after the case closed, to carry, if possible, a verdict by surprise. In 
short, a ' powerful and proud Government was not too proud or too 
powerful to allow itself to be the tool of petty-fogging lawyers, and 
cover up their crimes because Lord Stirling had ' obstinately refused' 
(a Crown Counsel's words) to arrange (i.e., 'share') with them, and so 
ensure to them enough to cover the fortunes promised if they could 
destroy the established right. 

" That the British Government had no doubts of Lord Stirling's 
rights, and knew well the weak course it was pursuing, is shown by 
the fact that at the severe contest for election of sixteen Peers at 
Edinburgh, in 1838, it commissioned the Earl of Buchan to offer 
Lord Stirling an English Barony (enabling a Peer to sit in the House 
of Lords without form of election), if he would vote the whole Govern- 
ment ticket. But Lord S. refused to change his politics or abandon 
his friends, arguing that his rights should be settled independently of 
party questions. 

" But to leave this revolting view of official imbecility on one 
side and greed on the other, I will add, that on June 1, 1854, Lord 
Stirling forwarded to Hon. William L. Marcy, then Secretary of 
State, a letter and protest against any interference with his established 


rights in the Fisheries. The Hon. Reverdy Johnson, in a lengthy 
opinion, dated May 5, 154, confirming English and Scotch opinions, 
together with those of Hon. R. J. "Walker, John L. Hayes (author of 
t Vindication ' of Lord Stirling, published in this city in 1854), and 
A. H. Lawrence, Counsellors of Law in this country, says : * It is 
evident that those proceedings were originally instituted for imme- 
diate political efiect in the Canadas, and with no expectation of 
finally disturbing the foundation of Lord Stirling's title.' Lord 
Stirling died at my house, May 4th, 1859. A few years later a 
settlement of the case was talked of in England, but procrastinated 
until the ' arbitrary decisions,' etc., had been rescinded. Accordingly, 
the present earl, my eldest brother, by decree of the Court of Session, 
after decision of a jury, was in the usual form declared heir to his 
father, etc., etc., and in February 1864, the ' arbitrary decisions' 
were reversed, and finally the Court of Session dismissed the Crown 
case on the ground of 'illegality' in May 1866. 

" It is but justice to a few honourable men to state that Earl Grey, 
Reform Prime Minister in 1830, the late Earl Derby, Sir Robert 
Peel, and other British statesmen, protested against the persecution 
into which the opposition commenced ' from political reasons/ drifted 
through the action of lawyer swindlers, who wanted a compensating 
share in the case. Years ago, a London journal, commenting on this 
case, remarked that the Government 'ought to interfere and in- 
demnify Lord Stirling,' and ' spare the poor earl from being worried 
to death by the wolf-dogs of the law.' 

" I leave this case in the hands of Congress, trusting that with a 
view to protect its. citizens in their rights, it will countenance no 
measure damaging to them, but cause a thorough investigation of the 
whole subject before taking final action in regard to the matter of the 

On the statements put forth in this " appeal," commentary is 
useless, differing as they essentially do with the facts and cir- 
cumstances of the case. 


ABERCROMBY, Alexander, of Tullibody, 

197, 198, 287. 
Abercromby, Baroness, 197. 
Abercromby, George, of Skeith, 197. 
Abercromby, George Ralph, Baron, 

197, 198. 
Abercromby, Sir Alexander, of Birken- 

bog, 197. 

Abercromby, Sir Ralph, 197. 
Aberdeen, Alexanders in, ii. 2-5. 
Aberdeen, Gilbert, Bishop of, 7. 
Acheson, Sir Archibald, 54, 112, 128. 
Adam, Isobel, 291. 
Agar, Charles, ii. 141, 145. 
Agar, Charles, Earl of Normanton, ii. 


Agar, Henry, ii. 146. 
Agar, James, Baron Clifden, ii. 145- 


Agar, Peter, ii. 147. 
Ahilly, Alexanders of, ii. 168. 
Ainslie, Frances, 227. 
Airdrie, Alexanders in, ii. 34-36. 
Airdrie and Cowdenhill, Alexanders of, 

ii. 33-37. 

Aissoun, James, 274. 
Aitchison, Christian, ii. 34. 
Aitchison, John, of Airdrie, ii. 34. 
Albany, Robert, Duke of, 7. 
Alexander, Archibald, Professor at 

Princeton, U.S.A., ii. 81, 82. 
James, Professor at Princeton, 

U.S.A., ii. 82, 83. 
Joseph, Professor at New Jersey, 

U.S.A., ii. 84, 85. 
Nathaniel, Bishop of Meath, ii. 111. 
Robert, Archdeacon of Down, ii. 

Ill, 112. 

Robert, General, ii. 115. 
Sir Antony, 149, 150, 172, 173, 
176, 186, 187, 228-234, 251. 

Alexander, Sir James Edward, of Wester- 
ton, Major- General, 310-313. 
Sir Jerome, ii. 160-164. 
Sir Walter, 40-43, 259-266. 
Sir William, Lord, 101, 102, 104, 
105, 134, 120, 123, 128, 159, 
161, 162, 172, 173, 176, 187, 
205-208, 255, 256, 260, 273. 
Sir William, see Alexanders, Earls 

of Stirling. 
William, Bishop of Derry, ii. 117, 


William, General, ii. 115, 116. 
William, Major-General, U.S.A., 

241, 282-284. 
William Ruxton, Major-General, 

ii. 77, 78. 
Alexander of the Isles, Lord of Loch- 

aber, 3. 
Alexander or Zinzan, family of, ii. 172- 


Alexander, Rev. W. Lindsay, ii. 15, 16. 
Alexander, Sir William, of Cowdenhill, 
Bart., ii. 35, 36, 41. 

ALEXANDERS, Earls of Stirling. 

Henry, 173, 175, 177, 190-192, 

234-238, 240-245. 
William, 26, 29-204, 260, 273, 

286, 292, 322 ; ii. 9-11, 61-63. 

Works of, 35-39, 4448, 67, 68, 

165-167; and Appendix, No. 

III., ii. 205. 

ALEXANDERS, THE, in America (U.S.). 
Agatha, ii. 35. 
Alexander, ii. 37. 
Andrew, ii. 35, 81. 
Anne, ii. 80, 81. 
Archibald, ii. 79-82, 85. 
Bethia, ii. 34. 
Catherine, 282. 
Charles, ii. 35, 85, 



Alexanders, the continued. 
Christian, ii. 35. 
David, ii. 37. 
Elizabeth, ii. 37, 80, 81. 
. Hannah, ii. 80. 
Henry, ii. 83, 85. 
Isabella, ii. 35. 
James, ii. 35, 81-83. 
Jane, ii. 35, 81. 
Janetta, ii. 82, 85. 
Joanna, ii. 35. 
John, ii. 35, 81. 
Joseph, ii. 80, 84, 85. 
Lucy, ii. 36. 
Maitland, ii. 85. 
Margaret, ii. 80, 81. 
Marianne, ii. 34, 35. 
Martha, ii. 81. 
Mary, 284 ; ii. 36, 37, 81. 
Phoebe, ii. 80, 81. 
Kobert, ii. 36, 37, 79, 135. 
Samuel, ii. 81, 85. 
Sarah, ii. 81. 
Thomas, ii. 70. 

William, 241, 282-284; ii. 34, 37, 
79-81, 83, 84. 

ALEXANDEES, THE, in Ireland. 
Adam, ii. 136. 
Agnes, ii. 120. 

Alexander, ii. 101, 102, 167-169. 
Alice, ii. 114. 
Amelia, ii. 100. 
Andrew, ii. 91-93, 98-101, 109,' 

123, 159; ii. 212. 
Anne, ii. 46, 102, 104. 105, 111- 

113, 119, 123, 124/126, 166- 


Archibald, ii. 79, 88, 91, 93. 
Arthur, ii. 43-45. 
Avia, ii. 39, 138, 139. 
Benjamin, ii. 152, 154, 155, 225, 


Blanch, ii. 114. 
Caledon, ii. 120. 
Caroline, ii. 125. 
Catherine, ii. 105, 106, 112, 115- 

117, 123, 124, 138, 139. 
Charles, ii. 90, 92, 102, 103, 115, 

126, 127, 137. 
Charlotte, ii. 105, 107, 112, 119, 


Christian, ii. 102. 
Claud, ii. 114. 
Constance, ii. 114. 
Cuthbert, ii. 134. 
David, ii. 92, 131. 
Deborah, ii. 165. 
Dorothea, ii. 106, 110, 117. 

Alexanders, the continued. 
Dudley, ii. 114. 
Edith, ii. 114. 
Edmund, ii. 143-145, 149, 150. 

Edward, ii. 46, 127, 168. 

Eleanor, ii. 90. 

Eliza, ii. 115, 119, 120, 123. 

Elizabeth, ii. 46, 89, 90, 93, 94, 
96, 102, 104, 105, 110, 112, 116, 
123, 124, 130, 132, 164, 166- 
168, 170, 171, 224. 

Ellen, ii. 120. 

Emily, ii. 102, 114. 

Fanny, ii. 102, 120, 126. 

Fergus, ii. 134. 

Francis, ii. 87, 103, 159, 160. 

Frederick, ii. 114, 126. 

George, ii. 45, 46, 87, 94, 101-104, 
113, 114, 157. 

Gertrude, ii. 158. 

Godfrey, ii. 127. 

Grace, ii. 112. 

Granville, ii. 114. 

Grizel, ii. 44. 

Gustavus, ii. 126. 

Hannah, ii. 44, 90, 130, 143, 145, 
147-150, 152, 155, 210, 224, 225. 

Harriet, ii. 103, 112, 123, 126. 

Henrietta, ii. 112, 113. 

Henry, ii. 101-103, 107, 110, 114, 
115, 118, 124, 126, 132, 137. 

Hugh, ii. 91, 92, 130, 131. 

Isabella, ii. 94, 126, 127. 

Jacob, ii. 91, 93, 94, 165. 

James, ii. 39, 42-45, 86-92, 94-96, 
102-104, 107, 108, 110, 113, 115, 
119, 120, 130-132, 138-141, 145, 
165-171, 210. 

Jane, ii. 44, 46, 87, 90, 93, 97, 110, 
119, 123, 124, 131-133, 136, 166- 

Janet, ii. 129, 138. 

Jean, ii. 132, 166. 

Jerome, ii. 160-164. 

Jeromina, ii. 164. 

John, ii. 39, 43-46, 61, 63, 87, 89- 
91, 93, 94, 99-104, 107, 113, 
123, 125, 129, 131-133, 135-138, 
143, 145, 147-154, 165-171, 210- 
212, 214, 217, 223-225, 230, 231. 

Joseph, ii. 86, 87, 89-94, 170, 171. 

Josias, ii. 100, 120. 

Leonora, ii. 126. 

Lesley, ii. 166-169. 

Lewson, ii. 133. 

Lorenzo, ii. 102, 103. 

Louisa, ii, 112, 167. 

Lucia, ii. 102. 

Lucy, ii. 120. 



Alexanders, the continued. 
Magdalene, ii. 44. 
Margaret, ii. 44, 47, 100, 130, 131, 


Martha, ii. 93, 100, 131, 170. 
Mary, ii. 46, 90, 91, 104, 106, 107, 

111-113, 115, 116, 120, 126, 131, 

148, 152, 155, 157, 164-167 ; ii. 


Matilda, ii. 116. 
Monsey, ii. 106. 
Nathaniel, ii. 89, 90, 100, 104, 

109-115, 132. 
Nicholas, ii. 157. 
Oliver, ii. 166, 167. 
Patrick, ii. 131. 
Peter, ii. 79. 
Kachel, ii. 165. 
Raynsford, ii. 125. 
Rebecca, ii. 87, 104, 105, 110, 165. 
Richard, ii. 47, 113, 116, 124, 143, 

145, 147-149, 151, 158. 
Robert, ii. 43-45, 79, 86, 87, 89-91, 

94, 97, 101, 104, 107-113, 115, 

116, 118-120, 123-127, 130-133, 

135, 138, 158, 170. 
Ronald, ii. 114. 
Rose, ii. 164, 165. 
Rosetta, ii. 168. 
Samuel, ii. 46, 47, 89-92, 131, 135- 

137, 165, 169. 

Sarah, ii. 89, 123, 136, 145, 146. 
Sophia, ii. 113. 
Stuart, ii. 45. 

Susanna, ii. 46, 47, 145, 146. 
Thomas, ii. 87, 91-94, 99, 130- 

133, 165, 167-169. 
Ursula, ii. 157. 
Waller, ii. 116. 
Walter, ii. 103. 
Wentworth, ii. 44, 45. 
William, ii. 79, 87, 89, 91, 92, 94, 

97, 100, 103-107, 110, 113-118, 

123-126, 129-132, 134-136, 156, 

157, 171. 

ALEXANDERS, THE, in Middleton of 
Menstry, Menstry, and Alloa. 

Adam, 278, 294. 

Agnes, 279. 

Alexander, 278, 280, 293-295, 297, 

Alfred, 302. 

Andrew, 291, 292, 296, 299. 

Anne, 300, 301. 

Archibald, 287, 297, 298. 

Catherine, 281, 298, 301. 

Charles, 292, 293, 300-302. 

Christian, 280, 300. 

Alexanders, the continued. 
David, 280, 298, 299. 
Ebenezer, 289, 301, 302. 
Elizabeth, 278, 279, 281, 288, 298. 
Eupham, 298. 
Francis, 298. 

George, 278, 279, 297, 299. 
Hugh, 278, 279, 286-288, 290, 299, 


Isabel, 288, 293. 
James, 18, 278-281, 287-291, 293- 

295, 299-302, 304. 

Janet, 280, 293, 294, 298-301. 

Jean, 279, 288, 299-301. 

John, 18, 278-280, 287-297, 299- 


Lilias, 300. 
Magdalene, 298, 299. 
Malcolm, 278, 290, 291, 293, 295, 

296, 304. 

Margaret, 279, 287, 289, 298-300, 


Mary, 279, 286, 289, 300, 301. 
Patrick, 280. 
Peter, 279, 290. 
Robert, 278, 279, 286, 288, 294, 

297, 300. 
Susanna, 281. 

Thomas, 286, 288, 289, 292, 295, 

296, 300. 

Walter, 288, 290, 291, 302. 
William, 10, 278-280, 286-300, 


ALEXANDERS, THE, in Scotland (centre 

and south). 
Adam, 17 ; ii. 54. 
Agnes, ii. 54, 56, 58. 
Alexander, 12 ; ii. 8, 12, 13, 38, 

Alister, 12. 

Andrew, 18, 28 ; ii. 14. 
Barbara, ii. 17. 
Catherine, ii. 10-12, 23. 
Charles, ii. 16. 
Christian, ii. 11. 
Claud, ii. 23, 39. 
David, 18 ; ii. 10, 11, 21, 57. 
Donald, 12. 
Elizabeth, ii. 10-12. 
Elspeth, ii. 11. 
Gavin, 17, 18. 
George, ii. 10, 56. 
Gilbert, ii. 21, 22, 53. 
Henry, ii. 8. 
Hugh, ii. 19. 
Isobel, ii. 54. 

James, 12, 17, 18 ; ii. 8-10, 12, 14, 
17-19, 23, 38, 56-58. 



Alexanders, the continued. 

Janet, ii. 11, 14, 23, 39, 54, 57, 

John, 12, 25; ii. 10, 12, 16-22, 

38, 39, 49, 53, 54, 56-58. 
Margaret, 17 ; ii. 9, 11, 19, 54, 56- 


Marion, ii. 10, 54, 
Patrick, 12 ; ii. 15, 58. 
Richard, ii. 15, 21. 
Robert, 18 ; ii. 9-12, 15, 19, 22, 

23, 38, 39, 50, 54-56, 58. 
Susanna, ii. 10. 

Thomas, 18, 28; ii. 8, 14, 19, 54. 
William, 17 ; ii. 8, 9, 12-20, 22, 

38, 39, 56-58. 

ALEXANDERS, THE, in Scotland (Fife 

and the North). 
Agnes, 316, 319. 
Alexander, 321 ; ii. 1-6. 
Andrew, 317, 318. 
Anne, 315-317. 
Archibald, ii. 6. 
Catherine, 317, 320. 
Charles, ii. 5. 
Christian, 326 ; ii. 6. 
Christina, 321. 
Cosmo, ii. 3. 

David, 315-318, 320-326 ; ii. 6, 7* 
Doctor, 175. 
Euphame, ii. 6. 
George, 314, 321. 
Gilbert, 316, 319. 
Helen, 317. 
Hugh, 327. 

Isobel, 315, 322 ; ii. 4, 7, 18. 
James, 315, 317, 318, 321, 325; 

ii. 2, 5-7. 

Janet, 317, 318, 320 ; ii. 6. 
Jean, 316. 

John, 316-322 ; ii. 2, 3, 5-7. 
Lyston, 315. 

Margaret, 316-318 ; ii. 4, 5. 
Marion, ii. 7. 
Patrick, ii. 2. 
Rachel, 317. 
Richard, ii. 3. 
Robert, 316, 317, 319, 321, 322, 

325, 326 ; ii. 2. 
Thomas, 314-316, 318 ; ii. 5-7. 
Walter, ii. 5. 
William, 315, 318-321, 326 ; ii. 2, 


ALEXANDERS, THE, in Stirling. 
Agnes, 270, 273. 
Andrew, 10, 275, 286, 292 
Barbara, 273, 276. 

Alexanders, the continued. 
Catherine, 270, 276. 
Charles, 276, 277. 
Christopher, 23, 273. 
David, 271. 
Elizabeth, 20, 21, 270, 271, 273, 


Helen, 274. 
James, 274, 276, 277. 
Janet, 270, 275, 276. 
Jean, 276. 

John, 271, 274, 277. 
Marion, 272. 
Robert, 20, 21, 268-272, 275, 277 ; 

ii. 62. 

Thomas, 276. 
William, 271, 274-277. 

ALEXANDERS, THE, of Blockhouse, Bog- 
hall, Ballochmyle, Southbar, and 

Alexander, ii. 28, 33, 34. 

Anna, ii. 25, 28, 29. 

Boyd, ii. 28, 30, 31. 

Catherine, ii. 28, 29. 

Claud, ii. 24, 26, 27, 29, 31, 32. 

Cora, ii. 30. 

David, ii. 31. 

Edwin, ii. 30. 

Elizabeth, ii. 25. 

Evelyn, ii. 30. 

Helenora, ii. 29-31. 

Herbert, ii. 31. 

James, ii. 24, 25. 

Janet, ii. 24. 

Jean, ii. 25-27, 34. 

John, ii. 24, 25, 29, 30. 

Lilias, ii. 28. 

Lockhart, ii. 28. 

Margaret, ii. 24, 27-29. 

Marion, ii. 24, 27, 31. 

Mary, ii. 25, 29. 

Michael, ii. 31. 

Robert, ii. 23-25, 27, 29, 31, 33, 
34, 37, 39. 

Sophia, ii. 30. 

Ursula, ii. 27. 

Wilhelmina, ii. 28. 

William, ii. 25, 26, 30, 31, 33, 
35-37, 41. 

ALEXANDERS, THE, of Caledon. 
Charles, ii. 122. 

Dupre, Earl of Caledon, ii. 122. 
Elizabeth, ii. 122. 
James, Earl of Caledon, ii. 121, 122. 
Jane, ii. 122. 
Mabella, ii. 121. 
Walter, ii. 122. 



ALEXANDERS, THE, of Eredy and Gir- 


Alexander, ii. 66-68, 70, 71. 
Andrew, ii. 67. 
Angus, ii. 68, 70, 72, 76. 
Archibald, ii. 64. 
Augustus, ii. 74, 76. 
Brickell, ii. 74. 
Burnside, ii. 68. 
Charlotte, ii. 73. 
Daniel, ii. 68. 
Eleanor, ii. 71. 
Elizabeth, ii. 71-73. 
Ellen, ii. 68, 71, 76. 
George, ii. 67-72. 
Hugh, ii. 67, 69, 72. 
James, ii. 68, 69, 72. 
Jane, ii. 67-71, 73. 
John, ii. 61, 63-65, 67, 68, 70-74, 


Joseph, ii. 67, 69, 70. 
Josephine, ii. 70. 
Louisa, ii. 74. 
Lucinda, ii. 73. 
Margaret, ii. 68, 70, 73. 
Maria, ii. 73. 
Martha, ii. 71-73. 
Mary, ii. 67-71. 
Percy, ii. 70. 
Rachel, ii. 70. 
Richard, ii. 74. 
Robert, ii. 64, 68, 69, 71. 
Sarah, ii. 68-71, 
Susanna, ii. 66, 73. 
Thomas, ii. 70. 
William, ii. 64, 67, 68, 70-75. 
William R. E., Major-General, ii. 

77, 78. 

ALEXANDERS, THE, of Manor Neuk and 

Agnes, 305. 
Alexander, 278. 
Andrew, 303. 
Catherine, 304, 305, 309. 
Edward, 309, 312. 
Elizabeth, 306, 307. 
Euphemia, 309. 
Gerald, 313. 
Helen, 304, 305. 
Herbert, 313. 
Isobel, 304-306. 
James, 304-309. 
Janet, 305-307. 
Jean, 303-307. 
John, 303-307, 309, 310. 
Malcolm, 278. 
Margaret, 304-307. 
Marion, 305. 

Alexanders, the continued. 
Mary, 306, 309. 
Ranald, 313. 
Robert, 306, 307. 
Sir James, 310-313 ; ii. 216. 
Thomas, 306, 307. 
William, 278, 287, 303-307. 

ALEXANDERS, THE, of Menstry. 
Adam, 11. 
Alexander, 8, 9, 11-14, 16, 19, 25, 

29; ii. 61. 
Andrew, 7-9, 12, 15, 19, 24, 25, 

65, 177, 191, 278, 294. 
Anne, 265-267. 

Archibald, 15, 16, 19-22, 34, 270. 
Barbara, 267. 

Catherine, 193, 208, 209, 211, 256. 
Charles, 25, 177, 191, 193, 198, 

199, 253, 256, 257, 265, 266, 


Christian, 19, 29, 31. 
Elizabeth, 14, 15, 19, 20,' 23, 24, 

27, 33, 253, 257, 258, 263. 
Henry, 266, 267 (vide Alexanders, 

Earls of Stirling). 
Isabel, 9, 10. 
James, 14, 15, 18, 19, 20, 22, 23, 

24, 27, 33, 253, 254, 256, 257. 
Janet, 10, 14, 16, 19, 20, 29, 194, 

238, 239, 241-245, 254. 
Jean, 193, 208, 249, 256, 257 ; ii. 

John, 12-14, 25, 155, 156, 175, 

177, 191, 253, 254, 256, 257; 

ii. 214, 217, 223-225, 230. 
Judith, 246. 
Lucy, 267. 
Ludovick, 254. 
Margaret, 27, 193, 196, 208, 211, 

212, 215, 251, 252, 256, 258. 
Marion, 9, 14, 15. 
Mary, 238, 239, 241, 245, 253. 
Peter, 243, 245. 
Priscilla, 243. 
Robert, 242, 245, 251. 
Sir Antony, 287. 
Sir Walter, 287. 
Thomas, 6, 7. 
William, 11, 12, 14, 19, 244, 245, 


ALEXANDERS, THE, of Pitgogar. 
Alexander, 18. 
Catherine, 17, 18. 
David, 16, 18. 
Gavin, ii. 8. 
Isobel, 18. 
Janet, 17, 18. 



Alexanders, the continued. 

John, 16, 17, 28, 29 ; ii. 8. 

Robert, 16. 

Susan, 18. 

William, 16. 
"Alexandrsean, the," 39. 
Algeo, Isobel, ii. 23. 
Allan, Isobel, ii. 11. 
Alschinder, see Alexander. 
Alschonder, ,, 

Alschunder, ,, 


" Anacrisis ; or, Censure of Some Poets, 
165, 166; Appendix, No. III., ii. 

Ancrum, Robert, Earl of, 181. 
Anderson, Margaret, 294, 297. 
Angus, Lord of the Isles, 2, 3 ; ii. 48, 


Angus, Margaret, ii. 18. 
Anstruther, Christina, 326. 
Anstruther, Sir John, of ilk, 326. 
Antrim, Alexanders in, ii. 129-133. 
"Arcadia," the, of Sidney, 46, 47. 
Ardchattan, Priory of, 3, 4. 
Ardigon, lands of, ii. 129. 
Ardmillan, Craufurd of, ii. 53. 
Arkwright, Frances, 215. 
Arkwright, Robert, of Sutton, 215. 
Armagh, Alexanders in, ii. 134. 
Armagh, grants of land in, 108. 
Armstrong, Sarah, ii. 70. 
Artimarlach, battle of, ii. 1. 
Arundel, Lord, ii. 161. 
Ashworth, Rev. Caleb, ii. 152. 
Assignation, bond of, 177-185. 
Auchmull, lands of, ii. 2, 4, 5. 
Aungier, Ambrose, ii. 140. 
"Aurora," a poem, 36. 
Aytoun, Andrew, Lord Kinglassie, 317. 
Aytoun, David, of Kinaldie, 317, 318. 
Aytoun, Rachel, 317. 
Aytoun, Robert, of Inchdairnie, 318. 
Aytoun, Roger, W.S., ii. 234. 
Aytoun, Sir Robert, 39, 40. 



Baijer, Rowland, ii. 237. 

Baillie, Principal Robert, 32, 173. 

Baillie, Sir James, 94, 108, 109, 192 


Baird, Sir George, of Newbyth, 258. 
Balfour, Lord Burleigh, 297. 
Balfour, Sir James, 147, 188-190. 
Ball, James, of Drumgay, ii. 70. 
Ballendine, Alexanders in, 17. 

Ballingeich, Pass of, 150. 
Ballochmyle, Alexanders of, ii. 29-32. 
" Ballochmyle, Bonny Lass of," ii. 28. 
Ballochmyle, Whitefoords of, ii. 29. 
Ballybigley, Alexanders of, ii. 88-90, 


Ballybroghy, lands of, ii. 162. 
Ballyclare, Alexanders of, ii. 130-133, 

168, 169. 

Ballyclose, Alexanders of, ii. 99-101. 
Ballymore, lands of, ii. 168. 
Balskellie, lands of, ii. 7. 
Banks, Richard, ii. 175. 
Banks, Thomas, ii. 212, 214, 215, 218, 


Barclay, Alexander, 20. 
Barclay, Isobel, ii. 16, 17. 
Barclay, William, 20. 
Bargarran, lands of, ii. 55. 
Barker, Mary, ii. 165. 
Barker, Sir WiUiam, ii. 165. 
Barker, William P., ii. 165. 
Barkly, William, 137. 
Barlow, James, ii. 120. 
Barnes, Captain Edward, ii. 124. 
Barnes, Sir Edward, ii. 124. 
Bartoletti, Fortunata, ii. 210, 238. 
Bates, Amelia, ii. 169. 
Bath, James, ii. 149. 
Bathurst, Hon. Seymour, ii. 35. 
Battersby, Eleanor, ii. 223, 225. 
Battersby, Samuel, ii. 223. 
Baxter, Anne, ii. 68. 
Baxter, Captain Andrew, 99. 
Baxter, John, ii. 71. 
Beatty, George, ii. 70, 71. 
Beatty, Richard, ii. 69. 
Beatty, Samuel, ii. 67. 
Becks, Lawrence, 237. 
Becks, Susan, 237. 
Benson, Dr George, ii. 153. 
Beresford, Charlotte, ii. 131. 
Bernard, Francis, 282. 
Betham, Sir William, ii. 1 65. 
Beton, Robert, of Balfour, 320. 
Beveridge, Margaret, 297. 
Biddle, Mrs Thomas, ii. 35. 
Binfield, Louisa, 222. 
Birmingham, John Alexander in, ii. 


Birmingham, Mrs Alexander in, ii. 228. 
Birney, Rachel, ii. 69. 
Birney, Robert, of Gartmore, ii. 69. 
Blackader, Sir John, 190. 
Blacker, Colonel William, ii. 110. 
Blacker, Grace, ii. 107. 
Blacker, Rev. St John, ii. 107. 
Blackhouse, Alexanders of, ii. 23-29. 
Blackwood, John, ii. 140. 



Blair, Charlotte, ii. 78. 

Blair, Edward, ii. 78. 

Blair, Robert, 162, 205. 

Blair, Sir Robert, 226, ii. 78. 

Blairhill, Alexanders in, 18, 28. 

Blancheville, Edmund, ii. 141, 143. 

Blancheville, Ellis, ii. 145. 

Blancheville, Peter, ii. 141, 145. 

Blaw, Elizabeth, 292. 

Blayney, Andrew, Baron, ii. 121. 

Blount, Colonel John, 238-240. 

Blundell, Mary, 248. 

Blundell, Montagu, Lord, 248. 

Boomhall, Alexanders of, ii. 109-111. 

Boteler (Butler), Edmund le, ii. 156. 

Bothwell Bridge, ii. 42. 

Boyd, Robert, of Tourgill, 128, 182. 

Boyd, Thomas, of Bonshaw, 128, 182. 

Boyd, William, Earl of Kilmarnock, ii. 


Boyd, William, M.P., ii. 116. 
Boyle, Florinda, ii. 113. 
Boyle, Richard, ii. 113. 
Brabazon, Anthony, Earl of Meath, ii. 


Brabazon, Lady Martha, ii. 29. 
Bracken, Mary, ii. 120. 
Braidie, Andrew, ii. 8. 
Braidie, Christian, ii. 9. 
Breen, Ralph, ii. 70. 
Brinkley, Esther, ii. 103. 
Brinkley, Matthew, ii. 103. 
Briot, Nicholas, 144, 145. 
Broderick, Sir Allan, ii. 66. 
Broun, Richard, ii. 225. 
Broun, Sir James, of Colstoun, ii. 225. 
Broune, Elizabeth, ii. 164. 
Broune, Nicholas, ii. 164. 
Brown, Susan, ii. 85. 
Browne, Anne, 221. 
Browne, Captain W. F., 214. 
Browne, Charlotte, 221. 
Browne, Clement, 221, 222. 
Browne, Dr, 221. 
Browne, Georgiana, 221. 
Browne, Jessie, 221. 
Browne, John, 221. 
Browne, Mary, 221. 
Browne, Samuel, 221, 222. 
Bruce, Edward, 298. 
Bruce, Harry, 298. 
Bruce, Hon. Charles, ii. 119. 
Bruce, Marjory, 295. 
Bruce, Robert, 181. 
Bruce, Robert, of Rennet, 298, 299. 
Bruce, Sir David, of Clackmannan, 6. 
Bruen, Colonel Henry, ii. 102. 
Bruen, Harriet, ii. 102. 
Buchanan, Thomas, 33. 

Bulmer, Sir Bevis, 45, 46, 49. 

Buhner, Thomas, 267. 

Buntein, Major Hugh, of Kilbryde, ii. 


Buntein, Margaret, ii. 24. 
Burn, Elizabeth, 20. 
Burn, Helen, 287, 289. 
Burn, J., ii. 227. 
Burn, John, 20. 
Burnside, Margaret, ii. 68. 


CABELL, Elizabeth, ii. 83. 

Cabell, George, M.D., ii. 82. 

Cabot, Sebastian, 58, 124. 

Cadell, Eliza, 224. 

Cahirglass, lands of, ii. 43, 44. 

Cairns, Captain, of Killyfaddy, ii. 72. 

Cairns, Elizabeth, 291. 

Cairns, James, ii. 71. 

Caledon, Alexanders, Earls of, ii. 115, 

121, 122. 

Callan, Lord, ii. 146. 
Callander, Janet, 276. 
Calthorpe, Reynolds, 243. 
Campbell, Alexa, 227. 
Campbell, Archibald, Earl of Argyle, 

6, 32-34, 38, 39, 187, 199. 
Campbell, Archibald, Lord of Lome, 

Campbell, Archibald, Master of Argyle, 

Campbell, Archibald, of Lochaw, 6. 
Campbell, Charles, of Menstry, 7. 
Campbell, Christian, 210. 
Campbell, Colin, 6. 
Campbell, Colin, Earl of Argyle, 8, 13, 

28, 33. 

Campbell, Colin, of Dunstaffnage, 4. 
Campbell, Donald, 7. 
Campbell, Dougal, 7. 
Campbell, Dougal, of Menstry, 6. 
Campbell, Duncan, of Lochaw, 7. 
Campbell, Duncan, of Menstry, 6. 
Campbell, Henrietta, 219. 
Campbell, James, 187. 
Campbell, James, of Ely thes wood, 219. 
Campbell, John, 6. 
Campbell, John, Duke of Argyle, 187, 


Campbell, Lord Neill, 210. 
Campbell, Major Frederick, 251. 
Campbell, Margaret, 5. 
Campbell, Marianne, ii. 35. 
Campbell, Mary, 220. 
Campbell, Robert, ii. 50, 95, 96. 
Campbell, Sir Dougal, of Auchinbreck, 5, 



Campbell, Sir Duncan, of Glenurquhie, 

6, 76. 

Campbell, Thomas, ii. 230. 
Campion, Mary, ii. 46. 
Canada, early settlements in, 58. 
Candren, Alexanders of, ii. 138. 
Cape Breton, ii. 181. 
Carey, Henry, Earl of Monmouth, ii. 


Carlton, Sir Dudley, 236. 
Carmichael, Richard, of Ederney, 319. 
Carnegie, George, 225. 
Carnegie, Hon. Colonel, 225. 
Carnoustie, lands of, ii. 7. 
Carrick, Earl of, ii. 50. 
Carruthers, Rev. Mr, ii. 80. 
Carruthers, William, ii. 81. 
Carswell, Elizabeth, ii. 23. 
Cartier, Jacques, 58, 124. 
" Castara, " Habington's, 153. 
Castlemaine, Richard, Viscount, ii. 113. 
Caulfield, Dorothy, ii. 158, 159. 
Caulfield, Dr James, ii. 159. 
Caulfield, Sir Toby, Baron Charlemont, 

ii. 158, 159. 

Caulfield, Sir William, ii. 158, 159. 
Caw, Alexanders of, ii. 135, 136. 
Chalmer, Christian, ii. 2. 
Chambers, Isabella, ii. 133. 
Charles I. , coronation of, at Edinburgh, 

142, 152. 

Charlton, Robert, 127. 
Chateauneuf, Mons. de, French Ambas- 
sador, letter of, 120, 121. 
Chirgar, William, ii. 71. 
Chisholm, Sir James, of Cromlix, 30. 
Christie, Isobel, 294. 
Clanbrassil, Alice, Countess of, ii. 129, 

Clanbrassil, Anne Carey, Countess of, 

ii. 129, 140. 

Clancarty, Countess of, ii. 111. 
Clans, proposed emigation of Highland, 


Clark, Major- General, 215. 
Claypoole, Sir John, 46. 
Clayton, Sir Robert, ii. 18. 
Clements, Thomas, ii. 72. 
Clerk, Margaret, 289. 
Clifford, Anne, ii. 175. 
Clifford, Catherine, ii. 43. 
Clifford, Colonel Knight, ii. 43. 
Clifford, George, Earl of Cumberland, 

ii. 175. 

Clones, battle of, ii. 65. 
Cloyne, Bishop of, ii. 103. 
Cochrane, Alexander, ii. 27. 
Cochraiie, Bailie James, ii. 11. 
Cochrane, Gavin, of Craignmir, ii. 27. 

Cochrane, William, Earl of Dundonald, 

ii. 27. 

Cochrane, William, of Cowden, ii. 40. 
Cockburn, Captain Walter, of ilk, 315. 
Cockburn, Jean, 257. 
Cockburn, Margaret, of Clerkington, 

Cockburn, Sir John, of Clerkington, ii. 

194, 205. 
Cockburn, Sir John, of Ormiston, ii. 


Coghil, Marmaduke, ii. 145. 
Cogry, lands of, ii. 131. 
Coigny, Duchesse de, 214, 215. 
Coinage, the copper, 144-146, 154-156, 

174? 175. 

Collins, Susan, ii. 102. 
Collinson, Margaret, ii. 4. 
Collyer, Charlotte, ii. 106. 
Collyer, John, ii. 106. 
Collyer, Rev. J. B., ii. 105. 
Collyer, Robert, ii. 106. 
Colville, David, 316. 
Colville, James, Lord Culross, 154, 292 ; 

ii. 2. 

Colville, Lord Ochiltree, 316. 
Convention, Scottish, petition of, 124- 

Conway, Edward, Viscount, ii. 161, 


Conyers, Thomas, ii. 215, 218. 
Conyers, Thomas, of Catherlough, ii. 


Cooke, Edward, ii. 72. 
Cooke, Elizabeth, ii. 71. 
Cooke, Jane, ii. 72. 
Cooke, Sir John, ii. 161. 
Corrie, Josiah, ii. 211, 234. 
Corrieden, lands of, ii. 19. 
Corry, Colonel, of Ahenis Castle, ii. 


Corry, Lucy, ii. 69. 
Corsclays, lands of, ii. 52, 53. 
Corser, Robert, 273. 
Cosswaith, Miss, ii. 45. 
Coull, Alexanders in, 12. 
Coulter, Mary, ii. 68. 
Council, Scottish Privy, letters of, 70, 

71, 102, 103. 
Council, Scottish Privy, proclamations 

of, 72-74, 77-80, 87-89. 
Couttie, Allan, 27-29. 
Couttie, Marion, 29. 
Covenant, Scottish National, 171. 
Cowan, Andrew, 29. 
Cowan, Antony, 29. 
Cowan, Walter, 29, 65. 
Craig, John, ii. 14. 
Craig, Katherine, ii. 14. 



Craig, Rev. James, ii. 16. 

Craig, Sir Thomas, of Riccarton, ii. 


Craigengelt, Robert, 271. 
Cranstoun, John, ii. 100, 102. 
Craufurd, Andrew Hunter Spreul, ii. 

36, 41. 

Craufurd, Hugh, of Cloverhill, ii. 41. 
Craufurd, Isabella, 217. 
Craufurd, Isobel, ii. 41. 
Craufurd, "William, of Craufurdland, 


Crawfurd, Anne, ii. 121. 
Crawfurd, James, of Crawfurdsburn, ii. 


Cree, Margaret, 289. 
Crew, Alexanders of, ii. 91, 92. 
Crichton, Margaret, ii. 15. 
Crichton, Robert, ii. 13. 
Crichton, Sir John, of Strathurd, 7. 
Crichton Stuart, James, Earl of Bute, 


Crichton Stuart, Mary, 210. 
Crieff, Alexanders in, 12. 
" Croesus," a tragedy, 36. 
Crompton, Joshua, of Azerly, ii. 29. 
Crooke, Sir Robert, ii. 177. 
Crooke, Sir Robert, of Elvachan, 237. 
Crosbie, Sir Piers, 128, 152: 
Crosbie, Sir Walter, 128. 
Crosby, Nathaniel, ii. 160. 
Cruikshank, John, of Cadden, ii. 2. 
Cumberland, William, Duke of, 200. 
Cuninghame, Alexander, of Craigends, 

ii. 25, 27, 28. 

Cuninghame, Christian, ii. 28. 
Cuninghame, Elizabeth, ii. 25. 
Cuninghame, Janet, ii. 25. 
Cuninghame, Joanna, ii. 27. 
Cuninghame, Marion, ii. 50. 
Cuninghame, William, of Achinyards, 

ii. 25. 
Cuninghame, William, of Craigends, 

ii. 25. 

Cunningham, Cuthbert, ii. 129. 
Cunninghame, James, Earl of Glen- 
cairn, ii. 62. 
Cunninghame, Reginald, of Glengar- 

nock, ii. 60. 
Cunninghame, Sir Edward, of Kilmaurs, 

ii. 60. 
Cunninghame, Sir James, of Glengar- 

nock, ii. 60-62. 
Cunninghame, Sir John, of Glengar- 

nock, ii. 61, 63. 
Curtis, Agnes, ii. 120. 
Curtis, Sir William, ii. 120. 
Curtivacher, Alexanders, 12. 
Cutler, Henry, ii. 174. 


D'AGUILAR, Colonel, ii. 233, 234. 
Dalcussen, lands of, ii. 49. 
Dalison, Anne, ii. 120. 
Dalison, Maximilian, ii. 116, 119. 
Dallas, Brigadier-General Charles, ii. 


Dallas, General Sir Thomas, ii. 115. 
Dallas, Janet, ii. 114. 
Dalreoch, lands of, ii. 50-52. 
Dalrymple, Dr Robert, 214. 
Dalrymple, Elizabeth, 214. 
Dalrymple, James, Viscount Stair, 213. 
Dalrymple, John, Earl of Stair, 215. 
Dalrymple, John, of Bergany, 213. 
Dalrymple, Marion, 214. 
Dalrymple, Sir Hew, of North Berwick, 

213, 214. 
Dalrymple, Sir Robert, of Castleton, 


Dalton, William, ii. 105. 
Dalzell, Colonel John, ii. 73, 74. 
Dalzell, Emma, ii. 73. 
Dalzell, Major John, ii. 73. 
Dalziel, General Sir Thomas, ii. 42. 
Daniel, Captain, 116, 117. 
"Darius, a Tragedie," 35, 36. 
Darneholme, lands of, ii. 54. 
Dashwood, Charlotte, ii. 119. 
Davie, Janet, 279. 
Davies, John, of Hereford, 53. 
Dawson, Mary, 291. 
Deedes, Henry C. , ii. 37. 
De la Croix, Marion, ii. 33, 34. 
De la Porte, Agatha, ii. 34. 
De la Tour, Claude, 103, 119, 120, 126- 


De L'Isle, Guillaume, ii. 231. 
De Mount, Governor of Canada, 58, 59. 
Demperston, Janet, 292. 
Demperston, Margaret, 16. 
Dennis, James, of Murley, ii. 68. 
Dering, Sir Edward, ii. 66. 
Deuchar, Alexander, 210, 211. 
Devonport, James, 267. 
Digby, Sir Henry, ii. 220: 
Dillon, John, ii. 213, 214. 
Doak, Rev. John, ii. 81. 
Dolling, Rev. Boughey, ii. 120. 
Dolling, Robert, ii. 120. 
Don, Anna, ii. 76. 
Donagheady, lands of, ii. 92. 
Donald, Lord of the Isles, 2, 3 ; ii. 48. 
Donnethorne, Captain, ii. 103. 
" Doomsday," a poem, 48. 
Dopping, Alicia, ii. 113. 
Dopping, Samuel, ii. 113. 
Dorchester, Viscount, 122, 123, 128. 



Dougal, Lord of the Isles, 2. 

Douglas, Agnes, 34. 

Douglas, George, 207. 

Douglas, Elizabeth, 8, 9. 

Douglas, James, 106. 

Douglas, Sir Robert, of Glenbervie, 76. 

Douglas, Sir Robert, of Lochleven, 9. 

Douglas, Sir William, of Gleubervie, 207. 

Douglas, William, 208. 

Douglas, William, Earl of Angus, 208. 

Douglas, William, Earl of Morton, 194. 

Douglas, William, of Lugtown, 7. 

Dovan, earldom of, ii. 213. 

Downie, Alice, 288. 

Downshire, Marchioness of, ii. 219. 

Drayton, Michael, 44, 52, 56, 141. 

Drumachose, lands of, ii. 99. 

Drumarnagross, lands of, ii. 87. 

Drumclog, skirmish of, ii. 42. 

Drummochrian, lands of, ii. 54, 55. 

Drummond, correspondence of, 47, 51, 
52, 54, 55-57, 140-142, 172. 

Drummond, David, of Cultmalindie, 209. 

Drummond, elegy on Sir Antony Alex- 
ander, 231-233. 

Drummond, elegy on the Death of 
Moeliades (Prince Henry), 47. 

Drummond, Janet, 288, 300. 

Drummond, John, Earl of Melfort, ii. 27. 

Drummond, William, of Hawthornden, 
47, 48, 51, 52, 55-57, 188. 

Drumquin, lands of, ii. 86, 87. 

Dublin, Alexanders, Baronets of, ii. 

Dublin, Alexanders of, ii. 138-155. 

Dudley, Eliza, ii. 35. 

Duer, Colonel William, 285. 

Duer, William, LL.D., 285 ; ii. 16. 

Duff, Janet, 214. 

Duff, William, of Crombie, 214. 

Duine wassails, 189. 

Dunbar, Earl of, 236. 

Duncan, Adam, Viscount, 214. 

Duncan, Robert, Earl of Camperdown, 

Dundas, Eliza, ii. 119. 

Dundas, Mary, 197. 

Dundas, Ralph, of Manor, 197. 

Dunfermline, Earl of, ii. 194, 205. 

Dunkeld, George, Bishop of, 6. 

Dunkeld, John, Bishop of, 13; ii. 61. 

Dunlop, James, of Dovecote, ii. 24. 

Dupre Josias, ii. 105. 


EAKIN, Jane, ii. 93. 
Eastgate, Lydia, 224. 

Echt, parish of, ii. 5. 

Edmond, Agnes, 276, 307. 

Edmond, Colonel, 307. 

Edmond, Elizabeth, 307. 

Edmond, John, 307. 

Edmond, Provost, 307. 

' ' Elegie on the Death of Prince Henry, " 

44, 45. 
" Elegy on Sir Antony Alexander, " 231- 


Elgin, Earl of, ii. 119. 
Elliot, Captain Amyand, ii. 76. 
Elliot, Grace, ii. 77. 
Elliot, Hon. J. E., ii. 76. 
Elliot, Robert, ii. 70. 
Elphinstone, Lord, 30. 
Elphinstone, Sir George, of Blythes- 

wood, ii. 205. 
Elye, Viscount, 262. 
Enagh, lands of, ii. 135. 
" Encouragement to the Colonies, an," 

66, 68. 

Eredy & Girlaw, Alexanders of, 61-78. 
Eredy, lands of, ii. 61, 63. 
Erskine, Alexander, 38. 
Erskine, Alexander, of Dun, 181. 
Erskine, Janet, 38, 249, 252. 
Erskine, John, Earl of Mar, 18"; ii. 180. 
Erskine, John, Lord Balgonie, 38, 208. 
Erskine, Rev. Ebenezer, 277. 
Erskine, Robert, of ilk, 6. 
Erskine, Sir Charles, 258. 
Erskine, Sir James, 38. 
Erskine, Sir William, 38, 186, 187. 
" Expedition of the Scots Regiment," 

Ewing, Caroline, ii. 120. 


FALKNER, B., ii. 45. 
Fane, Miss, ii. 119. 

Farquharson, John, of Invercauld, 210. 
Fe"nelon, Francois, Archbishop of Cam- 
bray, ii. 232. 

Fenner, Alexander, ii. 146, 147. 
Fenner, Edmond, ii. 146, 147. 
Fenner, Elizabeth, ii. 146, 147. 
Fenner, James, ii. 146, 147. 
Fenner, Mary, ii. 146, 147. 
Fenner, Richard, ii. 142-146, 149, 150. 
Fenner, Susan, ii. 146, 147. 
Fenner, William, ii. 146, 147. 
Fenwick, Rev. Robert, ii. 56. 
Ferguson, Andrew, ii. 110. 
Ferguson, Anne, ii. 110. 
Ferguson, Eliza, ii. 110. 
Ferguson, Ellen, ii. 110. 



Ferguson, Jane, ii. 110. 

Ferguson, John, ii. 110. 

Ferguson, John, of Kilkenner, ii. 53. 

Ferguson, Sarah, ii. 110. 

Ferguson, Sir Andrew, ii. 110. 

Ferguson, William, ii. 110. 

Fergusson, Andrew, ii. 96. 

Flechier, Esprit, Bishop of Nismes, ii. 


Forbes, Elizabeth, 14. 
Forbes, John, of Inverarnan, ii. 5. 
Forbes, Kev. James, ii. 150, 151. 
Forrester, Agnes, 16. 
Forrester, Alexander, 16 ; ii. 14. 
Forrester, David, in Logie, 10, 16. 
Forrester, Duncan, of Arngibbon, 15. 
Forrester, John, 15, 16. 
Forrester, Margaret, 10. 
Forrester, Kobert, of Boquhan, 271. 
Forrester, Walter, of Culmore, 273. 
Forster, J. W., ii. 104. 
Forsyth, John, ii. 13. 
Forsyth, Margaret, ii. 13. 
Foulis, George, 46. 
Foulis, John, 46. 
Foulis, Robert, 156. 
Foulis, Thomas, 45, 260. 
Fowles, Alphonsus, 260, 263. 
Fowles, Anne, 259. 
Fowles, Matthew, 263. 
Foyle Park, ii. 169. 
Franklin, Dr Benjamin, ii. 35. 
Franquetot, Georgiana, 215. 
Franquetot, Louis, Due de Coign y, 215. 
Franquetot, Louise, 215. 
Freeland, George, 269. 
Freeland, Patrick, 269. 
Freman, Catherine, ii. 122. 
Freman, Philip, Earl of Hardwicke, ii. 


Frith, Robert, ii. 70. 
Fullerton, David, 116. 
Fullerton, Lucy, ii. 37. 
Fussell, Rev. James, 215. 


GALBKAITH, Janet, 300, 302. 
Galbraith, Robert, ii. 46. 
Gallowajr, Elizabeth, 290. 
Galloway, Elspeth, ii. 6. 
Galloway, James, Bishop of, ii. 18. 
Garraud, Rev.-G., letter of, 236. 
Gascoigne, Ellen, ii. 139. 
Gay nor, Michael, ii. 140. 
Gibb, John, 222. 
Gibb, Mina, 222. 
Gibson, Sarah, ii. 81. 

Gillespie, lands of, ii. 18. 

Gillespie, Sarah, ii. 70. 

Glas, Catherine, 209. 

Glas, John, of Sauchie, 209. 

Glass, parish of, ii. 4. 

Glencairn, Earl of, 269. 

Glendonyng, lands of, ii. 17. 

Glengarnock, Riddells of, ii. 60. 

Glenorchy, Campbell of, ii. 1. 

Glentogher, lands of, ii. 115. 

Gloom Castle, 6. 

Goderich, Lord, ii. 227. 

Godfrey, Elizabeth, ii. 127. 

"Golden Fleece, the," 89-91. 

Gordon, Duchess of, ii. 3. 

Gordon, John, ii. 140. 

Gordon, James, Keeper of Royal Signet, 

176, 177, 185, 191, 206, 255. 
Gordon, John, Marquis of Aboyne, 175. 
Gordon, Rev. John, 174, 175. 
Gordon, Sir Robert, 76, 181. 
Gordon, Sir Robert, of Lochinvar, 63, 


Gorges, Alexander, ii. 164. 
Gorges, Anne, ii. 164. 
Gorges, Edward, ii. 164. 
Gorges, Edward, Lord, 163. 
Gorges, Elizabeth, ii. 164. 
Gorges, Sir Ferdinand, 59, 60, 159. 
Gorges, Thomas, of Heavitree, M.P., 

ii. 164. 

Gortinesson, lands of, ii. 169. 
Graham, Agnes, 253, 254 ; ii. 214. 
Graham, Archibald, 290. 
Graham, Gilbert, 254. 
Graham, James, Marquis of Montrose. 


Graham, Katherine, 6, 298. 
Graham, Rachel, 290. 
Graham, Robert, of Gartmore, 20, 254. 
Graham, Sir William, of Gartmore, 256. 
Graham, Walter, of Gartmore, 194. 
Graham, William, of Gartavestan, 27. 
Graham, William, of Polder, 256. 
Grant, Captain Colquhoun, ii. 114. 
Gray, Andrew, ii. 67. 
Gray, Christian, 272. 
Gray, Jean, 12. 
Gray, Margaret, 300, 302. 
Gray, Sarah, 259. 
GVeenlees, William, ii. 25. 
Greenville, Alexanders of, ii. 93, 94. 
Gregg, John, ii. 91. 
Grey, Edward, Bishop of Hereford, ii. 


Grey, Mary, ii. 124. 
Grimston, Lady Jane, ii. 122. 
Grococke, Robert, ii. 138. 
Gurisland, Alexanders of, ii. 104. 




HABINGTON, William, 153. 

Haddington, Earl of, 133. 

Haigh, Jane, ii. 168. 

Halden, Joseph, of Myretoun, 43. 

Hamilton, Ada, ii. 70. 

Hamilton, Anne, 214, 215. 

Hamilton, Charlotte, 215. 

Hamilton, Claud, of Blackhole, ii. 23. 

Hamilton, Georgina, 215. 

Hamilton, Helen, 215. 

Hamilton, Henrietta, 214. 

Hamilton, Henry, Earl of Clanbrassil, 

ii. 140. 

Hamilton, Hon. John, 213. 
Hamilton, James, 214. 
Hamilton, James, Earl of Abercorn, ii. 

Hamilton, James, Earl of Arran, ii. 

Hamilton, James, Earl of Clanbrassil, 

ii. 140. 
Hamilton, James, Marquis of, 152, 156, 

171 ; ii. 194, 205. 
Hamilton, Janet, ii. 55. 
Hamilton, Janet, 214, 215. 
Hamilton, Jemima, 214. 
Hamilton, Johanna, 213. 
Hamilton, John, 215. 
Hamilton, John, Commendator of 

Paisley, ii. 22. 
Hamilton, John, of Hacketstown, ii. 


Hamilton, John, of Milltown, ii. 70. 
Hamilton, Lord Claud, ii. 22. 
Hamilton, Malcolm, Archbishop of 

Cashel, ii. 143. 
Hamilton, Margaret, ii. 39. 
Hamilton, Margaret, 214, 215. 
Hamilton, Marion, ii. 23. 
Hamilton, Mary, ii. 217, 223. 
Hamilton, Patricia, 215. 
Hamilton, Robert, 214. 
Hamilton, Robert, of Clonsillagh, ii. 
. 123. 
Hamilton, Sir Hans, of Monella, ii. 

Hamilton, Sir Hew Dalrymple, 214, 


Hamilton, Sir John Dalrymple, 215. 
Hamilton, Sir John, of Magdalens, ii. 


Hamilton, Sir Patrick, of Preston, 192. 
Hamilton, Sir Robert, of Mount Hamil- 
ton, ii. 143. 
Hamilton, Thomas, EaiiofMelrose, 82, 

83, 85, 156 ; ii. 194, 205. 
Hamilton, Virginia, 215. 

Hamilton, Wsite, 215. 

Hammick, Sir Samuel, ii. 107. 

Handcock, Hon. Alicia, ii. 113. 

Hankey, Captain "William, ii. 35. 

Hankey, General Henry, ii. 35. 

Hankey, John, ii. 35. 

Hankey, Julia, ii. 35. 

Hankey, Thomson, M.P., ii. 35. 

Hannay, Dr James, 170. 

Hardynge, Charles, of Bole Hall, ii. 234. 

Harker, Julia, 227. 

Harper, Thomas, 167, 169. 

Harrington, Captain Edward, of Rand, 


Harrington, Lady Jane, 267. 
Harrington, James, of Rand, 267. 
Harrington, John, of Kelston, 267. . 
Harrington, William, of Rand, 267. 
Harris, Rev. Dr, ii. 106. 
Harrower, Margaret, 289. 
Hart, Rev. John, ii. 95. 
Hart, Thomas, 269. 
Hart, William, 269. 
Hartley, Catherine, ii. 139. 
Hartley, Joseph, ii. 140. 
Hartley, William, ii. 39, 138, 139. 
Harvey, Miss, of Merlin Hall, ii. 115. 
Havers, Elizabeth, ii. 164. 
Hay, George, Earl of Kinnoul, 258. 
Hay, Grizel, 258. 
Hay, James, 258. 
Hay, Rev. Charles, ii. 113. 
Hay, Sir George, of Kinfauns, 86 ; ii. 

194, 205. 

Hay man, Robert, 111. 
Helm, Rev. C. H., ii. 237. 
Henderson, Janet, ii. 23. 
Henderson, John, of Westerton, 209. 
Hendrie, Janet, 279. 
Henrieson, Elizabeth, 297. 
Henry, John, ii. 73. 
Henry, Prince, son of James VI., 35, 

36, 44. 

Hepburne, Mary, 226. 
Hepburne, Robert, of Baads, 219. 
Hepburne, Robert, of Clerkington, 226. 
Herbert, Sir Thomas, of Tintern, 267. 
Heriot, George, 260, 261. 
Heriot, James, 237, 260, 261. 
Hibbert Captain J. N., of Chalfont 

Park, ii. 124. 

Hickey, Charlotte, ii. 113. 
Higgs, Benjamin, ii. 152. 
Higgs, Hannah, ii. 152. 
Hill, Arthur, Marquis of Downshire, 

247, 248. 

Hill, George, ii. 46. 
Hobart, Sir Henry, 263. 
Hobey, Elizabeth,* 244. 



Hobey, John, 244. 

Hobey, Richard, 244. 

Hobey, Sir Thomas, 245. 

Hobhouse, John Cam, Lord Broughton, 
ii. 30. 

Hobhouse, Sir Benjamin, ii. 30. 

Hobhouse, Sophia, ii. 30. 

Hogg, Anne, ii. 70. 

Hogg, Sir James Weir, 223. 

Holbourne, Colonel Robert, 197. 

Holbourne, General James, 197. 

Holbourne, James, 197. 

Holbourne, Sir James, 198. 

Home, Sir David, of Wedderburn, 181. 

Home, Sir George, 128, 130. 

Home, William, of Aytoun, 192. 

Hope, James, of Waterheid, 256. 

Hope, Sir Thomas, of Kersse, 176, 177, 

Hopkins, Maria, ii. 74. 

Hopson, Charles, ii. 178. 

Houston, Anne, ii. 27. 

Houston, Sir John, of ilk, ii. 27. 

Hovenden, Henry, ii. 217. 

Howe, Robert, ii. 68, 

Hughes, Margaret, ii. 148, 149. 

Hume, Isabella, ii. 30. 

Humphreys, Alice, ii. 118. 

Humphreys, Cecil, ii. 118. 

Humphreys, Hamilton, ii. 118. 

Humphreys, Lucy, ii. 37. 

Humphreys, Major, ii. 118. 

Humphrys, Abel, ii. 224. 

Humphrys, Alexander, ii. 155 ; Ap- 
pendix, No. IV., ii. 210-243. 

Humphrys, Alexander W., jun., ii. 
229, 238, 239. 

Humphrys, Angela, ii. 239. 

Humphrys, Anne, ii. 224. 

Humphrys, Charles L., ii. 238, 239. 

Humphrys, Edward, ii. 155. 

Humphrys, Elizabeth, ii. 155. 

Humphrys, Eugene, ii. 238. 

Humphrys, John, ii. 238. 

Humphrys, William, ii. 155, 210, 229, 

Hunter, Eliza, 227. 

Hunter, John, ii. 68. 

Hunter, Rev. John, D.D., 222. 

Hunter, William, M.D., ii. 154. 

Hutchinson, Colonel, 222. 

Hutton, Captain, 221. 

Hutton, William, 176. 

INGLLS, Agnes, ii. 22. 
Inglis, Janet, 198. 

Inglis, John, of Cramond, 198. 
Innes, Cosmo, ii. 230. 
Innes, Sir Robert, of ilk, 76. 


JACK, Margaret, ii. 89. 

Jackson, Anne, ii. 111. 

Jackson, Right Hon. Richard, ii. 111. 

Jacob, Colonel, 225. 

Jacob, John, M.D., ii. 45. 

Jameson, Ann, 301. 

Jameson, George, painter, ii. 2. 

J^neson, Mary, ii. 2. 

Jlmies VI., " Poetical Exercises," 53. 

James VI., sonnets by, 48-51. 

James VI., version of Psalms, 53, 54, 

81, 8-2, 142-144. 164, 165, 167-171. 
Jamieson, Janet, 288. 
Jocelyn, Anne, ii. 116. 
Jocelyn, Lord Chancellor, ii. 116. 
John, Lord of the Isles, 2, 3 ; ii. 49. 
Johnson, A., ii. 45. 
Johnson, Arthur, epigram by, 39, 142. 
Johnston, Anne, 292. 
Johnston, Georgina, ii. 106. 
Johnston, James, of Lochwood, ii. 17. 
Johnston, James, of Westraw, ii. 17. 
Johnston, Mary, 287. 
Johnston, Sir Richard, of Gilford, ii. 


Johnston, Sir William, of ilk, ii. 106. 
"Jonathan : a Poem," 167. 
" Julius Csesar : a Tragedie," 39. 


KEANE, Sir John, Lord, ii. 75. 
Kearney, Richard, ii. 160. 
Keatinge, Colonel, ii. 29. 
Keatiuge, Elizabeth, ii. 29. 
Keiss, Sinclair of, ii. 1. 
Keith, Agnes, 216. 
Keith, Alexander, of Ravelston, 216. 
Keith, Anne, 33. 
Keith, Charles, 218. 
Keith, George, 216. 
Keith, George, Earl Marischal, ii. 194. 
Keith, Helen, 217. 
Keith, Isabella, 216, 218. 
Keith, James, M.D., 216, 217. 
Keith, John, 216. 
Keith, Mary, 216, 218. 
Keith, Robert, 216. 
Keith, Sir Alexander, 217. 
Keith, Sir William, Earl Marischal, 
76 ; ii. 205. 



Keith, William, 216-218. 

Kellie, Alexander, ii. 100. 

Kelly, Andrew, ii. 225. 

Kelly, Arthur, ii. 170. 

Kendall, Caroline, 227. 

Kennedy, Agnes, ii. 51. 

Kennedy, Anne, ii. 75. 

Kennedy, David, of Ballycutra, ii. 140, 


Kennedy, John, of Blairquhan, ii. 52. 
Kennedy, Lieut. -GeneralJames, ii. 75, 


Kennedy, Thomas, of Penquhan, ii. 55. 
Ker, Sir James, of Crailing, ii. 12. 
Kertch, Captain David, 100, 101, 113, 


Kid, Oliver, ii. 69. 
Kilcooley, lands of, ii. 162-164. 
Kilgour, Magdalene, ii. 91. , 
Kilgour, Mary, ii. 91. 
King, Hester, ii. 167. 
Kinmundie, lands of, ii. 2. 
Kinneir, Alexander, of Forrest, 177, 

185, 193. 

Kinnekelly, Alexanders of, ii. 90, 91. 
Kinross, Beatrix, 269. 
Kinross, Margaret, 289. 
Kirk, Captain, 120, 121. 
Kirk, James, 270. 
Kirkland, lands of, ii. 19. 
Knights, Golden, 46, 68. 
Knockcroghery, lands of, ii. 46. 
Knockhill, lands of, ii. 18. 
Knox, Elizabeth, ii. 93. 
Knox, Rev. William, ii. 110. 

L'AcADiE, 59, 100. 

Laing, Margaret, 271. 

Lambert, Euphane, 292. 

Lambert, Madame de, ii. 232. 

Lamont, Georgina, 217. 

Lane, Colonel Henry, ii. 76, 77. 

Lane, Henry, ii. 76. 

Lane, Henry Alexander, ii. 77. 

Lang, Elizabeth, ii. 50. 

Lanham, Elizabeth, ii. 164. 

Lanham, Humphrey, ii. 164. 

Lanham, John, ii. 164. 

Lanham, Mary, ii. 164. 

Lanham, Rose, ii. 164. 

Largs, barony and seaport of, 107, 


Latimer, Patrick, ii. 70. 
Laud, Archbishop, 168. 
Lauderdale, Earl of, 239. 
Lawrence, Anne, 221. 

Lawrence, Sir George, 221. 

Lee, Judith, 242. 

Lee, Robert, of Binfield, 241-244. 

Lee, William Philips, 241, 282. 

Lefebre, Jeanne, 221. 

Leggat, Mary, 288. 

Leishman, Janet, 15. 

Leishman, John, of Stirling, 14, 15. 

Leishman, Mary, 279, 290. 

Lendrum, John, ii. 69. 

Lendrum, Sarah, ii. 69. 

Lennox, Duke of, ii. 63. 

Le Normand, Mdlle., ii. 210, 211, 231, 

Letters, royal, 23, 24, 60-62, 81-86, 92- 
98, 102, 110, 113-115, 130-132, 134- 
136, 138, 139, 228, 229, 262, 263, 
323, 324 ; ii. 12, 13. 

Lewis, Mary, ii. 223. 

Lewson, Rev. William, ii. 133. 

Library, the Alexander, in Trinity Col- 
lege, Dublin, ii. 159, 163, 164. 

Linbank, Alexanders in, 17. 

Lindsay, Bernard, ii. 9. 

Lingan, William, ii. 148. 

Linlithgow, Earl of, 258, 325. 

Lismahon, lands of, ii. 46. 

Lithgow, William, 52. 

Little, Jane, ii. 70. 

Livingstone, Alexander, of Dunipace, 

Livingstone, Philip, 284. 

Livingstone, P. Vanbrugh, 281. 

Livingstone, Sarah, 284. 

Livingstone, Sir David, of Dunipace, 
76, 190. 

Livingstone, William, 269. 

Lockhart, Ephraim, ii. 215, 225, 226. 

Lockhart, Fanny, ii. 91. 

Lockhart, John, of Lee, ii. 26. 

Lockhart, Sir George, 213. 

Logie-Coldstone, parish of, ii. 5. 

Londonderry, ii. 65. 

Longford, Francis, Earl of, ii. 140. 

Lothian, William, Earl of, 182. 

Loupe, Macalisters of, 4, 5. 

Lovelace, Mary, ii. 44. 

Lumisdeu, Andrew, Bishop of Edin- 
burgh, ii. 14. 

Lumisden, Elizabeth, ii. 14. 

Lundie, Archibald, 210. 

Luudie, Henry, 210. 

Lundie, William, of ilk, 320. 

Lushington, Florence, ii. 116. 

Lushington, Stephen, ii. 116. 

Lyle, Elizabeth, ii. 81. 

Lyle, Joseph, ii. 80. 

Lynch, Susanna, ii. 47. 

Lynes, Sarah, ii. 217. 




MACALEXAXDER, Agnes, ii. 51. 
MacAlexander, Alexander, ii. 49, 50,128. 
Mac Alexander, Andrew, ii. 51, 55. 
MacAlexander, Angus, of Loupe, 4. 
MacAlexander, Archibald, 4. 
MacAlexander, Claud, ii. 52. 
MacAlexander, Colin, ii. 49. 
MacAlexander, Donald, 4. 
MacAlexander, Duncan, 4 ; ii. 50. 
MacAlexander, Elizabeth, ii. 51. 
MacAlexander, Fergus, ii. 50-52. 
MacAlexander, George, ii. 53. 
MacAlexander, Gilbert, ii. 49. 
MacAlexander, Hew, ii. 51, 52, 128, 


MacAlexander, Janet, ii, 51. 
MacAlexander, John, 4; ii. 19, 51-55, 

128, 129, 133, 134. 
MacAlexander, Malcolm, 4. 
MacAlexander, Margaret, ii. 51, 133. 
MacAlexander, Neil Campbell, of Glen- 

aray, 4. 

MacAlexander, Robert, ii. 53, 128. 
MacAlexander, Tarlach, 3 ; ii. 61. 
MacAlexander, Thomas, ii. 52, 133. 
MacAlexanders, the, of Tarbert, 4. 
MacAlister, Alexander, of Tangie, 5. 
MacAlister, Colonel Somerville, 4. 
MacAlister, Keith, of Glenbar, 5. 
MacAlister, Sir Roderick, 3, 4. 
MacCaulay, Alexander, ii. 100. 
MacCaulay, Sarah, ii. 100. 
MacDougals, the, of Lome, 2. 
Mackenzie, Charles, 223. 
Mackenzie, Colonel, 226. 
Mackenzie, James, 222. 
Mackenzie, Lord Kintail, 255. 
Mackenzie, Sir George, of Rosehaugh, 


Mackenzie, Sir John, 255. 
Mackenzie, Sir Roderick, 255. 
Macketstown, lands of, ii. 19. 
Mackintosh, William, of ilk, 210. 
Maclean, Alexander, of Ardgour, 250. 
Madison, Martha, ii. 35. 
Madison, Mira, ii. 35. 
Mahon, Giles, ii. 45. 
Maitland, Christian, 217. 
Maitland, Lieut. -Colonel, 217. 
M 'Alexander, Eliza, ii. 134. 
M' Alexander, Fergus, ii. 134. 
M 'Alexander, James, ii. 128, 133. 
M 'Alexander, Jane, ii. 133. 
M 'Alexander, Martha, ii. 134. 
M 'Alexander, Samuel, ii. 129. 
M 'Alexander, William, ii. 128 ; 133, 


Mallech, Anne, ii. 164. 

Mallech, Rankin, ii. 164. 

Mallech, Rawlin, of Cockiugton, ii. 

Mallet, Philip, ii. 231. 

Manchester, Earl of, 240. 

Manor Neuk and Westerton, Alexan- 
ders of, 278-287, 303-313. 

Manvers, Charles, Earl, 215. 

Mapas, Catherine, ii. 123. 

Mapas, John Folie, of Rochetown, ii. 

Marshall, Helen, 296. 

Marshall, Janet, 11, 12, 296. 

Marshall, Ninian, ii. 50. 

Marshall, William, 32, 167, 303. 

Mason, hereditary Grand-Master, 230. 

Mathie, Janet, ii. 22. 

Matowack, or Long Island, 160, 161. 

Matthews, Sarah, ii. 178. 

Maule, Patrick, of Panmure, 234. 

Maxwell, Adam, ii. 25. 

Maxwell, Elizabeth, ii. 214, 230. 

Maxwell, Helenora, ii. 29. 

Maxwell, James, Earl of Dirletou, 161. 

Maxwell, James, of Innerwick, 156, 

Maxwell, John, Bishop of Ross, 168, 

Maxwell, John, of Brediland, ii. 24. 

Maxwell, John, of Cavers, 168. 

Maxwell, John, of Southbar, ii. 25. 

Maxwell, Lord Caerlaverock, ii. 25. 
Maxwell, Margaret, ii. 169. 
Maxwell, Mary, ii. 25. 
Maxwell, Sir John, of Pollok, 104. 
Maxwell, Sir Robert, ii. 140. 
Maxwell, Sir William, of Springkell, ii. 


Maxwell, William, 104. 
M'Blain, Margaret, ii. 223, 225. 
M'Cleery, Henry, ii. 81. 
M'Cleery, John, ii. 80. 
M'Clintock, Dorothea, ii. 116. 
M'Cliiitock, Elizabeth, ii. 104. 
M'Clintock, Henry, of Ballyarton, ii. 

M'Clintock, James, of Tearntagh, ii. 


M'Clintock, Susanna, ii. 106. 
M'Clure, Hamilton, ii. 104. 
M'Clure, Margaret, ii. 80. 
M'Culloch, Anne, ii. 109. 
M'Culloch Castle, ii. 53. 
M'Culloch, Catherine, ii. 52. 
M'Culloch, Henry, of Cladymore, ii. 


M'Culloch, James, ii. 19. 
M'Culloch, Janet, ii. 19. 



M'Culloch, John, ii. 19. 

M'Culloch, Robert, ii. 19. 

Mechane, lands of, ii. 47. 

Meeky, Elizabeth, ii. 88. 

Meldrum, George, 196. 

Meldmm, Robert, 196. 

Melville, John, 223. 

Menstry, Alexanders of, 7-267. 

Menstry, Campbells of, 6, 7. 

Menteith, Agnes, 290. 

Menteith, Earl of, 112. 

Menzies, Alexander, 210. 

Menzies, Barbara, 210. 

Menzies, Catherine, 209, 210. 

Menzies, Christian, 209, 210. 

Menzies, Dr John, 210. 

Menzies, James, 209, 210. 

Menzies, Robert, of ilk, 209, 210. 

Menzies, Sir Alexander, of ilk, 209. 

Menzies, Sir Robert, of ilk, 209. 

Merchant, Isobel, ii. 5. 

Mervyn, Audley, ii. 144. 

Mervyn, Sir Audley, ii. 65, 86. 

Metcalfe, Sir Thomas, 221. 

M'Evor, Everage, ii. 162. 

M'Evor, Rory, ii. 162. 

Meyboy, lands of, ii. 86. 

M'Gill, Sir James, 191. 

Michell, Colonel Charles, 313. 

Milford, Alexanders of, ii. 102. 

Miller, Marion, 291. 

Mills, Eliza, ii. 72. 

Mills, George, ii. 72. 

Mills, James, of Dromore, ii. 72. 

Mills, Martha, ii. 72. 

Mills, William, ii. 72. 

Mines, the, of Crawfurdmuir and Hil- 
derston, 45, 46. 

Minto, Earl of, ii. 76. 

Mitchell, Anne, 288. 

Mitchell, Elizabeth, 297. 

Mitchell, Jane, 292. 

Mitchell, Robert, ii. 71. 

Mitchelson, Archibald, 222. 

Mitchelson, Caroline, 222. 

Mitchelson, Harriet, 222. 

Mitchelson, IsabeUa, 222. 

Mitchelson, Isobel, 219. 

Mitchelson, John, of Middleton, 219. 

Mitchelson, Mary, 222, 226. 

M'Kiall, Margaret, 279. 

M'Lauchlin, Margaret, 290. 

M'Lellan, John, ii. 145, 149, 150. 

M'Lellan, Sir Robert, Lord Kirkcud- 
bright, 181. 

M'Levan, John, of Grimmat, ii. 55. 

M'Manus, Alexander, ii. 112. 

M'Manus, Hester, ii. 112, 

M'Neill, Mary, 279. " 

M'Nicol, Conway, ii. 131. 

Moat, Catherine, 269. 

Molesworth, Hon. Harriet, ii. 112. 

Molesworth, Richard, Viscount, ii. 112. 

Molloy, Rebecca, ii. 114. 

Molloy, William, of Rockvalley, ii. 114. 

Mompesson, Richard, ii. 173. 

Monk, General, 250. 

Monk, Richard, ii. 225. 

Monk, Sophia, ii. 223. 

Monsey, Charlotte, ii. 105. 

Monsey, Messenger, of Mulberton, ii. 


Montgomery, Alexander, 250. 
Montgomery, Barbara, ii. 110. 
Montgomery, Elizabeth, 251. 
Montgomery, Henry, 251. 
Montgomery, Hugh, Viscount, of Mount 

Alexander, 249-251 ; ii. 64. 
Montgomery, Isabella, ii. 110. 
Montgomery, James, 251 ; ii. 110. 
Montgomery, Janet, ii. 54. 
Montgomery, John, of Benrarden, ii. 


Montgomery, Robert, 250. 
Montgomery, Sir Hugh, of Braidstanes, 


Montgomery, Sir James, ii. 64. 
Montgomery, Thomas, Earl of Mount 

Alexander, 251. 
Montgomery, William, of Rosemount, 

249, 251. 

Moody, William, ii. 168. 
Moore, Eliza, ii. 72. 
Morris, Margaret, 301. 
Morrison, Catherine, 301, 302. 
Morrison, Walter, ii. 144. 
Moses, Elizabeth, 291. 
Moses, Ellen, 291. 
Mount Alexander, Earl of, ii. 142. 
Muddelk, John, ii. 107. 
Muir, William, of Caldwell, ii. 42. 
Munro, Major-General Robert, 250. 
Munro, Sir Thomas, 310. 
Murdoch, Peter, ii. 25. 
Mure, James, ii. 140. 
Mure, Ursula, of Glanderstown, ii. 26. 
Murray, Agnes, 9. 
Murray, Alexander, of Woodend, 9. 
Murray, Anthony, of Dollerie, 217. 
Murray, Colonel Adam, ii. 136. 
Murray, Elizabeth, 219, 276 ; ii. 19. 
Murray, Frances, 217. 
Murray, Hannah, ii. 136. 
Murray, Henry, 9. 
Murray, James, 251. 
Murray, John, 9. 
Murray, Lord Elibank, 252. 
Murray, Marion, 286. 



Murray, Rev. Alexander, 222. 
Murray, Rev. George, 220. 
Murray, Rev. Robert, 9, 197, 255. 
Murray, Sir Archibald, of Blackbarony, 


Murray, Sir James, of Kilbaberton, 228. 
Murray, Sir James Pulteney, 252. 
Murray, Sir Patrick, 217. 
Murray, Sir Richard, of Cockpool, 181 ; 

ii. 16. 

Murray, Sir Robert, of Claremont, 252. 
Murray, Sir "William, of Dunerne, 194, 

196, 251-253. 

Murray, Sir William, of Newtoun, 258. 
Murray, William, 9, 275. 
Murray, William, of Oughtertyre, 30, 

Murray, William, of Tullibardine, 11, 


Muschet, Adam, 11. 
Muschet, Alexander, 10. 
Muschet, David, of Calziehall, 10. 
Muschet, George, of Burnbank, 9, 1 0. 
Muschet, James, of Burnbank, 9. 
Muschet, John, of Burnbank, 10, 11, 


Muschet, Rev. Archibald, 11. 
Muschet, Sir George, 10. 
M'Vey, Mary, 300, 302. 


NAPIER, Lord, 109 ; ii. 9. 

Nasmyth, Anne, 151. 

Nasmyth, John, 151. 

Nasmyth, Mary, 214. 

Nasmyth, Sir James, 214. 

Neilson, Claud, ii. 28. 

Neilson, Robert, ii. 27. 

Neisch, Walter, 19, 29-31, 185. 

Nelson, Viscount, ii. 105. 

Nembhard, Eliza, ii. 125. 

New England, grant of lands in, 159- 

163, 200, 206. 
Newfoundland, 60, 64. 
New Galloway, 63. 
Newland, Rev. Edward, ii. 110. 
New Plymouth, 59. 
New Scotland, baronetcy of, 69-97, 112- 

116, 124, 128, 151, 152. 
New Scotland, cession of, to France, 

134, 136, 137, 200. 
New Scotland, expeditions to, 63-66, 

100-105, 118-120, 128, 130-139, 157- 

New Scotland, Novodamus Charter of, 

Appendix No. II., ii. 195-205, 212. 
New Scotland, or Nova Scotia, Grant 

and Charter of, 60-63; Appendix, 

No. L, ii. 179-195. 
Newton- Cunninghame, ii. 65. 
Nicholls, Edward, 99. 
Nicholson, Gilbert, of Glenmore, ii. 112. 
Nicholson, John, of Balrath, ii. 112. 
Nickson, Lorenzo, of Chapelizod, ii. 


Nicol, Rev. William, ii. 15. 
Nisbet, Alexander, ii. 96. 
Nithsdale, Earl of, 120, 121. 
Noble, Marjory, 267. 
Noble, Rev. Isaac, ii. 150. 
Norgate, Edward, 63. 
Normand, Isabella, 224. 
Norris, Anne, ii. 172. 
Norris, Sir John, of Yattenden, ii. 172. 
Northcote, Sir Stafford, ii. 116. 
Northland, Lord, ii. 110. 
Nussey, Rev. J., ii. 126. 


O'BRIEN, General Sir Terence, ii. 105. 
O'Conellan, Henry Duff, 152. 
Ogilby, Robert, ii. 167. 
Olave the Red, King of Man, 2. 
Oliphant, Caroline, Baroness Nairne, 


Oliphant, Lawrence, of Gask, 216. 
Oliphant, Margaret, 216. 
Oliver, John, ii. 165. 
O'Neill, Francis, ii. 94. 
O'Neill, Sir Phelim, ii. 64. 
Ormond, Marchioness of, ii. 111. 
Orr, James, of Garten, ii. 167. 
Orr, Janet, ii. 23. 
Osborne, Mary, ii. 87. 
Osborne, Rev. H., ii. 134. 
Oswald, Alexander, 214. 
Over Isgill, lands of, ii. 7. 


PAISLEY, Alexanders in, ii. 21-23, 38-40. 
Paisley, George Shaw, Abbot of, ii. 21. 
Paisley, John, Abbot of, ii. 22. 
Paisley, Robert, Abbot of, ii. 21. 
Palmer, Rev. John, ii. 143. 
" Paraenesis on Prince Henry," 36, 


Park, Hannah, ii. 40. 
Parks, Margaret, ii. 80. 
Parliament, Scottish, Act of, 157-159. 
Parsons, Elizabeth, ii. 143. 
Parsons, Sir William, of Bellamore, ii. 




Patents, royal, 40-43, 59, 106, 107, 
206, 234, '235. 

Paterson, Duncan, 15, 16. 

Paterson, Elizabeth, ii. 88, 89. 

Paterson, John, 16. 

Paterson, Mary, 297. 

Paton, Edward, 17. 

Paton, Margaret, 287. 

Paton, Margaret, 288, 292. 

Pattle, Sophia, 215. 

Patton, Isobel, ii. 81. 

Paul, Jane, ii. 71. 

Paxton, John, ii. 80. 

Pearson, W. W., ii. 238. 

Peat, Janet, 298. 

Pembroke, Earl of, 106. 

Penney, William, Lord Kinloch, 217. 

Percy, Henry, Earl of Northumber- 
land, 7. 

Perott, Humphrey, ii. 140. 

Peters, Margaret, 289. 

Petition of Lord Stirling's creditors, 

Philips, Charles, 245, 246. 

Philips, John, 245. 

Philips, Lady Mary, 242, 246. 

Philips, Robert, 245, 246. 

Philips, William, 245, 246. 

Phillips, Captain Thomas, ii. 99. 

Phillips, Dudley, ii. 98. 

Phillips, Major-General George, ii. 98, 

Phillips, Sir Thomas, ii. 98. 

Phipps, Constantine, Marquis of Nor- 
mandy, ii. 125. 

Phipps, Henry, Earl of Mulgrave, ii. 

Phipps, Lepel, ii. 125. 

Pierce, President, ii. 238. 

Pitgogar, Alexanders of, 16-18, 28, 29; 

Plunkett, Thomas, Lord, Bishop of 

Tuam, ii. 104. 

Pocklington, Hon. John, ii. 217. 
Point Gaspie, ii. 181. 
Ponsonby, Hon. Mrs, ii. 111. 
Pooler, Robert, ii. 74. 
Pope, Alexander, 246, 247. 
Porterfield, Boyd, of ilk, ii. 28. 
Porterfield, Camilla, ii. 28. 
Porter, Mary, ii. 123. 
Portglenone, lands of, ii. Ill, 112. 
Portis, Anne, ii. 101. 
Portis, George, ii. 101. 
Port Mouton, 65. 
Port Royal, 59, 100, 103, 118, 126, 


Powis, Alexanders in, 25, 291; ii. 216. 
Prendergast, Mary, 224. 

Prevoost, David, 221. 
Pringle, Catherine, 220. 
Pringle, Elizabeth, ii. 126. 
Pringle, Sir John, of Stichill, 220. 
Pritchard, John, ii. 174. 
Proclamations, royal, 132, 133. 
Pryott, George, of Edmonton, ii. 140. 


QUEBEC, 101, 105, 138. 160. 
Quin, Henry, M.D., ii. 125. 
Quin, Judith, ii. 125. 
" Quodlibets," Hayman's, 111. 


RAE, Isobel, 289. 

Rae, Mary Anne, 216. 

Rae, William, ii. 134. 

Ralston, Jean, ii. 26, 27. 

Ralston, William, of ilk, ii. 26. 

Ramsay, John, ii. 51. 

Ramsay, Robert, 299. 

Ramsay, William, 287. 

Ranald, Lord of the Isles, 2 ; ii. 48. 

Randall, Dorothea, 226. 

Ranfurly, Lady Louisa, ii. 114. 

Ranfurly, Thomas, Earl of, ii. 114. 

Rannie, Catherine, 220. 

Raphoe, Alexanders of, ii. 94-97. 

Ratcliffe, Mary, ii, 101. 

Rawlinson, Thomas, ii. 127. 

Reay, Master of, 214. 

Rebellion, Irish, of 1641, ii. 64, 65. 

" Recreations with the Muses," 32, 167. 

Redcliffe, Viscount Stratford de, ii. 119. 

Reid, Agnes, ii. 81. 

Reid, General John, of Straloch, 281. 


Reid, Isobel, ii. 55. 
Reid, Janet, 287, 288 ; ii. 9. 
Reid, Philip V., ii. 125. 
Reid, Sarah, ii. 80. 
Reilly, Miss, ii. 126. 
"Remarks on the Trial of Earl of 

Stirling," ii. 236. 
Retter, Edward, ii. 169. 
Reynolds, Rev. John, ii. 150. 
Reynolds, Sir Robert, 242, 243. 
Rice, Benjamin, ii. 81. 
Richards, Goddard, ii. 45. 
Ridderie, Alexanders in, 18, 28. 
Ridgway, Sir Thomas, ii. 59. 
Rintour, Robert, 301. 
Riot against the Liturgy in Edinburgh, 

170, 171. 



Robertson, Elizabeth, 276. 

Robertson, George, ii. 230. 

Robertson, Patrick, ii. 233. 

Robinson, George, ii. 46. 

Roderick, Lord of the Isles, 2. 

Roe Park, ii. 169. 

Rolfe, Rev. J. E., ii. 105. 

Rolfe, Robert, Baron Cranworth, ii. 


Rollo, Sir Alexander, of Duncruib, 195. 
Ronald, Duncan, 271. 
Ros, Hon. Blanche de, 221. 
Ros, Lord de, 221. 
Ross, Gilbert, ii. 53. 
Ross, James, ii. 140. 
Ross, Sarah, ii. 136. 
Ross, Sir John, of Hawkhead, ii. 21. 
Ross, William, Lord, ii. 24. 
Routledge, Isabella, 223. 
Russell, John, of Braidshaw, ii. 27. 
Russell, Margaret, ii. 15. 
Russell, Sir William, of Charlton, ii. 


Rutherford, Anne, 218. 
Rutherford, Catherine, of Fairnylee, 


Rutherford, John, M.D., 218. 
Rutherford, Major Walter, 281. 
Rutledge, Anne, ii. 68. 
Rutledge, Isabella, ii. 71. 
Rutledge, Jane, ii. 69. 
Rutledge, John, of Shanco, ii. 67. 
Rutledge, Margaret, ii. 68. 
Ruxton, Captain John, of Ardee, ii. 73. 
Ruxton, Martha, ii. 73. 
Ruxton, Thomas, ii. 73. 


SABLE, Cape, ii. 180. 
Sable, Isle de, ii. 181. 
Saltoun, Lord, 269. 
Sandilands, Anne, 209. 
Sandilands, Bailie Alexander, 208. 
Sandilands, Catherine, 209. 
Sandilands, Walter, Lord Torphichen, 

208, 209, 212, 213. 
Sands, Elizabeth, 294. 
Sandys, Hon. Martyn, 248. 
Sandys, Mary, Baroness, 248. 
Scot, Sir John, of Scotstarvet, 119, 323; 

ii. 194, 205. 

Scott, Alexander, ii. 110. 
Scott, Francis, Earl of Buccleuch, 178, 


Scott, Jane, ii. 79, 89. 
Scott, Sir John, 75. 
Scott, Sir Walter, of Abbotsford, 218. 

Scott, Walter, Earl of Buccleuch, 178, 


Scott, Walter, W.S., 218. 
"Scourge of Folly, the," 53. 
Scrimgeour, Captain David, 257, 258. 
Scrimgeour, Margaret, 257. 
Scrymsour, Henry, ii. 53. 
Scrymsour, Isabella, ii. 53. 
Seamount, Alexanders of, ii. 122-125. 
Segipt, Sagamore, 118, 119. 
Semple, Gabriel, of Newlands, ii. 58. 
Semple, Mary, 218. 
Semple, Rev. Samuel, 218. 
Service-Book, Laud's, 168-171. 
Seton, Sir Ninian, 7. 
Sewell, Lieut. -General, 215. 
Shaldham, Molyneux, ii. 112. 
Sharp, Archbishop James, 196. 
Sharp, Christian, 293. 
Sharp, Sir William, 196. 
Shaw, Elizabeth, ii. 96. 
Shaw, James, ii. 96. 
Shaw, Marion, ii. 96. 
Shaw, Miss Alexander, ii. 127. 
Shaw, Rev. Henry, ii. 12. 
Shaw, Sir James, of Sauchie, 43. 
Shaw, William Jocelyn, ii. 123. 
Shelley, Sir William, ii. 176. 
Sherwood, Lucy, 222. 
Shireff, Charles, 210. 
Shireff, Robert, 210. 
Short, Margaret, 295. 
Short, Rev. Francis, ii. 71. 
Short, Susan, ii. 70. 
Shortridge, John, ii. 40. 
Simpson, Anna, ii. 167. 
Simpson, Rev. A. , ii. 120. 
Sinclair, Anne, 213, 215. 
Sinclair, Catherine, 213. 
Sinclair, James, of Hollyhill, ii. 117. 
Sinclair, Janet, 278. 
Sinclair, Jean, 213. 
Sinclair, Sir John, of Lochend, 213. 
Sinclair, Sir Robert, of Longformacus, 

212, 215. 

Sitwell, Caroline, 220. 
Sitwell, Sir George, of Renishaw, 221. 
Skelton, Mary, ii. 87. 
Small, Jane, ii. 69. 
Small, John, ii. 12. 
Smith, Alexander, of Reidston, ii. 24. 
Smith, Elizabeth, ii. 74. 
Smith, Janet, ii. 24. 
Smith, Samuel, ii. 69. 
Smyly, George, Q.C., ii. 110. 
Smyly, Rev. Andrew, ii. 116. 
Smyth, Margaret, 274, 275. 
Smyth, Matthew, of Newry, ii. 157. 
Smyth, Robert, of Gaybrook, ii. 112. 



Smyth, Sir Edward, ii. 66. 

Snowell, Thomas, 278. 

Somerhill, lands of, ii. 119. 

Somerled, Lord of the Isles, 1, 2. 

Sonnets by James VI., 48-51. 

Sonnets by John Davies, 53. 

Sonnets by Michael Drayton, 52, 141. 

Sonnets by Eobert Hayman, 111. 

Sonnets by Sir Eobert Aytotm, 39, 40. 

Sonnets by Sir William Alexander, 37, 
38, 44. 

Sonnets by "William Drummond, 55. 

Sonnets by William Habington, 153. 

Sorbie, Thomas, ii. 49. 

Speirs, Alexander, of Elderslie, M.P., 
ii. 31. 

Speirs, Eliza, ii. 31. 

Spottiswoode, Archbishop, 170 : ii. 233, 

Spreul, Agnes, ii. 41. 

Spreul, Anna, ii. 39. 

Spreul, Bailie John, ii. 39-42, 138. 

Spreul, Gabriel, ii. 41. 

Spreul, James, ii. 39. 

Spreul, Walter, of Cowden, ii. 40. 

Sprott, Mary, 281. 

Stanhope, Charles, Earl of, ii. 126. 

Stanhope, Lady Lucy, ii. 126. 

Staples, Catherine, ii. Ill, 112. 

Staples, Eev. Alexander, ii. 106. 

Staples, Eev. John, ii. 111. 

Staples, Eight Hon. John, ii. Ill, 112. 

Staples, Sir Nathaniel, of Dunmore, ii. 

Staples, Sir Thomas, ii. 65. 

Staunton, A. S., ii. 169. 

St Clair, Sir William, of Eoslin, 230. 

St Clair, William, Earl of Orkney, 230. 

St Croix, Eiver, ii. 180. 

Sterley, Margaret, ii. 176. 

Sterley, Sir Philip, ii. 176. 

St Estienne, Caron, ii. 231. 

St Estienne, Charles, 120. 

Stevens, John, 281. 

Stewart, Colonel Alexander, ii. 101. 

Stewart, Jean, ii. 67. 

Stewart, John, ii. 30. 

Stewart, John, of Darnley, ii. 21. 

Stewart, Lieut. -Colonel George, ii. 139. 

Stewart, Margaret, ii. 30. 

Stewart, Patrick, of Ballechin, 210. 

Stewart, Eebecca, ii. 101. 

Stewart, Sir Alexander, ii. 65, 98. 

Stewart, Sir James, Lord Ochiltree, 
111, 128. 

Stewart, Sir James, scheme for colon- 
isation, 112, 116, 117. 

Stewart, Sir Michael Shaw, ii. 29, 30. 

Stewart, Sir Eobert, ii. 139. 

Stewart, Sir Eobert, of Aughentane, ii. 

64, 65, 98. 
Stewart, Sir William, of Aughentane, 

ii. 64, 139. 

Stewart, William, of Balilan, ii. 139. 
St Germain-en-laye, treaty of, 134. 
Stirling, Alexanders in, 10, 20, 21, 23, 

268-277, 286, 292. 
Stirling, arms of the Earls of, 101, 102, 

147, 148, 189. 
Stirling, burial-place of Earls of, 187, 

Stirling, Earl of, 31, 152, etc. (see 

Alexander, Earl of, William). 
Stirling, Henry, of Ardoch, 15. 
Stirling, John, 15. 
Stirling, mansion of the Earls of, 148- 

150, 189, 190, 200. 
Stirling, Viscount, 6, 31, 127, 147-150, 


St Mary's Bay, ii. 180. 
Stonefield, Campbells of, 5. 
Stonehouse, lands of, ii. 120. 
Strachan, Sir Alexander, of Thornton, 

76, 190. 

Stuart, John, Earl of Buchan, 7. 
Stuart, Margaret, 3. 
Stuart, Mary, ii. 114. 
Stuart, Eev. William, Bishop of Ar- 
magh, ii. 114. 

Stuart, Sir John, of Traquair, 86, 194. 
Sutherland, Jane, ii. 119. 
Swinton, Agnes, 219, 220. 
Swinton, Alan, 221, 223, 224. 
Swinton, Anne, 216, 219, 223, 225. 
Swinton, Anson, 226. 
Swinton, Archibald, of Kimmerghame, 


Swinton, Arthur, 226. 
Swinton, Campbell, of Kimmerghame, 


Swinton, Caroline, 222. 
Swinton, Charles, 225. 
Swinton, Charlotte, 221, 226. 
Swinton, Christian, 224. 
Swinton, Edward, 222, 226. 
Swinton, Elizabeth, 219, 223, 225, 227. 
Swinton, Felicite, 221, 222. 
Swinton, Frances, 219. 
Swinton, Francis, 216, 218, 219. 
Swinton, George, 221, 223-226. 
Swinton, Harriet, 219, 222, 223, 225. 
Swinton, Henrietta, 220. 
Swinton, Isabella, 223-226. 
Swinton, James, 219-221, 223, 224. 
Swinton, Jean, 216, 218, 219. 
Swinton, Jessie, 223, 226. 
Swinton, Joanna, 216. 
Swinton, John, 216, 218-221, 223-227. 



Swinton, Julia, 227. 

Swinton, Katherine, 219, 220, 225. 

Swinton, Louisa, 226. 

Swinton, Margaret, 216, 222, 224-226. 

Swinton, Maria, 119. 

Swinton, Mary, 219, 220, 223, 225-227. 

Swinton, Maynard, 222. 

Swinton, Pringle, 219. 

Swinton, R. H. , 211. 

Swinton, Robert, 216, 218, 219, 225- 


Swinton, Samuel, 219-225, 227. 
Swinton, Sir John, of ilk, 216. 
Swinton, Walter, 222, 223. 
Swinton, William, 216, 218, 222-227. 
Syres, Elspeth, ii. 54. 
Syres, Janet, ii. 54. 
Syres, Margaret, ii. 54. 


TABLE, Eound, at Stirling, 150. 

Tait, Archbishop, 221. 

Tait, Craufurd, of Harvieston, 221. 

Tait, Susan, 221. 

Talzeour (Taylor), Andrew, 272. 

Talzeour (Taylor), Elizabeth, 290. 

Talzeour (Taylor), Katherine, 272. 

Talzeour (Taylor), Thomas, 272 ; ii. 126. 

Tangier, expedition to, 246. 

Tarbert, Alexanders of, 4-6, 147 ; ii. 61. 

Taylor, Sabina, ii. 126. 

Telford, Martha, ii. 81. 

Temple, Gertrude, ii. 126. 

Temple, Gustavus, ii. 126. 

Temple, Rev. Gervais, ii. 99. 

Tennant, Elizabeth, ii. 46. 

Thompson, George, of Clonskeagh 

Castle, ii. 116. 
Thomson, Jean, 289. 
Thomson, Marion, 298. 
Thomson, Sir Thomas, of Duddingston, 


Thornebury, Walter de, ii. 156, 157. 
Thorpe, Emma, ii. 31. 
Todd, Elizabeth, ii. 133. 
Totnes, Earl of, 93. 
"Tragedies, the Monarchicke, " 36,37. 
Traill, Rev. William, ii. 94, 95. 
Travers, Lucia, ii. 103. 
Travers, Rev. Charles, ii. 102. 
Travers, Sir William, of Rossmore, ii. 


Trotter, Rev. Thomas, 218. 
Trumbull, Lady Judith, 242, 244. 
Trumbull, Sir William, 242, 246, 247, 

Trumbull, William, 244, 246. 

Tullibody, Alexanders in, 7, 9, 290. 
Tulloh, Major, of Elliston, 224. 
Turner, Isabella, ii. 93. 
Turner, Margaret, 288. 
Turner, Rev. William, ii. 81. 
"Turners," coinage of, 155, 156, 167. 
Tyrrell, John, ii. 216. 


ULSTER, baronetage of, 69. 

Ulster, plantation of, ii. 59-63. 

Ulster, Scots in, 108. 

Urquhart, Sir Thomas, of Cromartie, 


Usher, Adam, ii. 143. 
Usher, John, of Monachan, ii. 143. 
Usher, Sir Walter, of Portrane, ii. 143. 
Ushers, royal, 264. 


VANLORE, Jacoba, 236, 237 ; ii. 177. 

Vanlore, John, 237. 

Vanlore, Mary, 190, 235, 237-239 ; ii. 


Vanlore, Maurice, 237. 
Vanlore, Sir Peter, 190, 235, 237, 238 ; 

ii. 177. 

Vanlore, Susan, 237 ; ii. 177. 
Vaughan, Sir William, 89. 
Vickars, Janet, 292. 
Villiers, George, Duke of Buckingham, 

"Vindication, etc., of Lord Stirling," 

ii. 242. 


Wadell, Janetta, if. 82. 

Wake, Sir Isaac, 122. 

Wakefield, John, ii. 112. 

Walker, Margaret, 295. 

Wallace, Sir Hew, of Craigie, 182, 183. 

Waller, Edmund, ii. 115. 

Waller, James, ii. 36. 

Waller, Lieut. -General Sir Hardress, ii. 


Waller, Martha, ii. 115. 
Waller, Samuel, ii. 115. 
Waller, Sir Robert, of Lisbrian, ii. 115. 
Wallop, Sir Henry, ii. 157. 
Wardlaw, Elizabeth, 234. 
Wardlaw, Sir Henry, of Pitreavie, 235. 
Warrants, royal, 142-145, 256. 
Warrender, Charlotte, 215. 



Warrender, Sir Patrick, 215. 

Waterston, Janet, ii. 17. 

Watson, Jane, ii. 94. 

Watts, Dr John, ii. 216. 

Watts, John, M.D., 284. 

Wauchope, Isabella, ii. 92. 

Waughton, Laird of, 86. 

Weisiger, Daniel, ii. 36. 

Weisiger, Eliza, ii. 36. 

Wemyss, Mary, ii. 146. 

Wemyss, Sir Henry, of Danesfort, ii. 


Wemyss, Sir John, of ilk, 76, 87. 
Westerspott, lands of, ii. 11. 
Westwood, Agnes, 288. 
White, Anne, ii. 100. 
White, Helen, 300. 
Williams, General Jonathan, ii. 35. 
Williams, Henry, ii. 35. 
Will of Alexander Alexander of Men- 

stry, 26-29. 

Will of Edmond Alexander, ii. 146, 147. 
Will of Francis Alexander, ii. 159, 160. 
Will of James Alexander of Dublin, 

ii. 141-145. 

Will of Richard Alexander, ii. 148,149. 
Will of Sir Walter Alexander, 264-266. 
Will of William, Lord Alexander, 207, 


Wilmot, Miss, ii. 135. 
Wilson, David, ii. 135. 
Wilson, David, of Castleton, ii. 31. 
Wilson, James, of Woodville, 216, 270. 
Wilson, Jane, ii. 68. 
Wilson, Martha, ii. 72. 
Wilson, Mary, ii. 31. 

Wilson, Thomas, ii. 159. 
Windham, Priscilla, 242, 243. 
Windham, Sir Hugh, 242. 
Winram, John, ii. 11. 
Winram, Thomas, ii. 11. 
Wiseman, Eliza, ii. 118. 
Wiseman, Sir William, ii. 118. 
Wood, James, of Tullynevin, ii. 68. ' 
Wormestoun, Spens of, 320. 
Wright, James, 187, 200 ; ii. 212, 213. 
Wylie, Agnes, ii. 54. 


YORK, James, Duke of, 200. 
Young, Colonel, H.E.I.C.S., ii. 126. 
Young, Robert, king's printer, 169. 
Younger, Isabel, 299. 
Younger, Janet, 296, 302. 


ZINZAN, Alexander, ii. 172-174. 

Zinzan, Andrew, ii. 173, 174. 

Zinzan, Charles, ii. 178. 

Zinzan, Henry, 237 ; ii. 173-178. 

Zinzan, Joseph, ii. 176. 

Zinzan, Margaret, ii. 176. 

Zinzan, Nicholas, ii. 177. 

Zinzan, Peter, ii. 177, 178. 

Zinzan, Richard, ii. 174. 

Zinzan, Sir Robert (styled Alexander), 

ii. 172, 173, 176. 
Zinzan, Sir Sigismund, ii. 173-176. 

M'Farlane & Erskine, Printers, Edinburgh. 



Rogers, Charles 

Memorials of the Earl of